Johnston, Rhode Island

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Johnston, Rhode Island
Town
Location of Johnston in Providence County, Rhode Island
Location of Johnston in Providence County, Rhode Island
Coordinates: 41°49′36″N 71°29′41″W / 41.82667°N 71.49472°W / 41.82667; -71.49472
Country United States
State Rhode Island
County Providence
Government
 • Mayor Joe Polisena
Area
 • Total 24.4 sq mi (63.1 km2)
 • Land 23.7 sq mi (61.3 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2)
Elevation 318 ft (97 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 28,769
 • Density 1,213.9/sq mi (469.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02919
Area code(s) 401
FIPS code 44-37720[1]
GNIS feature ID 1220073[2]

Johnston is a town in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 28,769 at the 2010 census. Johnston is the site of the Clemence Irons House (1691) a stone-ender museum[3] and the only landfill in Rhode Island. Incorporated on March 6, 1759, Johnston was named for the colonial attorney general, Augustus Johnston.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.4 square miles (63 km2). 23.7 square miles (61 km2) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (2.91%) is water.

Neighborhoods[edit]

Neighborhoods in Johnston: Thornton (includes part of Cranston), Graniteville, Hughesdale, Morgan Mills, Manton, Simmonsville, Pocasset, West End, Belknap, and Frog City.

History[edit]

Clemence Irons House, a rare stone-ender, built in 1691 in Johnston, Rhode Island

The area was first settled by English settlers in the seventeenth-century as a farming community. In 1759 the town officially separated from Providence and was incorporated on March 6, 1759. Johnston was named for the current colonial attorney general, Augustus Johnston, who was later burned in effigy during the Stamp Act protests in 1765 and then fled Rhode Island as a Tory during the American Revolution in 1779.[5] The first house of worship in Johnston opened when the Baptist Meeting House in Belknap was constructed in 1771. During the American Revoluation Rhode Island's only gun powder mill was constructed in Graniteville, and the town hosted American General John Sullivan for a dinner in 1779 upon his departure from Rhode Island to fight in New York. In 1790 the Belknap School, the first public school in the town, was founded. In 1791 the Providence and Norwich Turnpike (today's Plainfield Pike) was chartered.[6]

Demographics[edit]

At the 2000 census[1], there were 28,195 people, 11,197 households and 7,725 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,191.4 per square mile (459.9/km²). There were 11,574 housing units at an average density of 489.1 per square mile (188.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.66% White especially Italian Americans (46.7%), 0.65% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.89% of the population.

There were 11,197 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.02.

Age distribution was 20.9% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.

The median household income was $43,514, and the median family income was $54,837. Males had a median income of $40,210 versus $29,314 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,440. About 6.8% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

In 2000, 46.7% of Johnston residents identified themselves as being of Italian heritage. This was the highest percentage of Italian Americans of any municipality in the country.[7]

Government[edit]

The town is governed by a mayor (currently Joe Polisena) and a five-member town council.[8]

The town has a police department.

Education[edit]

The Johnston Public School System has four elementary schools, one middle school and one high school. Johnston Senior High School is a 2005 Rhode Island Department of Education Regents' Commended School.[9] Although it remains unaccredited.

In 2008, the Johnston School Committee decided to close both Graniteville and Calef Elementary schools. Students affected by the closures were transferred to Brown Avenue Elementary School and Winsor Hill Elementary School. This decision was not without controversy, as school officials, parents and teachers complained of inadequate staffing, increased neighborhood traffic and lack of attention for special-needs students.[10]

Media[edit]

Johnston has one local weekly newspaper, the Johnston Sun Rise.[11] The paper is complimentary, and can be found in many[citation needed] Johnston businesses.

WJAR NBC News Channel 10 broadcasts in Rhode Island and Massachusetts. The news station is set in Providence, Rhode Island.[12]

WLNE-TV ABC 6 Rhode Island News Channel broadcasts in Rhode Island and Massachusetts.[13]

WPRI-TV 12 Fox 64 Providence Eyewitness News Channel broadcasts in Rhode Island and Massachusetts.[14]

New England Cable News channel ("NECN") is a cable news station based in Boston which covers all of New England's news.[15]

Economy[edit]

Insurance company FM Global is based in Johnston.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Historic New England: Defining the Past. Shaping the Future
  4. ^ Johnston Historical Society: Johnston History
  5. ^ Johnston Historical Society: Johnston History
  6. ^ http://www.quahog.org/cscm/jhs/history/timeline.html
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ City website: Town Council members
  9. ^ 2005 JHS SALT Performance Report
  10. ^ Johnston school problems cited | Johnston | Rhode Island news | projo.com | The Providence Journal
  11. ^ (www.johnstonsunrise.net)
  12. ^ WJAR NBC News Channel 10
  13. ^ WLNE ABC 6
  14. ^ WPRI Eyewitness News 12
  15. ^ http://NECN New England News

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°49′N 71°29′W / 41.817°N 71.483°W / 41.817; -71.483