Keretapi Tanah Melayu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Malayan Railway
Keretapi Tanah Melayu
كريتاڤي تانه ملايو
Ktmb logo.svg
Reporting mark KTM
Locale Peninsular Malaysia
Dates of operation 1885–
Track gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge
Length 1,677 km
Headquarters Kuala Lumpur
A KTMB Intercity train stopping at a railway station in Kuala Lipis, Pahang.

Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) (Jawi: كريتاڤي تانه ملايو) or Malayan Railways Limited is the main rail operator in Peninsular Malaysia. The railway system dates back to the British colonial era, when it was first built to transport tin. Previously known as the Federated Malay States Railways (FMSR) and the Malayan Railway Administration (MRA), Keretapi Tanah Melayu acquired its current name in 1962.[1] The organization was corporatized in 1992, but remains wholly owned by the Malaysian government. Fares are generally reasonable, but the low frequency of the intercity trains does not usually make them competitive with other modes of transportation.

Railway network[edit]

The 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) gauge railway network in Peninsular Malaysia which is controlled by KTMB consists of two main lines and several branch lines.

West Coast line[edit]

The West Coast line runs from Padang Besar railway station close to the Malaysia-Thailand Border in Perlis (where it connects with the State Railway of Thailand) to Woodlands Train Checkpoint in Singapore. It is called the West Coast line because it serves the West Coast states of Peninsular Malaysia. The train runs through most of the major stations in the west cost of Peninsular Malaysia, such as KL Sentral in Kuala Lumpur and Butterworth railway station in Butterworth, Penang. The routemap below shows the lists of stations that will be available after the West Coast electrified double-tracking project.


Route diagram
(Continue to Thai Railway)
Thailand - Malaysia border
Padang Besar yard
157.8 Padang Besar
Padang Besar depot
138.8 Bukit Ketri
128.4 Arau
Perlis - Kedah border
120.3 Kodiang
Anak Bukit yard
97.8 Anak Bukit
89.6 Alor Setar
79.1 Tokai Yard
72 Kobah
54.7 Gurun
Sungai Petani yard
33.3 Sungai Petani
Sg. Muda Bridge
Kedah
Pulau Pinang
15.3 Tasek Gelugor
Bukit Mertajam Junction
Bukit Mertajam depot
10.2 Bukit Mertajam
Bukit Tengah depot
7 Bukit Tengah
Prai Yard
Prai Swing Bridge
0 Butterworth
North Butterworth Container Terminal
20.6 Simpang Ampat
34 Nibong Tebal
Pulau Pinang - Perak border
40.3 Parit Buntar
Parit Buntar yard
50.7 Bagan Serai
63.7 Bukit Merah
Bukit Merah Marine Viaduct
89 Kamunting
94.3 Taiping
Larut Tunnel
Bukit Berapit Tunnel
113.8 Padang Rengas
122.5 Kuala Kangsar
143.7 Sungai Siput
Kanthan Freight Station
155.3 Chemor
166.9 Tasek
171
181 Ipoh
Falim Depot (Dismantled)
187.5 Lahat
195 Batu Gajah
197 Batu Gajah Central Depot
201 Kota Bharu
218 Kampar
233.5 Tapah Road
257.5 Sungkai
281.7 Slim River
293 Behrang
300.5 Tanjung Malim
Perak - Selangor border
332.6 Kuala Kubu Bharu
333.4 Rasa
335.7 Batang Kali
347.1 Serendah
Serendah yard
Rawang EMU Depot
355.5 Rawang
Kuang
Sungai Buloh MRT1
Kepong Sentral
Selangor - Kuala Lumpur border
Kepong
Segambut
Batu Caves
Kuala Lumpur - Selangor border
Taman Wahyu
Kampung Batu
Batu Cantonment
Sentul EMU Depot
Sentul Works (Sentul Depot)(demolished)
Sentul
Batu Junction
LRT1
PWTC
Putra
Sultan Ismail
Bandaraya
Bank Negara
LRT1
LRT2
MRT1
Pasar Seni
Kuala Lumpur Station
MNR1
Kuala Lumpur Sentral
MRT1
Bangsar
Bangsar Junction(Port Swettenham Junction)
Abdullah Hukum MRT3
Eco City (Future)
MRT3
LRT2
Angkasapuri
Pantai Dalam
Petaling
Kuala Lumpur - Selangor border
Jalan Templer
Kampung Dato Harun
Seri Setia
Setia Jaya
BRT1
LRT2
Subang Jaya
LRT2
Glenmarie Halt (Future)
Sri Subang Halt (Future)
Subang Skypark (Rehabilitation)
Batu Tiga
Shah Alam
Padang Jawa
Bukit Badak
Klang Depot
Klang
Teluk Pulai
Teluk Gadong
Kampung Raja Uda
Jalan Kastam
Jalan Kastam yard
Northport (Disused)
Port Klang EMU Depot
Port Klang depot
Port Klang
Selat Lumut Bridge
Pulau Indah yard
Westports
Westports
Westports
Mid Valley
Seputeh
Salak Selatan
LRT1
Bandar Tasik Selatan Station
LRT1
ERL1:ERL2
Kuala Lumpur - Selangor border
Serdang
Kajang MRT1
UKM
Bangi
Selangor - Negeri Sembilan border
Batang Benar
Nilai
Labu
Tiroi
Seremban EMU Depot
Seremban
Port Dickson (Disused/Abandoned)
Senawang
Sungai Gadut
Rembau
Negeri Sembilan - Melaka border
Pulau Sebang/Tampin
Batang Melaka
Melaka - Negeri Sembilan border
ECL
Gemas
Negeri Sembilan - Johor border
Segamat
Genuang
Labis
Bekok
Paloh
Kluang
Mengkibol
Rengam
Layang-Layang
Kulai
Skudai Junction
Skudai Freight Station
Tanjung Pelepas Freight Station
Port of Tanjung Pelepas
Kempas Baru
Pasir Gudang Port
Johor Bahru Sentral
Johor Causeway
Malaysia
Singapore
Woodlands Train Checkpoint
Bukit Timah(closed 1 July 2011)
Tanjong Pagar yard(closed 1 July 2011)
Tanjong Pagar(closed 1 July 2011)

East Coast line[edit]

The East Coast line runs between Gemas railway station, in Negeri Sembilan and Tumpat railway station, in Kelantan. Gemas is the rail junction between the West Coast line and East Coast line. Like the West Coast Line (Malaysia), it is called the East Coast Line (Malaysia) because it serves two of Peninsular Malaysia's East Coast states, namely Pahang and Kelantan. In fact, it does not run along the coast at all and only meets the South China Sea when it terminates in Tumpat railway station. It runs through the interior, often through deep jungle, thus earning the nickname Jungle Railway. Terengganu is the only state in Peninsular Malaysia not served by the KTM railway network (although there are plans to expand the current Petronas Rail line to Kuantan and further on to Mentakab), whereas Melaka is served by the Tampin railway station.

Route map
KTM East Coast Line

Infrastructure[edit]

The total length of the network was 1,699 km, however due to the partial dismantling work that occurred between Tanjong Pagar and Kranji in Singapore since 17 July 2011 the new total length of the network is 1,677 km.

All of the lines in the KTM network are single-track, except for the section of the main line between Ipoh railway station and Gemas railway station, and also the branch lines from Port Klang Komuter station to Batu Caves Komuter station, which is now double tracked and electrified to 25 kV AC, to accommodate electric commuter trains, such as the KTM Class 92 and KTM Class 91.

Other railways[edit]

There are several other railway lines which are not owned by KTMB. This includes Petronas's Kuantan - Kerteh line which is now operated by KTMB and the Sabah State Railway line from Tanjung Aru (near Kota Kinabalu) to Tenom in Sabah. The Penang Hill Furnicular Railway also does not come under KTMB's control.

Network Branches[edit]

There are several branch lines running from the two main lines.

In use[edit]

Intercity & Freight[edit]

Commuter & Freight[edit]

Freight only[edit]

Depot[edit]

Disused[edit]

Dismantled[edit]

Rolling stock[edit]

Following the consolidation of all state railway entities in Malaya, Malayan Railway inherited a fleet of mostly British-made steam locomotives, a variation of locomotives introduced to Malaya since its first railway line went into operation.

Dieselisation in Malaya began immediately after MR's formation with the launch of its first diesel engine, a Class 15 shunter, in 1948. Efforts by MR to fully convert to diesel power between the 1950s and 1970s effectively drove steam locomotives out of service - with whatever left of the fleet massively retired in 1972. KTM drew its diesel rolling stock from a multitude of locomotive companies from England, Japan, Canada, and more recently, India, Germany and China. The company had also ventured in the use of DMUs (railbus, railcars); none of these services survived.

Electric trains were only introduced in 1995 with the launch of the KTM Komuter commuter service. Consisting of three models of 3-car EMUs, the Komuter EMUs, as of 2007, are the only electrified trains in the KTM rolling stock.

Motive power[edit]

The following is a list of locomotives in the KTM fleet - some have since been retired:

  • Diesel locomotives
    • 20 Class 15 Diesel Electric shunters (15101 - 15120), manufactured by English Electric's Vulcan Foundry in Lancashire, England, United Kingdom. Brought in 1948
    • 15 Class 17 Diesel Hydraulic shunters (17101 - 17105), manufactured by Kisha Seizo Kaisha, Japan. Brought in 1964
    • 10 Class 18 Diesel Electric shunters (18101 - 18110), manufactured by Brush HMA, Hull, England, United Kingdom. Brought in 1978
    • 10 Class 19 Diesel Electric shunters (19101 - 19110), manufactured by Hitachi, Japan. Brought in 1983
    • 26 Class 20 Diesel Electric mainline locomotives (20101 - 20126), manufactured by English Electric's Vulcan Foundry in Lancashire, England, United Kingdom. Brought in 1957-1958
    • 25 Class 21 Diesel Hydraulic mainline locomotives, manufactured by Kisha Seizo Kaisha, Japan. Brought in two batches: the first, 21101 - 21115, came in 1965, followed by 21201 - 21210 three years later.
    • 40 Class 22 Diesel Electric mainline locomotives (22101 - 22140), manufactured by a consortium of English Electric, Associated Electrical Industries (A.E.I.), and Metro-Cammell in Saltley, Birmingham, England, United Kingdom. Brought in 1971-1972
    • 15 Class 23 Diesel Electric mainline locomotives (23101 - 23115), manufactured by Hitachi, Japan. Brought in 1983
    • 26 Class 24 Diesel Electric mainline locomotives (24101 - 24126), manufactured by Toshiba - Kawasaki, Japan. Brought in 1987
    • 17 Class 25 Diesel Electric mainline locomotives, model GT18LC-2 manufactured by General Motors in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. They came in two batches: 25101 - 25112 in 1990, and another five, 25201 - 25205 in 2002.
    • 20 Class 26 Diesel Electric mainline locomotives (26101 - 26120), model Blue Tiger manufactured by Adtranz in Germany in association with GE. Brought in 2003 - 2004
    • 20 Class 29 Diesel Electric mainline locomotives (29101 -29120), manufactured by DLoco Locomotive and Rolling Stock Co. of Dalian, China. Brought in 2005 - 2006
    • 28 YDM4s on lease from Indian Railways, manufactured by Diesel Locomotive Works, Varanasi, India brought into Malaysia in the late 1990s.
    • 5 YDM4 ex-Indian Railways brought into Malaysia in 2009, refurbished by Southern Railway Workshop, Tiruchirappalli, India.[2]
    • KTM "Hybrid" trains for KLS-Rawang and Kajang-Rawang.[3]

Locomotive, ETS, Carriage & Wagon Workshop[edit]

Locomotive, Carriage & Wagon Running Depot[edit]

Electrical Train Set Depot[edit]

Electrical Multiple Unit Depot[edit]

KTM Intercity[edit]

The Seremban station serves as both a KTM Komuter stop and a KTM Intercity stop.

KTM Intercity (Malay: KTM Antarabandar) is an intercity passenger railway service operated by Keretapi Tanah Melayu within the regions of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. The service is intended to carry patrons between stops serving cities, town and village (depending on regions), its trains currently powered by diesel locomotives.

KTM Intercity services consist of local trains (known also as "mail trains") and express trains; lines along the West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia currently support mostly express trains, while those along the East Coast include both mail train and express train services.

KTM Komuter[edit]

A KTM Class 83 EMU at the train station at Bank Negara, Kuala Lumpur

KTM Komuter is an electrified commuter train service first introduced in 1995, catering especially to commuters in Kuala Lumpur and the surrounding suburban areas. KTMB provides 248 commuter services daily, serving 45 stations along 175 route-kilometres. The network consists of three lines: Tanjung Malim-Sungai Gadut Line, Sentul-Port Klang Route and the Rawang-Tanjung Malim. Trains on the two lines run at 15 minutes frequency during peak hours and 20 minutes frequency during off-peak hours. The Rawang-Tanjung Malim shuttle services operates at half hour frequency. Komuter coaches are currently the most modern in the KTM fleet and are air-conditioned. Currently, they have a fleet of Class 81, Class 82, Class 83 & Class 92 in which almost all of the Class 92 are operational while many more of the Class 81, Class 82 & Class 83 has been scrapped, leaving only few to operate as a standby unit during rush hour.

KTM Komuter is a heavily utilised mode of transportation by commuters working in Kuala Lumpur as the service is an alternative for road travel, which is occasionally hampered by congestion. Virtually all KTM Komuter stops offer "Park & Ride" parking lots for those who drive to and from the station or halt. KTM Komuter ridership is estimated to be about 50 million passengers in 2010.

KTM Komuter is currently the most profitable passenger service offered by KTMB, contributing MYR 100 million to group revenue in 2010, higher than KTM Intercity's profit of MYR 70.94 million in the same year.

Freight services[edit]

KTMB runs 37 freight train services daily of which about 80% were concentrated in the northern sector. In line with the strategy to focus more on containerised and long-haul cargoes, KTMB now carries maritime containers, cement and food as main commodities. In 2006, the freight revenue increased 5.2% to RM113.0 million.[6]

Property and advertising[edit]

Though considered as non-core businesses, KTMB benefited greatly from Property and Advertising segments in terms of value creation. In 2006, KTMB generated RM22.4 million from property rental and advertising activities.

  • Property

The property joint ventures were progressing comparatively well under the prevailing economic climate. As regards the Sentul Raya Development, the Maple Condominium was handed over to purchasers in August 2006 while the Saffron Condominium is under construction and expected to be completed in 2007. Meanwhile, KL Sentral Development has embarked on construction of luxury condominiums, new office towers and life-style centre whilst the construction of the Marine View Hotel in Port Dickson is expected to be completed in 2007. In order to cater for demand from surrounding residential areas, KTMB's partner for the Prai Perdana Development is in the process of constructing a new retail complex and the project is expected to be completed in 2007.

  • Advertising

Through KTMB's collaboration with Ganad Media Sdn. Bhd. the advertising revenue had increased by 9.7% to RM1.47 million compared to the previous year. Several new advertising structures have been built in Klang Valley while more on-train advertising media like panels and hand-grips were made available on top of the increased demand for 'wrap-around' advertising on the commuter trains.

Subsidiaries[edit]

  • Multimodal Freight

Multimodal Freight Sdn. Bhd., incorporated in 1988, was licensed as a Government approved Container Haulier in 1991, and went on to obtain the Government approved Multimodal Transport Operator (MTO) status in 1999. The company operates a fleet of 225 Prime Movers and 1,300 trailer of both 20-feet and 40-feet configurations. The fleet is deployed at all major seaports and the inland ports of Ipoh and Nilai.[7]

  • KTM Distribution

KTM Distribution Sdn. Bhd. is a wholly owned subsidiary of KTMB. Its core business is in the provision of express parcel distribution services to the commercial, industrial and administrative sectors and it operates within Malaysia and Singapore. Parcel distribution is carried out through its door-to-door service or from point to point through its station-to-station service. The company is also licensed by the Malaysian Communications & Multimedia Commission as a courier service provider, which enables it to carry letters and documents up to 2 kg. This service has so far been monopoly of the Postal Department. The company owns an 18,000 sq ft (1,700 m2). freehold property in Sri Damansara, from which it earns warehouse rental income.[8]

  • KTMB Car Park

Formerly known as KTMB (Brickfields Yard) Sdn. Bhd. the company was incorporated in 1994 and was renamed KTMB (Car Park) Sdn. Bhd. in 1995. With over 70 employees, the company operates 16 car parks at selected train stations in Malaysia through its subsidiary KTMB Parking Pte. Ltd. The subsidiary is looking to expand parking space in Seremban and Sungai Buloh stations.[9]

Modernisation[edit]

More info in Railway electrification in Malaysia

Since corporatisation of KTMB, a programme of modernisation has been underway. In 1989, it embarked on the double-tracking and electrification of trunk line between Rawang and Seremban and the branch lines between Batu Junction and Sentul, and between Kuala Lumpur and Port Klang which allowed the KTM Komuter service to start running in 1995.[10] The next major project was the Rawang-Ipoh double tracking and electrification project, which started in 2000, but the project has been repeatedly delayed by contractual disputes and not expected to be ready before 2007. When complete, KTM expects to introduce frequent intercity service (16 trains/day) at 160 km/hour.[11] In 2002, the Malaysian government proposed the ambitious project of electrifying and double-tracking the entire western line and awarded contracts in 2003. The project was however put on hold by Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi until March 2007 when Deputy Prime Minister Mohd Najib Abdul Razak announced the project's revival. In April 2007, the government announced that contracts for certain portions of the project had been awarded. In 2007, work also started to electrify and double-track the stretch of track between Sentul and Batu Caves.

Developments[edit]

The following is a list of previous, current and planned railway development and upgrading works in Malaysia.

  • Rehabilitation of 327 km-long meter gauge tracks from Paloh to Singapore and from Slim River to the main Seremban line in Malaysia (1988–1994) (US$ 70 million)
  • Double tracking of the Rawang-Seremban route (1990–1994) (US$ 62 million)
  • Double tracking of the Kuala Lumpur-Port Klang railway route, including spur lines to Subang Jaya and Sentul (1991–1994) (US$ 66 million)
  • Widening of railway tunnels near Seremban (1994–1995) (US$ 4 million)
  • Track linking Port Klang to Pulau Indah (1997–1999) (US$ 4 million)
  • Construction of railway bridges, road over bridges and underpasses along the Rawang-Kajang route (1991–1994) (US$ 6 million)
  • Construction of railway bridges, road over bridges and underpasses along the Kajang-Seremban route (1991–1994) (US$ 16 million)
  • Construction of railway culverts and box pushing along the Nilai-Seremban route (1994–1995) (US$ 4 million)
  • Construction of the Port of Tanjung Pelepas, a rail link in Johor (1999–2002) (US$ 121 million)
  • Track works at Kuala Lumpur Sentral station (1999–2001) (RM 14.3 million)

Proposed projects[edit]

  • Outer Ring Railway Service to connect all suburbs in the Klang Valley without going through the city center.[12]
  • Construction of the Subang Jaya - Sungai Buloh Link which act as the freight bypass to avoid freight trains from entering Kuala Lumpur Komuter network. Works divided into two phases; Phase 1 is from Subang Jaya - Subang Airport, Phase 2 is from Subang Airport - Sungai Buloh. As of now, Phase 1 had already started.
  • A new integrated station named Penang Sentral will be built which will connect KTM Railway, monorail, bus and ferry service in one building at Butterworth.
  • Tampin/Pulau Sebang - Melaka extension.
  • Expansion of the KTM Komuter fleet by 20 EMU trainsets by 2015 and remaining 27 EMU trainsets in 2017.[citation needed]
  • Expansion of the ETS fleet with the purchase of an additional 10 EMU Trainsets to arrive by 2015 (Class 93) and 22 EMU trainsets to arrive by early 2015 (Class 94)[citation needed]
  • Extension of the ETS service to Kuala Kangsar in early 2014, Butterworth in mid 2014, Padang Besar in 2015 and Johor Bahru in mid-2016

Board of directors[edit]

  • Chairman: Ir Datuk Nawawi Ahmad.
  • President: Datuk Elias Kader.
  • Non-independent, non-executive directors: Nik Roslini Raja Ismail, Abdul Rahim Daud and Selvarajoo Manikam.
  • Independent non-executive directors: Aida Boey Abdullah, Kader Sultan Md Ismail, Zakaria Bahari and Jamela Mohd. Syed.
  • Heads of strategic business units (headed by general managers):
    • Commuter services: Mohd Hider Yusoff.
    • Intercity service: Mohd Zain Mat Taha.
    • Freight: Hilmi Hassan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://landasan.info/services/ktmb/
  2. ^ P. Vijian (2009-02-13). "Five Locomotives For KTM From India". Bernama. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  3. ^ Kng Zheng Guan (2009-05-15). "KTMB running hybrid trains to deal with congestion". The Star. 
  4. ^ Stanley White (2008-10-26). "Marubeni Gets $67 Million Malaysia Train-Car Order, Nikkei Says". Bloomberg Japan. 
  5. ^ "KL-Ipoh train service likely to see 20,000 more passengers per month". The Star. 2009-12-16. 
  6. ^ Nathan, Darshini M (October 6, 2007). "Back on track: KTMB upgrades to be competitive". Bizweek, The Star. 
  7. ^ "Multimodal Freight Sdn. Bhd. Company Info". KTM berhad. 
  8. ^ "KTM Distribution Company Info". KTM Berhad. 
  9. ^ "KTMB Car Park Company Info". KTM Berhad. 
  10. ^ "KTM projects introduction". Archived from the original on 2007-08-26. Retrieved 2007-06-14. 
  11. ^ "Electrified Double Track Project Between Rawang and Ipoh". Archived from the original on 2007-09-15. Retrieved 2007-06-14. 
  12. ^ "Commuter line for suburbs". The Star. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 

External links[edit]