|United States Senator
from North Dakota
December 14, 1992 – January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Jocelyn Burdick|
|Succeeded by||Heidi Heitkamp|
January 3, 1987 – December 14, 1992
|Preceded by||Mark Andrews|
|Succeeded by||Byron Dorgan|
|Chairman of the Senate Committee on the Budget|
January 4, 2007 – January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Judd Gregg|
|Succeeded by||Patty Murray|
June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Pete Domenici|
|Succeeded by||Don Nickles|
January 3 – 20, 2001
|Preceded by||Pete Domenici|
|Succeeded by||Pete Domenici|
|Tax Commissioner of North Dakota|
January 6, 1981 – December 2, 1986
|Preceded by||Byron Dorgan|
|Succeeded by||Heidi Heitkamp|
March 12, 1948 |
Bismarck, North Dakota, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Pam Schafer (Divorced)
Lucy Calautti (1987–present)
|Alma mater||University of Missouri, Columbia
George Washington University
Gaylord Kent Conrad (born March 12, 1948) is a former United States Senator from North Dakota. He is a member of the North Dakota Democratic-NPL Party, the North Dakota affiliate of the Democratic Party. First elected to the Senate in 1986, he served as Chairman or Ranking Member of the Senate Budget Committee for twelve years.
On January 18, 2011, Conrad announced that he would not run for re-election in 2012, but will instead retire. Conrad said in a statement that it was more important that "I spend my time and energy trying to focus on solving the nation's budget woes than be distracted by another campaign."
Early life 
Conrad was born in Bismarck, North Dakota, the son of Abigail and Gaylord E. Conrad. He lived much of his early life in Bismarck. Orphaned at a young age, he was raised by his grandparents. He attended Roosevelt Elementary and Hughes Junior High, and spent several years at Wheelus Air Force Base high school in Tripoli, Libya. He graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy before attending college at Stanford, and received an M.B.A. from The George Washington University.
Conrad has been married twice. His first wife, Pam, is the sister of former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture and former North Dakota Governor Ed Schafer. They had one daughter, Jessamyn. On Valentine's Day 1987, Conrad married Lucy Calautti, his 1986 Senate campaign manager who is currently a lobbyist for Major League Baseball.
Early political career 
After graduating from college, he became a civil servant, working as an assistant to the North Dakota State Tax Commissioner, Byron Dorgan, who later became his colleague in the Senate. Conrad made his first entry into politics when he ran unsuccessfully for the North Dakota Auditor's office in 1976. In 1980, Conrad succeeded Dorgan as Tax Commissioner. Conrad was state tax commissioner until 1986, when he ran for the Senate.
U.S. Senate career 
Committee assignments 
- Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
- Committee on the Budget (Chairman)
- Committee on Finance
- Committee on Indian Affairs
- Joint Committee on Taxation
Political positions 
In April 2006, he was selected by Time as one of "America's 10 Best Senators". That same year, he was commended by The American for his knowledge of economic issues. Conrad endorsed Senator Barack Obama for the 2008 Democratic Presidential Race. Conrad was also a leading member of the "Gang of 10", a conservative group which pushed for much greater offshore drilling in sensitive environmental areas. He was also well known for using charts as visual aids when speaking in the Senate, which earned him the nickname "Godfather of Charts".
Health care 
In the 2009 negotiations over reforming America's healthcare system, Conrad strongly opposed any "public option". The AFL-CIO announced they will fund a primary challenge against Conrad in 2012 if he continues to oppose a "public option".
On September 29, 2009, Senator Conrad voted with Senate Finance Committee Republicans against an amendment to a health care bill that would have provided for a public insurance option. He was supportive of the Stupak-Pitts Amendment, which places limits on taxpayer-funded abortions in the context of the November 2009 Affordable Health Care for America Act.
Social policies 
Conrad is more politically conservative than most Democrats. He has voted consistently in favor of banning the so-called "partial-birth" abortion medical procedure. He also opposes public funding of abortion. However, Conrad voted in favor of lifting the ban on military base abortions. Conrad also has a mixed record on gay rights. While he personally is opposed to gay marriage, he voted against a proposed constitutional ban on the matter and has supported bills that prevent discrimination based on sexual orientation. On January 31, 2006, Conrad was one of only four Democrats to vote in favor of confirming Judge Samuel Alito to the Supreme Court.
Fiscal policies 
A strong supporter of the Simpson-Bowles plan, Conrad, chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, announced on April 17, 2012 his plan to offer a version of that deficit-reduction proposal which he, as a member of the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform, helped to develop. Lawmakers on the Senate Budget Committee could be forced to vote or modify the plan.
Conrad presents himself as knowledgeable about his analysis of monetary policies and budget issues. He considers himself a "deficit hawk" because of his calls for a balanced federal budget, in spite of his support for farm subsidies. He has voted against Republican proposals to repeal the estate and alternative minimum taxes. He supports lowered middle class taxes, but increasing them for those making over $1 million per year. He supports extending the expiring Bush tax cuts "at least until the economy is clearly recovering."
Conrad was very vocal in his opposition to the spending policies of the George W. Bush administration. He contends that Bush has worsened the problems of national debt. Conrad is also opposed to most free-trade measures, and is a strong supporter of farming subsidies to family farmers.
Iraq war 
Conrad voted against approving use of military force in Iraq in 1991 and was one of only 23 senators to vote against the war resolution of 2002. While he initially voted in favor of the USA PATRIOT Act, he has been an opponent of warrantless wiretapping and of the Guantanamo Bay detention facility.
Countrywide Financial loan scandal 
In June 2008, it was reported that Senator Conrad had received mortgages on favorable terms for a second home and an apartment building due to his association with Countrywide Financial CEO Angelo R. Mozilo. Conrad acknowledged that he spoke with Angelo Mozilo, the Countrywide CEO, by phone. In an April 23, 2004, email about one of Senator Conrad's loans, Mozilo encouraged an employee to “make an exception due to the fact that the borrower is a senator.” Conrad denied any prior knowledge of such treatment and gave away the mortgage discount to charity. Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW) called on the Senate Ethics Committee to investigate Conrad. In August 2009, after a year-long inquiry, the bipartisan Senate Ethics Committee exonerated Senator Conrad of any unethical behavior regarding his dealings with Countrywide Mortgage.
Electoral history 
In the 1986 election, Conrad defeated the Republican incumbent, Mark Andrews, by 2,120 votes. Andrews had represented North Dakota at the federal level since 1963 (he had previously served in the House before moving to the Senate in 1981).
During the campaign, Conrad pledged that he would not run for re-election if the federal budget deficit had not fallen by the end of his term. By 1992 it became obvious that this would not be the case, and although polls showed that the electorate would have welcomed him going back on his pledge, Conrad considered his promise binding and did not run for re-election. Dorgan won the Democratic primary election.
Conrad received an opportunity to remain in the Senate when the other North Dakota senator, long-serving Dem-NPLer Quentin Burdick, died on September 8, 1992. Burdick's widow, Jocelyn Birch Burdick, was appointed to that seat temporarily, but a special election was needed to fill the rest of the term. Viewing this opportunity as different from "running for re-election", Conrad ran for and won the Democratic-NPL's nomination. He went on to win the special election, and was sworn-in December 14, 1992, resigning his original Senate seat the same day. (Conrad's original Senate seat was then filled by Dorgan, via appointment by the governor on December 15, 1992 to fill the seat for the brief interim until he would have been sworn in under normal circumstances.)
Despite North Dakota's Republican leanings, Conrad was comfortably re-elected in 1994 -— a year when Republicans swept up most of the Congressional seats that were not in heavily Democratic-leaning parts of the U.S.
- Kent Conrad (D) 49.8%
- Mark Andrews (R) (inc.) 49%
- Kent Conrad (D) 63.2%
- Jack Dalrymple (R) 33.8%
- Kent Conrad (D) (inc.) 58%
- Ben Clayburgh (R) 42%
- Kent Conrad (D) (inc.) 61%
- Duane Sand (R) 38%
- Kent Conrad (D) (inc.) 68.8%
- Dwight Grotberg (R) 29.5%
- Roland Riemers (I) 1%
- James Germalic (I) 0.6%
- Kent Conrad on the issues
- "Gaylord Kent Conrad". San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press. Retrieved January 2, 2012.[dead link]
- Sen. Conrad (D-N.D.) Won't Run in 2012
- "(Gaylord) Kent Conrad". Ancestry.com. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Meet the nominee for Secretary of Agriculture
- Bush nominates former North Dakota governor as Agriculture secretary (10/31/07) - www.GovernmentExecutive.com
- Jelsing, Catherine (Fall 2002). "For the Love of the Game". NDSU Magazine. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Here’s what happens when you move into Kent Conrad’s Senate office
- Senate faces abortion rights rift
- Kent Conrad on Abortion
- Damian Paletta, Conrad’s Budget Surprise: Simpson-Bowles, Wall Street Journal, April 17, 2012
- Ezra Klein, Can Simpson-Bowles really pass the Senate?, The Washington Post, April 18, 2012
- "Senator Kent Conrad | North Dakota". Conrad.senate.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- Divisions among Dems over tax cuts for affluent
- "Countrywide's Many 'Friends'". Conde Nast Portfolio. June 12, 2008.
- "With Friends Like Angelo . . .". The New York Times. June 22, 2008.
- James R. Hagerty; Damian Paletta and Glenn R. Simpson (June 14, 2008). "Conrad, Dodd Deny Special Treatment on Mortgages". The Wall Street Journal. p. A3.
- Fritze, John (August 7, 2009). "Dodd, Conrad cleared after ethics probe". USA Today. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- United States Senator Kent Conrad official U.S. Senate site
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Profile at Ballotpedia
- Congressional profile at GovTrack
- Congressional profile at Roll Call
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Financial information (federal office) at OpenSecrets.org
- Staff salaries, trips and personal finance (federal office) at LegiStorm.com
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Voting record at The Washington Post
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Appearances on Charlie Rose
- Appearances at the Internet Movie Database
- Collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
- FY2010 Budget Resolution
- Kent Conrad Told President Obama Not To Publicly Support Bowles-Simpson, Sam Stein, Huffington Post, April 8, 2012