Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham

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The Right Honourable
The Viscount Cobham
KGGCMGGCVOTDPCDL
Governor General Lord Cobham at the Kelliher art exhibition.jpg
Viscount Cobham on 26 August 1958 with Neil Durden-Smith in the National Art Gallery
9th Governor-General of New Zealand
In office
5 September 1957 – 13 September 1962
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by The Lord Norrie
Succeeded by Bernard Fergusson
Personal details
Born 8 August 1909
Kensington, London
United Kingdom
Died 20 March 1977(1977-03-20) (aged 67)
Marylebone, London
United Kingdom

Charles John Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham, KGGCMGGCVOTDPCDL (8 August 1909 – 20 March 1977) was the ninth Governor-General of New Zealand and an English cricketer.

Background and education[edit]

Lyttelton was born in Kensington, London, the son of John Lyttelton, 9th Viscount Cobham, and Violet Yolande Leonard.[1] He was a cousin of the musician Humphrey Lyttelton. He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating with a law degree in 1932.[2] He had a family connection with New Zealand, where he became Governor-General, through his great-grandfather George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton, who was chairman of the Canterbury Association and contributed financially to the early development of Christchurch. Hagley Park is named after their family estate, and the port town of Lyttelton bears his great-grandfather's name. He visited New Zealand in 1950 in relation to property holdings in Christchurch.[1]

Military service[edit]

Lyttelton joined the Territorial Army in 1933. He served in World War II with the Expeditionary Force in France from 1940. He was commander of the 5th Regiment from 1943.[1]

Lyttelton was made Honorary Colonel of Queen's Own Warwickshire and Worcestershire Yeomanry on 1 April 1969.[3]

Lord Cobham
Personal information
Full name Charles John Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham
Born (1909-08-08)8 August 1909
Kensington, England
Died 20 March 1977(1977-03-20) (aged 67)
Marylebone, England
Batting style Right-hand
Bowling style Right-arm medium
Role Bowler
Domestic team information
Years Team
1932–1939 Worcestershire
1935–1936 MCC
First-class debut 25 June 1932
Worcestershire v Gloucestershire
Last First-class 24 February 1961
New Zealand Governor's XI v MCC
Career statistics
Competition FC
Matches 104
Runs scored 3,181
Batting average 20.26
100s/50s 1/13
Top score 162
Balls bowled 2,195
Wickets 32
Bowling average 41.18
5 wickets in innings 0
10 wickets in match 0
Best bowling 4/83
Catches/stumpings 52/–
Source: cricketarchive.com, 14 August 2007

Political career[edit]

After the war he wanted to follow in his father's footsteps and enter the House of Commons. However, his father died in 1949 and Lyttelton succeeded him as Viscount Cobham, precluding a career in the Commons.[1]

Cobham became the ninth Governor-General of New Zealand on 5 September 1957. Although from an aristocratic background, he proved popular. He was seen as an outdoors man with a sporting prowess in cricket, and golf, and a competent rugby judge. He was good with a gun and an enthusiastic fly fisherman, all attributes that resonated well with New Zealanders.[1] Significant events during his tenure included the independence of Western Samoa and the opening of the Auckland Harbour Bridge.[4][5]

Cobham was served by three Prime Ministers: Sidney Holland (1949–1957), Keith Holyoake (1957 and 1960–1972) and Walter Nash (1957–1960). He was most careful to not comment on controversial matters, and had a good working relationship with all three. He was instrumental in setting up the Outward Bound outdoor education organisation in New Zealand, opening the Outward Bound school in Anakiwa near Picton in September 1962, which bears his name. He visited the school in 1966 and was pleased with the progress that had been made.

He served until 13 September 1962. He was a skilled orator and a book of his speeches sold 50,000 copies - he donated the £10,000 profit to Outward Bound. Cobham Oval in Whangarei and Cobham Court in Porirua are named after him.[1]

Cricket[edit]

Lyttelton enjoyed a career in first-class cricket, playing more than 90 times for Worcestershire in the 1930s and captaining the club between 1936 and 1939.

He made his first-class debut, against Gloucestershire, in June 1932, but made a duck in his only innings and did not reappear for two years. He played five times in 1934, but it was only the following season that he became established in the side, playing about 20 matches a year from then until the Second World War, with the exception of 1937 when he appeared only twice.

His highest score (and only first-class century) was the 162 he made against Leicestershire in 1938, but he made many other useful contributions, reaching 50 on 14 further occasions. His most productive year was 1938, when he scored 741 runs at an average of 21.17.

With the ball, his first victim (in July 1934) was Charlie Barnett, while in 1935 he produced his best innings' bowling, claiming 4–83 against the South Africans. After 1935 his bowling became largely occasional, and with the exception of nine wickets in 1938 he never again took more than three in a season.

He played ten games for MCC pre war: one against Oxford University in 1935, and nine on MCC's tour of Australia and New Zealand during the following winter.

His cricketing career proper ended with the outbreak of war, but (now listed on the scorecard as Lord Cobham, having succeeded to the title in 1949) he played for an "MCC New Zealand Touring Team" against a strong "London New Zealand Club" side in 1954, taking two wickets including that of Bill Merritt. Remarkably, he made a one-off return to first-class action aged 51 in February 1961, more than two decades after his previous appearance at that level, when as Governor-General he captained a New Zealand side against MCC at Auckland: he showed he still had ability, with a handy first-innings 44 from number ten in the order.

A number of his relatives played first-class cricket. His great-grandfather George played for Cambridge University in the 1830s, his grandfather (also Charles) turned out for teams including Cambridge and MCC in the 1860s, his father John made a handful of appearances for Worcestershire in the 1920s, and his uncle – another Charles – played for Worcestershire, Cambridge and MCC before the First World War.

Family[edit]

Cobham married Elizabeth Alison Makeig-Jones on 30 April 1942 in Chelsea, London. They had four sons and four daughters. He died in Marylebone, London, on 20 March 1977, and was survived by his wife and children.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g McGibbon, Ian (1 September 2010). "Cobham, Charles John Lyttelton – Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  2. ^ "Viscount Cobham, GCMG, TD". The Governor-General. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 45013. p. 217. 5 January 1970. Retrieved 2012-05-08.
  4. ^ AHB Opening Video: http://www.fatlady.co.nz/cgi-bin/video.cgi?1170505503
  5. ^ Auckland Harbour Bridge Authority Record of 20 Years Activities 1951–1971

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Cyril Walters
Worcestershire County Cricket Captain
1936–1939
Vacant
no cricket 1940–1945
Title next held by
Sandy Singleton
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Norrie
Governor-General of New Zealand
1957–1962
Succeeded by
Sir Bernard Fergusson
Preceded by
The Duke of Westminster
Lord Steward
1967–1972
Succeeded by
The Duke of Northumberland
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir William Tennant
Lord Lieutenant of Worcestershire
1963–1974
Office abolished
Preceded by
The Marquess of Salisbury
Chancellor of the Order of the Garter
1972–1977
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Abergavenny
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Lyttelton
Viscount Cobham
1949–1977
Succeeded by
John Lyttelton