President of Nicaragua

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Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nicaragua

The position of President of Nicaragua was created in the Constitution of 1854. From 1825 until the Constitution of 1838 the title of the position was known as Head of State (Jefe de Estado) and from 1838 to 1854 as Supreme Director (Supremo Director).

Heads of State of Nicaragua within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1838)[edit]

  • Manuel Antonio de la Cerda y Aguilar  : 22 April 1825 – 22 April 1826
  • Juan Argüello del Castillo y Guzmán  : 22 April 1826 – 14 September 1827
  • Pedro Benito Pineda de León (acting; in rebellion at Granada) : 17 September 1826 – 26 February 1827
  • Manuel Antonio de la Cerda y Aguilar (in rebellion at León and Granada) : 27 February 1827 – 7 November 1828
  • Pedro Oviedo de Chinandega (provisional) : 14 September 1827 – December 1827
  • Juan Argüello del Castillo y Guzmán  : 5 August 1828 – April 1829
  • Juan Espinosa (acting) : April 1829 – 12 May 1830
  • Dionisio de Herrera : 12 May 1830 – November 1833
  • Benito Rosales (acting) : December 1833 – 10 March 1834
  • José Núñez (acting) : 10 March 1834 – 23 April 1835
  • José Zepeda  : 23 April 1835 – 25 January 1837
  • José Núñez (acting) : 25 January 1837 – 12 January 1838
  • Francisco Jiménez Rubio (acting) : 12 January 1838 – 13 March 1838
  • José Núñez : 13 March 1838 – 17 November 1838

Heads of State of the Independent Republic of Nicaragua (1838–present)[edit]

Supreme Directors (1838–1854)[edit]

Presidents (1854–present)[edit]

President Took office Left office Party
Fruto Chamorro Fruto Chamorro.jpg 30 April 1854 12 March 1855 Conservative
José María Estrada (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 12 March 1855 22 October 1855 Conservative
Patricio Rivas (provisional) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 30 October 1855 24 June 1857 Conservative
William Walker
(usurper)
William Walker by Brady.jpg 12 July 1856 1 May 1857 Filibuster
Government Junta Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 24 June 1857 15 November 1857 Conservative/Liberal
Tomás Martínez TMARTINEZ.jpg 15 November 1857 1 March 1867 Conservative
Fernando Guzmán Solórzano Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 March 1867 1 March 1871 Conservative
José Vicente Cuadra Jose Vicente Cuadra.jpg 1 March 1871 1 March 1875 Conservative
Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 March 1875 1 March 1879 Conservative
Joaquín Zavala Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 March 1879 1 March 1883 Conservative
Adán Cárdenas Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 March 1883 1 March 1887 Conservative
Evaristo Carazo Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 March 1887 1 August 1889 Conservative
Nicolás Osorno (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 August 1889 5 August 1889 Conservative
Roberto Sacasa (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 5 August 1889 1 January 1891 Conservative
Ignacio Chaves López Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 January 1891 1 March 1891 Conservative
Roberto Sacasa Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 March 1891 11 July 1893 Conservative
Salvador Machado (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 11 July 1893 15 July 1893 Conservative
Joaquín Zavala (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 16 July 1893 25 July 1893 Conservative
José Santos Zelaya JZelaya.jpg 25 July 1893 21 December 1909 Liberal
José Madriz (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 21 December 1909 20 August 1910 Liberal
José Dolores Estrada (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 20 August 1910 27 August 1910 Conservative
Luis Mena (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 27 August 1910 30 August 1910 Conservative
Juan José Estrada (provisional) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 30 August 1910 9 May 1911 Conservative
Adolfo Díaz Adolfo Díaz, 1912.jpg 9 May 1911 1 January 1917 Conservative
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas Emiliano Chamorro Vargas.jpg 1 January 1917 1 January 1921 Conservative
Diego Manuel Chamorro Diego Manuel Carazo.jpg 1 January 1921 12 October 1923 Conservative
Rosendo Chamorro (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 12 October 1923 27 October 1923 Conservative
Bartolomé Martínez Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 27 October 1923 1 January 1925 Conservative
Carlos José Solórzano Carlos José Solórzano.jpg 1 January 1925 14 March 1926 Conservative
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas (de facto, military) Emiliano Chamorro Vargas.jpg 14 March 1926 11 November 1926 Conservative
Sebastián Uriza (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 11 November 1926 14 November 1926 Conservative
Adolfo Díaz Adolfo Díaz, 1912.jpg 14 November 1926 1 January 1929 Conservative
José María Moncada Tapia Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 January 1929 1 January 1933 Liberal
Juan Bautista Sacasa J B Sacasa.jpg 1 January 1933 9 June 1936 Liberal
Carlos Alberto Brenes (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 9 June 1936 1 January 1937 Liberal
Anastasio Somoza García Perón y Somoza.JPG 1 January 1937 1 May 1947 Military/Nationalist Liberal Party
Leonardo Argüello Barreto Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 May 1947 26 May 1947 Nationalist Liberal Party
Benjamín Lacayo Sacasa (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 26 May 1947 15 August 1947 Nationalist Liberal Party
Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 15 August 1947 6 May 1950 Nationalist Liberal Party
Manuel Fernando Zurita (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 6 May 1950 7 May 1950 Nationalist Liberal Party
Anastasio Somoza García Perón y Somoza.JPG 7 May 1950 29 September 1956 Military/Nationalist Liberal Party
Luis Somoza Debayle Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 29 September 1956 1 May 1963 Nationalist Liberal Party
René Schick Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 May 1963 3 August 1966 Nationalist Liberal Party
Orlando Montenegro Medrano (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 3 August 1966 4 August 1966 Nationalist Liberal Party
Lorenzo Guerrero Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 4 August 1966 1 May 1967 Nationalist Liberal Party
Anastasio Somoza Debayle Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 May 1967 1 May 1972 Military/Nationalist Liberal Party
Liberal-Conservative Junta Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 May 1972 1 December 1974 Nationalist Liberal Party/Social Conservative Party
Anastasio Somoza Debayle Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 1 December 1974 17 July 1979 Military/Nationalist Liberal Party
Francisco Urcuyo (acting) Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 17 July 1979 18 July 1979 Nationalist Liberal Party
Junta of National Reconstruction
(Coordinator: Daniel Ortega)
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg 18 July 1979 10 January 1985 Multipartisan / Sandinista National Liberation Front
Daniel Ortega Ortega03032007.jpg 10 January 1985 25 April 1990 Sandinista National Liberation Front
Violeta Chamorro Violeta Chamorro 1993.jpg 25 April 1990 10 January 1997 National Opposition Union
Arnoldo Alemán Arnoldo Alemán.JPG 10 January 1997 10 January 2002 Constitutionalist Liberal Party
Enrique Bolaños Enrique Bolaños Geyer 2004.jpg 10 January 2002 10 January 2007 Constitutionalist Liberal Party
Daniel Ortega Ortega03032007.jpg 10 January 2007 Incumbent Sandinista National Liberation Front

See also[edit]

Latest election[edit]

e • d  Summary of the 6 November 2011 Nicaraguan presidential election results
Candidates – Parties Votes %
Daniel OrtegaSandinista National Liberation Front 1,569,287 62.46
Fabio Gadea MantillaIndependent Liberal Party 778,889 31.00
Arnoldo AlemánConstitutionalist Liberal Party 148,507 5.91
Enrique QuiñonezNicaraguan Liberal Alliance 10,003 0.40
Miguel Angel GarcíaAlliance for the Republic 5,898 0.23
Total votes 2,512,584 100.00
Source: CSE

External links[edit]