HMS Moth (1915)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Moth.
Suma
During service as IJN Suma in 1942
Career (United Kingdom) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Moth
Ordered: 1915
Builder: Sunderland Shipbuilding Company
Laid down: 1915
Launched: 9 October 1915
Commissioned: 5 January 1916
Fate: Scuttled 12 December 1941 at Hong Kong
General characteristics HMS Moth
Class & type: Insect-class gunboat
Displacement: 625 tons
Length: 72.40 m (237 ft 6 in) (overall)
Beam: 11.00 m (36 ft 1 in)
Draft: 1.20 m (3 ft 11 in)
Propulsion: 2 x Yarrow water tube boilers,
2 x North Eastern Marine Engineering Works expansion turbines,
2 shafts, 2000 SHP
Speed: 14.0 knots (16.1 mph; 25.9 km/h)
Complement: 55
Armament:

(on 1916)
2 x BL 6 inch Mk VII
2 x 12 pdr. guns
6 x 7.7 mm Maxim guns

(on October 1938)
2 x BL 6 inch Mk VII
1 x 3 inch AAG
1 x QF 2 pdr. naval gun
8 x Lewis guns
Career (Japan) Japanese Navy Ensign
Name: Suma (須磨?)
Namesake: Suma-ku, Kobe
Builder: Navy 2nd Construction Department at Hong Kong
Acquired: February 1942
Commissioned: 1 July 1942
Decommissioned: 10 May 1945
Struck: 11 May 1945
Fate: Sunk 19 March 1945 by naval mine
General characteristics Suma
Displacement: 645 tons
Length: 72.40 m (237 ft 6 in) (overall)
Beam: 10.97 m (36 ft 0 in)
Draft: 1.22 m (4 ft 0 in)
Speed: 14.0 knots (16.1 mph; 25.9 km/h)
Complement: 84 (March 1945)
Armament:

(on 1 July 1942)
1 x BL 6 inch Mk VII

(added on 3 October 1942)
1 x Vickers 40 mm AA gun
2 x 13 mm Type 93 AAGs
2 x 7.7 mm Type 92 MGs

(added on 31 May 1943)
1 x 13 mm Type 93 AAG
1 x 7.7 mm Type 92 MG

(on 27 May 1944)
1 x 76.2 mm 3rd Year type AAG
2 x Vickers 40 mm AAGs
4 x 25 mm Type 96 AAGs
2 x 13 mm Type 93 AAGs
5 x 7.7 mm Type 92 MGs

(on 13 March 1945)
1 x 76.2 mm 3rd Year type AAG
2 x Vickers 40 mm AAGs
4 x 25 mm Type 96 AAGs
6 x 13 mm Type 93 AAGs
2 x 7.7 mm Type 92 MGs

HMS Moth was an Insect class gunboat of the Royal Navy.

HMS Moth was laid down during the first half of 1915 at the yards of the Sunderland Shipbuilding Company, with her sister ship HMS Mantis. Moth was launched on 9 October 1915 and completed on 5 January 1916.

Royal Navy service[edit]

She was dispatched to the Middle East (Mesopotamia area) in 1916. In 1919, she was dispatched to the White Sea, and by 1920 she had been reassigned to the China Station. In December 1941 she became a member of the Far East fleet with HMS Cicala at Hong Kong. On 8 December 1941, Moth and Cicala were in port during an air raid by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force. Cicala was sunk on 21 December. Moth was in the dock for repairs, but with the fall of the city to the Japanese imminent, Moth was scuttled on 12 December. HMS Thracian was also in port and was captured by the Japanese Army. Thracian was placed on duty as Patrol boat No.101 in October 1942.

Imperial Japanese Navy service[edit]

The Imperial Japanese Navy dispatched the Navy 2nd Construction Department (海軍第二工作部 Kaigun Dai-2 Kōsaku-Bu?) to Hong Kong to investigate the Moth, and on 1 July 1942, she was refloated and renamed Suma (須磨?). Suma is a Japanese beauty spot appearing in The Tale of Genji. 29 July 1943 she fires on US aircraft during an air raid on Hong Kong. Attacked by three 14th Air Force B-25s on 29 December 1943, and by two B-25s the next day receiving some damage, while claiming to kill one B-25. On 11 June 1944 attacked by P-38s and on the 18th by three B-25s. On 26 December attacked by seven P-51s, with the aft 25 mm gun wrecked with 18 killed and four wounded. Aft gun is replaced and repairs made to the ship 28-30 December at Yanhu. Attacked by P-51s on 11 February 1945. Repaired at Mitsubishi Yangshupu Shipyard, Shanghai 17 February-12 March 1945.[1] She was active on the Yangtze River in anti-insurgency operations. On 19 March 1945, she struck a naval mine at Anqing and sank with a loss of 8 crewmen.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Suma". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 

References[edit]