Geoffrey Ridel (bishop of Ely)

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This article is about the Bishop of Ely. For other uses, see Geoffrey Ridel.
Geoffrey Ridel
Bishop of Ely
See Diocese of Ely
Elected late April 1173
Term ended August 1189
Predecessor Nigel
Successor William Longchamp
Other posts Archdeacon of Canterbury
Orders
Consecration 6 October 1174
Personal details
Died 20 or 21 August 1189
Buried Ely Cathedral
Denomination Catholic

Geoffrey Ridel (died 1189) was the nineteenth Lord Chancellor of England, from 1162 to 1173.[1]

Ridel was probably the great-nephew of Geoffrey Ridel, who died in 1120 and was a royal justice. He was a royal clerk by about 1156, when he first starts witnessing charters.[2] He was a king's clerk before he was Archdeacon of Canterbury, which office he held by March 1163.[3] He performed the duties of the chancellor's office after Thomas Becket's resignation of the office, but no documents explicitly name him to the office.[4] He also served as a royal judge.[5] By 1165, Ridel was a baron of the Exchequer.[2]

During the controversy between King Henry II of England and Archbishop Thomas Becket, Ridel supported the king.[6] Ridel was one of the persons whom the Constitutions of Clarendon were addressed to, along with Richard de Luci and Richard of Ilchester.[7] Ridel went to Rome in 1164 to represent the king before the papal curia, and in 1166 opposed Becket once more. By 1169 he was urging King Louis VII of France to no longer give refuge to Becket.[2] Becket's supporters called Ridel the "archidiabolus",[8] or "our archdevil", a play on the office of archdeacon which Ridel held. Ridel also urged King Henry's son, Henry the Young King, to refuse to see the archbishop in 1170, telling the prince that Becket wished to disinherit the prince.[2]

After the controversy was resolved, Ridel was rewarded with a bishopric.[9] He was elected to the see of Ely in late April 1173 and consecrated on 6 October 1174[10] at Canterbury.[2] For a number of years previous to his election he had been the custodian of the see, and had received the episcopal revenues.[8] He resigned the chancellorship when he became a bishop.[11] He continued to be involved in governmental affairs, attending councils and escorting King Henry II's daughter Joanna to Provence when the princess was sent to Sicily to marry King William II of Sicily. He also continued to hold the office of baron of the exchequer at least as late as 1185.[2]

Ridel died on either 20 or 21 August 1189.[10][12] After his death, King Richard I of England confiscated his personal property,[13] because Geoffrey had died without a will.[14] The bishop's estate at his death included over 3000 marks in coins, as well as agricultural supplies and gold and silver plate.[15] He was buried in Ely Cathedral. During his time as bishop, he built much of the western transept of Ely Cathedral.[2]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 84
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Duggan "Ridel, Geoffrey" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Canterbury: Archdeacons of Canterbury
  4. ^ Warren Henry II p. 307
  5. ^ Barlow English Church p. 256
  6. ^ Bartlett England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings p. 401
  7. ^ Knowles, et al. "Henry II's Supplement" English Historical Review p. 759
  8. ^ a b Warren Henry II p. 535
  9. ^ Poole Domesday Book to Magna Carta p. 220
  10. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 244
  11. ^ Huscroft Ruling England p. 191
  12. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Ely: Bishops
  13. ^ Poole Domesday Book to Magna Carta p. 190 footnote3
  14. ^ Turner "Religious Patronage" Albion p. 10
  15. ^ Gillingham Richard I p. 115

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Becket
Lord Chancellor
1162–1173
Succeeded by
Ralph de Warneville
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Nigel
Bishop of Ely
1173–1189
Succeeded by
William Longchamp