Kono District

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Kono District
Location of Kono District in Sierra Leone
Location of Kono District in Sierra Leone
Coordinates: 8°45′N 11°00′W / 8.750°N 11.000°W / 8.750; -11.000Coordinates: 8°45′N 11°00′W / 8.750°N 11.000°W / 8.750; -11.000
Country Sierra Leone
Province Eastern Province
Capital Koidu Town
Largest city Koidu Town
Government
 • Type District Council
 • Council Chairman Richard Koninga (APC)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 352,328
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC-5)

Kono District is a diamond-rich district in the Eastern Province of Sierra Leone. Its capital and largest city is Koidu Town. The other major towns in the district include Motema, Yengema, Tombodu, Jaiama Nimikor and Sewafe. The district is the largest diamond producer in Sierra Leone. The population of Kono District is 352,328.[2] Kono District borders Kenema District to the southwest, The Republic of Guinea to the east, Koinadugu District to the northeast and Kailahun District to the southeast. Kono District is divided into fourteen chiefdoms[6]

Kono District is one of the most ethnically diverse Districts in Sierra Leone and is home to a large population of many of Sierra Leone's ethnic groups. The district population is religiously diverse among muslims and christians.

Before the civil war, Kono District had a population well over 600,000[citation needed]; however, it experienced devastation during the Sierra Leone Civil War, which forced many of the residents out of the district. The district was heavily looted and constantly fought over due to the rich diamond reserves in the area.

Major towns[edit]

Government and Politics[edit]

Kono District is governed with a District council form of government, which is headed by a District Council Chairman, who is responsible for the general management of the district. The District Council Chairman is elected directly by the residents of Kono District in every four years. The Kono District Council Hall located in the district capital Koidu Town, is the official Hall where members of the Kono District Council meet. The current chairman of Kono district council is Finda Diana Konomani of the (All People's Congress) (APC) who was sworn-in on April 21, 2011 after winning the Kono District Council Bye-election.[3] Finda Diana Konomani inauguration at the Koidu Sport Stadium in Koidu Town was attended by president Ernest Bai Koroma and vice president Alhaji Samuel Sam-Sumana.[4] She succeeded Sahr John Yambasu of the All People's Congress (APC) who resigned as Council Charman of Kono District to take over as Sierra Leone Ambassador to Russia.[5] The city of Koidu Town is a municipality and has its own city council, lead by a mayor.

Each one of the fourteen chiefdoms in Kono District is lead by a paramount chief, who is highly influential. Paramount Chiefs hold significant powers and are highly respected across Sierra Leone.

Kono District is similar to swing states in American politics, as the District is not considered a political stronghold of any political parties in Sierra Leone. This is primarily due to the ethnic diversity of the district's population and the fact that two of Sierra Leone's largest ethnic groups the Mende and Temne do not form a significant portion of the Kono District population . The Kono District representatives in the Parliament of Sierra Leone is about equal between SLPP and APC members. Kono District is a major campaign stops in Sierra Leone Presidential election.

The District has recently lean towards the APC in municipal and local elections held in 2008 and 2011, though the SLPP still maintain strong support in the District. The SLPP previously controlled the Kono District Council local government and the Koidu city council, until 2008 when the APC took control. The SLPP has won Kono District in the last three Sierra Leone Presidential elections held in 1996, 2002 and 2007.

In the 2007 Sierra Leone presidential election, the SLPP presidential candidate Solomon Berewa won the district over the APC candidate Ernest Bai Koroma, despite the fact that Koroma's Vice Presidential candidate Alhaji Samuel Sam-Sumana and Koroma's wife Sia Koroma are both natives of Kono District. Ahmad Tejan Kabbah of the SLPP won the District both in the 1996 and 2002 Sierra Leone Presidential elections.

Chiefdoms of Kono District[edit]

Kono District is divided into fourteen chiefdoms. Each chiefdom has one traditional ruler known as paramount chief.

Chiefdom Chiefdom seat
Tankoro New Sembehun
Gbense Koidu
Kamara Tombodu
Nimikoro Njaiama
Nimiyama Sewafe
Sandor Kaima
Toli Kondewakor
Gbane Ngandorhun
Lei Siama
Soa Kainkordu
Fiama Njagbwema
Gorama Kono Kangama
Mafindor Mafindor
Gbane Kandor Koardu

Economy[edit]

Kono District is the largest diamond producer in Sierra Leone. Other important economic activities include gold mining and agricultural production of rice, coffee and cacao.

Education[edit]

Prominent Secondary Schools are: Koidu secondary school, Koidu Girls secondary school, Ansarul Islamic Boys secondary school, Ansarul Islamic Girls secondary school, Islamic secondary school Koidu, Sierra Leone Muslim Brotherhood secondary school, Jaiama secondary school, Yengema secondary school, Kono Model Academy, Aziz secondary school Motema.

Sport[edit]

Kono is home to Sierra Leonean Premier League club the Diamond Stars of Kono. The club is one of the oldest, biggest, and most popular football clubs in Sierra Leone. The club have won the Sierra Leonean FA Cup once, in 1992. Famous local football clubs are Flamingo FC, Rangers FC, Cosmos FC & Farmers FC.

Towns and villages in Kono District[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

Kono District was the setting for much of Blood Diamond, an Academy Award-nominated film starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Djimon Honsou.

The name Kono was also used in the 2005 film Lord of War as the cover name for the sea vessel Kristol to fool Interpol agents searching for an illegal weapons shipment hidden in the Kristol's cargo.

Notable people from Kono District[edit]

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]