During World War II, when the Japanese attacked Malaya, Jitra was on the one of main lines of defence set up by the British. One of the fiercest battles during the British defence of Malaya were fought here.
Universiti Utara Malaysia(UUM) is the public university near to this town.
Famous persons include Mohd Johari Baharum (former Deputy Internal Minister) Wan Iskandar Azam Rocky (5 times ASEAN Amateur Golf Champions), Azrul and Nidzom (chairman and CEO of Bahagia Holdings) and Loga (Global Asian Top scorer holder).
A few famous landmarks in Jitra are Darulaman Park, Jitra Waterfront (behind police quarters), Rocky Dog Park, Lye Huat Garden (Mini Zoo), Cendol Pulut Jo and Bukit Wang, a recreational park. Located approximately 30 kilometers from Thailand border, Jitra becomes one of the many stops for tourists who came from the neighboring country or Malaysian who wanted to visit Thailand.
Not far from the town, a project located at Paya Pahlawan was developed in 2003. This project promotes the concept of frozen food industries with Kedah Halal Food Hub (KHFH) as its main distributor. A complex for slaughtering cows was built and it is equipped with slaughter house and cold storage that can store meat up to 1500 ton at a time. This center can cover up to 30 percent of Malaysia's need for beef, which comes in handy especially during Malaysia's many festivals such as Hari Raya Aidilfitri and Hari Raya Qurban.
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