Jewel v. NSA

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Jewel v. NSA
US DC NorCal.svg
Court U.S. District Court, N.D. California
Full case name Carolyn Jewel; Tash Hepting; Gregory Hicks; Erik Knutzen; Joice Walton, on behalf of themselves and others similarly situated v. National Security Agency; Keith B. Alexander, Director; Michael V. Hayden; United States of America; George W. Bush, President of the United States; Richard B. Cheney; David S. Addington; Dep't. of Justice; Alberto R. Gonzales, John D. Ashcroft, John M. McConnell, Dir. of National Intelligence; John D. Negroponte; Michael B. Mukasey, Att'y General; Barack Hussein Obama; Eric H. Holder, Jr., Att'y General; Dennis C. Blair
Citation(s) 673 F. 3d 902 (Ct.App., 9th Cir., 2011); No C 08-cv-4373 VRW, MDL No C 06-1791 VRW, No C 07-0693 VRW (Dist.Ct., N.D. CA January 10, 2010 and February 4, 2010)
Case history
Appealed to United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit

Jewel v. National Security Agency is a United States class action lawsuit filed by the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) against the National Security Agency (NSA) and several high-ranking officials in the administration of 43rd U.S. president George W. Bush,[1] charging an "illegal and unconstitutional program of dragnet communications surveillance".[2]

History[edit]

The case was filed on behalf of Carolyn Jewel and several other AT&T customers on September 18, 2008, and is based on documentation provided by former AT&T technician Mark Klein.[3]

The case was dismissed on January 21, 2010, by U.S. District Court Chief Judge Vaughn Walker, who concluded that the plaintiffs lacked legal standing because their claims amounted to a "general grievance" against the government.[4] On appeal, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals reinstated the case on December 29, 2011.[5] NSA whistleblower William Binney testified in July 2012 in support of the EFF that the NSA was "purposefully violating the Constitution".[6] On July 8, 2013, Judge Jeffrey White of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California declined to dismiss the lawsuit under the state secrets privilege.[7] Later in 2013 the court ordered the government to explain the effects of intelligence leaks about the NSA's surveillance activities, primarily by Edward Snowden, on the national security impact of the case. The NSA reasserted the state secrets privilege on December 20, 2013, and declassified portions of its assertions of the state secrets privilege the following day.[8][9]

On March 14, 2014, Judge Jeffrey White ordered a Temporary Restraining Order to the NSA and other parties ordering to halt the destruction of evidence until a final resolution of the case. On June 5, 2014, the EFF filed a motion for an emergency hearing requesting that the court enforce this Temporary Restraining Order after discovering that the Government had continued the destruction of evidence.[citation needed] A motion filed by the government claimed that doing so would have severe consequences "including the possible suspension of the Section 702 program and potential loss of access to lawfully collected signals intelligence information on foreign intelligence targets"[10]

EFF's logo for Jewel v. NSA

See also[edit]

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