LGBT rights in Samoa
|LGBT rights in Samoa|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Illegal|
|Up to 7 years imprisonment|
Same-sex sexual acts are illegal in Samoa. Samoan culture is historically tolerant of homosexuality. In particular, there is a tradition of raising some boys in a family as girls to play an important domestic role in Samoan life. Such transvestite males are known as fa'afafine, but their role does not easily equate with western gayness. This tradition means that there is widespread acceptance of transgender people.
Crimes Act 2013
Section 67. Sodomy - (1) A person who commits sodomy is liable:
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(c) in any other case, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five (5) years.
(2) Sodomy is complete upon penetration.
(3) It is no defence to a charge under this section that the other party consented.
Section 68. Attempts to commit sodomy - A person is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five (5) years who:
(a) attempts to commit sodomy; or
(b) assaults any person with intent to commit sodomy.
Section 71. Keeping place of resort for homosexual acts - A person is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven (7) years who:
(a) keeps or manages, or knowingly acts or assists in the management of, any premises used as a place of resort for the commission of indecent acts between males; or
(b) being the tenant, lessee or occupier of any premises, knowingly permits the premises or any part thereof to be used as a place of resort for the commission of indecent acts between males; or
(c) being the lessor or landlord of any premises, or the agent of the lessor or landlord, lets the premises or any part of the premises with the knowledge that the premises are to be used as a place of resort for the commission of indecent acts between males, or that some part of the premises is to be so used, or is wilfully a party to the continued use of the premises or any part thereof as a place of resort for the commission of the indecent acts.
"Sodomy" was defined in the case of Police v Poi,  WSSC 49, as meaning penetration of the male or female victim's anus by the offender's penis.:page: 22
Sections 58D, 58E, 58G, and 58J of the Crimes Ordinance 1961 (now repealed) criminalized same-sex sexual acts. In 2011, it was reported that Samoa would decriminalize same-sex sexual acts between consenting adults under a new Criminal Code recommended by Samoa's Law Reform Commission.:pages: 24, 27 The government, however, rejected the Commission's recommendation.
Recognition of same-sex marriage
In August 2012, Prime Minister Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi reportedly "scoffed" at the idea that Samoa would follow the lead of New Zealand in legalising same-sex marriage. When asked if he would support legalisation, he said, "You are dreaming." He reiterated this position, on explicitly religious grounds, in March 2013.
My view as the leader of Samoa on this gay marriage issue is simple: There is no way, none whatsoever, that this issue will ever be considered in Samoa. The Samoan parliament would never consider a bill such as this, at least not in my time. It is the strong and combined view of the government of Samoa and the country's religious denominations. We stand united against this because Samoa is founded on Christian beliefs. And Christian beliefs are against this type of behavior which the Bible states, was the reason for the curse that brought destruction on Gomorrah and Sodom. It is very clear that the sacrament of marriage is between a man and a woman. Same sex marriage is a sin. And no matter how people present this issue, no matter how they wrap it up, there is only one truth, and that is, this type of behavior is a sin.
- Samoa Gay Guide
- Crimes Act 2013
- "Samoa gets new Crimes Act", Radio New Zealand International, 30 April 2013
- CRIMES ORDINANCE 1961, Report 01/10, Samoa Law Reform Commission, June 2010
- Crimes Ordinance 1961
- Wockner, Rex (14 June 2011). "Samoa may decriminalise same-sex relations between men". Pink Paper. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012.
- "Samoa Cabinet: Drop Libel Law, Allow Female Impersonation", Radio New Zealand International, 20 December 2011
- "Gay marriage in Samoa? You're dreaming, PM says", Samoa News, reported by Lanuola Tusani Tupufia and Aigaletaule’ale’a F. Tauafiafi, 5 August 2012
- "PM firm on rejection of same sex marriage", Sunday Samoan, reported by Lealaiauloto F. Tauafiafi, 31 March 2013