Ivor Herbert, 1st Baron Treowen

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The Lord Treowen
Ivor John Caradoc Herbert.jpg
Ivor Herbert, 1st Baron Treowen
Born 15 July 1851
Died 18 October 1933
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Major-General
Commands held General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada
Awards Companion of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George

Major-General Ivor John Caradoc Herbert, 1st Baron Treowen CB, CMG, KStJ (15 July 1851 – 18 October 1933), known as Sir Ivor Herbert, Bt, between 1907 and 1917, was a British Liberal politician and British Army officer in the Grenadier Guards,[1] who served as General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada from 1890 to 1895. He was made a baronet in 1907 and raised to a barony in 1917.

Background[edit]

Herbert was born at the family seat Llanarth Court, at Llanarth, Monmouthshire between Abergavenny and Raglan in Monmouthshire, the eldest son of John Arthur Edward Herbert, formerly Arthur Jones, of Llanarth (1818–1895).[2] In 1846 Ivor's father married Augusta Hall, the only surviving child and heir of Benjamin Hall, 1st Baron Llanover (1802–1867).[3] The marriage took place on 12 November 1846[4] and two years later, the father and his brothers assumed the name of Herbert by Royal License as the senior branch of the Herbert family.[5] (Ironically, no member of this family had been known by that name, so the Jones family was actually taking the name of a junior and more well-known branch, the Herbert earls of Powis descended from an ancient Welsh Catholic family).[6]

His mother was the Honourable Augusta Charlotte Elizabeth Hall, the only surviving daughter and sole heiress of Benjamin Hall, 1st Baron Llanover and his wife Augusta Waddington, better known as the Welsh cultural nationalist Lady Llanover, heiress of the considerable Llanover estate in Monmouthshire.[7][8] He had two younger brothers, Edward Bleiddyn[9] and Arthur (whose descendants still own Llanover today).[10]

Military career[edit]

Ivor Herbert, circa 1905.

Herbert was a British army officer, serving in the Grenadier Guards. He served as General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada from 1890 to 1895. In 1896, he was Colonel in the Grenadier Guards.[11] He served in the Second Boer War in South Africa (1899-1902), where he was responsible for foreign representatives in the country.

Political career[edit]

Herbert was Member of Parliament (MP) for South Monmouthshire from 1906 until 1917.[12] In 1907 he was created a Baronet, of Llanarth and Treowen in the county of Monmouth.[13] On 20 June 1917 he was further honoured when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Treowen, of Treowen and Llanarth in the County of Monmouth.[14]

Family[edit]

Lord Treowen was married on 31 July 1873 in London to the Honourable Albertina Agnes Mary Denison (22 September 1854 – 20 October 1929 London),[15] youngest daughter of the Albert Denison, 1st Baron Londesborough (himself a son of Henry Conyngham, 1st Marquess Conyngham and his wife, a mistress of George IV) and his second and younger daughter by his second wife, the former Ursula Bridgeman (later Lady Otho FitzGerald; she died 1883).

Lady Treowen founded and was the first President of the Ottawa Decorative Art Society. She was President of the Woman's Humane Society, and the first President of the Humane Society of Ottawa, and, had cabmen's shelters erected in Ottawa. As a member of the Band of Mercy Union, in 1892, she championed a resolution protesting against the use of the check-rein, and agreeing not to use or hire horses that were check-reined. She urged the erection of a national monument to Laura Secord. She was the honorary Secretary to an organization that raised a fund by the women of Canada to present a wedding gift to the Prince and Princess of Wales.[16] Lord and Lady Treowen had two children.

  • Hon. Fflorens[17] Mary Ursula Herbert (1879- ); m. 20 April 1911[18] Walter Francis Roch (20 January 1880 – 3 March 1965), then MP (Lib.) for Pembrokeshire from 1908 to 1918, whose political career ended when he continued to support Asquith. He was also a barrister at the Middle Temple from 1913. In 1934, Roch was appointed JP for Monmouthshire. Issue, if any, unknown.
  • Hon. Elydir John Bernard Herbert (13 January 1881 – 12 November 1917) died in Balin, Palestine, aged 36. He was unmarried.[19]

The estate Llanarth, near Llanover (also owned by the Herbert family) is still owned privately. According to the estate's site, the estates are all near Abergavenny. Both Llanarth and Llanover are privately owned estate villages within a conservation area. For maps, see[20][21] The baronetcy and barony became extinct on Lord Treowen's death.

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ His name is given as "Colonel Ivor Herbert, of the Grenadier Guards" in 1896 in an article about his grandmother's death.[1]. Retrieved 10 August 2007
  2. ^ Lady Llanover's son-in-law is so named by the National Library of Wales website. Retrieved 10 August 2007 [2]. The Gwent Record Offices say that "John Jones's son, John Arthur Jones (1818-1895), obtained a royal licence in 1848 for himself and his brothers and sisters to assume the surname of Herbert in lieu of Jones, being the senior existing branch of the house of Herbert.
  3. ^ Archives Network Wales - Llanarth Court MSS
  4. ^ The National Library of Wales :: Dictionary of Welsh Biography at yba.llgc.org.uk
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20902. p. 3585. 3 October 1848. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
  6. ^ John Arthur Edward Herbert was grandson of John Jones of Llanarth Court (1760-1828) by his wife and cousin Mary Lee. The Jones/Herbert family were intermarried with other Catholic recusant families such as the Vaughans of Courtfield near Ross-on-Wye, the Berkeleys of Spetchley and now of Berkeley Castle, and the Scropes of Danby, the head of whom married in 1821 Mary, daughter of John Jones and Mary Leei.
  7. ^ Leo van der Pas. "Descendants of Mary Tudor, Princess of England (gen 14-475 to 14-504 of 19 generations)" on www.worldroots.com. Retrieved 10 August 2007. [3]
  8. ^ Augusta Hall (1802-1896) biography available in English
  9. ^ Bleiddyn was married to a daughter of the 1st Lord Acton (Lundy, Darryl (13 May 2003). "Lt.-Col. Edward Bleiddian Herbert (d. 29 April 1931)". The Peerage. Retrieved 10 August 2007. [unreliable source])
  10. ^ Sir Arthur James Herbert, of the Diplomatic Service, was first British ambassador to Oslo, Norway, and owned Coldbrook, in Abergavenny,[4] and he or more likely, his son inherited Llanover at some point (Lundy, Darryl. "Sir Arthur Herbert". The Peerage. [unreliable source]). His son was Colonel Sir John Arthur Herbert, of Llanover, GCIE(1895-11 December] 1943) and was Governor-General of Bengal till that year. He married in 1924 a daughter of the 6th Earl of Ilchester and had issue (Lundy, Darryl. "Colonel Sir John Arthur Herbert". The Peerage. [unreliable source]; Clarence 8). The names of the three brothers are available with their professions in 1896 in an article about their grandmother's death.[5]. Retrieved 10 August 2007[dead link]
  11. ^ His name is given as "Colonel Ivor Herbert, of the Grenadier Guards" in 1896 in an article about his grandmother's death.[6]. Retrieved 10 August 2007
  12. ^ Leigh Rayment. An incomplete list of MPs for South Monmouthshire is available.[7] Retrieved 10 August 2007
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28040. p. 4858. 16 July 1907.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 30150. p. 6286. 26 June 1917.
  15. ^ Leo van der Pas. Ibid.
  16. ^ Morgan, Henry James Types of Canadian women and of women who are or have been connected with Canada : (Toronto, 1903) [8]
  17. ^ Her name was apparently spelled in the Welsh way, although thePeerage.com gives her first name as Florence. [9]. Retrieved 10 August 2007
  18. ^ Paul Theroff. "The descendants of King Henry VII of England". Retrieved 10 August 2007 [10]
  19. ^ Private genealogical website. Ancestry for Elydir Herbert. Retrieved 10 August 2007. [11]
  20. ^ Llanover Llanarth and Coldbrook Estates at www.llanover.com
  21. ^ Llanover Llanarth and Coldbrook Estates
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26082. p. 4666. 26 August 1890.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26651. p. 4478. 9 August 1895.
  24. ^ "The War" The Times (London). Saturday, 7 December 1901. (36632), p. 10.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Frederick Middleton
General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada
1890-1895
Succeeded by
Sir William Gascoigne
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Frederick Courtenay Morgan
Member of Parliament for South Monmouthshire
1906–1917
Succeeded by
Abraham Garrod Thomas
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Viscount Tredegar
Lord Lieutenant of Monmouthshire
1913–1933
Succeeded by
The Viscount Tredegar
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Treowen
1917–1933
Extinct
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Llanarth)
1907–1933
Extinct