Ishinomaki, Miyagi

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Ishinomaki
石巻市
City
Clockwise from top: View of Mount Kinka from Ojika Peninsula, Makiyama Iris Park, Tashirojima, Ojika Whale Park, Sasa-kamaboko, Ishinomaki Saint John the Apostle Orthodox Church, Mount Hiyori
Clockwise from top: View of Mount Kinka from Ojika Peninsula, Makiyama Iris Park, Tashirojima, Ojika Whale Park, Sasa-kamaboko, Ishinomaki Saint John the Apostle Orthodox Church, Mount Hiyori
Flag of Ishinomaki
Flag
Official seal of Ishinomaki
Seal
Location of Ishinomaki in Miyagi Prefecture
Location of Ishinomaki in Miyagi Prefecture
Ishinomaki is located in Japan
Ishinomaki
Ishinomaki
 
Coordinates: 38°25′N 141°18′E / 38.417°N 141.300°E / 38.417; 141.300Coordinates: 38°25′N 141°18′E / 38.417°N 141.300°E / 38.417; 141.300
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Miyagi
Government
 • -Mayor Hiroshi Kameyama
Area
 • Total 555.78 km2 (214.59 sq mi)
Population (June 2014)
 • Total 147,143
 • Density 265/km2 (690/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Japanese Black Pine
- Flower Azalea
Phone number 0225-95-1111
Address 14-1 Kokucho, Ishinomaki-shi, Miyagi-ken 986-8501
Website Official website
Ishinomaki City Hall

Ishinomaki (石巻市 Ishinomaki-shi?) is a city located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of June 2014, the city has an estimated population of 147,143 and a population density of 265 persons per km². The total area was 555.78 km².

Geography[edit]

Ishinomaki is in northeastern Miyagi Prefecture. The city borders on Matsushima Bay to the south and Kesennuma Bay to the north. Its coastline forms part of the Sanriku Fukkō National Park, which stretches north to Aomori Prefecture. Ishinomaki includes Tashirojima (aka Cat Island), Ajishima, and Kinkasan, three islands off the south coast of Oshika Peninsula.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Ishinomaki has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with warm summers and cold winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heaviest from June to October.

Climate data for Ishinomaki, Miyagi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
4.4
(39.9)
7.8
(46)
13.6
(56.5)
18.3
(64.9)
21.3
(70.3)
24.7
(76.5)
27.1
(80.8)
23.4
(74.1)
18.2
(64.8)
12.6
(54.7)
7.2
(45)
15.23
(59.41)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
0.5
(32.9)
3.5
(38.3)
9.1
(48.4)
14.0
(57.2)
17.7
(63.9)
21.3
(70.3)
23.6
(74.5)
19.7
(67.5)
13.8
(56.8)
8.1
(46.6)
3.1
(37.6)
11.23
(52.21)
Average low °C (°F) −3.2
(26.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
−0.4
(31.3)
4.9
(40.8)
10.2
(50.4)
14.7
(58.5)
18.7
(65.7)
20.9
(69.6)
16.4
(61.5)
9.5
(49.1)
3.8
(38.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
7.67
(45.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 39.3
(1.547)
47.7
(1.878)
66.6
(2.622)
91.5
(3.602)
98.7
(3.886)
108.5
(4.272)
125.6
(4.945)
123.7
(4.87)
140.9
(5.547)
108.3
(4.264)
64.1
(2.524)
32.7
(1.287)
1,047.6
(41.244)
Snowfall cm (inches) 14
(5.5)
28
(11)
11
(4.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
7
(2.8)
61
(24)
 % humidity 72 72 69 71 74 82 85 83 81 77 74 73 76.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 166.1 160.9 193.4 192.8 211.9 153.6 147.0 178.2 136.1 157.7 146.9 150.5 1,995.1
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [1]

History[edit]

The area of present-day Ishinomaki was part of ancient Mutsu Province. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by various samurai clans before the area came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate. The town prospered as a major port and transshipment center for coastal shipping between Edo and northern Japan. The town of Ishinomaki was established on June 1, 1889 with the establishment of the municipalities system. The modern city was founded on April 1, 1933. On April 1, 2005, Ishinomaki absorbed the neighboring towns of Kahoku, Kanan, Kitakami, Monou and Ogatsu (all from the former Monou District), and the town of Oshika (from Oshika District) to more than quadruple its area and add nearly 60,000 people to its population.

The town of Ogatsu is regionally famous for its inkstones and has an annual scallop festival in the summer. Ayukawa, a town in Oshika, was formerly a base for several ships in Japan's whaling fleet.

Ogatsu in 2009

2011 earthquake, tsunami, and subsidence[edit]

Ishinomaki port on 20 March 2011 showing heavy damage to ships and port facilities caused by the 11 March 2011 tsunami

Ishinomaki was among the municipalities most seriously affected by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.[2][3] Several tsunami, up to about 10 metres (33 ft) high traveled inland up to 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from the coast. The tsunami destroyed around 80% of the 700 houses in the coastal port of Ayukawa, and the Kadonowaki neighborhood was largely leveled.[4][5] Approximately 46% of the city was inundated by the tsunami.[6] Following the tsunami, a Kamen Rider statue was found completely intact despite damage to the surrounding area; a writer for Tokyo Sports hoped that it would symbolically give hope to the survivors of the disaster.[7]

Many public schools were completely destroyed, including Ishinomaki Okawa Elementary School (大川小学校?), which lost 70 of 108 students and nine of 13 teachers and staff[8] There is still anger among some of the parents of the dead students because the teachers had wasted precious time in debating whether to evacuate to higher ground. And when the decision was finally made, the teachers had decided to get to higher ground further away from the school which necessitated crossing a nearby river bridge. It was here while crossing the bridge that both the teachers and students were swept away by the tsunami. This decision is deemed unreasonable by many of the parents because there is a hill right behind the school, which they could have reached quickly. One of the teachers had tried to persuade the other teachers to bring the students to safety uphill soon after the earthquake; when he was unsuccessful, he evacuated himself, managing to persuade one of the students to go with him - both survived. One of the teachers who survived the tsunami at the bridge later committed suicide.[9][10][11][12][13]

As of 17 June 2011, a total of 3,097 deaths had been confirmed in Ishinomaki due to the tsunami, with 2,770 unaccounted for.[14] Approximately 29,000 city residents lost their homes.[15]

Ishinomaki employs several foreigners to teach English in all of its elementary and junior high schools, as well as the two municipal high schools. American teacher Taylor Anderson was killed by tsunami. Since her death, her family has been active in supporting the Ishinomaki school district, and has set up programs to further English education.[16]

The earthquake shifted the city southeast and downward, lowering it by as much as 1.2 metres (3.9 ft) in some areas and causing it to flood twice daily at high tide. A once sandy beach in the Kadonowaki area completely disappeared and tides now reach the wall that once separated the beach from the road. Near the Mangakan Island, a walkway with benches was partially submerged in the river.[17]

Economy[edit]

Ishinomaki traditionally has been a center for commercial fishing, especially for the cultivation of oysters.

Education[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Intercity bus[edit]

Daily scheduled intercity buses bound for the following cities, through the Sanriku Expressway, are being served from Ishinomaki Station.

  • Sendai via Aeon Ishinomaki Shopping Center (Mall), by Miyakou Bus Co. Ltd., a subsidiary of Miyagi Transportation (Miyagi Kotsu) Co., Ltd.
  • Shinjuku, Tokyo via Shibuya(overnight): via Sendai, operated by Miyagi Transportation (Miyagi Kotsu) Co., Ltd. and Keio Dentetsu Bus Corporation
A replica of the Japanese-built galleon San Juan Bautista

Highways[edit]

Seaports[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Sister cities and friendship links[edit]

International[edit]

Japanese sister cities[edit]

Noted people from Ishinomaki[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ishinomaki Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  2. ^ Satellite Photos of Japan Before and After the Quake and Tsunami New York Times, 13 March 2011
  3. ^ Kyodo News, "Death toll may surpass 10,000 in Miyagi", The Japan Times, 14 March 2011, p. 1.
  4. ^ Kyodo News, "Miyagi coastal whaling port pulverized, little more than memory", The Japan Times, 18 March 2011, p. 3.
  5. ^ Gihooly, Rob, "'Nothing can prepare you to witness this', The Japan Times, 20 March 2011, p. 7.
  6. ^ NHK, "Tsunami flooded 100 square kilometers of city land", 29 March 2011.
  7. ^ "仮面ライダー無事だった". Tokyo Sports. 2011-03-18. Archived from the original on 2011-03-21. Retrieved 2014-04-22. 
  8. ^ Lah, Kyung. "In Japan, parents try to go on: 'My child should come home to me'." CNN. March 23, 2011. Retrieved on March 23, 2011.
  9. ^ Gilhooly, Rob, "Time has stopped for parents of dead and missing children", The Japan Times, 11 March 2012, p. 3.
  10. ^ Gilhooly, Rob (13 October 2011). "Parents unable to let go continue search for missing kids". The Japan Times. Japan: The Japan Times Ltd. p. 3. Archived from the original on 14 December 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Loss-staggered school reopens". The Japan Times. Japan: The Japan Times Ltd. 19 April 2011. p. 3. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  12. ^ Kyodo News, "Loss-hit Ishinomaki school opens", The Japan Times, 22 April 2011, p. 2.
  13. ^ Kyodo News, "School that lost 70% of its pupils mourns", The Japan Times, 29 April 2011, p. 1.
  14. ^ Kyodo News, "Ishinomaki can't tally March 11 missing", The Japan Times, 17 June 2011, p. 2.
  15. ^ Robson, Seth, "Ishinomaki residents rebuild their lives as they rebuild their town", Stars and Stripes, 30 August 2011.
  16. ^ [1]. Retrieved on June 22, 2013.
  17. ^ Alabaster, Jay (May 9, 2011). "Quake shifted Japan; towns now flood at high tide". Contra Costa Times/Associated Press. Retrieved May 9, 2011. 

External links[edit]