List of Americans in the Venona papers

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The following List of Americans in the Venona papers is a list of names ostensibly deciphered from codenames contained in the Venona project, an American government effort from 1943-1980 to decrypt coded messages by intelligence forces of the Soviet Union. To what extent some of the individuals named in the Venona papers were actually involved with Soviet intelligence is a topic of dispute.

The following list of individuals is extracted in large part from the work of historians John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr and reflects their previous points of view.[1] However, Haynes' positions on the meaning and correct identification of names on the list continues to evolve.

Non-Americans may also be mentioned in passing.

Notes and disclaimers on the list[edit]

Names marked with a double asterisk (**) do not appear in the Venona documents. Inclusion has been inferred to correlate with codenames or similarly spelled names found in the documents.

Similarly, identities that have been inferred by researchers (i.e., the name appears in the Venona documents, but positive identification of the individual bearing that name does not), are also marked with a double asterisk (**).

List[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Robert L. Benson, The Venona Story, National Security Agency, 2001. Includes all six monographs written by Benson for each release of Venona messages.
  • John Earl Haynes, Harvey Klehr, Venona; Decoding Soviet Espionage in America, Yale University Press, 1999. ISBN 0-300-08462-5.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America, Appendix A". John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999. ISBN 0-300-08462-5
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh Haynes, John Earl (April 2009), Cover Name, Cryptonym, CPUSA Party Name, Pseudonym, and Real Name Index: A Research Historian's Working Reference, retrieved 2007-04-29 
  3. ^ Haynes notes on the appearance of codename Son/Syn in the Verona documents, "unidentified in NSA/FBI notes but clearly Rudy Baker in SECRET WORLD"
  4. ^ Haynes' notes state: "Burns, Paul, NSA/FBI shows as Berne and Bernay, but clearly is ti[sic] Burns."
  5. ^ Haynes notes: "a Chilean, married to American Lorren Hay, a captain in Marines"
  6. ^ Polish citizen, U.S. resident 1912-47 (Haynes, 2007)
  7. ^ "Graze, Gerald = Arena. one single reference to Graze as Arena in corrected proof but removed in final: and reference to Graze as Dan in uncorrected proof but removed in the corrected. [source Weinstein Vassiliev Haunted Wood]" (Haynes, 2007)
  8. ^ Haynes notes: "source in Perlo group, identified as having cover name Tan in uncorrected proof, but Tan's identify redacted in final, but Magdoff still identified as a source: source Weinstein Haunted Wood)"
  9. ^ Haynes notes: "redacted in 239 1945" (Haynes, 2007)
  10. ^ Haynes, 2007, notes that the positive identification of Setaro with codenames "Zhan" and "Gonets" was redacted in the Venona documents
  11. ^ Haynes notes: "Sobell, Morton = Rele = Relay = Sebr = Serb but identification unclear ??"
  12. ^ Haynes notes: "Witczak, Ignacy = V (in Los Angeles, Witczak was [sic] false papers taken from real Witczak a Polish Jew migrant to Canada who died in Spain. [source Stephenson Intrepid's Last]"

External links[edit]