Kulim

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For the village in Iran, see Kulim, Iran.
Kulim
居林 (simplified Chinese)
Official seal of Kulim
Seal
Kulim is located in Malaysia
Kulim
Kulim
Location in Malaysia
Coordinates: 5°21′36″N 100°32′59″E / 5.36000°N 100.54972°E / 5.36000; 100.54972Coordinates: 5°21′36″N 100°32′59″E / 5.36000°N 100.54972°E / 5.36000; 100.54972
Country Malaysia
State Kedah
Establishment mid-18th century
Granted municipality status 2001[1]
Government
 • Tuan Yang DiPertua MPKK Tn. Abdul Aziz Bin Haji Abdul Ghani AMK, BCK
Population (2010[2])
 • Total 228,662
 • Density 590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zone MST (UTC+8)
 • Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC)
Postal code 09xxx
International dialling code prefix +6044 (landline only)
Website www.mpkk.gov.my

Kulim is a city in the state of Kedah, Malaysia. It is located on the southeast of Kedah, bordering Penang on the west. Kulim evolved from a small settlement in the 1950s to a successful town. This is because Kulim is located very close to Bukit Mertajam and Penang State. Kulim is a district consisting of 15 smaller sub-districts also known as "mukim".

History[edit]

Kulim as a town was started in mid-18th century by 100 Malays from Pattani.[citation needed] By mid-19th century Kulim experienced a boom due to the discovery of tin ore.[citation needed]

A few of the classical monuments still existing in Kulim includes Coronation Cinema, St. Patrick’s High School (1933), which was converted into a trade building, Sultan Badlishah High School (1948), Kulim Police Station and so on.

Meanwhile the Kulim’s independence clock was officiated by the Sultan of Kedah (15 September 1957) and serves as the unofficial landmark for the city of Kulim. The cornerstone of the clock was acquired by YPM Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al Haj (the First Prime Minister if Malaya, later Malaysia) on 14 June 1957.[citation needed]

The construction of the clock was completed within 3 months and upon completion, was made formalized by DYMM Tuanku Sultan Badlishah Ibni Almarhum Yang Di Pertuan Paduka Seri Sultan Abdul Hamid Shah, KOM, CMG, KBE Sultan Kedah on 15 September 1957, or 2 weeks after the declaration of independence of Malaysia (31 August 1957).[3]

The establishment of Kulim Hi-tech park is hoped to be a catalyst for the continued growth of Kulim.[4] It has been proposed to build a light rail system, like Kuala Lumpur's by 2020.[5]

City Centre[edit]

Kulim still maintains shop houses that were around since before the Second World War. Many of these houses were demolished to make way for newer structures of development. The independence clock serves as the city’s landmark, and is one of the old structures that remain in place.[6]

Kulim’s suburbs[edit]

Kulim is home to many recently opened suburbs. One of the biggest suburbs is Taman Selasih, complete with its own commercial centre, it also called as "New town".[7] Paya besar is the 2nd most famous suburb[citation needed] in kulim.

  • Taman Senangin
  • Taman Desa Makmur
  • Taman Selasih
  • Taman Angsana
  • Taman Semarak
  • Lembah Impiana
  • Taman Kempas Indah
  • Taman Kempas 2
  • Taman Kempas 3
  • Taman Desa Impian
  • Taman Kemuning
  • Taman Melor
  • Taman Seroja
  • Taman Berlian
  • Taman Tunku putra
  • Taman Sri Kulim
  • Taman Sungai Kob
  • Taman Rambai
  • Taman Nenas
  • Taman Mutiara, Sg.Kob
  • Taman Keranji
  • Taman Senangin
  • Taman Bersatu
  • Taman Meranti
  • Taman Dahlia
  • Taman Hi-tech
  • Taman Perindustrian Waja
  • Taman Kulim Baru
  • Taman Anggerik
  • Taman Damai Padang Serai
  • Taman Kulim Utama
  • Taman Harmoni
  • Taman Sejahtera Jaya
  • Taman Cempaka
  • Taman Kenari
  • Taman Seri Tanjung
  • Taman Jati
  • Taman Saga Keladi
  • Taman Desa Penaga
  • Taman Bukit Awi
  • Taman Sutera Indah
  • Taman Kobis
  • Taman KTC
  • Taman KLC
  • Bukit Kulim
  • Kelang Sago
  • Kampung Air Merah
  • Kampung Darul Aman
  • Kampung Syed Syeh
  • Kampung Tunku Putra
  • Taman Kota Kenari
  • Taman Perak
  • Taman Seluang
  • Taman Camar
  • Taman Kucai
  • Taman Sawi
  • Taman Cili
  • Taman Lobak
  • Taman Kangkong
  • Taman Saderi
  • Taman Tiram
  • Taman Bayam

[8]

  • Taman Sutera Indah

Economy[edit]

In 1996, the Kulim Hi-Tech Park (KHTP) was officially opened as the first and fully integrated high technology industrial park in Malaysia.[citation needed]

The Park comprises a total land area of approximately 14.5 square kilometres (5.6 mi²). Many local and foreign companies, such as Intel, Fuji Electric, Infineon, Showa Denko, First Solar, Gazzo Food, Entegris, Celestica and SilTerra have moved to the site since then.[9] It is strategically located nearby North-Butterworth Container Terminal (NBCT) and Bayan Lepas International Airport both located in Penang. According to the Ninth Malaysia Plan, this economic area is referred to as the Northern Corridor Economic Region (NCER). The Northern Corridor Economic Region is one of three development regions formed in Peninsular Malaysia, other development regions being the Iskandar Malaysia (or South Johor Economic Region) and the East Coast Development Region. Kulim soon will have a new international airport with two runway, in order to capture the high traffic of Penang International Airport, currently at the preliminary stage of discussion.[10]

Religion[edit]

Islam is the largest religion practiced in Kulim, as same as all over Malaysia. Most citizens of Indian and Chinese origin in Kulim are of the Hindu and Christian faiths respectively. Kulim has the largest number of Hindus and Christians in Kedah.[citation needed] There is also large number of Buddhists and Sikhis. Where most of the Chinese are Buddhist.[citation needed]

Place of Worship[edit]

Arulmigu Annai Karumariamman Temple in Paya Besar

Islam Mosque[edit]

  • Masjid Al Huda, Kelang Lama
  • Masjid Kampung Air Merah
  • Masjid Kampung Darul Aman
  • Masjid Keladi
  • Masjid Taman Kenari
  • Masjid Saidina Ali (Kem PGA Battalion 2)
  • Masjid Al Furqan Sg Ular Kulim Kedah

Church[edit]

  • Church of the Sacred Heart Jesus-Roman Catholic
  • Kulim Chinese Methodist Church-Protestant
  • Kulim Wesley Methodist Church-Protestant
  • St. Thomas Church- Anglican
  • FGA Centre
  • Grace Community Centre
  • Gereja Rivers of Water
  • Tamil Baptist Church
  • Emmanuel Word Centre Church
  • Full Gospel Assembly of God
church Of The Sacred Heart Of Jesus

Buddist Temple[edit]

  • Wat Buddha Siam
  • Vihara Fayi

Hindu Temple[edit]

  • Nattukkotai Nagaraththar Sri Thandayurhapani Temple

The main deity of this temple is Murugan.Meanwhile, The chief priest of the temple is Sivasri Annamalai Pandaram. The main festival in this temple is Thirukkarthigai (1 day festivities). Uthsavar procession were done during this festival in temple premise.[citation needed]

Mariamman is the main deity in this temple. This temple famously known as 'Sera kovil' among people in kulim.

  • Kulim Sree Mariamman Temple
  • Arulmigu Annai Karumariamman Temple, Paya Besar

Located near Taman Kucai and Taman Kangkong in Lunas, it is one of the oldest temple in kulim district.

  • Sri Maha Muthu Mariamman Temple , Anak Kulim


Sikh Gurduara sahib

Gurduara Sahib, Kulim is situated along Jalan Tunku Putra, next but two, to the famous St Patrick's School.

The man who donated the first piece of land for the Sikh Gurduara Sahib, Kulim, was a retired Sikh Police officer, who later became the first Sikh JP in the state and Malaysia, Sr.Bahal Singh.He lived opposite the old Kulim Club House,next to the current Fire Brigade station in Jalan Asaad which was known as the Planters Club in those days, in 1900s.

It is believed the Sikh Gurduara was first sat up opposite the Fire Station, at the top of Jalan Asaad in 1914- 1918 circa.In 1929, or there about, the Gurduara was shifted to the current position along Jalan Tunku Putra,opposite the new junction with Jalan Belibis.

The initial building was of wooden, typical Malaysian building like a Kampung House.It was slowly improved and now stands a magnifient concrete building fluttering the Sikjh ensign of Nishan sahib.The wooden building was replaced around 1999.There are about 100 Sikh families who live around Kulim area.As Kulim develops many more are moving in.The programmes are held weekly on Saturday.

Bahá'í Faith[edit]

  • Kulim Bahá'í Centre, Kilang Lama

Education[edit]

Kulim was a pioneer in education in Kedah,[citation needed] having some of the earliest established schools in the state. The public school system comprises national schools, vernacular (Chinese and Tamil) schools, vocational schools, and religious schools. There are also a few international schools, such as elc International School.

Chinese Schools[edit]

  • Chio Min Secondary School (觉民国民型中学)
  • Sekolah Rendah Jenis Kebangsaan (Chinese) Kelang Lama (居林老火较小学)
  • Sekolah Rendah Jenis Kebangsaan (Chinese) Chio Min A/B (觉民小学A/B校)
  • Sekolah Rendah Jenis Kebangsaan (Chinese) Chong Cheng ???

(居林中正小学)

  • Sekolah Rendah Jenis Kebangsaan (Chinese) Hwa Min (华民小学)

Indian Schools[edit]

  • Sekolah Rendah Jenis Kebangsaan (India) Kulim

Formerly Missionary Schools[edit]

Formal education in Kulim stretches back to the early days of British administration. Many of the public schools in Kulim has been turned into national schools. Such as:

  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan St Anne's Convent Kulim
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan St. Patrick

National, Vocational, and Religious Schools[edit]

  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Taman Jelutong
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Sultan Badlishah
  • Sekolah Menengah Jenis Kebangsaan Chio Min
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Sungai Kob
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Kulim
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Taman Selasih
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Air Merah
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Taman Kenari
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Junjong
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Taman Hi-Tech
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Keladi
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tunku Panglima Besar
  • Sekolah Menengah Teknik Kulim
  • Sekolah menengah Kebangsaan Jalan Paya Besar
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan Sungai Kob
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan Sri Kulim
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan Kulim
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan Air Merah
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsan Labu Besar
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan Taman Kenari
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan St Anne's Convent
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan Taman Jelutong
  • Sekolah Kebangsaan Taman Hi-Tech
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Lunas
  • Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Padang Serai

Colleges and Universities[edit]

  • Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Spanish Institute (UNIKL MSI)
  • IPK College (ACCA, LCCI and others professional qualification)
  • Polytechnic Tuanku Sultanah Bahiyah ( www.ptsb.edu.my )
  • Community College Kulim
  • MARA College MARA Kulim
  • Maktab Rendah Sains MARA (PDRM)
  • ADTEC Kulim

Transport[edit]

Butterworth–Kulim Expressway is a 17 km (11 mi) expressway that connects Penang in the west to Kulim, Kedah in the east. It is also a main route to East-West Highway via Baling, Kedah and Gerik, Perak. The construction of BKE started in December 1994 and completed in September 1996.[citation needed]

Shopping[edit]

  • Tesco Hypermarket Tesco Kulim - the premier and largest hypermarket buildings in north Malaysia[11]
  • The Kulim Landmark Central - The largest shopping complex in Kulim district and it have many shops including Giant Hypermarket, MBO Cinemas, The Store, Telecommunications centres, Sec Stores, KFC, Pizza Hut, Dominos and many more.
  • Jeruk Madu Pak Ali at Jalan Bukit Awi in front of Jamiul Makmur Mosque. Also located at Tesco Kulim

Culture[edit]

Food[edit]

Kulim's cuisine is not only heavily influenced by the Baba Nyonya culture of Penang (which is just 26 km away), but also shows some influence of Thailand. The famous foods are ALAM'z PUFF Tmn. Selasih (various filling currypuff), Kelang Lama Laksa, Lunas Duck Roaster, Yam Rice, Curry Wan Tan Mee, Chicken Leg Wan Tan Mee, Curry Mee, Hokien Char, Prawn Mee(Hokian Mee), Loh Mee, Kuey Teow Teng, Duck Egg Char Kuay Teow, Glutinous Rice Cendol, Chee Cheong Fun, Ice Kacang, Chai Koay, Tom Yam, Stem Fish, Yau Char Kuai, Zhap Chai, and many more.

Gallery[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kulim Granted City Status[dead link], Kulim’s Municipal council History. October 31, 2010.
  2. ^ Helders, Stefan. "Malaysia: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 2010-10-31. 
  3. ^ Kulim’s Background, Laman Web Rasmi Majlis Perbandaran Kulim (Official Website of Kulim Government). January 16, 2010.
  4. ^ Kulim’s History, Kulim’s Municipal council website-Kulim’s Background October 31, 2010.
  5. ^ Kulim to have LRT system and airport by 2020, The Star Online. Friday June 22, 2007
  6. ^ Kulim’s City Centre, Kulim’s Municipal council website-Kulim’s Background October 31, 2010.
  7. ^ Kulim’s suburbs, Kulim’s Municipal council website-Kulim’s Background October 31, 2010.
  8. ^ List of Suburbs, Kulim’s Municipal council website-Kulim’s Background October 31, 2010.
  9. ^ Office & Industrial in Kulim area, Kulim Hi-tech Park website. July 26, 2010.
  10. ^ Kedah hopes for another international airport in Kulim, The Star Online. June 12, 2014.
  11. ^ Tesco plans five new stores this year, The Star Online. March 5, 2010.
  12. ^ "Tan Sri Haji Ismail Bin Haji Omar" (in Malay). Royal Malaysian Police. Retrieved 5 May 2012. 

External links[edit]