James Graham, 1st Duke of Montrose

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James Graham, 1st Duke of Montrose

James Graham, 1st Duke and 4th Marquess of Montrose (April 1682 – 7 January 1742) was a Scottish aristocratic statesman in the early eighteenth century.

He was the only son of James Graham, 3rd Marquess of Montrose and Lady Christian Leslie. On 31 March 1702 he married Christian Carnegie, daughter of David Carnegie, 3rd Earl of Northesk. Together they had several sons, including William Graham and Lord George Graham.[1]

Originally the fourth Marquess of Montrose, James was elevated to a dukedom in 1707, as a reward for his important support of the Act of Union, whilst being Lord President of the Scottish Privy Council. He was Lord High Admiral of Scotland from 1705 to 1706. He was Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland from 1709 to 1713 and served as Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland from 1716 to 1733. He was also a Lord of the Regency for Great Britain in 1714, upon the death of Queen Anne. Furthermore, he served rather shortly as Secretary of State for Scotland at the time of the Georgian ministry of Lord Townshend. In 1719 he was one of the main subscribers to the Royal Academy of Music (1719), a corporation that produced baroque opera on the stage. He served as a Governor of London's Foundling Hospital at the time of its foundation in 1739. For much of his adult life he was Chancellor of the University of Glasgow.

Apart from his political career, the Duke is frequently associated with Robert MacGregor, who is popularly remembered by the name of Rob Roy. On his death he was buried at Aberuthven.[2]

In Michael Caton-Jones's Rob Roy, Graham is played by John Hurt.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "James Graham, 1st Duke of Montrose". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 9 September 2012. [unreliable source]
  2. ^ "Graham; James (c 1680 - 1742); 1st Duke of Montrose". The Royal Society. Retrieved 9 September 2012. (subscription required)

Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]

Political offices
Preceded by
The Marquess of Annandale
Lord President of the Council of Scotland
1704 – 1705
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Annandale
Preceded by
The Duke of Richmond and Lennox
Lord High Admiral of Scotland
1705 – 1706
Succeeded by
The Earl of Wemyss
Preceded by
The Marquess of Annandale
Lord President of the Council of Scotland
1706 – 1707
Office abolished
Preceded by
The Duke of Queensberry and Dover
Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland
1709 – 1713
Succeeded by
The Duke of Atholl
Preceded by
The Earl of Mar
Scottish Secretary
1714 – 1715
Succeeded by
The Duke of Roxburghe
Preceded by
The Earl of Ilay
Lord Clerk Register
1716
Succeeded by
Lord Polwarth
Preceded by
The Marquess of Annandale
Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland
1716 – 1733
Succeeded by
The Earl of Ilay
Academic offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Hyndford
Chancellor of the University of Glasgow
1714 – 1743
Succeeded by
The 2nd Duke of Montrose
Peerage of Scotland
New creation Duke of Montrose
1707 – 1742
Succeeded by
William Graham
Preceded by
James Graham
Marquess of Montrose
1684 – 1742