Timeline of Kurdish uprisings

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This is an incomplete list of Kurdish uprisings.

List of conflicts[edit]

Date Uprising Location Result
838-841[1] Yezidi uprising against the Abbasids Abbasid Caliphate Suppressed
1506–1510 Yezidi uprising against the Safavids[2] Safavid Flag.png Safavid Empire Suppressed when the Yazidi leader, Shír Ṣárim, was defeated in a battle wherein several important officers of Ismail I lost their lives
1609–1610 Battle of Dimdim[3] Safavid Flag.png Safavid Empire Suppressed
1775 Bajalan uprising[4] Zand Dynasty Suppressed
1806–1808 Baban uprising[5] Ottoman Empire Suppressed
1880–1881 Revolt by Sheikh Ubeydullah of Nehri against the Qajars.[6][7] State Flag of Iran (1924).svg Qajar dynasty Suppressed
1919 - 1922 - First Mahmud Barzanji Revolt First Mahmud Barzanji revolt Iraq Kingdom of Iraq Suppressed
1918–1922 First Simko Shikak revolt Iran Suppressed
6 March 1921 - 17 June 1921 Koçgiri Rebellion Turkey Suppressed
November 1922 - July 1924 Second Mahmud Barzanji revolt Iraq Kingdom of Iraq, Flag of Kingdom of Kurdistan (1922-1924).svg Kingdom of Kurdistan Creation of the Kingdom of Kurdistan[8][9]
8 February - March, 1925 Sheikh Said rebellion[10]  Turkey Suppressed
1926 Second Simko Shikak revolt Iran Suppressed, Simko Shikak flees to Mandatory Iraq
October 1927 - September 17, 1930 First, second and third Ararat rebellion[11][12][13][14][15] Republic of Ararat, Turkey Republic of Turkey Suppressed, Republic of Ararat disbanded.
1931–1932 Ahmed Barzani revolt Iraq Kingdom of Iraq Suppressed, low-level insurgency continues through 1933, another revolt by Barzanis erupts in 1943
1935 Yazidi revolt of 1935 Iraq Mandatory Iraq Suppressed
20 March 1937 - November, 1937 and 2 January 1938 - December, 1938 Dersim Rebellion Turkey Republic of Turkey Suppressed, see Dersim Massacre
1941–1944 Hama Rashid revolt Iran Suppressed, Hama Rashid driven into Iraq
November 1945 - December 15, 1946 Iran crisis of 1946[16]  Iran, Republic of Mahabad Creation of the Soviet-backed Republic of Mahabad, revolt later suppressed
11 September 1961 - 1970 First Iraqi–Kurdish War Republic of Iraq Stalemate, led to the Iraqi-Kurdish Autonomy Agreement of 1970
1967 1967 Kurdish revolt in Iran Iran Iran Suppressed
April 1974 - 1975 Second Iraqi–Kurdish War Iraq Suppressed, the Iraqi government re-establishes control over Kurdistan
1976–1978 PUK insurgency Iraq Indecisive, led to the Kurdish rebellion of 1983
1979 1979 Kurdish rebellion in Iran Iran Iran Suppressed
1983–1985 Kurdish rebellion of 1983 Iraq Indecisive, led to the Al-Anfal Campaign
15 August 1984 – present Kurdish–Turkish conflict Turkey Republic of Turkey Calls from the both sides to end the armed conflict; Ongoing PKK withdrawal from Turkey[17][18][19][20][21][22][23]
1986–1996 KDPI insurgency Iran Government of Iran Suppressed; KDPI announces unilateral cease-fire in 1996
1 March – 5 April 1991 1991 uprisings in Iraq Ba'athist Iraq, Iraqi Kurdistan Iraqi Kurdistan Victory; establishment of the Kurdish Autonomous Republic, also known as Iraqi Kurdistan
March 2004 2004 al-Qamishli riots  Syria Suppressed
2004–present Iran–PJAK conflict  Iran Ongoing
2012–present Syrian Kurdistan campaign of the Syrian civil war.  Syria Kurdish fighters have taken control of 365 towns and villages in Syrian Kurdistan and 2 districts in Aleppo by September 2012.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ M. Th. Houtsma, 1993, E. J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936: Volume 4 - Page 1136, Brill
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3], p.533.
  5. ^ [4], p.9
  6. ^ [5]
  7. ^ [6]
  8. ^ "Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East, Kingdom of Kurdistan". Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Der Kurdistan-Irak-Konflikt: der Weg zur Autonomie seit dem ersten Weltkrieg". Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  10. ^ [7]
  11. ^ Yusuf Mazhar, Cumhuriyet, 16 Temmuz 1930, ... Zilan harekatında imha edilenlerin sayısı 15,000 kadardır. Zilan Deresi ağzına kadar ceset dolmuştur...
  12. ^ Ahmet Kahraman, ibid, p. 211, Karaköse, 14 (Özel muhabirimiz bildiriyor) ...
  13. ^ Ayşe Hür, "Osmanlı'dan bugüne Kürtler ve Devlet-4", Taraf, October 23, 2008, Retrieved August 16, 2010.
  14. ^ M. Kalman, Belge, tanık ve yaşayanlarıyla Ağrı Direnişi 1926–1930, Pêrî Yayınları, İstanbul, 1997, ISBN 975-8245-01-5, p. 105.
  15. ^ "Der Krieg am Ararat" (Telegramm unseres Korrespondenten) Berliner Tageblatt, October 3, 1930, "... die Türken in der Gegend von Zilan 220 Dörfer zerstört und 4500 Frauen und Greise massakriert."
  16. ^ "CSP – Major Episodes of Political Violence, 1946–2008". Systemicpeace.org. June 12, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2013. 
  17. ^ "The PKK's withdrawal: An historic step". The Economist. 30 April 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  18. ^ Letsch, Constanze (8 May 2013). "PKK begins to withdraw from Turkey". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  19. ^ "Nearly half of PKK terrorists reportedly withdraw from Turkey". Today's Zaman. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  20. ^ "Turkey: PKK leader calls halt to armed struggle". Ansamed. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  21. ^ "Cautious Turkish PM welcomes Öcalan’s call for end to armed struggle". Hürriyet daily news. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  22. ^ "Kurdish separatist group leader Öcalan calls to stop armed struggle". Trend AZ. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  23. ^ "Ocalan’s farewell to arms brings Kurds hope for peace". Euronews. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  24. ^ "Vacuum of uprising gives Syrian Kurds rare freedom". Retrieved 5 November 2014.