Kirkuk Governorate

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Kirkuk Governorate
كركوك محافظة
Kirkuk Province
Governorate
Location of Kirkuk Governorate
Coordinates: 35°22′N 44°8′E / 35.367°N 44.133°E / 35.367; 44.133Coordinates: 35°22′N 44°8′E / 35.367°N 44.133°E / 35.367; 44.133
Country  Iraq
Capital Kirkuk
Area
 • Total 9,679 km2 (3,737 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,395,614

Kirkuk Governorate (Arabic: كركوكKarkūk, Kurdish: Kerkûk, Syriac: ܟܪܟ ܣܠܘܟ Karḵ Sloḵ, Turkish: Kerkük) (or Kirkuk Province) is a province in northern Iraq. The province has an area of 9,679 square kilometres (3,737 sq mi). In 2011 the estimated population was 1,395,614 people.[1] The provincial capital is the city of Kirkuk. It is divided into four districts.

From 1976 to 2006, it was named At-Ta'mim Province which means "Nationalisation Province" and refers to the national ownership of the regional oil and natural gas reserves. Prior to 1976 it had been named Kirkuk Province. In 2006 the name "Kirkuk Province" was restored.

Provincial Government[edit]

Districts of Kirkuk Province

Districts[edit]

District Total Population 2003
Makhmur 34,254
Daquq 40,237
Al-Hawija 151,267
Kirkuk 622,249

Demographics[edit]

Due to the Arabization policies of the Ba'ath party the number of Arabs in official censuses increased by fivefolds within 40 years, however the most reliable data indicative of the ethnic breakdown of the province are those of the 1957 census.[5] The number of Kurds remained relatively constant from 1957 until 1977, decrease in their numbers coincides with the Arabization process in the 1990s.[6] The Turkmens were seriously affected by the Ba'ath policies as their percentage fell from 21% to 7% in 40 years. Starting from 1977 all Christians (Assyrians) were registered as Arabs

From the end of the Gulf War to 1999, about 250,000 Kurds were deported from the province.[7]

Census results for Kirkuk Province[5]
Mother tongue 1957 Percentage 1977 Percentage 1997 Percentage
Kurds 187,593 48.2% 184,875 38% 155,861 21%
Arabs 109,620 28.2% 218,755 45% 544,596 72%
Turkmens 83,371 21.4% 80,347 17% 50,099 7%
Assyrians 1,605 0.4%
Jews 123 0.03
Other 6,545 1.77% 0 0% 2,189 0.3%
Total 388,829 100% 483,977 100% 752,745 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Central Organization for Statistics and Information Technology, Iraq
  2. ^ http://en.aswataliraq.info/Default.aspx?page=article_page&c=slideshow&id=141690
  3. ^ http://www.blackanthem.com/News/iraqi-freedom/Photos-Operation-Lion-Victory-Celebrates-Security-Gains-in-Hawijah14572.shtml
  4. ^ http://en.aswataliraq.info/Default.aspx?page=article_page&c=slideshow&id=141690
  5. ^ a b Anderson, Liam D.; Stansfield, Gareth R. V. (2009), Crisis in Kirkuk: The Ethnopolitics of Conflict and Compromise, University of Pennsylvania Press, p. 43, ISBN 0-8122-4176-2 
  6. ^ Anderson, Liam D.; Stansfield, Gareth R. V. (2009), Crisis in Kirkuk: The Ethnopolitics of Conflict and Compromise, University of Pennsylvania Press, p. 44, ISBN 0-8122-4176-2 
  7. ^ "An ancient tragedy". The Economist. 20 February 1999. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 

External links[edit]