Imam Samudra (also known as Abdul Aziz, Qudama/Kudama, Fatih/Fat, Abu Umar or Heri) (14 January 1970 in Serang, Banten (then part of West Java province) – 9 November 2008 in Nusakambangan, Central Java) was an Indonesian convicted for the 2002 Bali bombing and was executed on 9 November 2008.
On 7 August 2003, he was found guilty for his role in the Bali bombing and sentenced to death by firing squad. Originally incarcerated in Denpasar's prison, he was moved to the high-security prison island of Nusakambangan.
Together with the two other bombers who received death sentences, he launched a constitutional challenge against the use of firing squads. Samudra and the two other bombers preferred beheading, saying that it was a more Islamic form of execution. In October 2008 he remained unrepentant and claimed revenge would be taken for his death.
During the month, his final appeals were rejected and the Attorney General's office announced that he would be executed by firing squad in early November 2008. According to a source in Indonesia's Attorney General Office, the execution was to be done before the end of Sunday, 9 November 2008. This was reportedly delayed from the original plan to allow a representative from the family to identify the body post-execution. However, no representative from Samudra's family were in attendance.
From his cell, he wrote an auto-biography in Indonesian titled I Fight Terrorists (Aku Melawan Teroris in original), where the "terrorists" are the Americans. It went on sale for $3, on a run of 5000 copies. In 2004, CNN described the book as a "bestseller in Indonesia".
- "Imam Samudra Profile". CNN. Retrieved 8 November 2008.[dead link]
- "Bali bombers' execution date set". BBC News. 24 October 2008. Retrieved 24 October 2008.
- Thompson, Geoff (2008-10-01). "'Bali bombers threaten revenge over executions'". ABC news. Retrieved 2008-10-01.
- "Negosiasi Dini Hari dan Pilihan yang Sulit". Detik.com. 2008. Retrieved 8 November 2008.
- "Three Bali Bombers May Be Executed Tonight, Indonesia Says". Bloomberg. 2008. Retrieved 8 November 2008.
- "Bali bomb burials stoke tensions". BBC. 2008. Retrieved 9 November 2008.
- Bali bomber autobiography exposes mind of terrorist. Book reveals how Imam Samudra took the path that led him to kill 202 people., The Telegraph-Herald, 18 Sep 2004, page 6A
- CNN Jakarta Bureau Chief Maria Ressa (Tuesday, October 12, 2004) Bali bomber to best selling author: "The book has become a bestseller in Indonesia."
- Police to quiz Bali 'mastermind' BBC News 25 November, 2002
- The Bali bomb 'commander' BBC News 2 June, 2003
- Indonesian jailed over Bali plot at BBC News
- Death row bomber plotted new attack on smuggled laptop
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