Ramosch

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Ramosch
Former municipality of Switzerland
Ramosch -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Ramosch
Canton Graubünden
District Inn
46°50′N 10°23′E / 46.833°N 10.383°E / 46.833; 10.383Coordinates: 46°50′N 10°23′E / 46.833°N 10.383°E / 46.833; 10.383
Population 483 (Dec 2011)
- Density 6 /km2 (15 /sq mi)
Area 84.08 km2 (32.46 sq mi)
Elevation 1,236 m (4,055 ft)
Postal code 7556
SFOS number 3751
Surrounded by Graun im Vinschgau (IT-BZ), Ftan, Galtür (AT-7), Ischgl (AT-7), Samnaun, Sent
Website www.ramosch.ch
SFSO statistics
Ramosch is located in Switzerland
Ramosch
Ramosch

Ramosch is a former municipality in the district of Inn in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2013 the municipalities of Ramosch and Tschlin merged to form the new municipality of Valsot.[1]

History[edit]

In 1956-58, on the hill Mottata (ca. 1.5 kilometers (0.93 mi) north-east of Ramosch), a significant prehistoric site was discovered. The Mottata site contains three settlement horizons, two from the mid and early Bronze Age (Laugen-Melaun/Luco-Meluno culture) and one from the early Iron Age (Fritzens-Sanzeno culture).[2]

Geography[edit]

Ramosch village

Ramosch had an area, as of 2006, of 84.1 km2 (32.5 sq mi). Of this area, 32.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 26.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.7% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (40.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality was located in the Ramosch sub-district of the Inn district. It is along the left bank of the Inn river. It consists of the village of Ramosch and the village section of Vnà as well as the settlements of Raschvella and Seraplana.

Until 1943 Ramosch was known as Remüs.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Ramosch had a population (as of 2011) of 483.[4] As of 2008, 7.4% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -0.6%.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Ramosch is; 55 children or 12.5% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 34 teenagers or 7.7% are 10 to 14, and 29 teenagers or 6.6% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 37 people or 8.4% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 54 people or 12.3% are 30 to 39, 63 people or 14.3% are 40 to 49, and 54 people or 12.3% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 42 people or 9.5% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 42 people or 9.5% are 70 to 79, there are 25 people or 5.7% who are 80 to 89, and there are 5 people or 1.1% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 45.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (28.7%), the SPS (20%) and the CVP (5%).[3]

In Ramosch about 59.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Ramosch has an unemployment rate of 0.62%. As of 2005, there were 51 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 22 businesses involved in this sector. 89 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 10 businesses in this sector. 70 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 19 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2]

year population
1835 681
1850 621
1900 558
1950 565
2000 440
2010 484

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (84.1%), with German being second most common (13.9%) and Dutch being third ( 1.1%).[3]

Languages in Ramosch
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 44 9.69% 59 13.35% 61 13.86%
Romanish 399 87.89% 363 82.13% 370 84.09%
Italian 9 1.98% 15 3.39% 2 0.45%
Population 454 100% 442 100% 440 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Tschanüff Castle, the Mottata (a prehistoric settlement) and the Swiss Reformed Church of St. Florinus are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 2 January 2013
  2. ^ a b Ramosch in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 12-Oct-2009
  4. ^ Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 3 October 2012
  5. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 12-Oct-2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.