II Cavalry Corps (German Empire)

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II Cavalry Corps
(Höhere Kavallerie-Kommando Nr 2)
Higher Cavalry Command No. 2
Stab eines Generalkommandos.svg
Flag of the Staff of a Generalkommando (1871–1918)
Active 2 August 1914-23 January 1915
Country  German Empire
Branch Army
Type Cavalry
Size Approximately 22,000 (on mobilisation)
Engagements World War I
Disbanded 23 January 1915

The II Cavalry Corps (German: Höhere Kavallerie-Kommando 2 / HKK 2 literally: Higher Cavalry Command 2) was a formation of the German Army in World War I. The corps was formed on mobilization of the German Army in August 1914 and dissolved 23 January 1915 as the onset of trench warfare in the west negated the requirement for large cavalry formations. It was commanded throughout its existence by General der Kavallerie Georg von der Marwitz.

Combat chronicle[edit]

Initially on the Western Front with 2nd, 4th and 9th Cavalry Divisions preceding 1st and 2nd Armies.[1] Withdrawn to Belgium at the end of November 1914. Dissolved 23 January 1915.[2]

Order of Battle on mobilisation[edit]

Initially, the Corps simply consisted of 3 Cavalry Divisions (with 7 Jäger battalions attached) without any Corps troops; in supply and administration matters, the Cavalry Divisions were entirely autonomous. The commander was only concerned with tactics and strategy, hence his title of Senior Cavalry Commander Höherer Kavallerie-Kommandeur.[3]

On formation in August 1914, the Corps consisted of:[4]

Each cavalry division consisted of 3 cavalry brigades (6 regiments each of 4 squadrons), a horse artillery Abteilung (3 four-gun batteries), a machine gun detachment (company size, 6 MGs), plus pioneers, signals and a motor vehicle column. A more detailed Table of Organisation and Equipment can be seen here. The Jäger battalions each consisted of 4 light infantry companies, 1 machine gun company (6 MGs), 1 cyclist company and a motorised vehicle column.[5]

Commanders[edit]

II Cavalry Corps was commanded throughout its existence by General der Kavallerie Georg von der Marwitz.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cron 2002, pp. 299–300
  2. ^ Cron 2002, pp. 94
  3. ^ Cron 2002, p. 94
  4. ^ Cron 2002, pp. 299–300
  5. ^ Cron 2002, p. 116
  6. ^ The Prussian Machine, HKK Accessed: 20 May 2012

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1.