The 'Sawbwa Palace, a historic landmark, was destroyed in November 9, 1991 by the Burmese government.
|Time zone||MST (UTC+6.30)|
Kengtung (Shan: ၵဵင်းတုင်; Burmese: ကျိုင်းတုံမြို့; MLCTS: kyuing: tum mrui., pronounced: [tɕáɪɴtòʊɴ mjo̰]; Thai: เชียงตุง, RTGS: Chiang Tung, pronounced [t͡ɕʰīaŋ tūŋ]; also spelled Kyaingtong, Chiang Tung, Cheingtung, and Kengtong) is a town in Shan State, Burma. It is the principal town of Kengtung Township. Kengtung is located on the National Highway 4 (NH4) and at the AH2 and AH3 of the Asian Highway.
Kengtung was founded by the grandson of King Mangrai on the location of an older city of the Wa people, the original inhabitants of the region. This migration of the Chiangmai dynasty, made in the 13th century with the idea of founding a new kingdom which was called Lanna in Chiang Mai, has resulted in Kengtung having a different type of Tai population from the rest of the Shan State.
The city was occupied by the Thai Phayap Army from 1942 until the end of the Second World War and became the headquarters of the Saharat Thai Doem territory. After the independence of Burma Kengtung suffered heavily from insurgency and military rule, followed by heavy cultural Burmanization. The headquarters of the regional military command of the Tatmadaw is in the town.
Kengtung contains several lakes. The largest, Naung Tung Lake, lies in the western part of the city, followed by Naung Kham Lake and Naung Yarng Lake to the south of the Kentung Roman Catholic Mission.
Taunggyi has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, although the winter months (December-February) are milder and nights can be quite cool. There is a winter dry season (December-April) and a summer wet season (May-November).
|Climate data for Kengtung|
|Average high °C (°F)||26.7
|Average low °C (°F)||9.6
|Precipitation mm (inches)||16.0
|Source: HKO (1961-1990)|
- Forbes, Andrew ; Henley, David (2011). Traders of the Golden Triangle. Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books. ASIN: B006GMID5
- J. G. Scott, Gazetteer of Upper Burma and the Shan States. 5 vols. Rangoon, 1900-1901.
- Sao Sāimöng Mangrāi, The Pādaeng Chronicle and the Kengtung State Chronicle Translated. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1981
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kengtung.|
- The Happy City, a 1959 film on a remote leper colony run by Father Cesare Columbo in Kengtung, Shan State
- pictures from Kengtung
- Shan and Karenni States of Burma
- Donald M. Seekins, Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar), p. 251
- "Climatological Information for Kengtung, Myanmar". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved January 12, 2013.