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Job migration is a term that has gained widespread use in the recent years and although it means relocation of jobs from one geographical area to another, it has come to symbolize the migration or relocation of jobs to other countries.
Reasons for job migration
In most situations jobs are moved from one location to another, or to multiple other locations, because of changes in one or many of the following: supply and demand for products and services, business conditions, labor markets, government policies, political reasons, competition, environmental conditions, local business costs, technological obsolescence, outsourcing, higher productivity, etc.
Impact of job migration
Job migration must not lead to a rise in unemployment, if national labour markets are flexible enough. Whether the native population can expect gains or losses from immigration depends, among other things, on the size and the structure of the immigration flow and the labour market institutions in the receiving countries (i.e. wage flexibility). Most existing empirical studies on the impact of immigrants on the wage and employment of natives find only small negative effects. In some cases the effects are even positive.http://www.iza.org/en/webcontent/publications/reports/report_pdfs/iza_report_03.pdf Job migration is often accompanied by a difficult transition to new jobs and new locations requiring new training and lowered living standards, although not for everyone. Job migration can help a persons salary increase.
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