Le Grand-Bornand

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Le Grand-Bornand
Le Grand-Bornand is located in France
Le Grand-Bornand
Le Grand-Bornand
Coordinates: 45°56′33″N 6°25′33″E / 45.9425°N 6.4258°E / 45.9425; 6.4258Coordinates: 45°56′33″N 6°25′33″E / 45.9425°N 6.4258°E / 45.9425; 6.4258
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Haute-Savoie
Area
 • Land1 61 km2 (24 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 2,250
 • Population2 density 37/km2 (96/sq mi)
Time zone CET (GMT +1)
INSEE/Postal code 74136

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Le Grand-Bornand is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.

The commune is a ski resort and owes its name to the river which runs through it. The inhabitants of Le Grand-Bornand are called Bornandins.

Geography[edit]

Located on the western slope of the Aravis mountain range not far from Mont Blanc, Annecy Lake and Switzerland, Le Grand-Bornand is a summer and winter resort which developed around an old village. Le Grand-Bornand is in a wide part of the valley which has allowed it to develop - the village of Petit-Bornand, located downstream, is in a narrower part of the valley. The commune of Le Grand-Bornand is made-up of three areas: the Bouchet valley, the Chinaillon valley and the village of Le Grand-Bornand located at the junction of the two valleys. The hamlet of Chinaillon to the north east of Le Grand-Bornand is the main ski centre. The valley of Bouchet is located upstream of the village along the course of the river Borne.

Nearby[edit]

Nearby villages include Manigod, Thônes, La Clusaz, Saint-Jean-de-Sixt and the larger Chamonix and Annecy.

History[edit]

  • 1569: Church fire
  • 1715: Opening of a school
  • 1755: End of the dispute with neighbouring village La Clusaz on the delimitation between the territories of the two villages
  • 11 March 1817: Violent earthquake causes property damage
  • 28 October 1923: Creation of a ski club, the "société des skieurs bornandins".
  • 24 August 1944: 76 troops from the Vichy government's militia, condemned to death on 23 August by a court martial of the French Forces of the Interior and after a parody of a trial, are publicly shot close to the Peseretaz wood. 44 were buried in a cemetery created on the spot in the Bouchet valley. Several were younger than 18 and at least one had never been part of the militia.[citation needed]
  • 14 July 1987: A brutal and unforeseeable flood of the Borne river, following a violent storm over the mountain, submerges the valley and devastates in particular the campsite of Le Grand-Bornand. There 21 fatalities and two missing persons. The commune and the State were forced to compensate the families of the victims as the campsite had been located on the river floodplain.
  • 11 April 2003: property developer, Xavier Flactif, and his family are killed in their country cottage in Chinaillon by a neighbour, David Hotyat.
  • 22 July 2004: The village is the finish for a stage of the 2004 Tour de France. Lance Armstrong wins after a stage of 204.5 km (127.1 mi) from Bourg d'Oisans. He was later stripped of this and many other wins for doping.
  • 22 February 2006: Roddy Darragon wins a silver medal in a ski sprint at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin and the following day, Sylvie Becaert takes the bronze medal in the biathlon.

Twinning[edit]

Since 1997, Le Grand Bornand is twinned with Quiberon.

Place names[edit]

Researcher toponymist and Ph.D. graduate of the Sorbonne, Jérémie Delorme, has listed, photographed and described, about 3 000 place names in the commune. 90% come from Latin, 8% come from Gaulish, 1% from Germanic and 1% from pre-Latin languages. A third of the names refer to former occupants. Names ending in "ière" are pre 16th-century and names ending in "lhon" are pre 5th-century.

Administration[edit]

List of mayors[edit]

  • Jean Bastard Rosset - March 1971 to March 1977
  • Pierre Pochat Cottilloux - March 1983 to March 1989
  • Andre Perrillat Amédé - March 1989 to March 2008
  • Gérard Perrissin-Fabert - March 2008 to present

Presidential election 2007[edit]

Le Grand-Bornand voting in the 2nd round of the 2007 French presidential election Nicolas Sarkozy: 84% Royal Ségolène: 17%

Places and monuments[edit]

  • Church of the Virgin Mary of the Assumption: it has been confirmed this church dates from 1346. It was partially destroyed by a fire in 1569 and the bell-tower completely rebuilt in 1661. It was completely rebuilt in 1877. The bell-tower, finished in 1845, is remarkable for its Baroque outer shell.
  • Chinaillon chapel
  • Bouchet chapel
  • Nant-Robert chapel
  • Gramusset refuge
  • Maroly virtual lake
  • Militiamen cemetery

People[edit]

Economy[edit]

  • Tourism: ski resort. Le Grand-Bornand holds the award "Station verte de vacances" (Green holiday resort).
  • Winter sports: The station is highly rated for beginner skiers and family holidays. However, although there are a few good restaurants, there is minimal nightlife. Le Grand Bornand skiable domain has recently been linked to the skiable domain of La Clusaz
  • Agriculture: Le Grand-Bornand is one of the birthplaces of reblochon, a cheese produced from abondancière, tarine and montbéliarde cows raised on Crau hay.
  • Companies:
    • Aravis Boissons has manufactured Forclaz lemonade since 1870 according to the same, original recipe (water + sugar + bubbles)

Facilities[edit]

Outdoor activities[edit]

Events[edit]

  • "To happiness of the kids", children's festival
  • "To each their turn" (June 2007) Publicity in schools by the organisers of the Tour de France, to develop the image of "the outer loop" for future generations of consumers.
  • July 15–16, 2007: Arrival of 7th stage of the Tour de France 2007 (Bourg-en-Bresse - Le Grand-Bornand) and departure of 8th stage of the Tour de France 2007, 165 kilometres between Le Grand-Bornand and Tignes.
  • Alps Mountain festival (at the beginning of August)
  • Ball of the conscripts, organized in May each year
  • Week of the mountain, discovering local fauna and flora. One evening is organized by the mountain security and the Office of mountain Guides. In 2007 it is from 21–27 July.

Tour de France[edit]

Le Grand-Bornand has been the start town for three stages of the Tour de France, in 1995, 1999 and 2007. It was the finish of a stage in 2004, 2007, 2009 and 2013.[1]

Finishes[edit]

Year Stage Start point Distance (km) Stage winner Yellow jersey
2013 19 Le Bourg-d'Oisans 204.5  Rui Costa (POR)  Chris Froome (GBR)
2009 17 Bourg-Saint-Maurice 169.5  Fränk Schleck (LUX)  Alberto Contador (ESP)
2007 7 Bourg-en-Bresse 197.5  Linus Gerdemann (GER)  Linus Gerdemann (GER)
2004 17 Le Bourg-d'Oisans 204.5  Lance Armstrong (USA)  Lance Armstrong (USA)

Departures[edit]

Year Stage Finish point Distance (km) Stage winner Yellow jersey
2007 8 Tignes 165  Michael Rasmussen (DEN)  Michael Rasmussen (DEN)
1999 9 Sestrières 213.5  Lance Armstrong (USA)  Lance Armstrong (USA)
1995 9 La Plagne 160  Alex Zülle (SWI)  Miguel Indurain (USA)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Le Grand-Bornand dans le Tour de France" (in French). ledicodutour. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

External links[edit]