List of Governors-General of New Zealand

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The Governor-General is the representative of the Monarch of New Zealand, Queen Elizabeth II. The Governor-General acts as the Monarch's vice-regal representative as dictated by the Constitution of New Zealand, and is viewed by some as the de facto head of state.[1][2][3] As the representative of the monarch, the Governor-General performs many of the functions vested in the Crown. This includes summoning and dissolving Parliament, granting or withholding the Royal Assent, and ceremonial roles, such as making state visits and receiving ambassadors. These functions are performed on the advice of the Prime Minister, and the Governor General would only exercise their reserve powers in extraordinary situations, such as if the Prime Minister had lost a vote of confidence. When the office of Governor General is vacant, or the Governor General is incapacitated or absent from New Zealand, the Administrator of the Government exercises the powers of the office. Under the letters patent creating the office of Governor General, the Chief Justice serves as Administrator, or if there is no Chief Justice able to act, the next the senior member of the judiciary (usually a Supreme Court Justice) available will serve as Administrator. Before 1856, the Colonial Secretary (a predecessor office to the Minister of Internal Affairs) served as Administrator.

The official website for the Governor-General of New Zealand provides the recognised list.[4] The list does not include Lieutenant-Governors of the provinces of New Ulster and New Munster that existed between 1848 and 1853.[a] Persons listed in light grey are between Governors and Governors-General.

List[edit]

Key Lieutenant-Governor[b]
Governor
Governor-in Chief[c]
Governor-General[d]
Administrator of the Government
# Image Name Term
began
Term
ended
Sovereign Premier /
Prime Minister
1 WilliamHobsonGovNZ.jpg Captain William Hobson RN[e] 24 November 1840 3 May 1841 Victoria None[f]
3 May 1841 10 September 1842
Willoughby Shortland.jpg Willoughby Shortland[g] 10 September 1842 26 December 1843
2 Robert Fitzroy.jpg Captain Robert FitzRoy RN 26 December 1843 18 November 1845
3 GeorgeEdwardGrey02.jpg George Grey KCB 18 November 1845 January 1848
January 1848 March 1853
March 1853 3 January 1854
RobertWynyard.jpg Robert Wynyard 3 January 1854 6 September 1855
4 Thomas Gore Browne.jpg Colonel Thomas Gore Browne CB 6 September 1855 3 October 1861
Henry Sewell
William Fox
Edward Stafford
William Fox
RobertWynyard.jpg Robert Wynyard 3 October 1861 December 1861
GeorgeEdwardGrey02.jpg Sir George Grey KCB December 1861 5 February 1868
Alfred Domett
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
Edward Stafford
5 George Bowen b.jpg Sir George Ferguson Bowen GCMG 5 February 1868 19 March 1873
William Fox
Edward Stafford
George Waterhouse
William Fox
Sir George Arney 19 March 1873 14 June 1873
Julius Vogel
6 Sir James Fergusson.jpg The Rt Hon. Sir James Fergusson Bt 14 June 1873 3 December 1874
7 GeorgePhipps2ndMarquessOfNormanby.jpg The Marquess of Normanby GCB GCMG PC 3 December 1874 21 February 1879
Daniel Pollen
Julius Vogel
Harry Atkinson
George Grey
JamesPrendergast.JPG James Prendergast 21 February 1879 27 March 1879
8 LordRosmead.jpg Sir Hercules Robinson GCMG 27 March 1879 9 September 1880
John Hall
JamesPrendergast.JPG James Prendergast 9 September 1880 29 November 1880
9 Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon.jpg The Hon. Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon GCMG 29 November 1880 24 June 1882
Frederick Whitaker
JamesPrendergast.JPG James Prendergast 24 June 1882 20 January 1883
10 William Jervois.jpg Lieutenant-General Sir William Jervois 20 January 1883 23 March 1889
Harry Atkinson
Robert Stout
Harry Atkinson
Robert Stout
Harry Atkinson
JamesPrendergast.JPG James Prendergast 23 March 1889 2 May 1889
11 4thEarlOfOnslow.jpg The Earl of Onslow GCMG 2 May 1889 25 February 1892
John Ballance
JamesPrendergast.JPG James Prendergast 25 February 1892 6 June 1892
12 7thEarlOfGlasgow.jpg The Earl of Glasgow GCMG 6 June 1892 8 February 1897
Richard Seddon
JamesPrendergast.JPG James Prendergast 8 February 1897 9 August 1897
13 5thEarlOfRanfurly.jpg The Earl of Ranfurly GCMG 9 August 1897 20 June 1904
Edward VII
14 5thLordPlunket.jpg The Lord Plunket GCMG KCVO 20 June 1904 8 June 1910
William Hall-Jones
Joseph Ward
Robert Stout, ca 1919.jpg Sir Robert Stout 8 June 1910 22 June 1910
George V
15 Lord Islington.JPG The Lord Islington GCMG GBE DSO PC 22 June 1910 3 December 1912
Thomas Mackenzie
William Massey
Robert Stout, ca 1919.jpg Sir Robert Stout 3 December 1912 19 December 1912
16 2ndEarlOfLiverpool.jpg The Earl of Liverpool 19 December 1912 28 June 1917
1 28 June 1917 8 July 1920
Robert Stout, ca 1919.jpg Sir Robert Stout 8 July 1920 27 September 1920
2 John Jellicoe, Admiral of the Fleet.jpg The Viscount Jellicoe GCB OM GCVO 27 September 1920 12 December 1924
3 Sir Charles Fergusson, ca 1926.jpg General Sir Charles Fergusson Bt GCMG KCB DSO MVO 13 December 1924 8 February 1930
Francis Bell
Gordon Coates
Joseph Ward
Michael Myers, New Zealand.jpg Sir Michael Myers 8 February 1930 19 March 1930
4 Charles Bathurst.jpg The Lord Bledisloe GCMG KBE PC 19 March 1930 15 March 1935
George Forbes
Michael Myers, New Zealand.jpg Sir Michael Myers 15 March 1935 12 April 1935
5 George Monckton-Arundell.jpg The Viscount Galway GCMG DSO OBE PC 12 April 1935 3 February 1941
Michael Joseph Savage
Edward VIII
George VI
Peter Fraser
Michael Myers, New Zealand.jpg Sir Michael Myers 3 February 1941 22 February 1941
6 Air Chief Marshal Sir Cyril Newall (close-up).jpg Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Cyril Newall GCB OM GCMG CBE AM 22 February 1941 19 April 1946
Michael Myers, New Zealand.jpg Sir Michael Myers 19 April 1946 17 June 1946
7 Bernard Freyberg.jpg Lieutenant-General The Lord Freyberg VC GCMG KCB KBE DSO 17 June 1946 15 August 1952
Sidney Holland
Elizabeth II
Sir Humphrey O'Leary 15 August 1952 2 December 1952
8 Norrie Chifley Playford.jpg Lieutenant-General The Lord Norrie GCMG GCVO CB DSO MC 2 December 1952 25 July 1957
Harold Eric Barrowclough (1954).jpg Sir Harold Eric Barrowclough 25 July 1957 5 September 1957
9 Governor General Lord Cobham at the Kelliher art exhibition.jpg The Viscount Cobham GCMG TD 5 September 1957 13 September 1962
Keith Holyoake
Walter Nash
Keith Holyoake
Harold Eric Barrowclough (1954).jpg Sir Harold Eric Barrowclough 13 September 1962 9 November 1962
10 Bernard Fergusson and PK Robinson.jpg Brigadier Sir Bernard Fergusson GCMG GCVO DSO OBE 9 November 1962 20 October 1967
Sir Richard Wild 20 October 1967 1 December 1967
11 Hgg-014.jpg Sir Arthur Porritt Bt GCMG GCVO CBE[h] 1 December 1967 7 September 1972
John Marshall
Sir Richard Wild 7 September 1972 27 September 1972
12 Denis Blundell 1934.jpg Sir Denis Blundell GCMG GCVO KBE QSO 27 September 1972 5 October 1977
Norman Kirk
Bill Rowling
Robert Muldoon
Sir Richard Wild 5 October 1977 26 October 1977
13 Keith Holyoake (1960).jpg The Rt Hon. Sir Keith Holyoake KG GCMG CH QSO 26 October 1977 25 October 1980
Sir Ronald Davison 25 October 1980 6 November 1980
14 The Hon. Sir David Beattie GCMG GCVO QSO QC 6 November 1980 22 November 1985
David Lange
15 Paul Reeves headshot.jpg The Rt Revd. Sir Paul Reeves GCMG GCVO QSO 22 November 1985 20 November 1990
Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
Jim Bolger
16 Catherine Tizard.jpg Dame Catherine Tizard GCMG GCVO DBE QSO 20 November 1990 21 March 1996
17 Bill Clinton Michael Hardie-Boys.jpg The Rt Hon. Sir Michael Hardie Boys GNZM GCMG QSO 21 March 1996 21 March 2001
Jenny Shipley
Helen Clark
Dame Sian Elias GNZM PC QC 21 March 2001 4 April 2001
18 SilviaCartwright.jpg Dame Silvia Cartwright PCNZM DBE 4 April 2001 4 August 2006
Dame Sian Elias GNZM PC QC 4 August 2006 23 August 2006
19 Anand Satyanand.JPG Sir Anand Satyanand GNZM QSO 23 August 2006 23 August 2011
John Key
Dame Sian Elias GNZM PC QC 24 August 2011 31 August 2011
20 Jerry Mateparae 090529-N-8623G-003.jpg Lieutenant General The Right Honorable Sir Jerry Mateparae GNZM QSO KStJ 31 August 2011 Incumbent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ For their respective Lieutenant-Governors see New Ulster Province and New Munster Province.
  2. ^ New Zealand was a dependency of New South Wales 1840–1841. Hobson was appointed by Lt.-Col. Sir George Gipps, Governor of New South Wales 1837–1846, and Governor-in-Chief of New Zealand 1839–1841
  3. ^ The office was renamed "Governor-in-Chief" in 1848 under the New Zealand Constitution Act 1846
  4. ^ The office of Governor was renamed Governor-General by Letters Patent of 28 June 1917
  5. ^ For an explanation of the honours, see Orders, decorations, and medals of the United Kingdom and New Zealand Royal Honours System.
  6. ^ New Zealand attained responsible government following the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852
  7. ^ Shortland served as Administrator by virtue of being Colonial Secretary.
  8. ^ Sir Arthur Porritt was the first New Zealand-born Governor General—although he had been living in Britain for 31 years at the time of his appointment.[5] All Governors-General since Sir Denis Blundell have been New Zealand residents and,[6] with the exception of Sir David Beattie, New Zealand-born, and appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister.

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]