Tarasp

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Tarasp
Lake Tarasp at dawn
Lake Tarasp at dawn
Coat of arms of Tarasp
Coat of arms
Tarasp is located in Switzerland
Tarasp
Tarasp
Coordinates: 46°46′N 10°15′E / 46.767°N 10.250°E / 46.767; 10.250Coordinates: 46°46′N 10°15′E / 46.767°N 10.250°E / 46.767; 10.250
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Inn
Area[1]
 • Total 46.99 km2 (18.14 sq mi)
Elevation 1,403 m (4,603 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 341
 • Density 7.3/km2 (19/sq mi)
Postal code 7553
SFOS number 3745
Localities Fontana, Vulpera, Sparsels, Aschera, Avrona, Chaposch, Chants, Florins, Nairs, Sgnè, Vallatscha
Surrounded by Ardez, Ftan, Scuol, Tschierv, Zernez
Website www.tarasp.ch
SFSO statistics

Tarasp is a municipality in the district of Inn in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. Its eleven settlements are situated within the Lower Engadin valley along the Inn River, at the foot of the Sesvenna Range.

Originally a Romansh language area, the majority of the population today speaks High Alemannic German. Unlike the surrounding municipalities, the Tarasp parish is mainly Catholic.

History[edit]

Primitive grinding stones known as Schalensteine or Hexensteine were found in the Tarasp area. This indicates that stone age food processing happened in the area. However, there are no records or indications of settlements in the area until the 11th Century.

The Lordship of Tarasp Castle was established in the 11th century and for centuries claimed by the Bishopric of Chur and the Counts of Tyrol. After the Lords of Tarasp had become extinct, their estates were a Tyrolean fief from 1239 on. Under the rule of the Habsburg archdukes of Austria, also Counts of Tyrol since 1363, Tarasp from 1464 on was an Austrian exclave inside the Free State of the Three Leagues, an associate of the Old Swiss Confederacy. In 1687 Emperor Leopold I of Habsburg granted the Lordship of Tarasp to the Princes of Dietrichstein as an immediate territory of the Holy Roman Empire.

In the course of the 1803 Reichsdeputationshauptschluss and the Act of Mediation, Austria finally ceded the territory to the Napoleonic Swiss Confederation, after which it was incorporated into the canton of Graubünden.

The Neo-Renaissance style Grand Hotel Waldhaus Vulpera-Tarasp with Sgraffito-Elements was opened on June 8, 1897 and was one of the first addresses in the Swiss Alps and was a major Belle Époque monument in Europe.

Geography[edit]

Fontana and Tarasp castle

Tarasp has an area, as of 2006, of 46.9 km2 (18.1 sq mi). Of this area, 12.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 34.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (51.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The municipality is located in the Sur Tasna sub-district of the Inn district on rhw right bank of the Inn river. It consists of the village of Tarasp with 10 sections and the castle hill.

Demographics[edit]

Tarasp has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 341.[2] As of 2008, 36.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 14.9%.[3]

Church in Tarasp-Fontana

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Tarasp is; 26 children or 7.9% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 37 teenagers or 11.3% are 10 to 14, and 22 teenagers or 6.7% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 30 people or 9.1% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 42 people or 12.8% are 30 to 39, 53 people or 16.2% are 40 to 49, and 38 people or 11.6% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 30 people or 9.1% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 27 people or 8.2% are 70 to 79, there are 21 people or 6.4% who are 80 to 89, and there are 2 people or 0.6% who are 90 to 99.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 44% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (34.5%), the SPS (16.3%) and the FDP (5.2%).[3]

In Tarasp about 66.8% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Tarasp has an unemployment rate of 3.83%. As of 2005, there were 17 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 6 businesses involved in this sector. 9 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 4 businesses in this sector. 220 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 21 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[6]

year population
1630 242
1835 403
1850 357
1900 278
1950 307
2000 328

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (52.4%), with Romansh being second most common (38.4%) and Portuguese being third (3.4%).[3] Despite centuries of Austrian rule, until World War I the population spoke the Romansh dialect Vallader. In 1880, 92% spoke Romansh, and in 1910 it was 87%. By World War II the percentage had dropped to 79% (in 1941). German continued to gain ground, but even in 1970 45.3% of the population spoke Romansh. In 1990 a total of 58% could speak Romansh, though not all spoke it as a first language, and in 2000 a total of 46.6% could understand Romansh.

Languages in Tarasp
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 138 47.10% 125 51.87% 172 52.44%
Romanish 129 44.03% 102 42.32% 126 38.41%
Italian 8 2.73% 8 3.32% 8 2.44%
Population 293 100% 241 100% 328 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Tarasp Castle

Tarasp Castle and the Trinkhalle (drinking hall) are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[7]

Transportation[edit]

The Scuol-Tarasp station is the eastern terminus of the private Rhaetian Railway network, served by trains from Chur and Pontresina.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 13-Oct-2009
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Tarasp in Romansh, German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 13-Oct-2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]