Isparta

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Isparta
Municipality
Isparta is located in Turkey
Isparta
Isparta
Coordinates: 37°45′53″N 30°33′24″E / 37.76472°N 30.55667°E / 37.76472; 30.55667Coordinates: 37°45′53″N 30°33′24″E / 37.76472°N 30.55667°E / 37.76472; 30.55667
Country Turkey
Province Isparta
District Isparta
Government
 • Mayor Yusuf Ziya Günaydın (MHP)
Area[1]
 • District 682.41 km2 (263.48 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 198,385
 • District 219,904
 • District density 320/km2 (830/sq mi)
Post code 32000
Website www.isparta.bel.tr

Isparta (Σπάρτα, also Baris/Βάρις in Byzantine Greek) is a city in western Turkey and the provincial capital of Isparta Province. The city's population is 222,556 (as of 2010) and elevation from sea level is 1035 m. Another name of the city is "City of Roses".

The main economic activities of Isparta are rosewater production and handmade carpets. Tourism, both local and increasingly international due to "biblical tourism", is also becoming an important source of revenues for the city. Süleyman Demirel University has introduced thousands of youngs from various backgrounds to the city's mostly conservative fabric in the recent years. The football (soccer) team of the city Ispartaspor is in the third level league.

Some historical buildings and houses remain from the 19th century, but these are very rare, compared to the number of modern constructions. There are several important mosques in Isparta, including the pre-Ottoman Hizir Bey Mosque (c. 1325), the Kutlubey or Ulu (Grand) Mosque (1429, with major restorations in the 19th century) and Haci Abdi Mosque (1569). The city also boasts a mosque by the Ottoman Royal Architect Mimar Sinan, the 16th century's Firdevs Pasa mosque. This mosque is also known as Mimar Sinan Mosque, among the public. There are several remains of Greek Orthodox churches from the Byzantine and Ottoman periods (14th-19th century). The Byzantine fortress is mostly in ruins. The city lies close to a fault line and thus prone to violent earthquakes.

Isparta has good connections to other parts of Turkey with both railways and by road. Antalya lies 130 km to the south and Eskişehir 350 km to the north.

On November 30, 2007, an Atlasjet McDonnell-Douglas passenger jet with 57 people on board crashed on approach to Isparta airport. All aboard were dead in this accident.

Climate[edit]

Isparta has a hot summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dsa) with cold, snowy winters and hot, dry summers.

Climate data for Isparta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
19.0
(66.2)
26.8
(80.2)
28.4
(83.1)
32.0
(89.6)
36.2
(97.2)
42.3
(108.1)
41.2
(106.2)
35.6
(96.1)
31.0
(87.8)
25.4
(77.7)
20.0
(68)
42.3
(108.1)
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
7.6
(45.7)
11.7
(53.1)
16.5
(61.7)
21.7
(71.1)
26.6
(79.9)
30.4
(86.7)
30.5
(86.9)
26.5
(79.7)
20.5
(68.9)
13.9
(57)
8.1
(46.6)
18.37
(65.07)
Average low °C (°F) −2.0
(28.4)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.9
(33.6)
4.7
(40.5)
8.4
(47.1)
12.3
(54.1)
15.3
(59.5)
14.9
(58.8)
10.6
(51.1)
6.5
(43.7)
2.2
(36)
−0.4
(31.3)
6
(42.8)
Record low °C (°F) −19.2
(−2.6)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−7.7
(18.1)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.5
(40.1)
4.9
(40.8)
7.0
(44.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
−11.5
(11.3)
−15.0
(5)
−21
(−5.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 72.7
(2.862)
64.8
(2.551)
54.3
(2.138)
56.1
(2.209)
50.1
(1.972)
29.5
(1.161)
13.5
(0.531)
10.5
(0.413)
15.6
(0.614)
36.4
(1.433)
46.1
(1.815)
85.6
(3.37)
535.2
(21.069)
Avg. rainy days 8 9 7 7 7 5 2 1 3 5 5 9 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 120.9 134.4 186 207 269.7 324 359.6 347.2 291 220.1 156 102.3 2,718.2
Source #1: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [3]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory [4]

History of the city[edit]

  • 1st millennium CE: Known as Baris and part of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1203: Occupied by the Seljuqs.
  • Late 13th century: Becomes part of the Hamidids.
  • 1381: Isparta is sold to the Ottoman sultan Murad I by the Hamidid Emir.
  • Late 19th century: Muslim refugees from the Balkans settle around Isparta. The Bulgarian refugees brought the knowledge of rosewater production with them.

Economy[edit]

As of 1920, carpetmaking was a major industry in Isparta.[5]

People from and related to Isparta[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Isparta is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ İl ve İlçelerimize Ait İstatistiki Veriler- Meteoroloji Genel Müdürlüğü
  4. ^ Climatological Normals of Isparta
  5. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationary Office. p. 110. 

External links[edit]