Lavin

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Lavin
Lavin -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Lavin
Canton Graubünden
District Inn
46°46′N 10°06′E / 46.767°N 10.100°E / 46.767; 10.100Coordinates: 46°46′N 10°06′E / 46.767°N 10.100°E / 46.767; 10.100
Population 226 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 5 /km2 (13 /sq mi)
Area 46.25 km2 (17.86 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,412 m (4,633 ft)
Postal code 7543
SFOS number 3743
Surrounded by Ardez, Gaschurn (AT-8), Guarda, Klosters-Serneus, Susch, Zernez
Website www.lavin.ch
SFSO statistics
Lavin is located in Switzerland
Lavin
Lavin

Lavin is a municipality in the district of Inn in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Lavin is first mentioned in the 12th century as Lawinis.[3]

Geography[edit]

Verstanclahorn mountain near Lavin

Lavin has an area, as of 2006, of 46.2 km2 (17.8 sq mi). Of this area, 19.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 18.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (61.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Sur Tasna sub-district of the Inn district on the left bank of the Inn river. It is the capital of the sub-district. It consists of the linear village of Lavin.

Demographics[edit]

Lavin has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 226.[1] As of 2008, 8.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 7.2%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Lavin is; 18 children or 10.3% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 14 teenagers or 8.0% are 10 to 14, and 12 teenagers or 6.9% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 15 people or 8.6% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 20 people or 11.5% are 30 to 39, 25 people or 14.4% are 40 to 49, and 22 people or 12.6% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 14 people or 8.0% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 25 people or 14.4% are 70 to 79, there are 7 people or 4.0% who are 80 to 89, and there are 2 people or 1.1% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SPS which received 46.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (26.1%), the FDP (15.5%) and the CVP (6.1%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Lavin about 87.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Lavin has an unemployment rate of 0.71%. As of 2005, there were 20 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 8 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 50 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 9 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1835 359
1850 367
1900 249
1950 242
1970 155
1990 184
2000 174

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (75.9%), with German being second most common (23.0%) and Portuguese being third ( 0.6%).[4] By the 19th Century there was a German-speaking minority in Lavin. However the majority speak the Vallader Romansh dialect. Between 1880 and 1941 the Romansh speaking percentage remained the same (83%). In the last decades the Romansh speaking percentage has decreased. In 1990 91% of the population understood Romansh, though some spoke it as a second language, and in 2000 it was 86%.

Languages in Lavin
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 33 18.13% 38 20.65% 40 22.99%
Romanish 147 80.77% 145 78.80% 132 75.86%
Population 182 100% 184 100% 174 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The abandoned village of Gonda is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[7] Gonda was first mentioned about 1160 and by the 17th Century was abandoned. In 1983 it was restored.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b c Lavin in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 12-Oct-2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 12-Oct-2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.