La Porte, California

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La Porte
census-designated place
Location in Plumas County and the state of California
Location in Plumas County and the state of California
Coordinates: 39°40′55″N 120°59′5″W / 39.68194°N 120.98472°W / 39.68194; -120.98472Coordinates: 39°40′55″N 120°59′5″W / 39.68194°N 120.98472°W / 39.68194; -120.98472
Country  United States
State  California
County Plumas
Area[1]
 • Total 4.457 sq mi (11.544 km2)
 • Land 4.457 sq mi (11.544 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 4,980 ft (1,518 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 26
 • Density 5.8/sq mi (2.3/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 95981
Area code(s) 530
FIPS code 06-40312
GNIS feature ID 0262254

La Porte is a census-designated place (CDP) in Plumas County, California, United States. The population was 26 at the 2010 census, down from 43 at the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

La Porte is located at 39°40′55″N 120°59′5″W / 39.68194°N 120.98472°W / 39.68194; -120.98472 (39.681908, -120.984732).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.5 square miles (12 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

During the late California Gold Rush in the 1870s and 1880s the town of La Porte had a population of approximately 10,000 people, and had its own bank (Bank of La Porte). Potable water was provided free through redwood mains (some of which are still in service) by wealthy local citizens. Civic leaders strongly opposed hydraulic mining in the area, citing potential damage to watershed land as legal means to stop most hydraulic mining. Also of note is that La Porte is well known as the birthplace of downhill ski-racing.

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[3] reported that La Porte had a population of 26. The population density was 5.8 people per square mile (2.3/km²). The racial makeup of La Porte was 24 (92.3%) White, 1 (3.8%) African American, 1 (3.8%) Native American, 0 (0.0%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 0 (0.0%) from other races, and 0 (0.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0 persons (0.0%).

The Census reported that 26 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 15 households, out of which 3 (20.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7 (46.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1 (6.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 0 (0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 0 (0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 0 (0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 7 households (46.7%) were made up of individuals and 3 (20.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.73. There were 8 families (53.3% of all households); the average family size was 2.38.

The population was spread out with 4 people (15.4%) under the age of 18, 0 people (0%) aged 18 to 24, 3 people (11.5%) aged 25 to 44, 13 people (50.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 6 people (23.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 56.0 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

There were 145 housing units at an average density of 32.5 per square mile (12.6/km²), of which 10 (66.7%) were owner-occupied, and 5 (33.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 16.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 0%. 17 people (65.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 9 people (34.6%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 43 people, 28 households, and 12 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 9.6 people per square mile (3.7/km²). There were 131 housing units at an average density of 29.2 per square mile (11.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.35% White, 2.33% Native American, and 2.33% from two or more races. 0.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 28 households out of which 3.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, and 53.6% were non-families. 50.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.54 and the average family size was 2.08.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 4.7% under the age of 18, 2.3% from 18 to 24, 2.3% from 25 to 44, 53.5% from 45 to 64, and 37.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 60 years. For every 100 females there were 186.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 173.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $30,781, and the median income for a family was $11,250. Males had a median income of $12,083 versus $0 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,258. There were 100.0% of families and 65.0% of the population living below the poverty line, including 100.0% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Little Grass Valley Reservoir[edit]

Little Grass Valley Reservoir as seen from atop nearby Bald Mountain

Completed in 1961, the nearby Little Grass Valley Reservoir is a popular summer water sports area. Hiking, equestrian, and OHV trails surround the lake.

History[edit]

At the time of statehood in 1850, La Porte was located in Yuba County, one of California's 27 original counties.
In 1852, Sierra County was created from part of Yuba County. After that time, La Porte was located in Sierra County.
In 1854, Plumas County was created from part of Yuba County. In 1866, a further realignment placed La Porte in Plumas County, where it has remained ever since.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature, La Porte is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines,[5] and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle.[6]

Federally, La Porte is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[7]

Howland Flat and Poker Flat[edit]

The 1886 Scott home at Poker Flat

About 12 miles (19 km) outside La Porte, via the Port Wine Ridge Road in adjacent Sierra County, lies the remains of the former gold mining town of Howland Flat.

Also on Port Wine Ridge Road, and southwest of Mount Fillmore, the ghost town of Grass Flat is located. It is the site of extensive gold rush hydraulic mining, with a dramatic and barren landscape still remaining.

The ghost town of Poker Flat is located on the Poker Flat OHV trail in the Plumas National Forest. The 1886 Scott House still stands, one of the few remaining structures.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - La Porte CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 3, 2013.