Invertigo (roller coaster)

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Invertigo (Kings Island).jpg
Invertigo at King's Island before 2012.
First manufactured 1997
No. of installations 4
Manufacturer Vekoma
Height 131.3 ft (40.0 m)
Length 1,013.8 ft (309.0 m)
Speed 50 mph (80 km/h)
G force 5
Vehicles 1
Riders per vehicle 28
Rows 14
Riders per row 2
Duration 1:30
Restraint Style Over-the-shoulder
Inversions 3 (x2)
Invertigo at RCDB

Invertigo is a type of shuttle roller coaster manufactured by Dutch company, Vekoma. It is a variation on their traditional Boomerang design.[1]


Stinger when it was at California's Great America as Invertigo.

The first installation of an Invertigo roller coaster occurred at Liseberg in 1997. HangOver was originally scheduled to open in 1996 as a launched roller coaster, however, the technology at the time prevented this from occurring and forced the opening back by a year.[2] On March 21, 1998, California's Great America opened a ride known simply as Invertigo.[3] On April 17, 1999, Face/Off opened at Kings Island. It was originally themed after the 1997 Paramount Pictures film of the same name.[4] On May 8, 1999, Two Face: The Flip Side opened at Six Flags America.[5] It was themed after DC Comics' Batman rival, Harvey Dent A.K.A. Two Face.[6]

In 2002, HangOver at Liseberg closed and was relocated to Allou Fun Park the following year.[2][7] The ride, however, was never set up there and was relocated to Sommerland Syd where it operated under the name Tornado from July 2, 2005.[7][8]

In 2008, Face/Off at Kings Island was renamed to Invertigo following the park's initiative to remove Paramount themes from the park after being sold to Cedar Fair two years prior.[9]

On January 27, 2011, California's Great America announced that Invertigo would be removed from the theme park and relocated to a different amusement park. Cedar Fair stated that a new attraction would be placed at the former location of Invertigo. California's Great America also announced Invertigo will be going to a new home in a different Cedar Fair park.[10][11] Invertigo was removed and moved into storage in Allentown, Pennsylvania. While in storage, the track received a new teal paint scheme, with the supports remaining in royal blue.[12] On August 30, 2011, Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom announced that they would be opening Stinger for the park's 2012 season.[13] In November 2011, Dorney Park has completed construction for the coaster and in December they are building the station and queue.[14][15] In early January 2012, the coaster has gotten electricity, and the entrance and queue area is nearing completion to be finished.[16][17]

In 2011, Sommerland Syd's installation of Tornado closed with the ride currently being relocated to Bagatelle where it operates as Triops from June 30, 2012.[8][18][19]

On February 13, 2012, Kings Island posted a picture of Invertigo getting a new paint scheme on their Facebook page. The ride now has aqua track and royal blue supports, similar to Stinger at Dorney Park.[20]


Stinger at Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom
Coaster name Amusement park Opened Status
Invertigo Kings Island April 17, 1999 (1999-04-17) Operating [4]
Formerly Invertigo
Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom
California's Great America
April 28, 2012 (2012-04-28)
March 21, 1998 (1998-03-21)
Standing But Not Operating[21] [3][22][23]
Formerly Tornado
Formerly unknown
Formerly HangOver
Sommerland Syd
Allou Fun Park
June 30, 2012 (2012-06-30)
July 2, 2005 (2005-07-02)
Never opened
April 1997
Operating [2][7][8][18]
Diabolik Invertigo
Formerly Two Face: The Flip Side
Movieland Park Lazise (VR) Italia
Six Flags America
Under Construction [5]

Ride experience[edit]

The layout of an Invertigo roller coaster

Invertigo is an inverted version of the Vekoma Boomerang roller coaster where riders sit face-to-face, staring at fellow passengers through the course of the ride. The train completes the circuit twice running in the opposite direction as it returns to the station. This gives riders the opportunity to experience the ride in both directions moving forwards and backwards.

The ride begins when the train is pulled backwards from the station and up a 138-foot-tall (42 m) lift hill. It is held for several seconds before releasing riders into a 130-foot (40 m) drop sending them 55 miles per hour (89 km/h) through the loading station. The train then enters a Cobra roll element that transitions into a vertical loop. Upon exiting the loop, the train climbs the second lift hill making it most of the way up on its own momentum. Once towed to the top, the train is quickly released sending riders through the ride in reverse before being caught by the first lift hill and returned to the loading station.[24]


In 2003, Two Face: The Flip Side stalled on one of the lift hills, and had riders stuck on the ride for a lengthy period of time until they were rescued; the ride was shut down for inspection but later reopened after it was cleared for operation. The ride would undergo five years without incident until August 2007, when the ride had stalled once again while carrying riders; after being stuck for a period of time, the ride was shut down for inspection after riders were rescued. When the ride was cleared for operation later that month, the ride functioned properly without any incident.

Two Face: The Flip Side at Six Flags America

In October 2007, the same installation unexpectedly stopped on one of the lift hills. When one of the ride attendants attempted to rescue the riders, the train unintentionally moved back into the station and damaged one of the hydraulic lines. Hydraulic fluid was sprayed onto several riders, causing them minor injuries that required at least ten people to go to a local hospital as a result of being burnt from the temperature of the fluid, in addition to victims treated at the scene for back and neck injuries.[25][26] Before the fluid sprayed, one of the riders (about 40 minutes into the situation) used their cell phone to dial 9-1-1 in request of assistance from Prince George's County rescue teams.[27] Six Flags America officials stated that the ride had been inspected that same day and was clear of any problems; however, Maryland investigators said that roller coasters of the 2003-era feature technology that is more difficult to comprehend than older models, thus making it almost impossible to find the cause of the incident.[25]

Maryland's Department of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation ordered the closure of Two Face: The Flip Side including retaining the certificate of operation for the ride, until the ride could be proven safe, which never occurred.[26] Eventually it was noted that a safety sensor had malfunctioned and caused the coaster to stall and unexpectedly jolt back to the station.[28] For the 2008 season, the ride sat not in operation while the investigation continued, although due to the many breakdowns of the ride, it was put up for sale and eventually bought by an unknown client.[29] The ride was dismantled by 2009, and was moved to Italy's Movieland Park to open in 2015 as Diabolik Invertigo.[30]

On August 10, 2009, at 12:15pm PST, the Invertigo roller coaster at California's Great America experienced a mechanical failure, trapping 24 people 80 feet (24 m) in the air in 90 degree weather. The park requested police and firefighter assistance. After the last rider was brought to safety at 5:45pm PST the rescued riders were given free pizza and soft drinks.[31]

On June 6, 2012, Stinger at Dorney Park experienced an incident where riders were stuck for approximately an hour and a half on the first lift. They were eventually brought to safety. According to Dorney Park officials, this incident was completely different from the 2009 incident when the roller coaster was installed at California's Great America.[32]

On June 17, 2013, the roller coaster became stuck again for an hour and a half.[33]

On May 2, 2014, 2 riders requested to be transported to the hospital as a precaution after a currently unknown incident occurred on Stinger.[34]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Invertigo". Vekoma. Retrieved March 11, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Marden, Duane. "HangOver  (Liseberg)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 18, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Marden, Duane. "Invertigo  (California's Great America)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 18, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Marden, Duane. "Invertigo  (Kings Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 18, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Marden, Duane. "Two-Face: The Flip Side  (Six Flags America)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 18, 2012. 
  6. ^ Marden, Duane. "Six Flags America launches two, totally twisted, steel super coasters  (Press Release)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved March 11, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c Marden, Duane. "unknown  (Allou Fun Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 18, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c Marden, Duane. "Tornado  (Sommerland Syd)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 18, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Kings Island Opens April 20". Middletown Journal. April 11, 2008. Retrieved February 1, 2012. 
  10. ^
  11. ^ "Planners OK new Dorney coaster – Morning Call". February 18, 2011. Retrieved March 12, 2012. 
  12. ^ "NewsPlusNotes: Allentown's Just Brimming With Coaster Track". May 13, 2011. Retrieved March 12, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Thrill Rides – Roller Coasters – PA Thrill Rides | Dorney Park, Lehigh Valley PA". Retrieved March 12, 2012. 
  14. ^ Dorney Park & Wildwater Kinggdom. "Stinger Construction". Facebook. Retrieved December 6, 2011. 
  15. ^ Dorney Park & Wildwater Kinggdom. "Wall Photos". Facebook. Retrieved December 6, 2011. 
  16. ^ Dorney Park & Wildwater Kinggdom. "Wall Photos". Facebook. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  17. ^ Dorney Park & Wildwater Kinggdom. "Wall Photos". Facebook. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  18. ^ a b Marden, Duane. "Triops  (Bagatelle)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 18, 2012. 
  19. ^ Longue et belle vie au Triops
  20. ^ "Kings Island". Facebook. Retrieved March 12, 2012. 
  21. ^
  22. ^ Marden, Duane. "Stinger  (Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 18, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Two injured on Dorney Park's Stinger coaster". WFMZ. May 5, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Invertigo at Kings Island official site". Kings Island. Retrieved February 1, 2012. 
  25. ^ a b Kosmas, Sam (October 8, 2007). "Investigation into Six Flags Coaster Malfunction Continues". WTTG. Retrieved September 9, 2009. 
  26. ^ a b Kinzie, Susan (October 8, 2007). "Six Flags Coaster Closed After Stalling Again". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 9, 2010. 
  27. ^ Kosmas, Sam (October 9, 2007). "911 Call From Six Flags Coaster Malfunction Released". WTTG. Retrieved September 9, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Ride Accident: Saturday October 6, 2007 (Six Flags America)". Retrieved September 9, 2010. 
  29. ^ "Six Flags America to Sell Two Face". The Coaster Critic. September 8, 2008. Retrieved September 9, 2010. 
  30. ^ "Diabolik Invertigo". Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  31. ^ "24 riders rescued from California roller coaster". CNN. August 11, 2009. 
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^

External links[edit]