Lancing, West Sussex
Lancing Methodist Church
Lancing shown within West Sussex
|Area||14.14 km2 (5.46 sq mi) |
|Population||18,810 (Civil Parish)|
|– density||1,330 /km2 (3,400 /sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|– London||47 miles (76 km) N|
|Shire county||West Sussex|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||BN15, BN99|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||East Worthing and Shoreham|
Lancing is a village and civil parish in the Adur district of West Sussex, England, on the western edge of the Adur Valley. It occupies part of the narrow central section of the Sussex coastal plain between smaller Sompting to the west, larger Shoreham-by-Sea to the east and the parish of Coombes to the north. Excluding definitive suburbs it may have the largest undivided village cluster in Britain. However, its economy is commonly analysed as integral to the Brighton/Worthing/Littlehampton conurbation. Its settled area beneath the South Downs National Park covers 3.65 miles², the majority of its land.
It is a mix of no more than mid-rise coastal urban homes and farms and wildlife reserves on northern chalk downs. The oldest non-religious buildings date to around 1500 CE. The 2002 population was around 19,000.
The village was a popular seaside resort in the mid-19th century, gaining favour from the gentry of the time for its secluded atmosphere. Summer tourist hallmarks are the traditional guest houses on the A259 coast road, as well as beach chair hire and ice cream businesses.
There is a shingle beach with good stretches of clean sand at low water. Part of the coast road does not directly adjoin the sea but instead the long and narrow Widewater, a rare brackish lagoon, and the only known location of the probably extinct Ivell's sea anemone. Immediately north of the developed area is Lancing Ring, a Nature Reserve in the South Downs National Park. To the north of that is farmed agricultural downland connected to Lancing College Farm. On its eastern side is Shoreham Airport, the world's oldest continually operated airport which served as an RAF base during World War II.
The village's boundary with Sompting to the west has historically been along Boundstone Lane, named after the boundstone or boundary stone that marked the boundary. The stone is now kept at Boundstone Nursery School, Upper Boundstone Lane, having previously been kept at Boundstone Community College, which has now been closed and transformed into The Sir Robert Woodard Academy. Much of Lancing's northern boundary with the village of Coombes runs along the Ladywell Stream, a tributary of the River Adur which runs from the South Downs near to Lancing College. The source of the Ladywell Stream, the Ladywell Spring, is believed to be an ancient holy well or sacred stream with pre-Christian significance.
In 1828, remains of what may be an iron age shrine and to its west a later Romano-British temple were found just west of Lancing Ring. The Romano-British temple was located within an oval temenos and seems to have been built in the 1st century AD. A track has existed since Celtic British times which ran from Chanctonbury Ring via Cissbury Ring to Lancing Ring and from then on to a probable ford across the River Adur by the modern Sussex Pad, close to the Old Tollbridge at Old Shoreham. Among this lowest lying farmland to the east of the village proper are remains of medieval salt workings. The Roman road from Noviomagus Reginorum (Chichester) to Novus Portus (probably Portslade near Brighton) also ran through modern North Lancing (along the Street) down to the ford.
Much of the land which is residential was formerly taken up by family-run market gardening businesses growing fruit or flowers for the Brighton Market or Covent Garden in London largest businesses were Sparks who grew fruit such as tomatoes and Young's produced carnations. Chrysanthemums were grown by Frank Lisher on land south of The Finches, the house he built. Nash's fruit growers, produced grapes under huge glass cloches that could be rolled into place on a rail track.
Lancing railway station opened with what is now known as the West Coastway Line in 1849. Between 1908 and 1912 the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway developed its railway wagon and carriage works in the area that is now the Lancing Business Park, closed under the Beeching Axe in 1963. The land on which the works were sited was predominantly turned over to this park which also bears the name the Churchill Industrial Estate. Few buildings pre-dating 1820 are here, however one example is a central former farmhouse, which is now a home in a street named Monks Farm Presbytery.
Following World War II market gardening gave way to housing as diets became more exotic and more difficult to ripen fruits such as grapes began to be imported in greater numbers; this growth was most rapid between 1945 and 1970, with more muted housing growth following on in most years. The village has a large business park, occupied for instance by Equiniti, exclusive registrar for registering share transfers for some of the country's largest banks and public limited companies. In economics and transport, the suburb forms part of the linear and diverse Brighton/Worthing/Littlehampton conurbation.
Lancing probably means the people of Wlanc or people of Hlanc. Like many places throughout this part of Sussex, Lancing has an -ing ending, meaning people of. Wlanc seems to mean proud or imperious, while Hlanc seems to mean lank or lean. The suggestion that Lancing takes its name from the Wlencing or Wlenca, the son of the South Saxon king Ælle, has been discounted.
Shoreham Tollbridge is a Grade II* listed building which was the last tollbridge in use in Sussex. The bridge was in use for motorised traffic until the opening of the A27 flyover over the Adur in 1970. The bridge is in the east of the parish, crossing the Adur into Shoreham.
Shoreham Airport, the oldest licensed airfield in the UK, opened in 1911 is in the parish.
Lancing College, see below, has a predominantly 19th Century chapel that is the largest school chapel in the world with the largest stained-glass rose window in England (completed in 1977).
The local senior school, The Sir Robert Woodard Academy, formerly Boundstone Community College, just inside the contiguous village of Sompting, is a mixed comprehensive of around 1,100 students from ages 11–18.
In the north-east of the parish on the Downs lies Lancing College, an independent school and major landmark.
There are also three primary schools. Seaside Primary (formerly Freshbrook First School and Thornberry Middle School) is on Freshbrook Road and The Globe Primary (formerly The Willows First School and Oakfield Middle School) is on Irene Avenue. These two schools were formed in 2008-9 when each of the previous middle schools joined with the nearest of the first schools in Lancing. North Lancing Primary School has always been a first and middle school.
Lancing was visited by Oscar Wilde in the 1890s when he stayed at nearby Worthing. The working title for his masterpiece The Importance of Being Earnest was Lady Lancing. Wilde's friend and lover, the poet Lord Alfred Douglas lived in nearby Brighton and died while staying at Monk's Farmhouse mentioned above. Lancing was also visited by another poet, Algernon Charles Swinburne, who stayed at The Terrace in the 1880s.
Teams in the village cover all ages of adult and junior games. Lancing F.C. are based at the Culver Road ground while Lancing United play at Monks Recreation ground (Crabtree Lane) and Croshaw Recreation Ground (Boundstone Lane). The junior's Lancing Rangers Football Club achieved The FA Charter Standard in 2004. The Sussex County Football Association is based at Culver Road in the village.
Two clubs play, Lancing Lads Official and Lancing Manor Cricket Club who play at the ground at the junction of the A27 and East Grinstead Lane.
The writer Ted Walker was born in Lancing in 1934 and grew up at 186, Brighton Road, by the Widewater. His autobiographical work, The High Path takes its name from the footpath that ran between Brighton road and the Widewater, and which was formerly a public right of way.
Lancing, (along with the other urban districts of Adur) is twinned with
- "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish". West Sussex County Council. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
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- Andy Horton. "Lancing Ring". Glaucus.org.uk. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- "Level 3 Search - Home Page". Romans in Sussex. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- Togodumnus (Kevan White). "Lancing Down Temple". Roman-britain.org. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1353734)". National Heritage List for England.
- Andy Horton (1998-01-11). "Shoreham: Toponymy". Glaucus.org.uk. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- Andy Horton. "Lancing, West Sussex, England". Glaucus.org.uk. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- "Lancing | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
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