Jan Heemskerk

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Jan Heemskerk
Jan Heemskerk Azn (1818-97). Minister van Binnenlandse Zaken. Verrichtte op 13 juli 1885 de opening van het Rijksmuseum Rijksmuseum SK-A-3139.jpeg
Portrait by Johan Heinrich Neuman, 1896
16th and 19th Prime Minister of the Netherlands
In office
23 April 1883 – 20 April 1888
Monarch William III
Preceded by Theo van Lynden van Sandenburg
Succeeded by Æneas, Baron Mackay
In office
27 August 1874 – 3 November 1877
Monarch William III
Preceded by Gerrit de Vries
Succeeded by Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello
Personal details
Born Jan Heemskerk Abrahamszoon
(1818-07-30)30 July 1818
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died 9 October 1897(1897-10-09) (aged 79)
The Hague, Netherlands
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Anna Maria Heemskerk
Occupation Lawyer
Religion Remonstrant

Jan Heemskerk Abrahamszoon (Dutch pronunciation: [jɑn ˈɦeːmskɛrk ˈaːbraːɦɑmsˌsoːn]; 30 July 1818 – 9 October 1897) was a Dutch politician who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 1874 to 1877, and again from 1883 to 1888. His son, Theo Heemskerk also served as Prime Minister.

Biography[edit]

Jan Heemskerk in c. 1860.

Jan Heemskerk Abrahamszoon was born on 30 July 1818 in Amsterdam. He was the son of Abraham Heemskerk and Joanna Jacoba Stuart.[1]

He studied law and became a lawyer, then a member of the House of Representatives. Originally a liberal politician, he became a conservative in 1866, and remained this in his Premiership.

He was three times Ministers of the Interior (1866–1868; 1874–1877; 1883–1888) and three times temporary chairman of the Council of Ministers, similar to the present-day Prime Minister, (1867–1868; 1874–1877; 1883–1888). He was Minister of State from 1885 to his death.[1]

Heemskerk died on 9 October 1897, at the age of 79, in The Hague.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Heemskerk married his first cousin Anna Maria Heemskerk on 1 October 1846 in Utrecht. They had 5 sons, one of whom died in infancy, and 3 daughters.[1] His son Theo Heemskerk (1852–1932) was Prime Minister from 1908 to 1913.[2] His son Jan Frederik Heemskerk (1867–1944) was a member of the House of Representatives.[3]

Published works[edit]

Heemskerk's published works include

  • De praktijk onzer grondwet. 2 vols. (Utrecht: J. L. Beijers, 1881.)
  • Speciminis inauguralis de Montesquivio pars prior [-altera]. 2 vols. (Amstelodami: J.H. et G. van Heteren, 1839.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (Dutch) Mr.Dr. J. (Jan) Heemskerk Azn., Parlement & Politiek. Retrieved on 7 March 2015.
  2. ^ (Dutch) Mr. Th. (Theo) Heemskerk, Parlement & Politiek. Retrieved on 7 March 2015.
  3. ^ (Dutch) J.F. (Jan) Heemskerk, Parlement & Politiek. Retrieved on 7 March 2015.

External links[edit]