Phillips 66

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Phillips 66 Company
Type Public
Traded as NYSEPSX
S&P 500 Component
Industry Oil and gas
Predecessors Phillips Petroleum Co.
Founded Bartlesville, Oklahoma (1917 (1917))
Founders L.E. Phillips and Frank Phillips
Headquarters Westchase, Houston, Texas
Area served Worldwide
Key people Greg C. Garland
(Chairman and CEO)
Products Natural Gas
Petrochemicals
Aviation Fuels
Motor fuels
Lubricants
Services Oil refining
Service Stations
Revenue Decrease US$ 171.59 billion (2013)[1]
Operating income Decrease US$ 2.548 billion (2013)[1]
Net income Decrease US$ 3.726 billion (2013)[1]
Total assets Decrease US$ 48.07 billion (2013)[1]
Total equity Decrease US$ 20.77 billion (2013)[1]
Employees 13,500 (2013)[1]
Website www.phillips66.com

Phillips 66 is an American multinational energy company headquartered in Westchase, Houston, Texas. It debuted as an independent energy company when ConocoPhillips spun off its downstream assets and midstream assets. Phillips 66 began trading on the New York Stock Exchange on May 1, 2012, under the ticker PSX. The company is engaged in producing natural gas liquids (NGL) and petrochemicals. The company has approximately 13,500 employees worldwide and active in more than 45 countries.[2] Phillips 66 is ranked No. 6 on the Fortune 500 list and No. 19 on the Fortune Global 500 list as of 2014.[3]

History[edit]

Beginning[edit]

Founded by Lee Eldas "L.E." Phillips and Frank Phillips of Bartlesville, Oklahoma, Phillips Petroleum Co. was incorporated on June 13, 1917. The new company had assets of $3 million, 27 employees and land throughout Oklahoma and Kansas. After discovery of Texas's huge Panhandle gas field in 1918 and the Hugoton Field to its north in Kansas, Phillips became increasingly involved in the rapidly developing natural gas industry. In particular, the company specialized in extracting liquids from natural gas and by 1925 was the nation's largest producer of natural gas liquids. In 1927, Phillips's entry into retailing presented it with the problem of finding a brand name under which to sell its gasoline. According to company lore, the solution presented itself as a Phillips official was returning to Bartlesville in a car that was road-testing the company's new gasoline. He commented that the car was going "like 60." The driver looked at the speedometer and replied, "Sixty nothing ... we're doing 66!" The fact that the incident took place on U.S. Highway 66 in Oklahoma near Tulsa only strengthened the story's appeal to Phillips's executives. The company chose Phillips 66 as its new brand name, one that endured and achieved classic status.[4]

The first Phillips 66 service station opened November 19, 1927, in Wichita, Kansas.[5] This station has been preserved by the local historical society.

[edit]

The Phillips 66 shield logo, created for its link to the highway of the same number, was introduced in 1930 in a black and orange color scheme that would last nearly 30 years. In 1959, Phillips introduced a revised version of the shield in red, white and black, a color scheme still used by Phillips 66 Co. for the brand.

Old-fashioned Phillips 66 station in Bassett, Nebraska

From the late 1930s until the 1960s, Phillips employed registered nurses as "highway hostesses," who made periodic and random visits to Phillips 66 stations within their regions. The women inspected station restroom facilities to ensure they were well cleaned and stocked. The highway hostesses also served as ambassadors for the company by directing motorists to suitable dining and lodging facilities.

Motor oil[edit]

Phillips was among the first oil companies to introduce a multi-grade motor oil, TropArtic, in 1954. Such motor oils were designed to be used year-round in automobile engines, as opposed to single grades for which different grades of motor oils were recommended to meet weather variances.

Gas stations[edit]

Phillips also had gasoline stations in Canada's western provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan under the name Pacific 66 until the late 1970s. In 1932, the 76 brand, long familiar in the western U.S., was created by Union Oil Company of California (later Unocal). In 1946, Phillips purchased the Utah-based Wasatch Oil Co., bringing the Phillips 66 brand to the northern Rocky Mountain states and the far eastern portions of Oregon and Washington. In 1966, Phillips entered the West Coast market by purchasing Tidewater Oil Co.'s refining and marketing properties in that region and rebranding all Flying A distributorships and service stations to Phillips 66.

In 1967, Phillips became the nation's second oil company, after Texaco, to sell and market gasoline in all 50 states, by opening a Phillips 66 station in Anchorage, Alaska. However, Phillips' experiment in 50-state marketing was short-lived. The company withdrew from gasoline marketing in the northeastern U.S. in 1972 (although it has been returning; for example, there is a Phillips 66 in Westport, Connecticut and Hadley, Massachusetts, and the Phillips 66 owned 76 gas brand appearing in New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania), and sold the former Tidewater properties on the West Coast to The Oil & Shale Corporation (Tosco) in 1976. Today, Phillips 66 primarily operates in the Midwest and Southwest, evidenced by its sponsorship of the Big 12 Men's Basketball Tournament dating back to its Big Eight days.

Mergers[edit]

Phillips 66 created a joint venture with Chevron Corporation's chemicals and plastics division in 2000, as well as, acquired ARCO Alaska Inc. from British Petroleum. It purchased Tosco, which included Circle K convenience stores and Union 76 gasoline, in 2001. The 76 brand, long familiar in the western and southern U.S., was created by Union Oil Company of California (later Unocal) in 1932.

In 2002, Phillips 66 merged with Conoco to form ConocoPhillips. The merged company continued marketing gasoline and other products under the Phillips 66, Conoco, and 76 brands. However, Phillips 66 Co. licenses the Phillips 66 brand to Suncor Energy for its Phillips 66 branded stations in Colorado.[6]

Marketing[edit]

Winged version of logo, used for airplane fuel stations in the U.S., this example being in Hillsboro, Oregon

The advertising slogan from circa 1973 until the ConocoPhillips merger was "The Performance Company," promoting not only the performance of Phillips 66 gasoline and other petroleum products, but also innovations with asphaltic materials, fertilizers and other non-automotive products. Other slogans through the years have included: "Go first-class... go Phillips 66", "The gasoline that won the West", "Good things for cars and the people who drive them", "Hard working gas", and "At Phillips 66, it's performance that counts". Their current slogan (July 2011) is "Experts in gas since 1927".

Phillips 66 also was a long-time supporter of PBS programming for most of the 1980s. It provided funding for shows such as A.M. Weather, The Search for Solutions, and Onstage with Judith Somogi.

Spin-off[edit]

In 2012, Phillips 66 was spun-off from ConocoPhillips.

Berkshire Hathaway Trade[edit]

On December 30, 2013, it was announced that Berkshire Hathaway Inc. would trade more than 19 million of its 27.2 million shares in Phillips 66 to acquire a business that makes additives that help crude oil flow through pipelines. The final number of shares will be determined when the deal actually closes. [7]

Operations[edit]

In the United States, the company operates Conoco, Phillips 66 and (Union) 76 stations. In Europe, ConocoPhillips operates Jet filling stations in Austria, Denmark, Germany, Sweden and the United Kingdom. It sold its Jet stations in Belgium, the Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia to its Russian affiliate, Lukoil. It uses the COOP identity in Switzerland. The company is the fourth largest finished lubricants supplier in the United States.

Phillips 66 owns 15 refineries with a net crude oil capacity of 2.2 million barrels per day (350×10^3 m3/d), 10,000 branded marketing outlets, and 15,000 miles (24,000 km) of pipelines. It has 50 percent stake in DCP Midstream, LLC, a natural gas gatherers and processors with 7.2 billion cubic feet per day (200×10^6 m3/d) of processing capacity. It also owns 50 percent stake in Chevron Phillips Chemical Co.

Refineries[edit]

Country Name Location Nelson Complexity Factor Crude Oil Processing Capacity (MBD)
United States Wood River Refinery* Roxana, IL 9.8 305
United States Alliance Refinery Belle Chasse, LA 12.0 247
United States Sweeny Refinery Old Ocean, TX 13.2 247
United States Bayway Refinery Linden, NJ 8.5 238
United States Lake Charles Refinery Westlake, LA 10.2 239
United States Ponca City Refinery Ponca City, OK 9.8 210
United States Borger Refinery* Borger, TX 12.3 73
United States Los Angeles Refinery Carson, CA/Wilmington, CA 14.1 139
United States San Francisco Refinery Rodeo, CA/Arroyo Grande, CA 13.6 120
United States Ferndale Refinery Ferndale, WA 7.4 100
United States Billings Refinery Billings, MT 14.3 58
United Kingdom Humber Refinery North Lincolnshire 11.6 221
Republic of Ireland Whitegate Refinery Cork 3.8 71
Malaysia Melaka Refinery* Melaka 9.8 76
Germany MIRO Refinery* Karlsruhe 7.9 58

* Denotes joint ventures. Crude capacity reflects that proportion.

Sources (Mar 31, 2011)[8][9][10]

Corporate affairs[edit]

In 2012, after Phillips 66 split from ConocoPhillips, it moved its operations from the ConocoPhillips headquarters to the Pinnacle Westchase building,[11] a nine-story Class A office building located on 8.4 acres (3.4 ha) of land in Westchase, Houston.[12] This is a temporary headquarters location.[11]

Phillips 66 announced it will construct a new permanent headquarters on a 14-acre (5.7 ha) plot of land in Westchase. The new headquarters will be between Westheimer Road and Briar Forest, in close proximity to the Sam Houston Tollway. Phillips 66 had purchased the land from a subsidiary of Thomas Properties Group. The company did not disclose when it plans to begin construction. The new headquarters will include conference spaces, food service facilities, a gymnasium, and training facilities.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "2013 Phillips 66 Summary Annual Report". Phillips 66. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Conoco says refining co will be Phillips 66". "Conoco says refining co will be named Phillips 66" (Reuters). November 10, 2011. Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  3. ^ http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune500/
  4. ^ Aaseng, Nathan (2000). Business Builders in Oil. The Oliver Press, Inc. ISBN 1-881508-56-0.  P. 104.
  5. ^ http://members.cox.net/wichitahpa/phillips66.html
  6. ^ http://www.suncor.com/default.aspx?cid=75&lang=1
  7. ^ url=http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2013/12/30/warren-buffetts-firm-phillips-66-unit/4255665
  8. ^ ConocoPhillips (Mar 31, 2011). "Refining". ConocoPhillips. ConocoPhillips. Retrieved Aug 6, 2011. 
  9. ^ ConocoPhillips (Mar 31, 2011). "Europe". ConocoPhillips. ConocoPhillips. Retrieved Aug 6, 2011. 
  10. ^ ConocoPhillips (Mar 31, 2011). "Asia Pacific". ConocoPhillips. ConocoPhillips. Retrieved Aug 6, 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c Sebastian, Simone. "Phillips 66 to build global headquarters in West Houston." FuelFix (Houston Chronicle). September 12, 2012. Retrieved on September 13, 2012.
  12. ^ "Location." (Archive) Pinnacle Westchase. Retrieved on September 13, 2012.

External links[edit]