Jan Heemskerk

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Jan Heemskerk
Jan Heemskerk Azn (1818-97). Minister van Binnenlandse Zaken. Verrichtte op 13 juli 1885 de opening van het Rijksmuseum Rijksmuseum SK-A-3139.jpeg
Portrait by Johan Heinrich Neuman, 1896
16th and 19th Prime Minister of the Netherlands
In office
23 April 1883 – 20 April 1888
Monarch William III
Preceded by Theo van Lynden van Sandenburg
Succeeded by Æneas, Baron Mackay
In office
27 August 1874 – 3 November 1877
Monarch William III
Preceded by Gerrit de Vries
Succeeded by Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello
Personal details
Born Jan Heemskerk Abrahamszoon
(1818-07-30)30 July 1818
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died 9 October 1897(1897-10-09) (aged 79)
The Hague, Netherlands
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Anna Maria Heemskerk
Occupation Lawyer
Religion Remonstrant

Jan Heemskerk Abrahamszoon (Dutch pronunciation: [jɑn ˈɦeːmskɛrk ˈaːbraːɦɑmsˌsoːn]; 30 July 1818 – 9 October 1897) was a Dutch politician who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 1874 to 1877, and again from 1883 to 1888. His son, Theo Heemskerk also served as Prime Minister.


Jan Heemskerk in c. 1860.

Jan Heemskerk Abrahamszoon was born on 30 July 1818 in Amsterdam. He was the son of Abraham Heemskerk and Joanna Jacoba Stuart.[1]

He studied law and became a lawyer, then a member of the House of Representatives. Originally a liberal politician, he became a conservative in 1866, and remained this in his Premiership.

He was three times Ministers of the Interior (1866–1868; 1874–1877; 1883–1888) and three times temporary chairman of the Council of Ministers, similar to the present-day Prime Minister, (1867–1868; 1874–1877; 1883–1888). He was Minister of State from 1885 to his death.[1]

Heemskerk died on 9 October 1897, at the age of 79, in The Hague.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Heemskerk married his first cousin Anna Maria Heemskerk on 1 October 1846 in Utrecht. They had 5 sons, one of whom died in infancy, and 3 daughters.[1] His son Theo Heemskerk (1852–1932) was Prime Minister from 1908 to 1913.[2] His son Jan Frederik Heemskerk (1867–1944) was a member of the House of Representatives.[3]

Published works[edit]

Heemskerk's published works include

  • De praktijk onzer grondwet. 2 vols. (Utrecht: J. L. Beijers, 1881.)
  • Speciminis inauguralis de Montesquivio pars prior [-altera]. 2 vols. (Amstelodami: J.H. et G. van Heteren, 1839.)


  1. ^ a b c d (Dutch) Mr.Dr. J. (Jan) Heemskerk Azn., Parlement & Politiek. Retrieved on 7 March 2015.
  2. ^ (Dutch) Mr. Th. (Theo) Heemskerk, Parlement & Politiek. Retrieved on 7 March 2015.
  3. ^ (Dutch) J.F. (Jan) Heemskerk, Parlement & Politiek. Retrieved on 7 March 2015.

External links[edit]