Thomas Victor Anderson

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Thomas Victor Anderson
Born July 4, 1881
Died November 8, 1972 (age 91)
Allegiance Canada
Service/branch Canadian Army
Rank Major-General
Commands held Chief of the General Staff
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Distinguished Service Order
Canadian Forces Decoration

Major-General Thomas Victor Anderson DSO CD (July 4, 1881 – 1972) was a Canadian soldier and Chief of the General Staff, the head of the Canadian Army from 21 November 1938 until 6 July 1940.


Born in Ottawa, Ontario, Thomas Victor Anderson graduated from the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario in 1900, student # 433. He was commissioned as a Lieutenant in 1905 and promoted to Captain in 1910 and to Major in 1913.


Anderson served in World War I as Commander Royal Canadian Engineers for 3rd Canadian Division on the Western Front.[1] He was mentioned in despatches four times and awarded the DSO in 1918. He was further awarded with the Russian Order of St Anne, 2nd class, with swords, the 1914-1915 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal, finishing the war as a brevet Colonel.[2]

After the War he became an Instructor at the Royal Military College of Canada.[1] In 1925 he was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel and appointed Director of Military Training & Staff Duties at National Defence Headquarters.[1] Promoted to Colonel in 1929, he became the District Officer Commanding 10th Military District and in 1933 he was made District Officer Commanding 2nd Military District.[1] His next post was as Quartermaster-General in 1935.[1] He was promoted to Major-General in 1936 and selected to be Chief of the General Staff in 1938.[1]

He served, during World War II, as the Inspector-General of Central Canada from 1940[3] and retired in 1943.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Thomas Victor Anderson at
  2. ^ Unit histories
  3. ^ Preston "Canada's RMC: A History of the Royal Military College"

Further reading[edit]

  • 4237 Dr. Adrian Preston & Peter Dennis (Edited) "Swords and Covenants" Rowman And Littlefield, London. Croom Helm. 1976.
  • H16511 Dr. Richard Arthur Preston "To Serve Canada: A History of the Royal Military College of Canada" 1997 Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1969.
  • H16511 Dr. Richard Arthur Preston "Canada's RMC - A History of Royal Military College" Second Edition 1982
  • H1877 R. Guy C. Smith (editor) "As You Were! Ex-Cadets Remember". In 2 Volumes. Volume I: 1876-1918. Volume II: 1919-1984. Royal Military College. [Kingston]. The R.M.C. Club of Canada. 1984
Military offices
Preceded by
Ernest Charles Ashton
Chief of the General Staff
Succeeded by
Harry Crerar