Leimen (Baden)

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Leimen
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Leimen
Coat of arms
Leimen is located in Germany
Leimen
Leimen
Coordinates: 49°20′53″N 08°41′28″E / 49.34806°N 8.69111°E / 49.34806; 8.69111Coordinates: 49°20′53″N 08°41′28″E / 49.34806°N 8.69111°E / 49.34806; 8.69111
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
Government
 • Lord Mayor Wolfgang Ernst
Area
 • Total 20.64 km2 (7.97 sq mi)
Elevation 118 m (387 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 25,581
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 69181
Dialling codes 06224, 06226
Vehicle registration HD
Website www.leimen.de

Leimen is a town in north-west Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is about 7 km (4.3 mi) south of Heidelberg and the third largest town of the Rhein-Neckar district after Weinheim and Sinsheim. It is also the area's industrial centre.

Leimen is located on the Bergstraße (Mountain Road) and on the Bertha Benz Memorial Route.

In the context of a communal reform in the 1970s, Leimen was newly created from the villages Leimen, Gauangelloch and Sankt Ilgen. In 1981, the state government of Baden-Württemberg granted Leimen the privilege to be called "town." When Leimen's population exceeded 20,000 in 1990, the city council applied for elevation to a Große Kreisstadt which was granted by the state government on April 1, 1992.

History[edit]

The first documentary record of Leimen is from 791, when both the Lorsch Abbey and the Diocese of Worms owned land there. First records of the districts are from 1270 for Gauangelloch (a document supposedly from 1016 was found out to be a fake), 1312 for Lingental, around 1300 for Ochsenbach and 1100 for Sankt Ilgen, then called bruch, an Old High German word for bog.

In 1262, the lords of Bruchsal gave Leimen to the Electorate of the Palatinate as a fiefdom and from 1464 on Leimen was part of the Palatinate. In 1579, Leimen was granted the right to celebrate an annual fair and became a market place in 1595. In 1674, Leimen was partially destroyed.

People, culture and architecture[edit]

Leimen consists of the Leimen (proper), nowadays called "Leimen (Mitte)", and the four boroughs Gauangelloch, Lingental, Ochsenbach and Sankt Ilgen.

Despite its industrial roots, Leimen's downtown has maintained a certain quaintness. It is an active town, with a regular cycle of festivals and activities.

At Ochsenbach, there is the NDB NKR.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]