James Stuart, 1st Viscount Stuart of Findhorn

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The Right Honourable
The Viscount Stuart of Findhorn
CH MVO MC PC
Secretary of State for Scotland
In office
30 October 1951 – 9 January 1957
Monarch George VI
Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Sir Anthony Eden
Preceded by Hector McNeil
Succeeded by John Maclay
Personal details
Born (1897-02-09)9 February 1897
Edinburgh, Scotland
Died 20 February 1971(1971-02-20) (aged 74)
Nationality British
Political party Unionist
Spouse(s) Lady Rachel Cavendish

Captain James Grey Stuart, 1st Viscount Stuart of Findhorn CH, MVO, MC and Bar, PC (9 February 1897 – 20 February 1971), styled The Honourable James Stuart between 1909 and 1957, was a Scottish Unionist politician. He was joint-Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury in Winston Churchill's war-time coalition government and later served as Secretary of State for Scotland under Churchill and then Sir Anthony Eden from 1951 to 1957. The latter year he was elevated to the peerage as Viscount Stuart of Findhorn.

Background[edit]

Born in Edinburgh, Stuart was the third and youngest son of Morton Stuart, 17th Earl of Moray, and Edith Douglas Palmer, daughter of Rear-Admiral George Palmer.

Military service[edit]

Stuart was commissioned into the Royal Scots (Special Reserve) and served in the First World War, reaching the rank of Captain. He was awarded the Military Cross and Bar in 1917.

Political career[edit]

Stuart sat as Member of Parliament (MP) for Moray and Nairn from 1923 to 1959.[1] He served as a Lord of the Treasury from 1935 to 1941 under successively Ramsay Macdonald, Stanley Baldwin, Neville Chamberlain and Winston Churchill and was sworn of the Privy Council in 1939. In 1941 Churchill promoted him to joint Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury (Government Chief Whip), which he remained until 1945. He continued as Conservative Chief Whip until 1948. In 1950 he became Chairman of the Scottish Unionist Party, a post he held until 1962.

When the Conservatives returned to power under Churchill in 1951, Stuart was made Secretary of State for Scotland, with a seat in the cabinet. He continued in this post until 1957, the last two years under the premiership of Sir Anthony Eden. He was appointed a Companion of Honour in 1957. On 20 November 1959 he was elevated to the peerage as Viscount Stuart of Findhorn, of Findhorn in the County of Moray.

Family[edit]

Lord Stuart of Findhorn married Lady Rachel Cavendish, daughter of Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire (and sister of Dorothy Cavendish, wife of Harold Macmillan), in 1923. He had earlier been noted as a suitor of Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon while serving as an equerry to Prince Albert, Duke of York (the future King George VI). Lord and Lady Stuart had two sons and one daughter. Stuart died in February 1971, aged 74, and was succeeded in the viscountcy by his eldest son, David. Lady Stuart of Findhorn died in October 1977.

References[edit]

  • Torrance, David, The Scottish Secretaries (Birlinn 2006)
  • Stuart, James; Viscount Stuart of Findhorn. Within the Fringe: An Autobiography

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas Maule Guthrie
Member of Parliament for Moray and Nairn
19231959
Succeeded by
Gordon Campbell
Political offices
Preceded by
David Margesson
Sir Charles Edwards
Joint Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
with Sir Charles Edwards 1941–1942
William Whiteley 1942–May 1945

1941–July 1945
Succeeded by
William Whiteley
Preceded by
Hector McNeil
Secretary of State for Scotland
1951–1957
Succeeded by
John Maclay
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Stuart of Findhorn
1959–1971
Succeeded by
David Stuart