The Japanese saw or nokogiri (鋸?) is a type of saw used in woodworking and Japanese carpentry that cuts on the pull stroke, unlike the European saw that cuts on the push stroke. This allows it to have thinner blades that cut more efficiently and leave a narrower cut width (kerf). On the other hand, a pull stroke does not easily permit putting one's body weight behind a stroke.
Japanese style saws have also gained popularity outside Japan.
Types of Japanese hand saws
A type of backsaw. The Japanese means "attached trunk", thus a saw with a stiffening strip attached, i.e., a backsaw.
- Ryōba (両刃?)
- Azebiki (あぜ引き?)
A small ryōba saw used for cutting into the flat surface of a board rather than from the edge. The blade has a convex curve which can begin the cut anywhere on the surface.
- Mawashibiki (回し引き?)
A thin saw used for cutting curves, the Japanese version of a keyhole saw. The name means "turning cut".
Other Japanese saws
A large two-person saw used for ripping large boards in the days before power saws. One person stood on a raised platform, with the board below him, and the other person stood underneath them.
- Chesapeake Light Craft, LLC. "The World's Best Handsaw: Cut Faster & More Accurately with the Japanese Saw - Razor Sharp Cuts on the Pull Stroke". Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- Nokogiri at JAANUS (Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System)
- Japanese saw at the Takenaka carpentry tools museum
- Japanese Hand Saw explanation and demonstration video by AskWoodMan