John Hoeven

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John Hoeven
John Hoeven, Official Senate Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
United States Senator
from North Dakota
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Serving with Heidi Heitkamp
Preceded by Byron Dorgan
31st Governor of North Dakota
In office
December 15, 2000 – December 7, 2010
Lieutenant Jack Dalrymple
Preceded by Ed Schafer
Succeeded by Jack Dalrymple
Personal details
Born John Henry Hoeven III
(1957-03-13) March 13, 1957 (age 57)
Bismarck, North Dakota
Political party Independent (Before 1996)
Democratic Party (1996–1998)
Republican Party (1998–present)
Spouse(s) Mikey Hoeven
Alma mater Dartmouth College
Northwestern University
Profession Banker
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature
Website www.hoeven.senate.gov

John Henry Hoeven III (born March 13, 1957) is the senior United States Senator from North Dakota. A member of the North Dakota Republican Party, he previously served as the 31st Governor of North Dakota from December 2000 to December 2010. Hoeven was elected to the U.S. Senate in the November 2, 2010 general election. He replaced junior Senator Byron L. Dorgan, who chose not to seek re-election.

Prior to his election to the Governor's office, Hoeven served as the president of the nation's only state-owned bank, the Bank of North Dakota, from 1993 to 2000.

Early life[edit]

Hoeven was born in Bismarck, North Dakota, the son of Patricia "Trish" (née Chapman) and John Henry "Jack" Hoeven, Jr. His ancestry includes Dutch, Swedish, and English.[1] He attended Dartmouth College, where he belonged to the Alpha Chi Alpha Fraternity and graduated with honors. He then earned an MBA from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, and was a banker in Minot, North Dakota prior to pursuing a political career. From 1993 to 2000, he was the president and CEO of the state-owned Bank of North Dakota.

North Dakota Governor[edit]

2000[edit]

He sought the office of the Governor of North Dakota as a Republican in 2000, and he was elected, defeating Democrat Heidi Heitkamp by a margin of 55 to 45 percent.

2004[edit]

In 2004, when up for re-election, Hoeven faced Democratic challenger Joe Satrom. Hoeven won re-election by a wide margin of 71 to 28 percent.

2008[edit]

On September 25, 2007, Hoeven's deputy press secretary, Don Larson, announced that he would be taking a leave of absence from his job to manage the governor's re-election campaign. Another Hoeven staff member, Don Canton, said this was not a formal re-election announcement, but one would be coming later in the fall. On November 13, Governor Hoeven made his formal announcement and campaign kickoff with stops in Fargo, Grand Forks, Bismarck and Minot.[2] On November 4, 2008 Hoeven won a resounding victory carrying 74% of the vote over the Democratic opponent Tim Mathern with 24% of the vote. This is the first time in North Dakota's history that any governor has won three four-year terms in office, though the record for serving is still maintained by Gov. Bill Guy who served 12 years.

Tenure[edit]

Hoeven's governorship included the expansion and diversification of the state's economy, which led to a 49.5 percent increase in the state's real gross domestic product.[3] Beginning in 2000, he directed the development of a multi-resource energy program for the state with incentives in each energy sector, leading the state in becoming one of the largest energy producing and exporting states in the country. North Dakota has gained nearly 40,000 new jobs since he took office. The state's wages and personal incomes continue to grow faster than the national average. In the past few years, the state led the nation in export growth. In late 2006, the state's reserve rose past $600 million, and now is over $700 million.[4]

As of December 2009, Hoeven was the most popular governor in the nation. His approval rating stood at 87 percent with only 10 percent disapproving.[5] In 2007, Hoeven proposed a 34% increase in spending, effectively halving the state's $600 million surplus.[citation needed] In January 2007, Hoeven became the nation's most senior governor, having been inaugurated on December 15, 2000, as established by the North Dakota Constitution.

In 2004 John Hoeven served as a Chair of the Midwestern Governors Association.[citation needed]

U.S. Senate[edit]

2010 election[edit]

On January 11, 2010, Hoeven announced he would run in the 2010 North Dakota Senate election for the seat being vacated by Senator Byron Dorgan.[6] Hoeven beat Democratic challenger Tracy Potter 76.08% to 22.17%.

Committee assignments[edit]

Political positions[edit]

Hoeven has walked a conservative line as a politician on some issues and a moderate one on others including increasing education funding, ethics reform, compensation for teachers, as well as increased funding on infrastructure. He is pro-life and opposes abortion except for cases of rape, incest, or threat to the mother's life. He opposes government funding for elective abortions in accordance with the Hyde Amendment. He also opposes same-sex marriage. The senator supports decreasing access to parole for offenders and supports second amendment rights. He opposes the Employee Free Choice Act. He believes that public health care should be provided only to the elderly and children, that drug control policy should be a state and not a federal issue, that alternative fuels are a long-term solution but that increased oil drilling is required in the short term, and that investment tax credits should be provided for farm investment.[7] Hoeven has been a vocal advocate for the Keystone Pipeline, arguing that it has never leaked and that environmental risks have been exaggerated.[8][9]

Hoeven briefly identified himself as a member of the Democratic-NPL Party before becoming active in the Republican Party as a District Chair and volunteer.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "John Henry Hoeven III". RootsWeb. Ancestry.com. Retrieved February 5, 2012. 
  2. ^ http://hoevengovernor.com/allmedia.asp?mediaID=65&sz=63728[dead link]
  3. ^ "Percent change in real GDP of North Dakota between 2001 and 2008". Wolfram Alpha. Wolfram Alpha LLC. Retrieved February 5, 2012. 
  4. ^ http://hoevenforsenate.com/biographies/[dead link]
  5. ^ Knepper, Alex (January 7, 2010). "Who Is John Hoeven?". Race 4 2008. Retrieved February 5, 2012. 
  6. ^ Cillizza, Chris (January 11, 2010). "Republicans get Hoeven in North Dakota". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 5, 2012. 
  7. ^ "John Hoeven on the Issues". On The Issues. OnTheIssues.org & the SpeakOut Foundation. Retrieved February 5, 2012. 
  8. ^ Kupec, Rob (March 5, 2012). "Senator Hoeven working to revive Keystone Pipeline Project". WDAY. 
  9. ^ Hoeven, John (February 24, 2012). "Why we need the Keystone oil pipeline". CNN. 
  10. ^ Kleefeld, Eric (January 27, 2010). "Flashback: Republican Senate Candidate Hoeven Rejected GOP And Declared Himself A Democrat In 1996". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved February 5, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Civic offices
Preceded by
Joseph Lamb
President of the Bank of North Dakota
1993–2000
Succeeded by
Eric Hardmeyer
Political offices
Preceded by
Ed Schafer
Governor of North Dakota
2000–2010
Succeeded by
Jack Dalrymple
United States Senate
Preceded by
Byron Dorgan
United States Senator (Class 3) from North Dakota
2011–present
Served alongside: Kent Conrad, Heidi Heitkamp
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Pat Toomey
R-Pennsylvania
United States Senators by seniority
77th
Succeeded by
Marco Rubio
R-Florida