List of United States Supreme Court cases

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This is a list of cases decided by the United States Supreme Court. This list does not contain every case decided by the Court. For all cases, see Lists of United States Supreme Court cases by volume.


Contents:


1789–1819

Case name Citation Summary
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice John Jay, October 19, 1789
Van Staphorst v. Maryland (1791) first docketed case of the Supreme Court, settled before arguments
West v. Barnes 2 U.S. 401 (1791) first decision of the Supreme Court, strictly interpreting procedural filing requirements mandated by statute
Georgia v. Brailsford 2 U.S. 402 (1792) A State may sue in the Supreme Court to enjoin payment of a judgment on foreign debt until it can be ascertained to whom the money belongs
Hayburn's Case 2 U.S. 409 (1792) justiciability and separation of powers
Georgia v. Brailsford 2 U.S. 415 (1793) suits in which states may be a party; continuation of Georgia v. Brailsford (1792)
Chisholm v. Georgia 2 U.S. 419 (1793) first “major” case; federal jurisdiction over suits vs. states; state sovereign immunity; led to Eleventh Amendment
Georgia v. Brailsford 3 U.S. 1 (1794) Jury nullification
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice John Rutledge, August 12, 1795
United States v. Peters 3 U.S. 121 (1795) Federal district court has no authority over a foreign privateer when the captured ship was not within its jurisdiction.
Talbot v. Janson 3 U.S. 133 (1795) admiralty and citizenship
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth, March 8, 1796
Hylton v. United States 3 U.S. 171 (1796) tax on carriages
Hollingsworth v. Virginia 3 U.S. 378 (1798) ratification of Eleventh Amendment, presidential approval is unnecessary for Constitutional amendment
Calder v. Bull 3 U.S. 386 (1798) ex post facto clause applies to criminal, not civil cases
New York v. Connecticut 4 U.S. 1 (1799) first original jurisdiction suit between two States
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice John Marshall, February 4, 1801
Talbot v. Seeman 5 U.S. 1 (1801) Marine salvage rights in time of war
Marbury v. Madison 5 U.S. 137 (1803) judicial review of laws enacted by the United States Congress
Stuart v. Laird 5 U.S. 299 (1803) enforceability of rulings issued by judges who have since been removed from office
Little v. Barreme 6 U.S. 170 (1804) presidential and congressional power
Bailiff v. Tipping 6 U.S. 406 (1805) a citation (a court order for a person to appear) must accompany a writ of error in order for the Supreme Court to hear the case
Strawbridge v. Curtiss 7 U.S. 267 (1806) federal diversity jurisdiction
Ex parte Bollman 8 U.S. 75 (1807) habeas corpus, definition of treason, Supreme Court's power to issue writs to circuit courts
Fletcher v. Peck 10 U.S. 87 (1810) property rights
United States v. Hudson and Goodwin 11 U.S. 32 (1812) Federal court jurisdiction over common law crimes
The Schooner Exchange v. M'Faddon 11 U.S. 116 (1812) capture and possession of foreign ships
Fairfax's Devisee v. Hunter's Lessee 11 U.S. 603 (1813) Loyalist property forfeiture
Martin v. Hunter's Lessee 14 U.S. 304 (1816) Loyalist property forfeiture, Supreme Court review of state court judgments
Laidlaw v. Organ 15 U.S. 178 (1817) the rule of caveat emptor in a commodity delivery contract
Craig v. Radford 16 U.S. 594 (1818) Jay Treaty protection of alien enemy defeasible estate; surveying law
McCulloch v. Maryland 17 U.S. 316 (1819) doctrine of implied powers
Sturges v. Crowninshield 17 U.S. 122 (1819) constitutionality of state bankruptcy laws
Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward 17 U.S. 518 (1819) impairment of contracts

1820–1839

Case name Citation Summary
Cohens v. Virginia 19 U.S. 264 (1821) judicial review of state supreme court decisions
Johnson v. M'Intosh 21 U.S. 8 (1823) inability of Native Americans to own land
Gibbons v. Ogden 22 U.S. 1 (1824) Congressional power to regulate interstate commerce
Osborn v. Bank of the United States 22 U.S. 738 (1824) scope of Article III jurisdiction; interpretation of the 11th Amendment
The Antelope 23 U.S. 66 (1825) The Supreme Court's initial consideration of the legitimacy of the international slave trade.
Ogden v. Saunders 25 U.S. 213 (1827) state bankruptcy law
American Ins. Co. v. 356 Bales of Cotton 26 U.S. 511 (1828) The Territorial Clause and the ability of Congress to set up Article I tribunals
Willson v. Black-Bird Creek Marsh Co. 27 U.S. 245 (1829) Dormant Commerce Clause
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia 30 U.S. 1 (1831) Indian nations as foreign states
Worcester v. Georgia 31 U.S. 515 (1832) Indian removal
Barron v. Baltimore 32 U.S. 243 (1833) reach of the Bill of Rights
Ex Parte Madrazzo 32 U.S. 627 (1833) standing in an admiralty case
Wheaton v. Peters 33 U.S. 591 (1834) copyright perpetuity; common law copyright
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney, March 28, 1836
United States v. Segui 35 U.S. 306 (1836) upholding the validity of a Spanish land grant in Florida
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge 36 U.S. 420 (1837) Contract Clause of the Constitution

1840–1859

Case name Citation Summary
The Amistad 40 U.S. 518 (1841) slave trade and slave ownership
Swift v. Tyson 41 U.S. 1 (1842) Federal common law in diversity jurisdiction cases, later overturned
Prigg v. Pennsylvania 41 U.S. 539 (1842) runaway slaves
Luther v. Borden 48 U.S. 1 (1849) guarantee clause of Article Four of the United States Constitution
Passenger Cases 48 U.S. 283 (1849) taxation of immigrants, constitutionality of state laws regarding foreign commerce
Sheldon v. Sill 49 U.S. 441 (1850) Congressional control of the jurisdiction of the lower federal courts
Hotchkiss v. Greenwood 52 U.S. 248 (1850) Early standard for non-obviousness in United States patent law
Strader v. Graham 51 U.S. 82 (1851) slavery and the application of state laws thereof
Cooley v. Board of Wardens 53 U.S. 299 (1852) pilotage laws under the Commerce Clause
Dred Scott v. Sandford 60 U.S. 393 (1857) slavery, the definition of citizenship
Ableman v. Booth 62 U.S. 506 (1859) The contradiction of Federal law by States

1860–1869

Case name Citation Summary
Prize Cases 67 U.S. 635 (1863) presidential powers in wartime
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice Salmon Portland Chase, December 15, 1864
Ex parte Milligan 71 U.S. 2 (1866) habeas corpus, military tribunals
Ex parte Garland 71 U.S. 333 (1866) retroactive civil disability for former Confederate officers
Mississippi v. Johnson 71 U.S. 475 (1867) power of the Supreme Court to constitutionally issue an injunction directed at the President
Pervear v. Massachusetts 72 U.S. 475 (1866) upholding harsh penalty for violation of state liquor laws, and declining to apply Eighth Amendment to the states
Crandall v. Nevada 73 U.S. 35 (1868) Right to travel bars taxation of parties leaving a state
Georgia v. Stanton 73 U.S. 50 (1867) power of the Court to rule on constitutionality of Reconstruction Acts; parameters of the Court's jurisdiction
United States v. Kirby 74 U.S. 482 (1868) construction of criminal statutes
Ex parte McCardle 74 U.S. 506 (1868) congressional power to limit Supreme Court’s appellate jurisdiction
Texas v. White 74 U.S. 700 (1869) constitutionality of state secession
Ex parte Yerger 75 U.S. 85 (1869) habeas corpus case that became moot when Yerger was released before the court ruling; therefore not actually heard by the Supreme Court
Paul v. Virginia 75 U.S. 168 (1869) Privileges & Immunities Clause does not apply to corporations, Commerce Clause does not apply to insurance policies

1870–1879

Case name Citation Summary
Hepburn v. Griswold 75 U.S. 603 (1870) constitutionality of legal tender laws
Baker v. Morton 79 U.S. 150 (1870) land claims in the Nebraska Territory
United States v. Klein 80 U.S. 128 (1871) separation of powers
Taylor v. Taintor 83 U.S. 366 (1872) rights and responsibilities of bail bondsmen
Slaughterhouse Cases 83 U.S. 36 (1873) freedom of employment
Bradwell v. State of Illinois 83 U.S. 130 (1873) equal protection, exclusion of women from employment
Minor v. Happersett 88 U.S. 162 (1874) Fourteenth Amendment and the right to vote
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice Morrison Remick Waite, March 4, 1874
Totten v. United States 92 U.S. 105 (1875) jurisdiction over espionage agreements
United States v. Cruikshank 92 U.S. 542 (1875) application of the First and Second Amendments to the states
Munn v. Illinois 94 U.S. 113 (1876) corporations and agricultural regulation
Pennoyer v. Neff 95 U.S. 714 (1877) bases of personal jurisdiction over defendants
City of Elizabeth v. American Nicholson Pavement Co. 97 U.S. 126 (1878) experimental use exception to the on-sale bar in United States patent law
Reynolds v. United States 98 U.S. 145 (1878) polygamy and freedom of religion
Wilkerson v. Utah 99 U.S. 130 (1878) capital punishment
Trade-Mark Cases 100 U.S. 82 (1879) Copyright Clause does not give Congress the power to regulate trademarks
Baker v. Selden 101 U.S. 99 (1879) differences between copyright & patent law

1880–1899

Case name Citation Summary
Strauder v. West Virginia 100 U.S. 303 (1880) exclusion of blacks from juries
Springer v. United States 102 U.S. 586 (1881) constitutionality of income tax set up by the Revenue Act of 1864
Kilbourn v. Thompson 103 U.S. 168 (1880) limitations on Congressional investigations
Egbert v. Lippmann 104 U.S. 333 (1881) early case concerning the on-sale bar in patent law
Pace v. Alabama 106 U.S. 583 (1883) affirmed that Alabama's anti-miscegenation statute banning interracial marriage and interracial sex was not a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment.
United States v. Harris (the Ku Klux Case) 106 U.S. 629 (1883) No Congressional power to pass ordinary criminal statutes
Civil Rights Cases 109 U.S. 3 (1883) power of federal government to prohibit racial discrimination by private parties
Ex parte Crow Dog 109 U.S. 556 (1883) repeal of law dealing with Native American Indians requires express language by Congress
Hurtado v. California 110 U.S. 516 (1884) no requirement that states use a grand jury to indict a defendant in a murder prosecution
Burrow-Giles Lithographic Co. v. Sarony 111 U.S. 53 (1884) copyrightability of photographs
New England Mutual Life Insurance Co. v. Woodworth 111 U.S. 138 (1884) insurance law
Elk v. Wilkins 112 U.S. 94 (1884) citizenship of native Americans
Head Money Cases 112 U.S. 580 (1884) treaties
Cole v. La Grange 113 U.S. 1 (1885) the court held that the Missouri legislature could not authorize a city to issue bonds to assist corporations in their private business.
Central Railroad & Banking Co. of Ga. v. Pettus 113 U.S. 116 (1885) An appeal regarding monies owed and a lein upon the roadbed, depots, side tracks, turnouts, trestles, and bridges owned and used by the appellants.
Avegno v. Schmidt 113 U.S. 293 (1885) title to mortgaged property confiscated by the U.S. government during the Civil War
Baylis v. Travellers' Ins. Co. 113 U.S. 316 (1885) right to trial by jury in a civil case
California Artificial Stone Paving Co. v. Molitor 113 U.S. 609 (1885) Patent infringement case on an improvement in concrete paving
Winona & St. Peter R. Co. v. Barney 113 U.S. 618 (1885) Public land grant for Railroad construction
Kansas Pacific R. Co. v. Dunmeyer 113 U.S. 629 (1885) Land ownership dispute
Schmieder v. Barney 113 U.S. 645 (1885) case regarding description of articles subject to duty
Camp v. United States 113 U.S. 648 (1885) case to recover an alleged balance due as compensation for collecting and delivering to the United States a large amount of cotton in bales which was captured and abandoned property
Maxwell's Executors v. Wilkinson 113 U.S. 656 (1885) writ of error brought by the executors of a former collector of the port of New York to reverse a judgment in an action brought against him by the defendant in error to recover duties paid by them on imported iron
Flagg v. Walker 113 U.S. 659 (1885) case where the deeds for several parcels of land were transferred from Flagg, who was in financial difficulty, to Walker in return for paying off Flagg's debts and profits from the sale against a mortgage for other property owned by Flagg.
Railroad Commission Cases 116 U.S. 307 (1886) contracts, police power, regulation of transport
Yick Wo v. Hopkins 118 U.S. 356 (1886) equal protection, racially-neutral laws administered in a discriminatory manner
United States v. Kagama 118 U.S. 375 (1886) federal court jurisdiction over crimes committed on Indian reservations
Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad 118 U.S. 394 (1886) corporate personhood
Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railway Company v. Illinois 118 U.S. 557 (1886) regulation of interstate commerce by individual states, creation of ICC
Ker v. Illinois 119 U.S. 436 (1886) legality of abduction of criminal suspect abroad
Runkle v. United States 122 U.S. 543 (1887) the president cannot delegate the power vested in him to pass finally upon the sentence when he is the only person to whom has been committed the judicial power of making a final determination
The Telephone Cases 126 U.S. 1 (1888) patent law
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice Melville Weston Fuller, October 8, 1888
Kidd v. Pearson 128 U.S. 1 (1888) Scope of the Commerce Clause
Dent v. West Virginia 129 U.S. 114 (1889) state licensing of doctors
Botiller v. Dominguez 130 U.S. 238 (1889) validity of Spanish and Mexican land grants within the Mexican Cession
Davis v. Beason 133 U.S. 333 (1890) United States federal courts have jurisdiction to hear charges related to polygamy even though it be part of a religious belief
Hans v. Louisiana 134 U.S. 1 (1890) sovereign immunity of states, interpreting the Eleventh Amendment
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad v. Minnesota 134 U.S. 418 (1890) states and railway fees
In re Neagle 135 U.S. 1 (1890) authority of the U.S. Attorney General to appoint U.S. Marshals as bodyguards to Supreme Court Justices
LDS Church v. United States 136 U.S. 1 (1890) upheld revocation of LDS Church charter and confiscation of church property
In re Ross 140 U.S. 453 (1891) application of U.S. law to foreign sailors on U.S. flagged ships while in another country
Holy Trinity Church v. United States 143 U.S. 457 (1892) contracts with foreign citizens, religion
Illinois Central Railroad v. Illinois 146 U.S. 387 (1892) railroad land dispute, public trust doctrine
Nix v. Hedden 149 U.S. 304 (1893) status of the tomato as fruit or vegetable under Tariff Act of 1883
Schillinger v. United States 155 U.S. 163 (1894) sovereign immunity forbids suit against the Federal government for patent infringement
United States v. E. C. Knight Co. 156 U.S. 1 (1895) antitrust action; “Sugar Trust Case”
Sparf v. United States 156 U.S. 51 (1895) jury instructions
Coffin v. United States 156 U.S. 432 (1895) the presumption of innocence
In re Debs 158 U.S. 564 (1895) strikes and interstate commerce
Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. 158 U.S. 601 (1895) income tax and tariffs
Hilton v. Guyot 159 U.S. 113 (1895) doctrine of comity
Rosen v. United States 161 U.S. 29 (1896) defendant's ability to inspect evidence at obscenity trial overcame objection that indictment was too vague
Geer v. Connecticut 161 U.S. 519 (1896) states owned the wild animals within their borders and can strictly regulate their management and harvest
Talton v. Mayes 163 U.S. 376 (1896) individual rights in U.S. Constitution not applicable to tribal governments
Plessy v. Ferguson 163 U.S. 537 (1896) segregation; "separate but equal"
United States v. Ball 163 U.S. 662 (1896) double jeopardy
Allgeyer v. Louisiana 165 U.S. 578 (1897) Freedom of contract
United States v. Trans-Missouri Freight Association 166 U.S. 290 (1897) railroads and rate fixing
Interstate Commerce Commission v. Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Railway Co. 167 U.S. 479 (1897) powers of an administrative agency
Barrett v. United States 169 U.S. 218 (1898) South Carolina had not been subdivided into separate federal judicial districts
Holden v. Hardy 169 U.S. 366 (1898) working hours of miners
United States v. Wong Kim Ark 169 U.S. 649 (1898) citizenship and race
Hawker v. New York 170 U.S. 189 (1898) character and doctor’s licenses
Williams v. Mississippi 170 U.S. 213 (1898) literacy tests
Brown v. New Jersey 175 U.S. 172 (1899) use of a struck jury
Malony v. Adsit 175 U.S. 281 (1899) trial judge must authenticate bill of exceptions
Cumming v. Richmond County Board of Education 175 U.S. 528 (1899) segregation in public schools

1900–1909

Case name Citation Summary
The Paquete Habana 175 U.S. 677 (1900) prize in admiralty law and customary international law
Marks v. Shoup 181 U.S. 562 (1901) Property issues
Insular Cases
   DeLima v. Bidwell 182 U.S. 1 (1901) constitutional status of Puerto Rico and the Philippines
   Goetze v. United States 182 U.S. 221 (1901)
   Armstrong v. United States 182 U.S. 243 (1901)
   Downes v. Bidwell 182 U.S. 244 (1901)
   Huus v. New York & Porto Rico S.S. Co. 182 U.S. 392 (1901)
   Dooley v. United States 183 U.S. 151 (1901)
   Fourteen Diamond Rings v. United States 183 U.S. 176 (1901)
Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock 187 U.S. 553 (1903) power of Congress to abrogate treaties with Native American tribes
Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographing Company 188 U.S. 239 (1903) copyright protection of illustrations made for advertisements
Champion v. Ames 188 U.S. 321 (1903) Congressional Commerce Clause regulation of lottery tickets
Giles v. Harris 189 U.S. 475 (1903) voting rights, Eleventh Amendment
Hawaii v. Manikichi 190 U.S. 197 (1903) sometimes considered one of the Insular Cases
Missouri, Kansas, & Texas Railway Company of Texas v. Clay May 194 U.S. 267 (1904) 14th Amendment permits law which penalizes railroads for allowing weeds to grow
Kepner v. United States 195 U.S. 100 (1904) sometimes considered one of the Insular Cases
Dorr v. United States 195 U.S. 138 (1904) sometimes considered one of the Insular Cases
Gonzales v. Williams 192 U.S. 1 (1904) Puerto Ricans and illegal aliens
Northern Securities Co. v. United States 193 U.S. 197 (1904) Antitrust, application of the Sherman Antitrust Act
Swift & Co. v. United States 196 U.S. 375 (1905) Commerce Clause, to regulate monopolies
Rasmussen v. United States 197 U.S. 516 (1905) sometimes considered one of the Insular Cases
Lochner v. New York 198 U.S. 45 (1905) freedom of contract, substantive due process
Harris v. Balk 198 U.S. 215 (1905) quasi in rem jurisdiction
Chicago Board of Trade v. Christie Grain 198 U.S. 236 (1905) upholding power of Chicago Board of Trade to regulate futures contracts
Hale v. Henkel 201 U.S. 43 (1906) witness testimony in antitrust cases
Northwestern National Life Insurance Co. v. Riggs 203 U.S. 243 (1906) upheld power of states to regulate insurance contracts against Fourteenth Amendment challenge
United States v. Shipp 203 U.S. 563 (1906) Only criminal trial in the court's history. Lynching.
Adair v. United States 208 U.S. 161 (1908) "Yellow Dog contract"
Loewe v. Lawlor 208 U.S. 274 (1908) Sherman Antitrust Act applied against labor union boycott
Muller v. Oregon 208 U.S. 412 (1908) protective labor laws, protection of women
White-Smith Music Publishing Company v. Apollo Company 209 U.S. 1 (1908) manufacturers of player pianos need not pay royalties to copyright holders of music
Ex parte Young 209 U.S. 123 (1908) exception to sovereign immunity under the Eleventh Amendment
Ware & Leland v. Mobile County 209 U.S. 405 (1908) contracts for the sales of cotton for future delivery that do not oblige interstate shipments are not subjects of interstate commerce, and are taxable by states
Bobbs-Merrill Co. v. Straus 210 U.S. 339 (1908) First-sale doctrine, copyright holder cannot control resale prices by use of licenses
Londoner v. City and County of Denver 210 U.S. 373 (1908) role of due process in administrative rulemaking
Continental Paper Bag Co. v. Eastern Paper Bag Co. 210 U.S. 405 (1908) patent and antitrust
Berea College v. Kentucky 211 U.S. 45 (1908) state laws and segregation of educational facilities
Twining v. New Jersey 211 U.S. 78 (1908) Fifth Amendment does not apply to state trials
Louisville & Nashville Railroad Co. v. Mottley 211 U.S. 149 (1908) federal question jurisdiction, the "well-pleaded complaint rule"
Bailey v. Alabama 211 U.S. 452 (1908) peonage laws and the Thirteenth Amendment
Moyer v. Peabody 212 U.S. 78 (1909) citizens' rights during insurrection
Welch v. Swasey 214 U.S. 91 (1909) Massachusetts' statute restricting building heights is constitutional

1910–1919

Case name Citation Summary
Elevation of Chief Justice Edward Douglass White, December 19, 1910
Weems v. United States 217 U.S. 349 (1910) cruel and unusual punishment
Bailey v. Alabama 219 U.S. 219 (1911) Advisory opinion overturned peonage laws
Muskrat v. United States 219 U.S. 346 (1911) Advisory opinion doctrine
Flint v. Stone Tracy Co. 220 U.S. 107 (1911) constitutionality of corporate income tax
United States v. Grimaud 220 U.S. 506 (1911) control of forest reserves
Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States 221 U.S. 1 (1910) dissolving interstate monopolies
Dowdell v. United States 221 U.S. 325 (1911) sometimes considered one of the Insular Cases
Gompers v. Buck's Stove and Range Co. 221 U.S. 418 (1911) contempt for violating an injunction against a worker's boycott
Hoke v. United States 227 U.S. 308 (1913) upheld the Mann Act, but held that Congress could not regulate prostitution
Bauer & Cie. v. O'Donnell 229 U.S. 1 (1913) extensions of patents by use of licenses, rights of copyright holder regarding “use” of copyrighted works
Charlton v. Kelly 229 U.S. 447 (1913) procedures to approve extradition of criminal suspect to another country
Stratton's Independence, Ltd. v. Howbert 231 U.S. 399 (1913)
Weeks v. United States 232 U.S. 383 (1914) establishment of the exclusionary rule for illegally obtained evidence
Ocampo v. United States 234 U.S. 91 (1914) sometimes considered one of the Insular Cases
Shreveport Rate Case 234 U.S. 342 (1914) Commerce clause, regulation of intrastate railroad rates
Coppage v. Kansas 236 U.S. 1 (1915) Economic due process and yellow-dog contracts
Burdick v. United States 236 U.S. 79 (1915) Legal effect of a pardon
Mutual Film Corporation v. Industrial Commission of Ohio 236 U.S. 230 (1915) free speech and the censorship of motion pictures
Guinn v. United States 238 U.S. 347 (1915) constitutionality of Oklahoma's "grandfather law" used to disenfranchise African-American voters
Hadacheck v. Sebastian 239 U.S. 394 (1915) municipal regulation of land use
Bi-Metallic Investment Co. v. State Board of Equalization 239 U.S. 441 (1915) denial of due process procedural protections for legislative and rulemaking acts, as opposed to adjudicatory proceedings
Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad 240 U.S. 1 (1916) power to tax income under the Sixteenth Amendment
Stanton v. Baltic Mining Co. 240 U.S. 103 (1916) power to tax income under the Sixteenth Amendment
Georgia, Florida, & Alabama Railway Co. v. Blish Milling Co. 241 U.S. 190 (1916) responsibilities of parties under a bill of lading
United States v. Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola 241 U.S. 265 (1916) case brought against Coca-Cola under the Pure Food and Drug Act
United States v. Oppenheimer 242 U.S. 85 (1916) doctrine of res judicata applies to criminal cases
American Well Works Co. v. Layne & Bowler Co. 241 U.S. 257 (1916) scope of federal question jurisdiction in patent law case
Caminetti v. United States 242 U.S. 470 (1917) Mann Act applies to consensual extramarital sex
Bunting v. Oregon 243 U.S. 426 (1917) Labor law, ten-hour workday
Adams v. Tanner 244 U.S. 590 (1917) Substantive due process, state's prohibition of employment agencies was unconstitutional under the Fourteenth Amendment
Buchanan v. Warley 245 U.S. 60 (1917) constitutionality of local ordinance compelling racial segregation of residential housing
Chicago Board of Trade v. United States 246 U.S. 231 (1918) Rules of a commodities exchange examined under rule of reason
Hammer v. Dagenhart 247 U.S. 251 (1918) Congressional power to regulate child labor under the Commerce Clause
International News Service v. Associated Press 248 U.S. 215 (1918) property rights in news
Schenck v. United States 249 U.S. 47 (1919) freedom of speech, “clear and present danger”, “shouting fire in a crowded theater
Debs v. United States 249 U.S. 211 (1919) sedition
Abrams v. United States 250 U.S. 616 (1919) validity of criminalizing criticism of the government

1920–1929

Case name Citation Summary
Silverthorne Lumber Co. v. United States 251 U.S. 385 (1920) Fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine in a tax evasion case
Eisner v. Macomber 252 U.S. 189 (1920) pro rata stock dividend not taxable income
Missouri v. Holland 252 U.S. 416 (1920) states’ rights
United States v. Wheeler 254 U.S. 281 (1920) Privileges and Immunities Clause and kidnapping
Smith v. Kansas City Title & Trust Co. 255 U.S. 180 (1921) federal question jurisdiction in state corporate law matter
Newberry v. United States 256 U.S. 232 (1921) Congress lacks the power to regulate primary elections
Dillon v. Gloss 256 U.S. 368 (1921) Constitutional amendment process
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice William Howard Taft, July 11, 1921
United States v. Phellis 257 U.S. 156 (1921) shares in a subsidiary corporation issued to stockholders in the parent corporation considered taxable income
Leser v. Garnett 258 U.S. 130 (1922) constitutionality of Nineteenth Amendment
Balzac v. Porto Rico 258 U.S. 298 (1922) sometimes considered one of the Insular Cases
United States v. Moreland 258 U.S. 433 (1922) Fifth Amendment, hard labor in prison
Child Labor Tax Case 259 U.S. 20 (1922) docket title Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Co., found the Child Labor Tax Law of 1919 was not a valid use of Congress' power under the Taxing and Spending Clause
Hill v. Wallace 259 U.S. 44 (1922) use of congressional taxing power under the Taxing and Spending Clause; relationship to Commerce Clause
Federal Baseball Club v. National League 259 U.S. 200 (1922) baseball and antitrust regulation
Wyoming v. Colorado 259 U.S. 419 (1922) whether Colorado could divert water from the Laramie River, an interstate stream system
Takao Ozawa v. United States 260 U.S. 178 (1922) naturalization and race (Japanese-American)
Pennsylvania Coal Co. v. Mahon 260 U.S. 393 (1922) Substantive Due Process, Takings clause of the Fifth Amendment
Moore v. Dempsey 261 U.S. 86 (1923) mob-dominated trials, federal writ of habeas corpus, due process
United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind 261 U.S. 204 (1923) naturalization and race (Indian-American)
Adkins v. Children's Hospital 261 U.S. 525 (1923) freedom of contract, minimum wage laws
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Co. v. United States 261 U.S. 592 (1923) creation of implied-in-fact contracts
Board of Trade of City of Chicago v. Olsen 262 U.S. 1 (1923) constitutionality of the Grain Futures Act under the Commerce Clause
Meyer v. Nebraska 262 U.S. 390 (1923) constitutionality of law prohibiting teaching of foreign languages; substantive due process
Frothingham v. Mellon 262 U.S. 447 (1923) rejection of taxpayer standing
Rindge Co. v. County of Los Angeles 262 U.S. 700 (1923) eminent domain and the building of a scenic road
Rooker v. Fidelity Trust Co. 263 U.S. 413 (1923) review of state court decisions by U.S. District Courts
Chung Fook v. White 264 U.S. 443 (1924) Interpretation of Immigration Act of 1917; marked end of era of strict plain meaning interpretation of statutes
United States v. Ninety-Five Barrels (More or Less) Alleged Apple Cider Vinegar 265 U.S. 438 (1924) legality of misleading but factually accurate packaging statements under the Pure Food and Drug Act
Carroll v. United States 267 U.S. 132 (1925) whether police searches of automobiles without a warrant violate the Fourth Amendment
Samuels v. McCurdy 267 U.S. 188 (1925) Whether the ban on continued possession of previously legal contraband (alcohol in this case) constitutes an ex post facto law
George W. Bush & Sons Co. v. Maloy 267 U.S. 317 (1925) Dormant Commerce Clause; states are not permitted to regulate common carriers engaged in interstate commerce on state highways
Linder v. United States 268 U.S. 5 (1925) prosecution of physicians under the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act
Irwin v. Gavit 268 U.S. 161 (1925) taxation of income from a trust
Pierce v. Society of Sisters 268 U.S. 510 (1925) privacy
Gitlow v. New York 268 U.S. 652 (1925) prosecution of seditious speech
Bowers v. Kerbaugh-Empire Co. 271 U.S. 170 (1926) taxation of reduced loss on exchanged currency
Myers v. United States 272 U.S. 52 (1926) Presidential authority to remove executive branch officials
Village of Euclid, Ohio v. Ambler Realty Co. 272 U.S. 365 (1926) zoning, due process
United States v. General Electric Co. 272 U.S. 476 (1926) patentee who grants a single license to a competitor to manufacture the patented product may lawfully fix the price at which the licensee may sell the product
Farrington v. Tokushige 273 U.S. 284 (1927) constitutionality of anti-foreign language statute in the Territory of Hawaii under the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment
Nixon v. Herndon 273 U.S. 536 (1927) challenging the white primaries in Texas
Buck v. Bell 274 U.S. 200 (1927) compulsory sterilization, eugenics
Hess v. Pawloski 274 U.S. 352 (1927) consent to in personam jurisdiction
Whitney v. California 274 U.S. 357 (1927) prosecution of criminal syndicalism
Gong Lum v. Rice 275 U.S. 78 (1927) admission of Chinese girl to school for White children in Mississippi
New Mexico v. Texas 275 U.S. 279 (1927) determination of the border between New Mexico and Texas
Miller v. Schoene 276 U.S. 272 (1928) Substantive due process, takings clause
Black and White Taxicab Co. v. Brown and Yellow Taxicab Co. 276 U.S. 518 (1928) what law is to be applied when courts sit in diversity jurisdiction
Olmstead v. United States 277 U.S. 438 (1928) admissibility of illegally-obtained phone wiretaps as evidence
Wisconsin v. Illinois 278 U.S. 367 (1930) federal power over state interests, Chicago Sanitary Canal
Taft v. Bowers 278 U.S. 470 (1929) taxation of a gift of shares of stock under the Sixteenth Amendment (Chief Justice Taft did not participate)
United States v. Schwimmer 279 U.S. 644 (1929) denial of naturalization to a pacifist, overruled by Girouard v. United States (1946)
Pocket Veto Case 279 U.S. 655 (1929) constitutionality of the pocket veto
Old Colony Trust Co. v. Commissioner 279 U.S. 716 (1929) third-party payment of income tax, effect of Revenue Act of 1926

1930–1939

Case name Citation Summary
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes, February 24, 1930
Lucas v. Earl 281 U.S. 111 (1930) origin of Assignment of income doctrine, contract to divide income between husband and wife
United States v. Sprague 282 U.S. 716 (1931) Tenth Amendment
McBoyle v. United States 283 U.S. 25 (1931) National Motor Vehicle Theft Act held not to apply to aircraft
Stromberg v. California 283 U.S. 359 (1931) constitutionality of California red flag-banning statute, freedom of symbolic speech
Burnet v. Logan 283 U.S. 404 (1931) Cost basis must be recovered before taxpayer realizes any taxable income
Near v. Minnesota 283 U.S. 697 (1931) freedom of speech, prior restraints
United States v. Kirby Lumber Co. 284 U.S. 1 (1931) taxation of gain on reduction of debt
Blackmer v. United States 284 U.S. 421 (1932) International law and 5th Amendment allowed U.S. government to retain jurisdiction over its citizens abroad
Blockburger v. United States 284 U.S. 299 (1932) standard for double jeopardy
Crowell v. Benson 285 U.S. 22 (1932) upholding adjudication of private rights by an administrative agency, not an Article III court
New State Ice Co. v. Liebmann 285 U.S. 262 (1932) substantive due process
Nixon v. Condon 286 U.S. 73 (1932) White primaries in Texas violated Equal Protection Clause
North American Oil Consolidated v. Burnet 286 U.S. 417 (1932) claim of right doctrine in U.S. tax law
Powell v. Alabama 287 U.S. 45 (1932) access to counsel
Sorrells v. United States 287 U.S. 435 (1932) Entrapment recognized as a valid defense
Home Building & Loan Association v. Blaisdell 290 U.S. 398 (1934) Minnesota's suspension of creditor's remedies did not violate the Contract Clause
Burroughs v. United States 290 U.S. 534 (1934) upholding the constitutionality of the Federal Corrupt Practices Act
Nebbia v. New York 291 U.S. 502 (1934) Substantive Due Process, economic regulation
Panama Refining Co. v. Ryan 293 U.S. 388 (1935) delegation of authority, New Deal
Gregory v. Helvering 293 U.S. 465 (1935) tax law, business purpose doctrine
Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States 295 U.S. 495 (1935) interstate commerce, New Deal
Humphrey's Executor v. United States 295 U.S. 602 (1935) administrative action, separation of powers
Pacific States Box & Basket Co. v. White 296 U.S. 176 (1935) early case on standard of review for regulations
Fox Film Corp. v. Muller 296 U.S. 207 (1935) contract dispute, "adequate and independent state ground"
United States v. Constantine 296 U.S. 287 (1935) taxation of liquor
United States v. Butler 297 U.S. 1 (1936) Taxation power, Tenth Amendment
Grosjean v. American Press Co. 297 U.S. 233 (1936) Freedom of the press, taxation of newspapers
Brown v. Mississippi 297 U.S. 278 (1936) coerced confessions by means of violence
Wallace v. Cutten 298 U.S. 229 (1936) application of the Grain Futures Act
Valentine v. United States 299 U.S. 5 (1936) extradition powers of the executive branch
Bourdieu v. Pacific Western Oil Co. 299 U.S. 65 (1936) U.S. government as an indispensable party
United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. 299 U.S. 304 (1936) export restrictions, Presidential power over international commerce
DeJonge v. Oregon 299 U.S. 353 (1937) 14th Amendment applied to freedom of assembly
West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish 300 U.S. 379 (1937) freedom of contract, minimum wage laws; “the switch in time that saved nine
National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation 301 U.S. 1 (1937) interstate commerce; another consequence of “the switch in time that saved nine”
Steward Machine Company v. Davis 301 U.S. 548 (1937) Court upholds the unemployment insurance provisions of the Social Security Act
Bogardus v. Commissioner 302 U.S. 34 (1937) distinction between taxable compensation and tax-exempt gifts under the Internal Revenue Code
Palko v. Connecticut 302 U.S. 319 (1937) selective incorporation, double jeopardy
Connecticut General Life Insurance Company v. Johnson 303 U.S. 77 (1938)
Lovell v. City of Griffin 303 U.S. 444 (1938) City ordinance requiring official permission to distribute literature held unconstitutionally broad
New Negro Alliance v. Sanitary Grocery Co. 303 U.S. 552 (1938) safeguard right to boycott and chips away at discriminatory hiring practices against African Americans
Hale v. Kentucky 303 U.S. 613 (1938) exclusion of African Americans from juries
Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins 304 U.S. 64 (1938) limiting general federal common law by requiring that state law apply except where federal law exists
Hinderlider v. La Plata River & Cherry Creek Ditch 304 U.S. 92 (1938) reaffirming existence of federal common law in other cases
United States v. Carolene Products Co. 304 U.S. 144 (1938) interstate commerce, substantive due process, and (in footnote four) equal protection
NLRB v. Mackay Radio & Telegraph Co. 304 U.S. 333 (1938) Striking workers continue to be employees within the meaning of the National Labor Relations Act, but use of strikebreakers is permissible
Johnson v. Zerbst 304 U.S. 458 (1938) Sixth Amendment right to counsel in federal criminal cases
Collins v. Yosemite Park & Curry Co. 304 U.S. 518 (1938) Twenty-first Amendment and the enforcement of state liquor laws in U.S. national parks
Kellogg Co. v. National Biscuit Co. 305 U.S. 111 (1938) patent holder has no remedy in unfair competition law against competitor selling similar goods under a non-trademarked name after patent expires—prelude to functionality doctrine
Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada 305 U.S. 337 (1938) chipping away at separate but equal education
United States v. Miller 307 U.S. 174 (1939) Second Amendment, right to bear arms
Coleman v. Miller 307 U.S. 433 (1939) length of time proposed Constitutional amendments remain pending
Hague v. CIO 307 U.S. 496 (1939) labor unions and freedom of assembly
Schneider v. New Jersey 308 U.S. 147 (1939) enforcement of littering ordinances and free speech

1940–1949

Case name Citation Summary
Chambers v. Florida 309 U.S. 227 (1940) coerced confessions in a murder case
Helvering v. Bruun 309 U.S. 461 (1940) A landlord realizes a taxable gain when he repossesses property improved by a tenant
Thornhill v. Alabama 310 U.S. 88 (1940) free speech clause of First Amendment includes peaceful labor picketing
Cantwell v. Connecticut 310 U.S. 296 (1940) incorporated Free Exercise Clause
United States v. American Trucking Associations 310 U.S. 534 (1940) Motor Carrier Act of 1935 did not empower the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate all employees of common and contract motor carriers, but rather only those whose duties affect safety of operation
Minersville School District v. Gobitis 310 U.S. 586 (1940) saluting the flag
Hansberry v. Lee 311 U.S. 32 (1940) res judicata may not bind a subsequent plaintiff who had no opportunity to be represented in the earlier civil action
Helvering v. Horst 311 U.S. 112 (1940) refinement of assignment of income doctrine
Sibbach v. Wilson 312 U.S. 1 (1941) Erie doctrine, applicability of Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
Railroad Commission v. Pullman Co. 312 U.S. 496 (1941) Abstention doctrine
Cox v. New Hampshire 312 U.S. 569 (1941) petitions on public property
United States v. Darby Lumber Co. 312 U.S. 100 (1941) power of the United States Congress to regulate employment conditions; Commerce Clause
United States v. Classic 313 U.S. 299 (1941) power of the federal government to regulate primary elections
Elevation of Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone, July 3, 1941
Edwards v. California 314 U.S. 160 (1941) Commerce Clause, privileges and immunities clause of the 14th Amendment
Lisenba v. People of State of California 314 U.S. 219 (1941) death penalty
Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire 315 U.S. 568 (1942) fighting words
Valentine v. Chrestensen 316 U.S. 52 (1942) holding that commercial speech is unprotected by the 1st Amendment
United States v. Univis Lens Co. 316 U.S. 241 (1942) exhaustion doctrine under U.S. patent law and its relation to price fixing
Betts v. Brady 316 U.S. 455 (1942) due process, incorporation
Skinner v. Oklahoma 316 U.S. 535 (1942) compulsory sterilization, eugenics
Jones v. City of Opelika I 316 U.S. 584 (1942) holding a statute prohibiting the sale of books without a license was constitutional
Ex parte Quirin 317 U.S. 1 (1942) military tribunals for enemy spies
Wickard v. Filburn 317 U.S. 111 (1942) Commerce Clause
Williams et al. v. State of North Carolina 317 U.S. 287 (1942) Divorce and marriage recognition between states
Parker v. Brown 317 U.S. 341 (1943) Parker immunity doctrine in United States antitrust law
Clearfield Trust Co. v. United States 318 U.S. 363 (1943) Negotiable instruments, Federal common law
Largent v. State of Texas 318 U.S. 418 (1943) city ordinance requiring permits in order to solicit orders for books is unconstitutional as applied to the distribution of religious publications
Jones v. City of Opelika II 319 U.S. 103 (1943) Overruling Jones v. City of Opelika I on rehearing
Murdock v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 319 U.S. 105 (1943) licensing fee for door-to-door solicitors was an unconstitutional tax on the Jehovah's Witnesses' right to freely exercise their religion—decided same day as Jones v. City of Opelika II
Martin v. Struthers 319 U.S. 141 (1943) law prohibiting the distribution of handbills door-to-door violated the First Amendment rights of a Jehovah's Witness--decided same day as Jones v. City of Opelika II
Douglas v. City of Jeannette 319 U.S. 157 (1943) restraint of criminal prosecution for violation of ordinance disputed in Murdock v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania--decided same day as Jones v. City of Opelika II
National Broadcasting Co. Inc. v. United States 319 U.S. 190 (1943) regulation of broadcasting networks
Burford v. Sun Oil Co. 319 U.S. 315 (1943) Abstention doctrine
Altvater v. Freeman 319 U.S. 359 (1943) justiciability and declaratory judgments
Galloway v. United States 319 U.S. 372 (1943) directed verdict, 7th Amendment
Oklahoma Tax Commission v. United States 319 U.S. 598 (1943) restricted Indian land is exempt from state estate taxes
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette 319 U.S. 624 (1943) 1st Amendment, establishment of religion (Pledge of Allegiance)
Hirabayashi v. United States 320 U.S. 81 (1943) curfews against members of a minority group during a war with their country of origin
Yasui v. United States 320 U.S. 115 (1943) validity of curfews against U.S. citizens of a minority group during war
Prince v. Massachusetts 321 U.S. 158 (1944) religious liberty and child labor
Follett v. Town of McCormick 321 U.S. 573 (1944) licensing fees for distribution of religious materials violates freedom of religion
Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad Co. v. Muscoda Local No. 123 321 U.S. 590 (1944) miners' travel time was "work" under the Fair Labor Standards Act
Smith v. Allwright 321 U.S. 649 (1944) voting rights, segregation
United States v. Ballard 322 U.S. 78 (1944) religious fraud
NLRB v. Hearst Publications 322 U.S. 111 (1944) determining whether newsboys are employees or independent contractors for the purposes of the National Labor Relations Act
United States v. South-Eastern Underwriters Association 322 U.S. 533 (1944) applying Sherman Antitrust Act to insurance contracts
Skidmore v. Swift & Co. 323 U.S. 134 (1944) early standard for judicial review of interpretive rules made by government agencies
Korematsu v. United States 323 U.S. 214 (1944) Japanese Internment camps
Ex parte Endo 323 U.S. 283 (1944) Japanese-American internment and loyalty, decided same day as Korematsu
United States v. Willow River Power Co. 324 U.S. 499 (1945) nature of property rights which constitute a compensable taking
Cramer v. United States 325 U.S. 1 (1945) conviction for treason
Jewell Ridge Coal Corp. v. United Mine Workers of America 325 U.S. 161 (1945) underground travel time of coal miners was considered compensable work time under the Fair Labor Standards Act
Southern Pacific Company v. Arizona 325 U.S. 761 (1945) Dormant Commerce Clause
Guaranty Trust Co. v. York 326 U.S. 99 (1945) Interpretation of the Erie Doctrine
United States v. Detroit & Cleveland Nav. Co. 326 U.S. 236 (1945) regulation of common carrier capacity under the Interstate Commerce Act
International Shoe Co. v. Washington 326 U.S. 310 (1945) personal jurisdiction of states over corporations in other states
Commissioner v. Flowers 326 U.S. 465 (1946) tax deduction for travel expenses under the Internal Revenue Code
Marsh v. Alabama 326 U.S. 501 (1946) First and Fourteenth Amendments still applicable against a company town
Tucker v. Texas 326 U.S. 517 (1946) Local ordinance prohibiting distribution of religious literature violated Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment
Estep v. United States 327 U.S. 114 (1946) judicial review of draft board determinations
Duncan v. Kahanamoku 327 U.S. 304 (1946) constitutionality of military tribunals under the Hawaiian Organic Act
Commissioner v. Wilcox 327 U.S. 404 (1946) embezzled funds not considered taxable income, later overruled by James v. United States
Lavender v. Kurn 327 U.S. 645 (1946) sufficiency of evidence to send a case to a jury
North American Co. v. Securities and Exchange Commission 327 U.S. 686 (1946) utility divestiture under the Public Utility Holding Company Act
Girouard v. United States 328 U.S. 61 (1946) pacifism is not a reason to deny an immigrant citizenship. Overturned United States v. Schwimmer (1929).
United States v. Causby 328 U.S. 256 (1946) the ancient common law doctrine of ad coelum has no legal effect "in the modern world."
Securities and Exchange Commission v. W. J. Howey Co. 328 U.S. 293 (1946) definition of "investment contract" under the Securities Act of 1933
Colegrove v. Green 328 U.S. 549 (1946) federal courts had no power to become involved in state legislative apportionment—later overruled by Baker v. Carr
Pinkerton v. United States 328 U.S. 640 (1946) the doctrine of conspiracy, Pinkerton Liability
Anderson v. Mt. Clemens Pottery Co. 328 U.S. 680 (1946) Girouard v. United States, 328 U.S. 61 (1946) Preliminary work activities are covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice Frederick Moore Vinson, June 24, 1946
United States v. Carmack 329 U.S. 230 (1946) land held by a local government is still subject to eminent domain by the federal government
Hickman v. Taylor 329 U.S. 495 (1947) work-product doctrine
Everson v. Board of Education 330 U.S. 1 (1947) First Amendment, establishment of religion
U.S. Public Workers v. Mitchell 330 U.S. 75 (1947) Hatch Act of 1940
United States v. United Mine Workers 330 U.S. 258 (1947) injunction against a strike action
Crane v. Commissioner 331 U.S. 1 (1947) determination of basis of property secured by a nonrecourse mortgage
Adamson v. California 332 U.S. 46 (1947) Fifth Amendment, incorporation
International Salt Co. v. United States 332 U.S. 392 (1947) tying arrangements under the Sherman Act
Cox v. United States 332 U.S. 442 (1947) scope of review for Jehovah's Witness classified as conscientious objector
Sipuel v. Board of Regents of Univ. of Okla. 332 U.S. 631 (1948) Fourteenth Amendment, segregation
Oyama v. California 332 U.S. 633 (1948) California Alien Land Laws, equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment
Woods v. Cloyd W. Miller Co. 333 U.S. 138 (1948) War Powers Clause
McCollum v. Board of Education 333 U.S. 203 (1948) Separation of church and state, constitutionality of released time in public schools
Shelley v. Kraemer 334 U.S. 1 (1948) equal protection, racial covenants
United States v. Paramount Pictures, Inc. 334 U.S. 131 (1948) Hollywood studios monopoly
Takahashi v. Fish and Game Commission 334 U.S. 410 (1948) statute denying commercial fishing licenses to aliens ineligible for citizenship held to violate Equal Protection Clause
Saia v. People of the State of New York 334 U.S. 558 (1948) ordinance which prohibited the use of sound amplification devices except with permission of the Chief of Police violates First Amendment
United States v. National City Lines Inc. 334 U.S. 573 (1948) General Motors streetcar conspiracy
United States v. Congress of Industrial Organizations 335 U.S. 106 (1948) Labor union's publication of statement urging members to vote for a certain candidate for Congress did not violate Taft-Hartley Act
Goesaert v. Cleary 335 U.S. 464 (1948) Upholding employment restrictions against female bartenders
H.P. Hood & Sons v. Du Mond 336 U.S. 525 (1949) Dormant Commerce Clause
Terminiello v. Chicago 337 U.S. 1 (1949) free speech and public order
United States v. Interstate Commerce Commission 337 U.S. 426 (1949) justiciability
Wheeling Steel Corp. v. Glander 337 U.S. 562 (1949) Fourteenth Amendment due process, Commerce Clause
Wolf v. Colorado 338 U.S. 25 (1949) Fourteenth Amendment, state court, evidence from unreasonable search and seizure
Hirota v. MacArthur 338 U.S. 197 (1948) the United States federal courts lacked the authority to review judgments of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East

1950–1959

Case name Citation Summary
Mullane v. Central Hanover Bank & Trust Co. 339 U.S. 306 (1950) proper legal notice in the settlement of a trust
Graver Tank & Manufacturing Co. v. Linde Air Products Co. 339 U.S. 605 (1950) patent law, doctrine of equivalents
Sweatt v. Painter 339 U.S. 629 (1950) segregation, separate but equal
McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents 339 U.S. 637 (1950) Fourteenth Amendment, segregation
Johnson v. Eisenträger 339 U.S. 763 (1950) jurisdiction of U.S. civilian courts over nonresident enemy aliens; habeas corpus
Henderson v. United States 339 U.S. 816 (1950) ending segregation in railroad dining cars
Feres v. United States 340 U.S. 135 (1950) Military exception to government liability under the Federal Tort Claims Act
Kiefer-Stewart Co. v. Seagram & Sons, Inc. 340 U.S. 211 (1951) agreement among competitors in interstate commerce to fix maximum resale prices of their products violates the Sherman Act
Kunz v. New York 340 U.S. 290 (1951) free speech restrictions must be "narrowly tailored"
Feiner v. New York 340 U.S. 315 (1951) Free speech v. public safety--decided same day as Kunz v. New York
Dean Milk Co. v. City of Madison, Wisconsin 340 U.S. 349 (1951) Dormant Commerce Clause
Universal Camera Corp. v. NLRB 340 U.S. 474 (1951) judicial review of agency decisions
Canton Railroad Company v. Rogan 340 U.S. 511 (1951) Maryland's franchise tax on imported and exported goods held not to violate the Import-Export Clause of the United States Constitution
Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee v. McGrath 341 U.S. 123 (1951) freedom of association
Dennis v. United States 341 U.S. 494 (1951) First Amendment and the Smith Act
Stack v. Boyle 342 U.S. 1 (1951) defines excessive bail
Rochin v. California 342 U.S. 165 (1952) restriction of police power
Morissette v. United States 342 U.S. 246 (1952) strict liability offenses
Dice v. Akron, Canton & Youngstown R. Co. 342 U.S. 359 (1952) reverse Erie doctrine, federal standard binding on state court
Perkins v. Benguet Mining Co. 342 U.S. 437 (1952) general personal jurisdiction over a business that was temporarily based in the court's jurisdiction
Frisbie v. Collins 342 U.S. 519 (1952) kidnapping of fugitives by state officials is constitutional
Ray v. Blair 343 U.S. 214 (1952) state rights in the electoral college
Beauharnais v. Illinois 343 U.S. 250 (1952) First Amendment and "group libel"
Zorach v. Clauson 343 U.S. 306 (1952) release time programs
Public Utilities Commission of the District of Columbia v. Pollak 343 U.S. 451 (1952) First and Fifth Amendment and street car playing music
Joseph Burstyn, Inc. v. Wilson 343 U.S. 495 (1952) First Amendment and the censorship of films
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer 343 U.S. 579 (1952) presidential power to seize steel mills during strike to ensure wartime production
Kawakita v. United States 343 U.S. 717 (1952) treason accusation against a person with dual citizenship.
Arrowsmith v. Commissioner 344 U.S. 6 (1952) Taxpayers classified a payment as an ordinary business loss, which would allow them to take a greater deduction for the loss than would be permitted for a capital loss
United States v. Reynolds 345 U.S. 1 (1953) State secrets privilege
Fowler v. Rhode Island 345 U.S. 67 (1953) ordinance construed to penalize a minister of Jehovah's Witnesses for preaching at a peaceful religious meeting in a public park unconstitutional
Poulos v. New Hampshire 345 U.S. 395 (1953) religious meetings and the Free Exercise Clause
Securities and Exchange Commission v. Ralston Purina Co. 346 U.S. 119 (1953) a corporation offering "key employees" stock shares is still subject to Section 4(1) of the Securities Act of 1933
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice Earl Warren, October 5, 1953
Toolson v. New York Yankees 346 U.S. 356 (1953) baseball antitrust exemption upheld
Wilko v. Swan 346 U.S. 427 (1953) Claims under Securities Act of 1933 not arbitrable
Miller Brothers Co. v. Maryland 347 U.S. 340 (1954) use tax imposed by one state against merchant in another state violated Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka 347 U.S. 483 (1954) segregation, "separate ... inherently unequal"
Hernandez v. Texas 347 U.S. 475 (1954) application of the Fourteenth Amendment to Mexican Americans
Bolling v. Sharpe 347 U.S. 497 (1954) segregation in the District of Columbia
United States v. Harriss 347 U.S. 612 (1954) constitutionality of The Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act of 1946
Berman v. Parker 348 U.S. 26 (1954) eminent domain, takings
United States v. International Boxing Club of New York 348 U.S. 236 (1955) boxing not exempt from antitrust regulation
Tee-Hit-Ton Indians v. United States 348 U.S. 272 (1955) Federal government did not owe Indian tribe compensation for timber taken from tribal-occupied lands in Alaska under the 5th Amendment
Commissioner v. Glenshaw Glass Co. 348 U.S. 426 (1955) definition of taxable income
Williamson v. Lee Optical Co. 348 U.S. 483 (1955) Due Process Clause, economic liberties
Corn Products Refining Co. v. Commissioner 350 U.S. 46 (1955) Hedging futures gains are ordinary if on raw materials
United Gas Pipe Line Co. v. Mobile Gas Service Corp. 350 U.S. 332 (1956) contracts under the Natural Gas Act of 1938
Federal Power Commission v. Sierra Pacific Power Co. 350 U.S. 348 (1956) contracts under the Federal Power Act
Griffin v. Illinois 351 U.S. 12 (1956) access to court transcript for indigent appeals
Radovich v. National Football League 352 U.S. 445 (1957) professional football covered by antitrust laws
Reid v. Covert 354 U.S. 1 (1957) treaty power, right to jury trial
Watkins v. United States 354 U.S. 178 (1957) rights of a witness in refusing to answer questions before the House Un-American Activities Committee
Yates v. United States 354 U.S. 298 (1957) free speech, distinction between expression of opinion and advocacy of action
Roth v. United States 354 U.S. 476 (1957) obscenity
Conley v. Gibson 355 U.S. 41 (1957) liberal pleading standards under Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
McGee v. International Life Insurance Co. 355 U.S. 220 (1957) California did not violate the Due Process Clause when entering a binding judgment on a Texas corporation with "substantial connection[s]" to California
Lambert v. California 355 U.S. 225 (1957) mens rea and ignorance of the law
One, Inc. v. Olesen 355 U.S. 371 (1958) pro-homosexual writings and the Comstock laws
Perez v. Brownell 356 U.S. 44 (1958) revocation of citizenship for voting in a foreign election
Trop v. Dulles 356 U.S. 86 (1958) Eighth Amendment, loss of citizenship
Sherman v. United States 356 U.S. 369 (1958) Entrapment provisions apply to actions of government informers as well as agents
Byrd v. Blue Ridge Rural Electric Cooperative, Inc. 356 U.S. 525 (1958) application of the Erie doctrine
Kent v. Dulles 357 U.S. 116 (1958) right to travel, power of Secretary of State
Societe Internationale v. Rogers 357 U.S. 197 (1958) appropriateness of involuntary dismissal of a case in which petitioner failed to produce records of a Swiss bank account
NAACP v. Alabama 357 U.S. 449 (1958) freedom of association, privacy of membership lists
Speiser v. Randall 357 U.S. 513 (1958) loyalty oaths
Cooper v. Aaron 358 U.S. 1 (1958) enforcement of desegregation, "massive resistance"
United Gas Pipe Line Co. v. Memphis Light, Gas, and Water Division 358 U.S. 103 (1958) contracts under the Natural Gas Act of 1938
Cammarano v. United States 358 U.S. 498 (1959) business expenses incurred for the "promotion or defeat of legislation" are not tax deductible
Bartkus v. Illinois 359 U.S. 121 (1959) "separate sovereigns" exception to double jeopardy; federal and state officials may cooperate in criminal investigations
Frank v. Maryland 359 U.S. 360 (1959) warrantless administrative searches are permissible under the Fourth Amendment
Beacon Theatres v. Westover 359 U.S. 500 (1959) right to civil jury trial under the Seventh Amendment, determination of legal & equitable issues
Louisiana Power & Light Co. v. City of Thibodaux 360 U.S. 25 (1959) Abstention doctrine
Barenblatt v. United States 360 U.S. 109 (1959) upholding conviction for refusing to answer questions before the House Un-American Activities Committee against First Amendment challenge
Smith v. California 361 U.S. 147 (1959) sale of obscene books

1960–1969

Case name Citation Summary
Bates v. City of Little Rock 361 U.S. 516 (1960) First Amendment, compelled disclosure of membership lists
United States v. Raines 362 U.S. 17 (1960) Fifteenth Amendment, Civil Rights Act
Federal Power Commission v. Tuscarora Indian Nation 362 U.S. 99 (1960) eminent domain over Indian lands
Flora v. United States 362 U.S. 145 (1960) Pay Income Tax Then Litigate, Internal Revenue Act
Dusky v. United States 362 U.S. 402 (1960) standard for adjudicative competence
Commissioner v. Duberstein 363 U.S. 278 (1960) definition of a 'gift' for taxation purposes
Flemming v. Nestor 363 U.S. 603 (1960) no property right in Social Security benefits
Boynton v. Virginia 364 U.S. 454 (1960) racial segregation
Monroe v. Pape 365 U.S. 167 (1961) municipalities cannot be held liable under the Civil Rights Act of 1871
Aro Mfg. Co. v. Convertible Top Replacement Co. 365 U.S. 336 (1961) doctrine of repair and reconstruction in United States patent law
Burton v. Wilmington Parking Authority 365 U.S. 715 (1961) state action
Gomillion v. Lightfoot 364 U.S. 339 (1960) race-based electoral districting
James v. United States 366 U.S. 213 (1961) assessment of income tax on embezzled funds
McGowan v. Maryland 366 U.S. 420 (1961) constitutionality of laws with religious origins but secular purposes
Braunfeld v. Brown 366 U.S. 599 (1961) constitutionality of Sabbath laws requiring Sunday closure of stores
Gallagher v. Crown Kosher Super Market of Massachusetts, Inc. 366 U.S. 617 (1961) Massachusetts blue laws upheld against challenge by Kosher grocery store
Jarecki v. G.D. Searle & Co. 367 U.S. 303 (1961) using noscitur a sociis to interpret the Excess Profits Tax Act of 1950
Torcaso v. Watkins 367 U.S. 488 (1961) oaths, religious test, First Amendment
Poe v. Ullman 367 U.S. 497 (1961) ripeness to challenge statute banning contraceptives
Mapp v. Ohio 367 U.S. 643 (1961) search and seizure, exclusionary rule
Marcus v. Search Warrant 367 U.S. 717 (1961) Procedural burden on state in seizure of obscene material
Hamilton v. Alabama 368 U.S. 52 (1961) Absence of defendant's counsel at the time of his arraignment violated his rights under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
Hoyt v. Florida 368 U.S. 57 (1961) all-male jury in a woman's murder trial did not violate Fourteenth Amendment
Cramp v. Board of Public Instruction 368 U.S. 278 (1961) Florida statute required every employee of the State and its subdivisions to swear in writing that, he has never lent his "aid, support, advice, counsel or influence to the Communist Party." violated his rights under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
Oyler v. Boles 368 U.S. 448 (1962) habitual criminal sentencing and due process
United Gas Pipe Line Co. v. Ideal Cement Co. 369 U.S. 134 (1962) application of the Pullman abstention doctrine
Fong Foo v. United States 369 U.S. 141 (1962) double jeopardy against federal courts
Baker v. Carr 369 U.S. 186 (1962) reapportionment issues
Goldblatt v. Hempstead 369 U.S. 590 (1962) due process, takings clause, safety regulations
Engel v. Vitale 370 U.S. 421 (1962) school prayer
Manual Enterprises v. Day 370 U.S. 478 (1962) magazine containing nude photographs of men not considered obscene
Jones v. Cunningham 371 U.S. 236 (1963) state prison inmates have the right to petition for habeas corpus
Wong Sun v. United States 371 U.S. 471 (1963) fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine in a narcotics case
Schlude v. Commissioner 372 U.S. 128 (1963) what income must be included for income tax purposes when accrual method of accounting is used
Edwards v. South Carolina 372 U.S. 229 (1963) First Amendment, protest marches at state capital
Gideon v. Wainwright 372 U.S. 335 (1963) right to counsel
Douglas v. California 372 U.S. 353 (1963) Fourteenth Amendment; right of poor defendants to criminal court appeals
Gray v. Sanders 372 U.S. 368 (1963) “one man, one vote”
Gibson v. Florida Legislative Investigation Committee 372 U.S. 539 (1963) requiring person divulge information contained in an organization's membership lists violates freedom of association under First Amendment
Ferguson v. Skrupa 372 U.S. 726 (1963) substantive due process, economic liberties
Brady v. Maryland 373 U.S. 83 (1963) exculpatory evidence and due process
Florida Lime & Avocado Growers, Inc. v. Paul 373 U.S. 132 (1963) Preemption, Dormant Commerce Clause
Silver v. New York Stock Exchange 373 U.S. 341 (1963) duty of self-regulation imposed upon the New York Stock Exchange by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 did not exempt it from the antitrust laws
Ker v. California 374 U.S. 23 (1963) incorporation of the Fourth Amendment protections against unreasonable search & seizure against the states
Abington School District v. Schempp 374 U.S. 203 (1963) constitutionality of mandatory bible reading in public schools
Sherbert v. Verner 374 U.S. 398 (1963) strict scrutiny for religiously-based discrimination in unemployment compensation
England v. Louisiana State Board of Medical Examiners 375 U.S. 411 (1964) refining procedures for Pullman abstention from deciding issues of state law
Wesberry v. Sanders 376 U.S. 1 (1964) “one man, one vote”
Compco Corp. v. Day-Brite Lighting, Inc. 376 U.S. 234 (1964) preemption of state unfair competition laws which restrict sale of unpatented items
Sears, Roebuck & Co. v. Stiffel Co. 376 U.S. 225 (1964) preemption of state unfair competition laws which restrict sale of unpatented items, decided same day as Compco Corp. v. Day-Brite Lighting, Inc.
New York Times Co. v. Sullivan 376 U.S. 254 (1964) freedom of speech, libel
Banco Nacional de Cuba v. Sabbatino 376 U.S. 398 (1964) jurisdiction of federal courts over acts of foreign countries; act of state doctrine
Schneider v. Rusk 377 U.S. 163 (1964) Naturalized U.S. citizens have the right to return to and reside in their native countries, and retain their U.S. citizenship, even if they never return to the United States
Massiah v. United States 377 U.S. 201 (1964) Sixth Amendment prohibition on police speaking to suspect represented by counsel
Griffin v. County School Board of Prince Edward County 377 U.S. 218 (1964) closing the local school and giving white students vouchers to attend schools outside of the county was unconstitutional under the equal protection clause
Wilbur-Ellis Co. v. Kuther 377 U.S. 422 (1964) extension of doctrine of repair and reconstruction to enhancement of device's function
Reynolds v. Sims 377 U.S. 533 (1964) one man, one vote” (state senates)
Malloy v. Hogan 378 U.S. 1 (1964) Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination was applicable within state courts as well as federal courts
Griffin v. Maryland 378 U.S. 130 (1964) segregation protests
Barr v. City of Columbia 378 U.S. 146 (1964) due process and ex post facto law
Robinson v. Florida 378 U.S. 153 (1964) segregation protests
Jacobellis v. Ohio 378 U.S. 184 (1964) "I know [obscenity] when I see it[.]" – Justice Potter Stewart
Quantity of Books v. Kansas 378 U.S. 205 (1964) Seizure of allegedly obscene materials requires prior adversary hearing
Bell v. Maryland 378 U.S. 226 (1964) segregation protests
Bouie v. City of Columbia 378 U.S. 347 (1964) due process and ex post facto law
United States v. Continental Can Co. 378 U.S. 441 (1964) antitrust
Escobedo v. Illinois 378 U.S. 478 (1964) right to remain silent
Cooper v. Pate 378 U.S. 546 (1964) The court ruled for the first time that state prison inmates have the standing to sue in federal court to address their grievances under the Civil Rights Act of 1871.
Beck v. Ohio 379 U.S. 89 (1964) probable cause and searches incident to a lawful arrest
McLaughlin v. Florida 379 U.S. 184 (1964) striking down an anti-miscegenation law aimed at prevent cohabitation of interracial couples
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States 379 U.S. 241 (1964) interstate commerce, civil rights, public accommodations
Katzenbach v. McClung 379 U.S. 294 (1964) civil rights and interstate commerce, decided same day as Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States
Stanford v. Texas 379 U.S. 476 (1965) Fourth Amendment, Fourteenth Amendment, Unconstitutionality of State issued general warrants
Cox v. Louisiana 379 U.S. 536 (1965) First Amendment, "breach of the peace" statutes
Freedman v. Maryland 380 U.S. 51 (1965) First Amendment, motion picture censorship
United States v. Seeger 380 U.S. 163 (1965) definition of religion for a military draft exemption
Swain v. Alabama 380 U.S. 202 (1965) use of struck jury
Hanna v. Plumer 380 U.S. 460 (1965) interpretation of the Erie doctrine, Civil Procedure
Dombrowski v. Pfister 380 U.S. 479 (1965) federal injunction against state criminal trial for subversion
Harman v. Forssenius 380 U.S. 528 (1965) Virginia's partial repeal of the poll tax violated 24th Amendment
Griffin v. California 380 U.S. 609 (1965) prosecutor commenting on a defendant's refusal to testify violates the defendant's Fifth Amendment rights
One 1958 Plymouth Sedan v. Pennsylvania 380 U.S. 693 (1965) evidence that is obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment may not be relied on to sustain a civil forfeiture
Griswold v. Connecticut 381 U.S. 479 (1965) privacy, birth control
Estes v. Texas 381 U.S. 532 (1965) overturning Billy Sol Estes conviction on 14th Amendment due process grounds due to pretrial publicity
Lamont v. Postmaster General 381 U.S. 301 (1965) Declared unconstitutional a Federal statute requiring that addressees of "Communist political propaganda" affirmatively indicate their request to receive such mailings
Albertson v. Subversive Activities Control Board 382 U.S. 70 (1965) Communist Party of the United States of America members could not be required to register with the government under the Fifth Amendment
Graham v. John Deere Co. 383 U.S. 1 (1966) nonobviousness as a condition of patentability
Baxstrom v. Herold 383 U.S. 107 (1966) Prisoners committed to civil mental institutions have a right to a hearing to determine whether or not they are in fact mentally disordered.
Brown v. Louisiana 383 U.S. 131 (1966) first amendment, right to protest
South Carolina v. Katzenbach 383 U.S. 301 (1966) Voting Rights Act, Fifteenth Amendment
Memoirs v. Massachusetts 383 U.S. 413 (1966) obscenity
Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections 383 U.S. 663 (1966) poll taxes are unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause
United Mine Workers of America v. Gibbs 383 U.S. 715 (1966) federal court jurisdiction over pendent claims
United States v. Price 383 U.S. 787 (1966) the Mississippi civil rights workers murders
Sheppard v. Maxwell 384 U.S. 333 (1966) the Sam Sheppard case, defendant's right to a fair trial vs. freedom of the press
Miranda v. Arizona 384 U.S. 436 (1966) self-incrimination (“right to remain silent”)
Federal Trade Commission v. Dean Foods Co. 384 U.S. 597 (1966) federal agencies can use the All Writs Act to seek an injunction against a threatened action that will substantially interfere with the agency’s performance of its statutory duty
Katzenbach v. Morgan 384 U.S. 641 (1966) voting rights, Section 5 power
Schmerber v. California 384 U.S. 757 (1966) state can take blood sample from a suspect without his consent, without violating his Fourth Amendment rights
Garrity v. New Jersey 385 U.S. 493 (1967) rights of police officers against self-incrimination
Whitus v. Georgia 385 U.S. 545 (1967) racial discrimination in jury selection
Redrup v. New York 386 U.S. 767 (1967) striking down state power to censor written works of fiction
In Re Gault 387 U.S. 1 (1967) due process, juveniles
Abbott Laboratories v. Gardner 387 U.S. 136 (1967) reviewability of administrative decisions
Toilet Goods Association, Inc. v. Gardner 387 U.S. 158 (1967) ripeness in the context of judicial review of administrative decisions
Afroyim v. Rusk 387 U.S. 253 (1967) federal government cannot strip a person of his citizenship
Reitman v. Mulkey 387 U.S. 369 (1967) states may repeal laws providing protection against racial discrimination by Amending their state Constitution of referendum if their immediate objective is neutral and not to facilitate private racism
Loving v. Virginia 388 U.S. 1 (1967) state laws banning interracial marriage (anti-miscegenation laws)
Berger v. New York 388 U.S. 41 (1967) Telephone tapping in a bribery case, Fourth Amendment
Curtis Publishing Co. v. Butts 388 U.S. 130 (1967) libel; effect of Sullivan on private figures
United States v. Wade 388 U.S. 218 (1967) no police lineup without counsel
Gilbert v. California 388 U.S. 263 (1967) handwriting
United States v. Robel 389 U.S. 258 (1967) First Amendment, right of association
Prima Paint Corp. v. Flood & Conklin Mfg. Co. 388 U.S. 395 (1967) Separability principle: challenges to enforceability of contracts with arbitration clauses must be decided by arbitrator unless clause itself is challenged
Katz v. United States 389 U.S. 347 (1967) wiretapping as search and seizure
Zschernig v. Miller 389 U.S. 429 (1968) foreign relations and state property law preventing inheritance by nonresident aliens
Mora v. McNamara 389 U.S. 934 (1967) denial of certiorari in a case questioning the legality of the Vietnam War
Haynes v. United States 390 U.S. 85 (1968) Compulsory firearm registration as self-incrimination
Provident Tradesmens Bank & Trust Co. v. Patterson 390 U.S. 102 (1968) indispensable parties under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
Albrecht v. Herald Co. 390 U.S. 145 (1968) minimum price agreements between wholesalers and franchisees unlawful under the Sherman Act
Avery v. Midland County 390 U.S. 474 (1968) local government districts must conform to "one man, one vote"
Ginsberg v. New York 390 U.S. 629 (1968) States can prohibit sale of obscene material to minors
Levy v. Louisiana 391 U.S. 68 (1968) An illegitimate child may still sue on behalf of a deceased parent; to deny them this right violates the Fourteenth Amendment
Duncan v. Louisiana 391 U.S. 145 (1968) selective incorporation, trial by jury
United States v. O'Brien 391 U.S. 367 (1968) free speech, burning draft cards
Menominee Tribe v. United States 391 U.S. 404 (1968) Tribal hunting and fishing rights, treaty interpretation
Green v. County School Board of New Kent County 391 U.S. 430 (1968) "freedom-of-choice" desegregation plan held unconstitutional
Witherspoon v. Illinois 391 U.S. 510 (1968) constitutional status of a death-qualified jury
Pickering v. Board of Education 391 U.S. 563 (1968) public employees' free speech rights
Terry v. Ohio 392 U.S. 1 (1968) search and seizure, power of police to stop and frisk suspicious persons
Flast v. Cohen 392 U.S. 83 (1968) taxpayer standing
United States v. Southwestern Cable Co. 392 U.S. 157 (1968) Administrative law
King v. Smith 392 U.S. 309 (1968) Aid to Families with Dependent Children cannot be denied to families of qualifying children based on a substitute father
Mancusi v. DeForte 392 U.S. 364 (1968) Fourth Amendment allows reasonable expectation of privacy to exist at workplace
Jones v. Mayer 392 U.S. 409 (1968) housing discrimination
Epperson v. Arkansas 393 U.S. 97 (1968) religiously motivated state law prohibiting the teaching of evolution in publicly funded schools
Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District 393 U.S. 503 (1969) freedom of speech in public schools
Shuttlesworth v. Birmingham 394 U.S. 147 (1969) overbreadth of local ordinance used by city officials to ban civil rights march
Stanley v. Georgia 394 U.S. 557 (1969) private possession of obscene material protected under First Amendment
Street v. New York 394 U.S. 576 (1969) free speech and flag burning
Shapiro v. Thompson 394 U.S. 618 (1969) Right to travel
Leary v. United States 395 U.S. 6 (1969) Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 ruled unconstitutional under the Fifth Amendment
Red Lion Broadcasting Co. v. FCC 395 U.S. 367 (1969) Fairness Doctrine, broadcaster responsibilities, freedom of speech
Brandenburg v. Ohio 395 U.S. 444 (1969) freedom of speech, incitement to riot
Powell v. McCormack 395 U.S. 486 (1969) political question doctrine, justiciability
Kramer v. Union School District 395 U.S. 621 (1969) right to vote in a special election district
Lear, Inc. v. Adkins 395 U.S. 653 (1969) overturning the doctrine of licensee estoppel in U.S. patent law
Chimel v. California 395 U.S. 752 (1969) search and seizure incident to arrest
Benton v. Maryland 395 U.S. 784 (1969) double jeopardy

1970–1979

Case name Citation Summary
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice Warren Earl Burger, June 23, 1969
Anderson's-Black Rock, Inc. v. Pavement Salvage Co. 396 U.S. 57 (1969) Standard of nonobviousness in U.S. patent law
Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education 396 U.S. 1218 (1969) Delays in school desegregation
Goldberg v. Kelly 397 U.S. 254 (1970) Procedural due process, hearing requirement
In re Winship 397 U.S. 358 (1970) When a juvenile is charged with an act which would be a crime if committed by an adult, every element of the offense must be proved beyond a reasonable doubt
Waller v. Florida 397 U.S. 387 (1970) Collateral estoppel as applied to the same factual situation in criminal trials, double jeopardy
Ashe v. Swenson 397 U.S. 436 (1970) Same as in Waller v. Florida, above
Walz v. Tax Commission of the City of New York 397 U.S. 664 (1970) Tax exemption for churches
Rowan v. U. S. Post Office Dept. 397 U.S. 728 (1970) Addressees have unreviewable discretion to refuse further mail from a given sender; senders do not have a constitutional right to send keep someone on a mailing list for unwanted mail
Williams v. Florida 399 U.S. 78 (1970) Twelve-man jury
North Carolina v. Alford 400 U.S. 25 (1970) Guilty plea in criminal case
Oregon v. Mitchell 400 U.S. 112 (1970) Age and voting rights in state elections
Massachusetts v. Laird 400 U.S. 886 (1970) Court declined to hear a case related to the constitutionality of the Vietnam War
Baird v. State Bar of Arizona 401 U.S. 1 (1971) states cannot ban people from legal practice due to Communist party membership
In re Stolar 401 U.S. 23 (1971) A state cannot require bar applicants to list every organization he or she belonged to since starting law school—decided same day as Baird v. State Bar of Arizona
Younger v. Harris 401 U.S. 37 (1971) Abstention doctrine
Citizens to Preserve Overton Park v. Volpe 401 U.S. 402 (1971) Judicial review of administrative agency actions
Griggs v. Duke Power Co. 401 U.S. 424 (1971) Employment discrimination; disparate effect of employer practices
Haywood v. National Basketball Association 401 U.S. 1204 (1971) Sherman Antitrust Act applied to the NBA
Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education 402 U.S. 1 (1971) Use of busing for school desegregation
Richardson v. Perales 402 U.S. 389 (1971) Physicians' written reports of medical examinations of a disability claimant could constitute "substantial evidence" supportive of finding non-disability under the Social Security Act
California v. Byers 402 U.S. 424 (1971) Statute requiring drivers to provide personal information at the scene of an accident does not infringe on one's Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination
United States v. Thirty-seven Photographs 402 U.S. 363 (1971) Constitutionality of ban on importation of obscene material
Coates v. Cincinnati 402 U.S. 611 (1971) Criminal offenses on sidewalk
Cohen v. California 403 U.S. 15 (1971) Freedom of speech, fighting words/obscenity, “fuck the draft”
Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents 403 U.S. 388 (1971) Implied right of action in the Fourth Amendment
Lemon v. Kurtzman 403 U.S. 602 (1971) Laws without a secular purpose violate the Establishment Clause
Clay v. United States 403 U.S. 698 (1971) Since the Appeal Board gave no reason for the denial of a conscientious objector exemption, petitioner's conviction must be reversed
New York Times Co. v. United States 403 U.S. 713 (1971) Freedom of the press, national security, Pentagon Papers
Reed v. Reed 404 U.S. 71 (1971) Extended Fourteenth Amendment rights to women[note 1]
Parisi v. Davidson 405 U.S. 34 (1972) Conscientious objector status
Papachristou v. Jacksonville 405 U.S. 156 (1972) Vagrancy ordinance held void for vagueness
Federal Trade Commission v. Sperry & Hutchinson Trading Stamp Co. 405 U.S. 233 (1972) FTC may act against a company’s “unfair” business practices even though the practice is not an antitrust violation
Hawaii v. Standard Oil Co. of California 405 U.S. 251 (1972) States cannot sue for general economic damage due to violation of antitrust laws
Cruz v. Beto 405 U.S. 319 (1972) Free exercise of religion while in prison custody
Commissioner v. First Security Bank of Utah, N.A. 405 U.S. 394 (1972) Tax reporting for banks prohibited from doing insurance business
Eisenstadt v. Baird 405 U.S. 438 (1972) Privacy, birth control
Sierra Club v. Morton 405 U.S. 727 (1972) Standing in cases in which plaintiffs assert interest in aesthetic or recreational interest in property (in this case, Mineral King area)
Wisconsin v. Yoder 406 U.S. 205 (1972) Freedom of religion, high school education
Apodaca v. Oregon 406 U.S. 404 (1972) State juries may convict a defendant by less than unanimity
Jackson v. Indiana 406 U.S. 715 (1972) Indefinite detention of a defendant incompetent to stand trial violates due process and equal protection
Aikens v. California 406 U.S. 813 (1972) Mootness in a death penalty case
The Bremen v. Zapata Off-Shore Company 407 U.S. 1 (1972) Enforceability of a forum selection clause
Fuentes v. Shevin 407 U.S. 67 (1972) Opportunity to be heard
Pennsylvania v. New York 407 U.S. 223 (1972) State of escheat for unclaimed money orders
Flood v. Kuhn 407 U.S. 258 (1972) Baseball and antitrust regulation
United States v. U.S. District Court 407 U.S. 297 (1972) Fourth Amendment, Search and seizure, search warrants, wiretapping
Barker v. Wingo 407 U.S. 514 (1972) Sixth Amendment and speedy trial
Lloyd Corp. v. Tanner 407 U.S. 551 (1972) First Amendment; private property; rights
Laird v. Tatum 408 U.S. 1 (1972) Freedom of speech rights cannot be chilled by the mere existence of government surveillance and data gathering
Kois v. Wisconsin 408 U.S. 229 (1972) Nude photographs accompanying and rationally related to a newspaper story are entitled to constitutional free press protection
Furman v. Georgia 408 U.S. 238 (1972) Death penalty is cruel and unusual punishment under the Eighth Amendment; overruled by Gregg v. Georgia
Board of Regents v. Roth 408 U.S. 564 (1972) Procedural due process in firing non-tenured professor
Perry v. Sindermann 408 U.S. 593 (1972) First Amendment; de facto professor tenure
Gravel v. United States 408 U.S. 606 (1972) Protection offered by the Speech or Debate Clause to non-legislative activity
Branzburg v. Hayes 408 U.S. 665 (1972) First Amendment; grand jury, journalists’ rights
Kleindienst v. Mandel 408 U.S. 753 (1972) U.S. Attorney General’s power to deny persons’ entry to the United States
Gottschalk v. Benson 409 U.S. 63 (1972) Computer algorithms not considered patentable subject matter
Bronston v. United States 409 U.S. 352 (1973) Literally truthful statements under oath cannot be prosecuted as perjury even if intent was to mislead questioner
United States v. Dionisio 410 U.S. 1 (1973) Compelled production of voice samples and the Fourth and Fifth Amendment.
United States v. Mara aka Marasovich 410 U.S. 19 (1973) Compelled production of handwriting samples
United States v. Glaxo Group Ltd. 410 U.S. 52 (1973) When a patent is directly involved in an antitrust violation, the government may challenge the patent’s validity
Roe v. Wade 410 U.S. 113 (1973) Abortion, due process, privacy
Doe v. Bolton 410 U.S. 179 (1973) Restrictions on abortion
United States v. Florida East Coast Railway Co. 410 U.S. 224 (1973) Due process right to a hearing when administrative rules are to be changed
San Antonio Independent School Dist. v. Rodriguez 411 U.S. 1 (1973) Equal protection, education
Mescalero Apache Tribe v. Jones 411 U.S. 145 (1973) Indian taxation by states
McClanahan v. Arizona State Tax Comm'n 411 U.S. 164 (1973) Indian taxation by states
United States v. Russell 411 U.S. 423 (1973) Active government agent involvement in criminal conspiracy does not constitute entrapment; Rehnquist inadvertently creates possible "outrageous government conduct" standard
Frontiero v. Richardson 411 U.S. 677 (1973) Equal protection, gender discrimination in military dependency regulation
Gagnon v. Scarpelli 411 U.S. 778 (1973) Probation hearings and due process
McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green 411 U.S. 793 (1973) Standard of proof in employment discrimination cases
Schneckloth v. Bustamonte 412 U.S. 218 (1973) Voluntary searches are permissible without the knowledge to refuse them
United States v. Students Challenging Regulatory Agency Procedures (SCRAP) 412 U.S. 669 (1973) Standing to sue
Miller v. California 413 U.S. 15 (1973) Freedom of speech, Miller test for obscenity
United States v. 12 200-ft. Reels of Film 413 U.S. 123 (1973) Ban on importing obscene material stands but material to be reevaluated under Miller test
Pittsburgh Press Co. v. Pittsburgh Commission on Human Relations 413 U.S. 376 (1973) Freedom of the press, discriminatory commercial speech in classified advertising
Norwood v. Harrison 413 U.S. 455 (1973) Equal protection does not require equal state assistance to public and private schools and forbids assistance to private schools that discriminate on the basis of race
Broadrick v. Oklahoma 413 U.S. 601 (1973) Overbreadth of Oklahoma statute forbidding political activities by state employees
Espinoza v. Farah Mfg. Co. 414 U.S. 86 (1973) Employers can refuse to hire foreign citizens without violating their civil rights
North Dakota State Board of Pharmacy v. Snyder's Drug Stores, Inc. 414 U.S. 156 (1973) Court upholds North Dakota pharmacy ownership statute against substantive due process attack
Lau v. Nichols 414 U.S. 563 (1974) Foreign-language education and discrimination under the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Cleveland Board of Education v. LaFleur 414 U.S. 632 (1974) Overly restrictive maternity leave regulations in public schools violate the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
Schlesinger v. Holtzman 414 U.S. 1316 (1973) Presidential war power
United States v. Matlock 415 U.S. 164 (1974) Fourth Amendment, search and seizure, "co-occupant consent rule"
Morton v. Ruiz 415 U.S. 199 (1974) Administrative law, Bureau of Indian Affairs improperly limited eligibility for general assistance benefits
Johnson v. Robison 415 U.S. 361 (1974) Different benefits for combat veterans and conscientious objectors does not violate equal protection or the free exercise clause
Edelman v. Jordan 415 U.S. 651 (1974) Eleventh Amendment and disability payments
Storer v. Brown 415 U.S. 724 (1974) Political campaign laws
Village of Belle Terre v. Boraas 416 U.S. 1 (1974) Upholding a zoning ordinance which prevented multiple unrelated people from living together
DeFunis v. Odegaard 416 U.S. 312 (1974) Mootness
Bob Jones University v. Simon 416 U.S. 725 (1974) A private university, notified by the IRS, about a new policy of denying tax-exempt status for private schools with racially discriminatory admissions policies. Petitioner sued for injunctive relief to prevent revocation
Geduldig v. Aiello 417 U.S. 484 (1974) Denial of benefits for work loss resulting from normal pregnancy does not violate the Equal Protection Clause
Morton v. Mancari 417 U.S. 535 (1974) Hiring preferences given by Congress to Native Americans at the Bureau of Indian Affairs are not violative of the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment.
Commissioner v. Idaho Power Co. 418 U.S. 1 (1974) Income tax, capitalization of costs related to acquisition of capital assets
Jenkins v. Georgia 418 U.S. 153 (1974) Obscenity; motion picture Carnal Knowledge
Miami Herald Publishing Co. v. Tornillo 418 U.S. 241 (1974) Freedom of speech
Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc. 418 U.S. 323 (1974) First Amendment and defamation—narrowing New York Times v. Sullivan
United States v. Nixon 418 U.S. 683 (1974) Judicial review, executive privilege, separation of powers
Milliken v. Bradley 418 U.S. 717 (1974) Segregation, busing
Taylor v. Louisiana 419 U.S. 522 (1975) Women cannot be excluded from a jury pool, overturning Hoyt v. Florida
Goss v. Lopez 419 U.S. 565 (1974) Due process in suspending a student from school
NLRB v. J. Weingarten, Inc. 420 U.S. 251 (1975) The Weingarten rights—rights of union members facing disciplinary proceedings
Lefkowitz v. Newsome 420 U.S. 283 (1975) Guilty pleas in state court and federal habeas corpus proceeding
United States v. Feola 420 U.S. 671 (1975) Mens rea requirement for conspiracy is no greater than that for the substantive crime
Schlesinger v. Councilman 420 U.S. 738 (1975) Scope and jurisdiction of courts martial
Stanton v. Stanton 421 U.S. 7 (1975) Different ages of majority in the context of child support did not pass rational basis review regarding equal protection
Dunlop v. Bachowski 421 U.S. 560 (1975) Judicial power and judicial review
United States v. Park 421 U.S. 658 (1975) Criminal liability of chief executive officer of a corporation for the misdeeds of the company
Blue Chip Stamps v. Manor Drug Stores 421 U.S. 723 (1975) Private damages actions under Rule 10b-5 is confined to actual purchasers or sellers of securities
Bigelow v. Virginia 421 U.S. 809 (1975) First Amendment and commercial speech
Cort v. Ash 422 U.S. 66 (1975) Election law, implied cause of action
Erznoznik v. City of Jacksonville 422 U.S. 205 (1975) City ordinance prohibiting the showing of films containing nudity by a drive-in theater violated First Amendment
City of Richmond v. United States 422 U.S. 358 (1975) Limited Richmond, Virginia's right to annex land from surrounding counties
Warth v. Seldin 422 U.S. 490 (1975) Law of standing
United States v. Peltier 422 U.S. 531 (1975) Exclusionary Rule Not Applicable when officer relied on statute subsequently ruled unconstitutional
O'Connor v. Donaldson 422 U.S. 563 (1975) Institutionalization of a non-dangerous mentally ill person
Faretta v. California 422 U.S. 806 (1975) Criminal defendants have the constitutional right to refuse counsel
United States v. Brignoni-Ponce 422 U.S. 873 (1975) The Fourth Amendment requires reasonable suspicion for border patrol agents to stop vehicles near the border and ask about citizenship and immigration status; apparent Mexican ancestry does not qualify
Rose v. Locke 423 U.S. 48 (1975) Vagueness of a law against cunnilingus
Rizzo v. Goode 423 U.S. 362 (1976) Federalism and injunctions against city officials
Buckley v. Valeo 424 U.S. 1 (1976) First Amendment and campaign finance reform
Mathews v. Eldridge 424 U.S. 319 (1976) Procedural due process for termination of Social Security benefits
Imbler v. Pachtman 424 U.S. 409 (1976) Immunity of prosecutors when acting within their official capacity
Time, Inc. v. Firestone 424 U.S. 448 (1976) Rights of the media and public figures in defamation suits
Colorado River Water Conservation District v. United States 424 U.S. 800 (1976) Abstention doctrine
Dann v. Johnston 425 U.S. 219 (1976) Early case on the patentability of the business method patent
Hills v. Gautreaux 425 U.S. 284 (1976) Fifth Amendment and Civil Rights Act of 1964
Hampton v. United States 425 U.S. 484 (1976) Entrapment and drug distribution
Estelle v. Williams 425 U.S. 501 (1976) Trying a criminal defendant while he is clad in prison garb violates due process
Virginia State Pharmacy Board v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council 425 U.S. 748 (1976) Commercial speech—advertising prescription drug prices
Washington v. Davis 426 U.S. 229 (1976) Equal protection
Bryan v. Itasca County 426 U.S. 373 (1976) State taxation of Indians
TSC Industries, Inc. v. Northway, Inc. 426 U.S. 438 (1976) Materiality of false or misleading statements in proxy statements under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Kleppe v. New Mexico 426 U.S. 529 (1976) Protection of animals on land held by the Bureau of Land Management
Doyle v. Ohio 426 U.S. 610 (1976) Impeaching a defendant with his silence in response to the warnings required by Miranda v. Arizona violates the Fifth Amendment
Serbian Orthodox Diocese v. Milivojevich 426 U.S. 696 (1976) Judicial determination of internal disputes of church governance violates the Establishment Clause
Hughes v. Alexandria Scrap Corp. 426 U.S. 794 (1976) "Market participant exception" to the Dormant Commerce Clause
National League of Cities v. Usery 426 U.S. 833 (1976) Tenth Amendment sufficient to invalidate federal Fair Labor Standards Act; overruled by Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority
Young v. American Mini Theatres 427 U.S. 50 (1976) Upholding Detroit's ordinance regulating location of adult-oriented businesses
Runyon v. McCrary 427 U.S. 160 (1976) Race discrimination in private school admissions under 42 U.S.C. § 1981
New Orleans v. Dukes 427 U.S. 297 (1976) Equal protection does not limit a state's regulatory power regarding grandfather clauses
Fitzpatrick v. Bitzer 427 U.S. 445 (1976) Limitations imposed by the Eleventh Amendment on damages paid by states under Title VII
Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart 427 U.S. 529 (1976) Standards for regulating publicity in advance of a criminal trial
Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforth 428 U.S. 52 (1976) Constitutionality of various abortion regulations; the first such challenge after Roe v. Wade
Gregg v. Georgia 428 U.S. 153 (1976) Capital punishment does not per se violate the Eighth Amendment
Woodson v. North Carolina 428 U.S. 280 (1976) Mandatory death penalties and capital punishment
South Dakota v. Opperman 428 U.S. 364 (1976) Searching an impounded vehicle is permissible under the Fourth Amendment
United States v. Janis 428 U.S. 433 (1976) Exclusionary rule does not apply in civil forfeiture proceedings
Stone v. Powell 428 U.S. 465 (1976) Violations of the exclusionary rule may not be asserted in federal habeas corpus proceedings
United States v. Martinez-Fuerte 428 U.S. 543 (1976) Routine stops of vehicles entering the United States made by the Border Patrol do not violate the Fourth Amendment
Estelle v. Gamble 429 U.S. 97 (1976) Deliberate indifference to prisoner medical needs is required to make out a violation of the Eighth Amendment
Craig v. Boren 429 U.S. 190 (1976) Sex discrimination in drinking ages
Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Corp. 429 U.S. 252 (1977) Discriminatory intent required to make out a violation of the Equal Protection Clause
Mt. Healthy City School District Board Of Education v. Doyle 429 U.S. 274 (1977) School districts are not arms of the state and cannot claim sovereign immunity under the Eleventh Amendment; First Amendment rights of public employees subject to adverse employment action possibly related to protected expression.
Whalen v. Roe 429 U.S. 589 (1977) The New York State Controlled Substance Act's requirement that doctors send a copy of prescriptions to the state department of health did not violate privacy rights
Califano v. Goldfarb 430 U.S. 199 (1977) Differing Social Security benefits for widows and widowers violates equal protection
Complete Auto Transit, Inc. v. Brady 430 U.S. 274 (1977) Constitutional requirements for imposing state business privilege taxes on out-of-state corporations
Brewer v. Williams 430 U.S. 387 (1977) Sixth Amendment requires criminal defendants to have counsel during police interrogation conducted after indictment
Ingraham v. Wright 430 U.S. 651 (1977) Corporal punishment of public school students
Wooley v. Maynard 430 U.S. 705 (1977) State cannot compel citizens to display the state motto upon their vehicle license plates
Bounds v. Smith 430 U.S. 817 (1977) Right of prisoners to access the courts requires prisons to furnish legal assistance
Linmark Associates, Inc., v. Township of Willingboro 431 U.S. 85 (1977) Municipality's ban on real estate signs unconstitutionally inhibited commercial speech
Abood v. Detroit Board of Education 431 U.S. 209 (1977) Compelling non-union members to support union political activities violates the First Amendment
Moore v. City of East Cleveland 431 U.S. 494 (1977) Zoning ordinances forbidding extended families to live in the same house violate due process
Carey v. Population Services International 431 U.S. 678 (1977) Availability of contraceptives to girls under the age of 16
National Socialist Party of America v. Village of Skokie 432 U.S. 43 (1977) Procedure to be afforded those denied the right to march
Hunt v. Washington State Apple Advertising Commission 432 U.S. 333 (1977) Dormant Commerce Clause
Beal v. Doe 432 U.S. 438 (1977) Right of a state to restrict use of federal funds for abortion
United States v. Chadwick 433 U.S. 1 (1977) Warrantless search of double-locked luggage just placed in the trunk of a parked vehicle is not justified under the automobile exception to the Fourth Amendment
Shaffer v. Heitner 433 U.S. 186 (1977) Quasi in rem jurisdiction and minimum contacts
Bates v. State Bar of Arizona 433 U.S. 350 (1977) First Amendment constraints on advertising by lawyers
Nixon v. Administrator of General Services 433 U.S. 425 (1977) Papers of President Nixon
Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co. 433 U.S. 562 (1977) First Amendment limitations on suits for invasion of privacy
Coker v. Georgia 433 U.S. 584 (1977) death penalty for rape unconstitutional under the Eighth Amendment
Commissioner v. Kowalski 433 U.S. 77 (1977) Taxation of meals furnished by an employer. [1]In this case, the Court interpreted Internal Revenue Code §119(a)-(b)(4) and (d) and Treas. Reg. §1.119-1
Pennsylvania v. Mimms 434 U.S. 106 (1977) Applying Terry v. Ohio to car passengers
Moore v. Illinois 434 U.S. 220 (1977) Sixth Amendment requires a criminal defendant to counsel at a lineup conducted after being indicted
Browder v. Director, Department of Corrections 434 U.S. 257 (1978) Federal courts of appeals lack jurisdiction to hear untimely filed appeals
Pfizer, Inc. v. Government of India 434 U.S. 308 (1978) Foreign nations, who may sue in federal court, may also obtain triple damages for violations of the Clayton Act
Bordenkircher v. Hayes 434 U.S. 357 (1978) Prosecutors may threaten defendants with more serious charges in order to induce a guilty plea
Zablocki v. Redhail 434 U.S. 374 (1978) Marriage as a fundamental right
Oliphant v. Suquamish Indian Tribe 435 U.S. 191 (1978) Indian tribal courts do not have inherent criminal jurisdiction to try and to punish non-Indians
Ballew v. Georgia 435 U.S. 223 (1978) Juries in criminal trials may not have fewer than six members
Lakeside v. Oregon 435 U.S. 333 (1978) Jury instructions regarding the right against self-incrimination and refusal to testify
Stump v. Sparkman 435 U.S. 349 (1978) Judicial immunity
Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corp. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. 435 U.S. 519 (1978) Judicial deference to government agencies
Frank Lyon Co. v. United States 435 U.S. 561 (1978) Ownership of realty in sale-leaseback for tax deduction for depreciation purposes.
McDaniel v. Paty 435 U.S. 618 (1978) Qualification of ministers to hold political office
Elkins v. Moreno 435 U.S. 647 (1978) In-state tuition at state universities for non-citizen students
First National Bank of Boston v. Bellotti 435 U.S. 765 (1978) First Amendment and corporate political contributions
Landmark Communications, Inc. v. Virginia 435 U.S. 829 (1978) Press freedom in judicial discipline proceedings
Santa Clara Pueblo v. Martinez 436 U.S. 49 (1978) Sovereign immunity of Indian tribes
Flagg Bros., Inc. v. Brooks 436 U.S. 149 (1978) Upholding section of New York Uniform Commercial Code permitting repossession of goods by warehouse
Baldwin v. Fish and Game Commission of Montana 436 U.S. 371 (1978) Affirmed the right of the state of Montana to charge higher fees for out-of-state elk hunters
Taylor v. Kentucky 436 U.S. 378 (1978) Instructing the jury in a criminal trial on the presumption of innocence and the meaning of proof beyond a reasonable doubt
Ohralik v. Ohio State Bar Association 436 U.S. 447 (1978) State regulation of in-person solicitation of clients by lawyers
Zurcher v. Stanford Daily 436 U.S. 547 (1978) Standards for issuing search warrants to third parties; special First Amendment protections for the press in keeping evidence of possible crimes
Monell v. Department of Social Services 436 U.S. 658 (1978) Liability of municipal officials for violations of constitutional rights; they are not liable for merely employing the person who violated the person's rights, and do not enjoy absolute immunity for their actions
Exxon Corp. v. Governor of Maryland 437 U.S. 117 (1978) Dormant Commerce Clause and state petroleum regulation
Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill 437 U.S. 153 (1978) Interpretation of the Endangered Species Act
Owen Equipment & Erection Co. v. Kroger 437 U.S. 365 (1978) Joinder and diversity jurisdiction
Mincey v. Arizona 437 U.S. 385 (1978) Fourth Amendment does not provide a "murder scene exception" to the warrant-and-probable-cause requirement
Parker v. Flook 437 U.S. 584 (1978) Algorithms and patent law
City of Philadelphia v. New Jersey 437 U.S. 617 (1978) Dormant Commerce Clause prohibits banning importation of trash into a state
United States v. John (1978) 437 U.S. 634 (1978) Federal government has exclusive jurisdiction under Major Crimes Act for serious offenses committed on an Indian reservation
Duke Power Co. v. Carolina Environmental Study Group 438 U.S. 59 (1978) Constitutionality of Price-Anderson Nuclear Industries Indemnity Act
Penn Central Transportation Co. v. New York City 438 U.S. 104 (1978) Substantive due process, taking clause, landmarks preservation
Franks v. Delaware 438 U.S. 154 (1978) Challenging false statements made in support of issuing a search warrant
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke 438 U.S. 265 (1978) Racial discrimination, affirmative action
Lockett v. Ohio 438 U.S. 586 (1978) Mitigating evidence required by the Eighth Amendment in capital sentencing proceedings
FCC v. Pacifica Foundation 438 U.S. 726 (1978) FCC policing of obscenity
Rakas v. Illinois 439 U.S. 128 (1978) Asserting the Fourth Amendment rights of third persons
Marquette Nat. Bank of Minneapolis v. First of Omaha Service Corp. 439 U.S. 299 (1978) State anti-usury laws cannot be enforced against nationally chartered banks located out of state
Parklane Hosiery Co, Inc. v. Shore 439 U.S. 322 (1979) Preclusion doctrine
Colautti v. Franklin 439 U.S. 379 (1979) Pennsylvania's Abortion Control Act held void for vagueness
Givhan v. Western Line Consolidated School District 439 U.S. 410 (1979) First Amendment protects private conversations between public employees and superiors about matters of public concern
Washington v. Confederated Bands and Tribes of the Yakima Indian Nation 439 U.S. 463 (1979) Public Law 280 allows a state to assume partial jurisdiction over Indian tribes
Thor Power Tool Company v. Commissioner 439 U.S. 522 (1979) Income tax in the United States; depreciation of a publisher's inventory
Hisquierdo v. Hisquierdo 439 U.S. 572 (1979) Dividing federal railroad retirement benefits under state community property laws
Scott v. Illinois 440 U.S. 367 (1979) Sixth Amendment right to counsel applies only to crimes for which the actual penalty is imprisonment
Nevada v. Hill 440 U.S. 410 (1979) States are not immune from suit in the courts of other states
National Labor Relations Board v. Catholic Bishop of Chicago 440 U.S. 490 (1979) National Labor Relations Act does not extend to teachers employed by church-operated schools
New York City Transit Authority v. Beazer 440 U.S. 568 (1979) Civil Rights Act of 1964 and legality of discrimination against methadone users
Delaware v. Prouse 440 U.S. 648 (1979) Fourth Amendment forbids stopping a motorist to check for a driver's license in the absence of reasonable suspicion to believe the driver has violated a traffic law
United States v. Caceres 440 U.S. 741 (1979) Fourth Amendment does not require exclusion of evidence seized in violation of governmental regulation
Burch v. Louisiana 441 U.S. 130 (1979) At a criminal trial, a six-member trial must be unanimous
Caban v. Mohammed 441 U.S. 380 (1979) New York law allowing an unwed mother, but not an unwed father, a veto over adoption of their child violates the Equal Protection Clause
Addington v. Texas 441 U.S. 418 (1979) Involuntarily committing a person to a mental hospital requires a clear and convincing standard of proof
United States v. 564.54 Acres of Land 441 U.S. 506 (1979) Takings Clause only requires payment of fair market value to landowner
Bell v. Wolfish 441 U.S. 520 (1979) Rights of accused persons being held in prison pending trial
Cannon v. University of Chicago 441 U.S. 677 (1979) Gender discrimination, implied cause of action
Greenholtz v. Inmates of the Nebraska Penal and Correctional Complex 442 U.S. 1 (1979) Due process liberty interest in parole
Personnel Administrator of Massachusetts v. Feeney 442 U.S. 256 (1979) Government employment preferences for veterans do not constitute sex discrimination
Torres v. Puerto Rico 442 U.S. 465 (1979) Fourth Amendment applies to Puerto Rico
Sandstrom v. Montana 442 U.S. 510 (1979) Instructing the jury on the burden of proof in criminal trials
Wilson v. Omaha Tribe 442 U.S. 653 (1979) Federal law governs an Indian tribe's right of possession to land
Califano v. Yamasaki 442 U.S. 682 (1979) Procedural due process and the Social Security Act
Fare v. Michael C. 442 U.S. 707 (1979) Invocation of the Miranda rights by asking for a probation officer
Smith v. Maryland 442 U.S. 735 (1979) Leaves call detail records outside the protection of the Fourth Amendment
Arkansas v. Sanders 442 U.S. 753 (1979) Absent exigency, the warrantless search of personal luggage merely because it was located in an automobile lawfully stopped by the police is not justified under the automobile exception to the Fourth Amendment
United Steel Workers of America v. Weber 443 U.S. 193 (1979) Regarding affirmative action, reverse discrimination
Gannett Co. v. DePasquale 443 U.S. 368 (1979) Standing of the press to assert violations of the right to a public trial
Bellotti v. Baird 443 U.S. 622 (1979) Parental notification requirements for abortion are constitutional with a judicial bypass provision
Ybarra v. Illinois 444 U.S. 85 (1979) A person's mere presence at a place for which the police have a warrant to search does not allow the police to search that person
Goldwater v. Carter 444 U.S. 996 (1979) Justiciability, political question doctrine

1980–1984

Case name Citation Summary
Vance v. Terrazas 444 U.S. 252 (1980) A U.S. citizen cannot have her citizenship taken away without proof, by a preponderance of evidence, that he or she acted with an intention to relinquish that citizenship
World-Wide Volkswagen Corp v. Woodson 444 U.S. 286 (1980) Personal jurisdiction, strict liability
Village of Schaumburg v. Citizens for a Better Environment 444 U.S. 620 (1980) First Amendment protection for door-to-door soliciting
Trammel v. United States 445 U.S. 40 (1980) Marital privilege under the Federal Rules of Evidence
Rummel v. Estelle 445 U.S. 263 (1980) Life in prison with possibility of parole is not cruel and unusual punishment for a habitual offender convicted of passing bad checks
Vitek v. Jones 445 U.S. 380 (1980) Due process liberty interest in forcible commitment to a mental hospital
Payton v. New York 445 U.S. 573 (1980) Fourth Amendment prohibits warrantless entry into a home to effect a routine felony arrest
Owen v. City of Independence 445 U.S. 622 (1980) Municipal liability under the Civil Rights Act
Mobile v. Bolden 446 U.S. 55 (1980) At-Large voting system and the Fifteenth Amendment
Rhode Island v. Innis 446 U.S. 291 (1980) Meaning of "interrogation" under Miranda v. Arizona
Cuyler v. Sullivan 446 U.S. 335 (1980) Criminal defendant's right to counsel not saddled by a conflict of interest
Godfrey v. Georgia 446 U.S. 420 (1980) Eighth Amendment overbreadth of an aggravating circumstance required for imposing the death penalty
United States V. Mendenhall 446 U.S. 544 (1980) Police may obtain consent to detain a person and search them under the Fourth Amendment
Walker v. Armco Steel Corp. 446 U.S. 740 (1980) Erie Doctrine, state statute of limitations vs. Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
Pruneyard Shopping Center v. Robins 447 U.S. 74 (1980) Federalism, freedom of speech
Jenkins v. Anderson 447 U.S. 231 (1980) Criminal defendant's silence prior to arrest may be held against him in court
Agins v. City of Tiburon 447 U.S. 255 (1980) Zoning and regulatory takings
Diamond v. Chakrabarty 447 U.S. 303 (1980) Patentability of genetically modified organisms
Consolidated Edison Co. v. Public Service Commission 447 U.S. 530 (1980) Freedom of speech (companies including information inserts with bills)
Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corp. v. Public Service Commission 447 U.S. 557 (1980) Commercial speech, energy company advertising
Beck v. Alabama 447 U.S. 625 (1980) Lesser-included instructions in capital murder cases
United States v. Raddatz 447 U.S. 667 (1980) Federal district court review of determinations by federal magistrate judges
United States v. Payner 447 U.S. 727 (1980) Court's supervisory power does not allow application of exclusionary rule even where third party's Fourth Amendment rights were clearly violated
Maine v. Thiboutot 448 U.S. 1 (1980) 42 U.S.C. § 1983 allows suits for violations of federal statutory law
Adams v. Texas 448 U.S. 38 (1980) Juror oaths regarding factual deliberations in capital cases
Ohio v. Roberts 448 U.S. 56 (1980) Hearsay is admissible under the Sixth Amendment if it bears particular guarantees of trustworthiness; overruled by Crawford v. Washington
White Mountain Apache Tribe v. Bracker 448 U.S. 136 (1980) State is not allowed to tax a non-Indian contractor who works exclusively on a reservation
Harris v. McRae 448 U.S. 297 (1980) States not required to fund abortions
United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians 448 U.S. 371 (1980) Seizure of Native American lands
Fullilove v. Klutznick 448 U.S. 448 (1980) Equal protection, government contract set-aside for minority-owned businesses
Industrial Union Department v. American Petroleum Institute 448 U.S. 607 (1980) Administrative law, determining OSHA's powers to regulate toxic chemicals in the workplace
Stone v. Graham 449 U.S. 39 (1980) Requiring privately funded posting of the Ten Commandments in public school classrooms violates the Establishment Clause
Upjohn Co. v. United States 449 U.S. 383 (1981) Attorney–client privilege
Minnesota v. Clover Leaf Creamery Co. 449 U.S. 456 (1981) Ban on nonreturnable milk containers under the rational basis test of equal protection
Fedorenko v. United States 449 U.S. 490 (1981) Revoking the citizenship of a naturalized former concentration camp guard
Diamond, Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks v. Diehr et al. 450 U.S. 175 (1981) Patentability of machines controlled by computer software
H. L. v. Matheson 450 U.S. 398 (1981) Upholding parental notification law for minors' abortions
Michael M. v. Superior Court of Sonoma County 450 U.S. 464 (1981) Sex discrimination in statutory rape laws
Kassel v. Consolidated Freightways Corp. 450 U.S. 662 (1981) Iowa state restriction on tractor trailer length violated Dormant Commerce Clause
Thomas v. Review Board of the Indiana Employment Security Division 450 U.S. 707 (1981) religious pacifism and unemployment benefits under the Free Exercise Clause
Estelle v. Smith 451 U.S. 454 (1981) Statements taken in violation of the Fifth and Sixth Amendment rights to counsel may not be admitted at a capital sentencing proceeding
Edwards v. Arizona 451 U.S. 477 (1981) Police may not initiate questioning once a suspect has invoked his rights under Miranda v. Arizona
Parratt v. Taylor 451 U.S. 527 (1981) Mere negligence does not state a claim for a due process violation under 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Lassiter v. Department of Social Services 452 U.S. 18 (1981) Right to counsel in parental termination proceedings
Connecticut Board of Pardons v. Dumschat 452 U.S. 458 (1981) Due process right to commutation of life sentences
Rostker v. Goldberg 453 U.S. 57 (1981) Equal Protection Clause, women exempt from Selective Service registration
City of Newport v. Fact Concerts, Inc. 453 U.S. 247 (1981) Punitive damages against municipalities in suits under 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Haig v. Agee 453 U.S. 280 (1981) Power of Executive Branch to revoke passports
California v. Prysock 453 U.S. 355 (1981) Phrasing of the warnings required by Miranda v. Arizona
New York v. Belton 453 U.S. 454 (1981) scope of a lawful search incident to the arrest of a passenger in an automobile includes things inside the passenger compartment
Metromedia, Inc. v. City of San Diego 453 U.S. 490 (1981) Municipal regulation of billboards under the First Amendment
Dames & Moore v. Regan 453 U.S. 654 (1981) Executive authority over foreign affairs, International Emergency Economic Powers Act
Piper Aircraft Co. v. Reyno 454 U.S. 235 (1981) Forum non conveniens doctrine
Widmar v. Vincent 454 U.S. 263 (1981) Use of state university classroom space by religious student groups
Polk County v. Dodson 454 U.S. 312 (1981) Liability under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for violations of constitutional rights allegedly committed by public defenders
Cabell v. Chavez-Salido 454 U.S. 432 (1982) Citizenship requirements for probation officers
Valley Forge Christian College v. Americans United for Separation of Church and State 454 U.S. 464 (1982) Standing to sue for alleged violations of the Establishment Clause
Community Communications Co. v. City of Boulder 455 U.S. 40 (1982) Municipalities may not allow monopolies under home rule and instead must rely on policies enacted at the state level.
Eddings v. Oklahoma 455 U.S. 104 (1982) Scope of mitigation evidence presented at a sentencing hearing in a capital case required by the Eighth Amendment
Merrion v. Jicarilla Apache Tribe 455 U.S. 130 (1982) Tribal sovereignty, an Indian tribe is authorized to impose a severance tax on non-Indian oil companies drilling on reservation land
United States v. Lee 455 U.S. 252 (1982) Religious opposition to participation in Social Security
Hoffman Estates v. The Flipside, Hoffman Estates, Inc. 455 U.S. 498 (1982) Overbreadth doctrine does not apply to commercial speech
Rose v. Lundy 455 U.S. 509 (1982) Exhaustion requirement in federal habeas proceedings
Santosky v. Kramer 455 U.S. 745 (1982) Standard of proof in parental termination proceedings must be at least clear and convincing evidence
American Society Of Mechanical Engineers v. Hydrolevel Corp. 456 U.S. 556 (1982) Non-profit associations are liable for treble damages under the Sherman Antitrust Act due to antitrust violations
Oregon v. Kennedy 456 U.S. 667 (1982) Double jeopardy protections for retrial after a mistrial is granted
United States v. Ross 456 U.S. 798 (1982) Acceptable scope of a warrantless search of an automobile that has been legitimately stopped and that the police have probable cause to believe contains contraband
Plyler v. Doe 457 U.S. 202 (1982) Illegal immigrants and public education
Youngberg v. Romeo 457 U.S. 307 (1982) Rights of the involuntarily committed and mentally retarded
Nixon v. Fitzgerald 457 U.S. 731 (1982) Qualified immunity of executive branch officials
Harlow v. Fitzgerald 457 U.S. 800 (1982) Absolute immunity for executive branch officials
Board of Education, Island Trees School District v. Pico 457 U.S. 853 (1982) Right to remove "objectionable" books from school libraries
Northern Pipeline Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co. 458 U.S. 50 (1982) Article III of the U.S. Constitution and the Bankruptcy Code
Loretto v. Teleprompter Manhattan CATV Corp. 458 U.S. 419 (1982) Per se rule of takings clause
Mississippi University for Women v. Hogan 458 U.S. 718 (1982) Single-sex nursing schools and the Equal Protection Clause
New York v. Ferber 458 U.S. 747 (1982) States may ban sexual images of minors even where material does not meet existing tests of obscenity
Enmund v. Florida 458 U.S. 782 (1982) Felony murder and the death penalty
United States v. Valenzuela-Bernal 458 U.S. 858 (1982) Constitutionality of deporting aliens who might give testimony in criminal alien smuggling prosecutions
NAACP v. Claiborne Hardware Co. 458 U.S. 886 (1982) First Amendment protection for boycotts
Sporhase v. Nebraska ex rel. Douglas 458 U.S. 941 (1982) Nebraska statute forbidding commercial exportation of water violated the Dormant Commerce Clause
Larkin v. Grendel's Den, Inc. 459 U.S. 116 (1982) Allowing churches to veto nearby liquor licenses violates the Establishment Clause
Hewitt v. Helms 459 U.S. 460 (1983) Procedural due process protections for prisoners transferred to administrative segregation
South Dakota v. Neville 459 U.S. 553 (1983) Admitting evidence of refusal to submit to field sobriety tests does not violate the Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination
Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital v. Mercury Constr. Corp. 460 U.S. 1 (1983) Colorado River abstention and enforcement of arbitration clauses in diversity
Briscoe v. LaHue 460 U.S. 325 (1983) Title 42 U.S.C. § 1983 did not authorize a convicted state defendant to assert a claim for damages against a police officer for giving perjured testimony at the defendant's criminal trial
District of Columbia Court of Appeals v. Feldman 460 U.S. 462 (1983) Review of state court decisions by U.S. District Courts
Florida v. Royer 460 U.S. 491 (1983) Search and seizure of an airline passenger walking through an airport
Metropolitan Edison Co. v. People Against Nuclear Energy 460 U.S. 766 (1983) Environmental law; psychological effects do not need to be evaluated as part of an Environmental Impact Report
Minneapolis Star Tribune Company v. Commissioner 460 U.S. 575 (1983) Special taxes on ink and paper violate the First Amendment
Anderson v. Celebrezze 460 U.S. 780 (1983) Filing deadlines for independent candidates may not be extraordinarily early
City of Los Angeles v. Lyons 461 U.S. 95 (1982) Standing, requirement of plausible threat of future injury for an injunction to issue
Connick v. Myers 461 U.S. 138 (1983) Free speech rights of public employees for public speech at work
Pacific Gas & Electric v. State Energy Resources Conservation of Development Commission 461 U.S. 190 (1983) Preemption, nuclear power
Commissioner v. Tufts 461 U.S. 300 (1983) Unanimous decision on when a taxpayer sells or disposes of property encumbered by a nonrecourse obligation exceeding the fair market value of the property sold, the Commissioner of Internal Revenue may require him to include in the “amount realized” the outstanding amount of the obligation; the fair market value of the property is irrelevant to this calculation.
Kolender v. Lawson 461 U.S. 352 (1983) Requiring loiterers or wanderers on the streets to present identification and to account for their presence when requested by a police officer is unconstitutional
Heckler v. Campbell 461 U.S. 458 (1983) HHS Secretary's power to promulgate guidelines defining disability
Regan v. Taxation with Representation of Washington 461 U.S. 540 (1983) Restricting 501(c)(3) nonprofit organizations from engaging in political activity does not violate the First Amendment
Bob Jones University v. United States 461 U.S. 574 (1983) Freedom of religion and tax exemptions
Illinois v. Gates 462 U.S. 213 (1983) Validity of searches conducted pursuant to warrants predicated on an informant's tip
City of Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health 462 U.S. 416 (1983) Requiring abortions to be performed in a hospital, restricting abortion to girls over 16, and requiring a doctor to impart certain information before performing an abortion are all unconstitutional
United States v. Place 462 U.S. 696 (1983) Dog sniff is not a search under the Fourth Amendment
INS v. Chadha 462 U.S. 919 (1983) Unconstitutionality of the legislative veto
Oregon v. Bradshaw 462 U.S. 1039 (1983) Protections of Miranda v. Arizona when the suspect reinitiates conversation with the police
Bolger v. Youngs Drug Products Corp. 463 U.S. 60 (1983) First Amendment, definition of commercial speech
Solem v. Helm 463 U.S. 277 (1983) Life without parole for passing bad checks is cruel and unusual punishment
Jones v. United States 463 U.S. 354 (1983) Verdict of not guilty by reason of insanity is sufficiently probative of mental illness and dangerousness to justify involuntary commitment
United States v. Sells Engineering, Inc. 463 U.S. 418 (1983) Civil Division attorneys can obtain disclosure only by showing particularized need
Dirks v. Securities & Exchange Commission 463 U.S. 646 (1983) Insider trading, interpretation of Rule 10b-5 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Marsh v. Chambers 463 U.S. 783 (1983) Establishment Clause does not forbid state legislatures from employing chaplains
Barefoot v. Estelle 463 U.S. 880 (1983) Admissibility of psychiatrist's testimony about a criminal's future dangerousness
Michigan v. Long 463 U.S. 1032 (1983) Adequate and independent state ground
Sony Corp. v. Universal City Studios (Betamax case) 464 U.S. 417 (1984) Copyright, VCR "time-shifting", fair use
Southland Corp. v. Keating 465 U.S. 1 (1984) Federal Arbitration Act applies to actions in state courts
McKaskle v. Wiggins 465 U.S. 168 (1984) Standby counsel does not violate criminal defendant's Sixth Amendment right to present his own case in a criminal trial
Grove City College v. Bell 465 U.S. 555 (1984) Acquiescence to federal anti-discrimination regulations through acceptance of federal funds
Lynch v. Donnelly 465 U.S. 668 (1984) Public religious display on private property
Calder v. Jones 465 U.S. 783 (1984) Minimum contacts for personal jurisdiction based on a libelous publication
United Building & Construction Trades Council v. Mayor and Council of Camden 465 U.S. 208 (1984) Privileges and Immunities clause
Oliver v. United States 466 U.S. 170 (1984) Reaffirmed open fields doctrine in a case where the defendant grew marijuana in his field
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Delgado 466 U.S. 210 (1984) Fourth Amendment requirements for administrative searches
Helicopteros Nacionales de Colombia, S. A. v. Hall 466 U.S. 408 (1984) Purchases in the United States by a non-resident corporation are insufficient under the minimum contacts test to establish in personam jurisdiction
Bose Corp. v. Consumers Union of United States, Inc. 466 U.S. 485 (1984) Appellate courts may make finding of "actual malice" required for libel claims against public figures by the First Amendment
Strickland v. Washington 466 U.S. 668 (1984) Standard for ineffective assistance of counsel under the Sixth Amendment
Members of the City Council of the City of Los Angeles v. Taxpayers for Vincent 466 U.S. 789 (1984) First Amendment regulation of posting of campaign signs
Waller v. Georgia 467 U.S. 39 (1984) Sixth Amendment right to a public trial
South-Central Timber Development, Inc. v. Wunnicke 467 U.S. 82 (1984) Market participant exception to the Dormant Commerce Clause
United States v. Gouveia 467 U.S. 180 (1984) Right to counsel for prisoners under administrative segregation
Bernal v. Fainter 467 U.S. 216 (1984) Citizenship of notaries public
Hawaii Housing Authority v. Midkiff 467 U.S. 229 (1984) Land use law, takings to redistribute private property
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Stevic 467 U.S. 407 (1984) Aliens must establish a clear probability of persecution to avoid deportation
California v. Trombetta 467 U.S. 479 (1984) Preservation of breath samples in DUI cases not required under the Due Process Clause
New York v. Quarles 467 U.S. 649 (1984) Miranda rights
Chevron U.S.A. v. Natural Resources Defense Council 467 U.S. 837 (1984) Judicial review of the interpretation of statutes by government agencies
Clark v. C.C.N.V. 468 U.S. 288 (1984) Right to sleep in public parks
FCC v. League of Women Voters of California 468 U.S. 364 (1984) Revert regulation on "editorializing" by government funded broadcasters
Brown v. Hotel and Restaurant Employees 468 U.S. 491 (1984) New Jersey Casino Control Act was not preempted by the National Labor Relations Act
Roberts v. United States Jaycees 468 U.S. 609 (1984) First Amendment freedom of association and excluding women as members of a private club
Regan v. Time, Inc. 468 U.S. 641 (1984) Artistic depictions of United States currency
Allen v. Wright 468 U.S. 737 (1984) Standing to sue for executive action alleged to promote racial discrimination by third parties
United States v. Leon 468 U.S. 897 (1984) Search and seizure, "good faith" exception to exclusionary rule

1985–1989

Case name Citation Summary
Mills Music, Inc v. Snyder 469 U.S. 153 (1985) Assignment of royalties under the Copyright Act
New Jersey v. T. L. O. 469 U.S. 325 (1985) Search and seizure at a public high school
Evitts v. Lucey 469 U.S. 387 (1985) Effective assistance of counsel in appeals in criminal cases
Wainwright v. Witt 469 U.S. 412 (1985) Selection of jurors in death penalty cases
United States v. Maine 469 U.S. 504 (1985) Long Island is an extension of the mainland and the bordering sounds are therefore under state regulatory control
Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority 469 U.S. 528 (1985) Application of minimum wage laws to state governments
Ake v. Oklahoma 470 U.S. 68 (1985) Right of the accused asserting insanity to a state-appointed psychiatrist
Dean Witter Reynolds Inc. v. Byrd 470 U.S. 213 (1985) Arbitration clauses must be enforced even if bifurcated and inefficient proceedings result
Supreme Court of New Hampshire v. Piper 470 U.S. 274 (1985) Residency requirements for membership in the state bar
Oregon v. Elstad 470 U.S. 298 (1985) Applying the exclusionary rule to violations of the Miranda rights
Cleveland Board of Education v. Loudermill 470 U.S. 532 (1985) Due process right of public employees to be heard before termination
Winston v. Lee 470 U.S. 753 (1985) Compelled surgical intrusion into an individual's body for evidence violates suspect's Fourth Amendment rights
Heckler v. Chaney 470 U.S. 821 (1985) Forcing the Food and Drug Administration to determine whether it is legal to use certain drugs for lethal injection
Tennessee v. Garner 471 U.S. 1 (1985) Restriction on the use of deadly force as part of the Fleeing felon rule.
Burger King v. Rudzewicz 471 U.S. 462 (1985) Personal jurisdiction, "purposeful availment"
Harper & Row v. Nation Enterprises 471 U.S. 539 (1985) Fair use of copyrighted material
Landreth Timber Co. v. Landreth 471 U.S. 681 (1985) Securities Act of 1933 and the "sale of business" doctrine
Wallace v. Jaffree 472 U.S. 38 (1985) School sponsorship of voluntary religious observances
Superintendent, Mass. Correctional Institute at Walpole v. Hill 472 U.S. 445 (1985) Prison disciplinary decisions to revoke good-time credits must be supported by "some evidence"
McDonald v. Smith 472 U.S. 479 (1985) Petition Clause of First Amendment does not provide absolute immunity to charges of defamation
Brockett v. Spokane Arcades, Inc. 472 U.S. 491 (1985) Regulation of adult bookstores
Mitchell v. Forsyth 472 U.S. 511 (1985) Civil liability for conducting warrantless wiretaps
Aspen Skiing Co. v. Aspen Highlands Skiing Corp. 472 U.S. 585 (1985) Antitrust and alteration of marketing cooperation agreement
Thornton v. Caldor 472 U.S. 703 (1985) Constitutionality of Sabbath laws
Dun & Bradstreet, Inc. v. Greenmoss Builders, Inc. 472 U.S. 749 (1985) First Amendment, libel in credit reporting
Dowling v. United States 473 U.S. 207 (1985) Copyright infringement as theft
Aguilar v. Felton 473 U.S. 402 (1985) Using federal funds to pay teachers in parochial schools under the Establishment Clause
City of Cleburne v. Cleburne Living Center, Inc. 473 U.S. 432 (1985) Equal protection for the mentally disabled
United States v. Montoya de Hernandez 473 U.S. 531 (1985) Constitutionality of body cavity searches at the border under the Fourth Amendment
Thomas v. Union Carbide Agricultural Products Co. 473 U.S. 568 (1985) Article III and the arbitration provisions of FIFRA
Mitsubishi Motors Corp. v. Soler Chrysler-Plymouth, Inc. 473 U.S. 614 (1985) Private antitrust claims under Sherman Act are arbitrable, even before foreign panel
United States v. Bagley 473 U.S. 667 (1985) Prosecutors must disclose information useful for impeaching government witnesses under Brady v. Maryland
Heath v. Alabama 474 U.S. 82 (1985) Double jeopardy clause of the Fifth Amendment does not prevent one state from trying and punishing someone for an act for which he has already been convicted and sentenced by another state
Witters v. Washington Department of Services For the Blind 474 U.S. 481 (1985) Constitutionality of public aid paid directly to students of Christian colleges
Vasquez v. Hillery 474 U.S. 254 (1986) Race discrimination in selecting grand juries
Cabana v. Bullock 474 U.S. 376 (1986) Appellate courts may make the finding required by Enmund v. Florida in the first instance
Nix v. Whiteside 475 U.S. 157 (1986) Presentation of perjured testimony at a criminal trial; Sixth Amendment right to counsel
Fisher v. City of Berkeley 475 U.S. 260 (1986) Rent control ordinances and the Sherman Antitrust Act
Goldman v. Weinberger 475 U.S. 503 (1986) Religious headwear for military personnel under the Establishment Clause
Michigan v. Jackson 475 U.S. 625 (1986) Suspect confessions and the Sixth Amendment right to counsel
Philadelphia Newspapers, Inc. v. Hepps 475 U.S. 767 (1986) First Amendment constraints on libel actions; private-figure plaintiffs must show falsity of statements
Batson v. Kentucky 476 U.S. 79 (1986) Peremptory challenge, racial discrimination
Poland v. Arizona 476 U.S. 147 (1986) Reimposing the death penalty after the underlying murder conviction has been vacated
California v. Ciraolo 476 U.S. 206 (1986) Naked-eye aerial observation of defendant's backyard by police does not violate the Fourth Amendment
Dow Chemical Co. v. United States 476 U.S. 227 (1986) Aerial photography of industrial facilities by the EPA does not violate Fourth Amendment--decided same day as Ciraolo
Brown-Forman Distillers Corp. v. New York State Liquor Authority 476 U.S. 573 (1986) Price controls on alcoholic beverages and the Commerce Clause
Bowen v. Roy 476 U.S. 693 (1986) Freedom of religion and Social Security numbers
Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 476 U.S. 747 (1986) Requiring "informed consent" before an abortion
Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson 477 U.S. 57 (1986) "Hostile work environment" as sexual harassment
McMillan v. Pennsylvania 477 U.S. 79 (1986) Mandatory minimum sentences are not elements of crimes subject to proof beyond a reasonable doubt
Maine v. Taylor 477 U.S. 131 (1986) Exception to Dormant Commerce Clause
Anderson v. Liberty Lobby 477 U.S. 242 (1986) Standard for summary judgment
Celotex Corp. v. Catrett 477 U.S. 317 (1986) Standard for summary judgment
Ford v. Wainwright 477 U.S. 399 (1986) Competence to be executed
Press-Enterprise Co. v. Superior Court 478 U.S. 1 (1986) First Amendment free press guarantee and the right to a transcript of a preliminary hearing
Bowers v. Hardwick 478 U.S. 186 (1986) Sodomy and substantive due process; overruled by Lawrence v. Texas (2003)
Posadas de Puerto Rico Associates v. Tourism Company of Puerto Rico 478 U.S. 328 (1986) Central Hudson test and First Amendment commercial speech
Allen v. Illinois 478 U.S. 364 (1986) Statements made in civil commitment proceedings for sex offenders are not subject to the Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination
Bethel School District v. Fraser 478 U.S. 675 (1986) Censorship of obscene speech at a school assembly
Bowsher v. Synar 478 U.S. 714 (1986) Gramm–Rudman–Hollings Balanced Budget Act, office of Comptroller General, separation of powers
Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals Inc. v. Thompson 478 U.S. 804 (1986) Federal courts cannot claim original jurisdiction for violation of a statute which does not provide a private cause of action
Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Schor 478 U.S. 833 (1986) Jurisdiction of Article I and Article III tribunals, waiver of Article III jurisdiction
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice William Rehnquist, September 26, 1986
Colorado v. Connelly 479 U.S. 157 (1986) the involuntary statement of a criminal suspect uttered during a schizophrenic episode but not coerced by the Government is not precluded from admission in court by the due process clause
Griffith v. Kentucky 479 U.S. 314 (1987) criminal defendants receive the benefit of new constitutional rules announced before their cases are final on direct review
Commissioner v. Groetzinger 479 U.S. 23 (1987) addressed the issue of what qualifies as being either a trade or business under Section 162(a) of the Internal Revenue Code
Maryland v. Garrison 480 U.S. 79 (1987) reasonable belief by police in the validity of a search warrant
Asahi Metal Industry Co. v. Superior Court of California 480 U.S. 102 (1987) due process, personal jurisdiction, Minimum contacts
Arizona v. Hicks 480 U.S. 321 (1987) probable cause relating to the plain view doctrine under the Fourth Amendment
United States v. Dunn 480 U.S. 294 (1987) open fields doctrine
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Cardoza-Fonseca 480 U.S. 421 (1987) Asylum applicants must show "well-founded fear" of persecution to establish their eligibility
Keystone Bituminous Coal Ass'n v. Debenedictus 480 U.S. 470 (1987) substantive due process, the takings clause of the 5th Amendment
O'Connor v. Ortega 480 U.S. 709 (1987) Fourth Amendment rights of public employees
Tison v. Arizona 481 U.S. 137 (1987) Felony murder and the death penalty: death penalty is constitutional for major participants in felonies who exhibit extreme indifference to human life, even if someone else personally kills the victim
McCleskey v. Kemp 481 U.S. 279 (1987) race discrimination and the death penalty
Pennsylvania v. Finley 481 U.S. 551 (1987) right to counsel in post-conviction proceedings
Saint Francis College v. al-Khazraji 481 U.S. 604 (1987) persons of Arabian ancestry may make claims for race discrimination under 42 U.S.C. § 1981
Hodel v. Irving 481 U.S. 704 (1987) Fifth Amendment taking of fractional interests in Native American lands
United States v. Salerno 481 U.S. 739 (1987) upholding Bail Reform Act of 1984 as not violating Due Process or Excessive Bail clauses
Turner v. Safley 482 U.S. 78 (1987) free speech and marriage rights of prison inmates
Shearson/American Express Inc. v. McMahon 482 U.S. 220 (1987) Private actions under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 are arbitrable
First English Evangelical Lutheran Church v. Los Angeles County 482 U.S. 304 (1987) substantive due process, temporary taking
O'Lone v. Estate of Shabazz 482 U.S. 342 (1987) not a violation of the Free Exercise Clause to deprive an inmate of attending a religious service for "legitimate penological interests."
Board of Airport Commissioners of Los Angeles v. Jews for Jesus, Inc. 482 U.S. 569 (1987) constitutionality of broad free speech prohibitions
Edwards v. Aguillard 482 U.S. 578 (1987) constitutionality of mandating teaching of creation science in conjunction with evolution
South Dakota v. Dole 483 U.S. 203 (1987) use of federal funding to encourage changes in state laws—here, raising the drinking age in all states from 18 to 21
Puerto Rico v. Branstad 483 U.S. 219 (1987) Federal court enforcement of extradition of fugitives
Rankin v. McPherson 483 U.S. 378 (1987) free speech rights of federal employees
United States v. Stanley 483 U.S. 669 (1987) soldier's tort claim related to Project MKULTRA barred
Nollan v. California Coastal Commission 483 U.S. 825 (1987) Fifth Amendment takings clause
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier 484 U.S. 260 (1988) freedom of speech in secondary school newspapers
Hustler Magazine v. Falwell 485 U.S. 46 (1988) First Amendment; parody, emotional distress
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Abudu 485 U.S. 94 (1988) Federal courts of appeals must review denials of motions to reopen immigration proceedings for abuse of discretion
Basic Inc. v. Levinson 485 U.S. 224 (1988) interpretation of SEC Rule 10b-5, market price manipulation
Lying v. Northwest Indian CPA 485 U.S. 439 (1988) religious rights of Native American vs. public interest
South Carolina v. Baker 485 U.S. 505 (1988) Federal requirement that state and local bonds be issued in registered form did not violate the Tenth Amendment
Huddleston v. United States 485 U.S. 681 (1988) admissibility of prior "bad acts" under the Federal Rules of Evidence
California v. Greenwood 486 U.S. 35 (1988) 4th Amendment; even absent a warrant, the search and seizure of garbage left for collection outside the curtilage of a home
Maynard v. Cartwright 486 U.S. 356 (1988) cruel and unusual punishment, death penalty
Webster v. Doe 486 U.S. 592 (1988) ability for CIA firings and hirings to be judicially reviewed
Schweiker v. Chilicky 487 U.S. 412 (1988) no implied cause of action in the Social Security Act
Frisby v. Schultz 487 U.S. 474 (1988) First Amendment, privacy, restrictions on abortion protests
Morrison v. Olson 487 U.S. 654 (1988) independent counsel's office
Thompson v. Oklahoma 487 U.S. 815 (1988) 8th Amendment; cruel and unusual punishment; capital punishment for juveniles under 16
Arizona v. Youngblood 488 U.S. 51 (1988) state's failure to preserve evidence in a criminal case, absent bad faith, is not a due process violation
Beech Aircraft Corp. v. Rainey 488 U.S. 153 (1988) Portions of investigatory reports otherwise admissible under Federal Rule of Evidence 803(8)(C) are not inadmissible merely because they state a conclusion or opinion
Mistretta v. United States 488 U.S. 361 (1989) United States Sentencing Commission, separation of powers
Florida v. Riley 488 U.S. 445 (1989) aerial surveillance and the Fourth Amendment
City of Richmond v. J.A. Croson Co. 488 U.S. 469 (1989) Affirmative action, constitutionality of minority business set-aside programs for municipal contracts
Bonito Boats, Inc. v. Thunder Craft Boats, Inc. 489 U.S. 141 (1989) state anti-plug molding law struck down under preemption doctrine for interfering with federal patent law
DeShaney v. Winnebago County Department of Social Services 489 U.S. 189 (1989) child welfare department's failure to protect a child from known child abuse does not violate due process
Teague v. Lane 489 U.S. 288 (1989) new constitutional rules do not generally apply retroactively to cases on collateral review
Blanton v. North Las Vegas 489 U.S. 538 (1989) Jury trial is unnecessary for petty offenses
Skinner v. Railway Labor Executives Association 489 U.S. 602 (1989) requiring drug tests for railroad employees is not an unreasonable search under the Fourth Amendment
National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab 489 U.S. 656 (1989) requiring drug tests for customs inspectors is not an unreasonable search under the Fourth Amendment
Board of Estimate of City of New York v. Morris 489 U.S. 688 (1989) New York City Board of Estimate representation scheme was held to violate Equal Protection Clause
Schmuck v. United States 489 U.S. 705 (1989) Scope of mail fraud statute; proper test for lesser included offense
United States Department of Justice v. Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press 489 U.S. 749 (1989) FBI rap sheets may not be disclosed to third parties under the Freedom of Information Act
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians v. Holyfield 490 U.S. 30 (1989) held that the Indian Child Welfare Act governed the adoption of Indian children, and clarified the jurisdiction of the tribal court
Graham v. Connor 490 U.S. 386 (1989) standard for claims for violations of the Fourth Amendment
Rodriguez de Quijas v. Shearson/American Express Inc. 490 U.S. 477 (1989) Private securities fraud claims under Securities Act of 1933 arbitrable; Wilko v. Swan overruled
Lauro Lines s.r.l. v. Chasser et al. 490 U.S. 495 (1989) interlocutory appeals; forum selection
Finley v. United States 490 U.S. 545 (1989) pendent party jurisdiction, later overturned by statute
Wards Cove Packing Co. v. Atonio 490 U.S. 642 (1989) standard of evidence for disparate impact employment discrimination cases
Hernandez v. Commissioner 490 U.S. 680 (1989) Scientology courses do not qualify as charitable deductions under the Internal Revenue Code
Community For Creative Non-Violence v. Reid 490 U.S. 730 (1989) copyright, work for hire
Martin v. Wilks 490 U.S. 755 (1989) civil procedure in employment affirmative action
Will v. Michigan Dept. of State Police 491 U.S. 58 (1989) States and their officials acting in their official capacity are not persons under Section 1983
Texas v. Johnson 491 U.S. 397 (1989) freedom of speech (flag burning)
Ward v. Rock Against Racism 491 U.S. 781 (1989) freedom of speech, excessive noise
Granfinanciera v. Nordberg 492 U.S. 33 (1989) Seventh Amendment right to jury trials in bankruptcy proceedings
Penry v. Lynaugh 492 U.S. 302 (1989) Eighth Amendment permits executing the mentally retarded; overruled by Atkins v. Virginia
Stanford v. Kentucky 492 U.S. 361 (1989) Eighth Amendment permits executing offenders who were 16 or 17 years old at the time of the offense; overruled by Roper v. Simmons
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services 492 U.S. 490 (1989) state funding for abortion rights
County of Allegheny v. ACLU 492 U.S. 573 (1989) holiday displays and state endorsement of religion

1990–1994

Case name Citation Summary
University of Pennsylvania v. EEOC 493 U.S. 182 (1990) peer review privilege not required by Federal Rules of Evidence or First Amendment
Commissioner v. Indianapolis Power & Light Co. 493 U.S. 203 (1990) customer deposits constituting taxable income to a utility company
FW/PBS v. City of Dallas 493 U.S. 215 (1990) regulation of "sexually oriented businesses"
Tafflin v. Levitt 493 U.S. 455 (1990) state court jurisdiction over civil Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) claims
Sullivan v. Zebley 493 U.S. 521 (1990) determination of SSI benefits for children
Washington v. Harper 494 U.S. 210 (1990) permissibility of involuntary treatment of psychotic inmates
United States v. Verdugo-Urquidez 494 U.S. 259 (1990) search and seizure of nonresident alien in foreign country
Chauffeurs, Teamsters, and Helpers Local No. 391 v. Terry 494 U.S. 558 (1990) scope of 7th Amendment right to jury trial in civil cases
Employment Division v. Smith 494 U.S. 872 (1990) religious freedom with respect to drug use
Missouri v. Jenkins 495 U.S. 33 (1990) power of federal courts to order taxation by state or local governments
Osborne v. Ohio 495 U.S. 103 (1990) states have the power to ban possession of child pornography without violating the First Amendment
Stewart v. Abend 495 U.S. 207 (1990) rights of the successor of a copyright interest
Grady v. Corbin 495 U.S. 508 (1990) double jeopardy and subsequent prosecutions
Taylor v. United States 495 U.S. 575 (1990) definition of "burglary" under certain sentence enhancement provisions of the federal criminal code
Burnham v. Superior Court of California 495 U.S. 604 (1990) physical presence as a requirement for personal jurisdiction
Duro v. Reina 495 U.S. 676 (1990) Indian tribes have no jurisdiction over nonmember Indians
Westside School District v. Mergens 496 U.S. 226 (1990) Bible study clubs in schools
United States v. Eichman 496 U.S. 310 (1990) freedom of speech (flag burning)
Perpich v. Department of Defense 496 U.S. 334 (1990) Congressional powers over U.S. National Guard
Eli Lilly & Co. v. Medtronic, Inc. 496 U.S. 661 (1990) premarketing activity conducted to gain approval of a device under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act is exempt from a finding of patent infringement
Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co. 497 U.S. 1 (1990) First Amendment and defamation—no "opinion privilege"
Illinois v. Rodriguez 497 U.S. 177 (1990) Fourth Amendment, "co-occupant consent rule"
Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health 497 U.S. 261 (1990) incompetent persons may not refuse medical treatment under the 14th Amendment
Hodgson v. Minnesota 497 U.S. 417 (1990) requiring parental notification for abortion is constitutional with a judicial bypass provision
Walton v. Arizona 497 U.S. 639 (1990) Capital punishment and sentencing procedure, partially overruled by Ring v. Arizona
Maryland v. Craig 497 U.S. 836 (1990) the right of criminal defendants to confront witnesses
Perry v. Louisiana 498 U.S. 38 (1990) forcibly medicating a death row inmate with a mental disorder in order to make sure he is competent to be executed is impermissible
Cheek v. United States 498 U.S. 192 (1991) mistake of law is a valid defense to criminal tax evasion because of mens rea
Board of Ed. of Oklahoma City Public Schools v. Dowell 498 U.S. 237 (1991) case "hasten[ing] the end of federal court desegregation orders.
Oklahoma Tax Comm'n v. Citizen Band of Potawatomi Tribe of Okla. 498 U.S. 505 (1991) an Indian tribe was not subject to state sales tax for sales to tribal members
Feist Publications v. Rural Telephone Service Co. 499 U.S. 340 (1991) minimal quantum of creativity is required for copyright protection
Cottage Savings Ass'n v. Commissioner 499 U.S. 554 (1991) income tax consequences of mortgage interest exchange, examination of the consequences of the Savings and Loan crisis
Carnival Cruise Lines, Inc. v. Shute 499 U.S. 585 (1991) enforcement of forum selection clauses
County of Riverside v. McLaughlin 500 U.S. 44 (1991) suspects arrested without a warrant must be brought into court for a probable cause determination within 48 hours
Rust v. Sullivan 500 U.S. 173 (1991) government is not required to fund abortion
Hernandez v. New York 500 U.S. 352 (1991) prosecutor may use peremptory challenge against bilingual Latino jurors based on his doubts about the ability of such jurors to defer to the official translation of Spanish-language testimony
Lehnert v. Ferris Faculty Association 500 U.S. 507 (1991) unions may compel contributions from nonmembers only for the costs of performing its duties as exclusive bargaining agent
California v. Acevedo 500 U.S. 565 (1991) police may search a container in a car without a warrant if they have probable cause to believe it contains contraband
Edmonson v. Leesville Concrete Company 500 U.S. 614 (1991) Batson's prohibition on race-based use of peremptory challenges applies in civil trials
Connecticut v. Doehr 501 U.S. 1 (1991) Connecticut state statute that authorizes prejudgment attachment of real estate without prior notice or hearing violated the 14th Amendment right to due process
Toibb v. Radloff 501 U.S. 157 (1991) holding that individual debtors may file for bankruptcy under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code
McNeil v. Wisconsin 501 U.S. 171 (1991) differences between the rights secured by the Fifth Amendment and the Sixth Amendment
Florida v. Bostick 501 U.S. 429 (1991) random bus searches routinely conducted pursuant to passenger's consent
Barnes v. Glen Theatre, Inc. 501 U.S. 560 (1991) First Amendment and the restriction of nude dancing
Cohen v. Cowles Media Co. 501 U.S. 663 (1991) First Amendment, freedom of the press
Payne v. Tennessee 501 U.S. 808 (1991) admissibility of victim impact statements, stare decisis could be disregarded where fairness to victim's rights

had priority over the demands of consistency in the common law.

Peretz v. United States 501 U.S. 923 (1991) role of magistrate judges in jury selection in a felony trial
Harmelin v. Michigan 501 U.S. 957 (1991) life imprisonment for cocaine possession
Simon & Schuster v. Crime Victims Board 502 U.S. 105 (1991) holding that New York's Son of Sam law violated the First Amendment
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Doherty 502 U.S. 314 (1992) U.S. Attorney General has broad discretion to reopen deportation proceedings
INS v. Elias-Zacarias 502 U.S. 478 (1992) asylum on account of political opinion must be based on the refugee's political opinion
Lechmere, Inc. v. National Labor Relations Board 502 U.S. 527 (1992) employer can exclude nonemployee union organizers from private company property
Hudson v. McMillian 503 U.S. 1 (1992) excessive force against prison inmates, 8th Amendment
INDOPCO, Inc. v. Commissioner 503 U.S. 79 (1992) Expenditures incurred by a target corporation in the course of a friendly takeover are nondeductible capital expenditures under the Internal Revenue Code
United States v. Felix 503 U.S. 378 (1992) conviction of a defendant for a crime and for a conspiracy to commit the same offense does not create double jeopardy
United States Department of Commerce v. Montana 503 U.S. 442 (1992) formula used for reapportionment
Jacobson v. United States 503 U.S. 540 (1992) entrapment occurs when government creates predisposition to commit offense where it did not exist
Foucha v. Louisiana 504 U.S. 71 (1992) criteria for the continued involuntary commitment of an individual who had been found not guilty by reason of insanity
Riggins v. Nevada 504 U.S. 127 (1992) Forced psychiatric medication during trial violated defendant's rights under Sixth and Fourteenth Amendments
Quill Corp. v. North Dakota 504 U.S. 298 (1992) Requiring out-of-state mail order vendor to collect use tax unconstitutionally burdened interstate commerce
United States v. Thompson-Center Arms Company 504 U.S. 505 (1992) taxation of firearms
Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife 504 U.S. 555 (1992) Standing in a suit to enforce the Endangered Species Act
United States v. Alvarez-Machain 504 U.S. 655 (1992) application of the Ker-Frisbie doctrine
Morgan v. Illinois 504 U.S. 719 (1992) A defendant facing the death penalty may challenge for cause a prospective juror who would automatically vote to impose the death penalty in every case
Georgia v. McCollum 505 U.S. 42 (1992) standard on peremptory challenges from Batson v. Kentucky applied to criminal defendant
Gade v. National Solid Wastes Management Association 505 U.S. 88 (1992) federal preemption of state labor safety laws
Forsyth County, Georgia v. The Nationalist Movement 505 U.S. 123 (1992) 1st Amendment protection and police protection
New York v. United States 505 U.S. 144 (1992) the take title provision of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 violated the 10th Amendment
Wisconsin Department of Revenue v. William Wrigley, Jr., Co. 505 U.S. 214 (1992) permissible scope of taxation of out-of-state corporations doing business within a particular state.
R. A. V. v. City of St. Paul 505 U.S. 377 (1992) fighting words, hate speech
Lee v. Weisman 505 U.S. 577 (1992) First Amendment, establishment of religion (prayer at high school graduations)
Planned Parenthood v. Casey 505 U.S. 833 (1992) abortion; reaffirming the "core holding" of Roe v. Wade
United States v. Fordice 505 U.S. 717 (1992) segregation of colleges and universities
Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council 505 U.S. 1003 (1992) per se rule of takings clause
Soldal v. Cook County 506 U.S. 56 (1992) Fourth Amendment protects property as well as privacy interests, even absent a search or an arrest (e.g. eviction)
Commissioner v. Soliman 506 U.S. 168 (1993) "principal place of business" under the Internal Revenue Code
Nixon v. United States 506 U.S. 224 (1993) judicial impeachment, political question doctrine
Bray v. Alexandria Women's Health Clinic 506 U.S. 263 (1993) Civil Rights Act of 1871 could not be used to halt blockades of abortion clinics
Herrera v. Collins 506 U.S. 390 (1993) claim of actual innocence is not grounds for federal habeas corpus relief
Spectrum Sports, Inc. v. McQuillan 506 U.S. 447 (1993) quantum of proof required for a claim of attempted monopolization under § 2 of the Sherman Antitrust Act
Shaw v. Reno 506 U.S. 630 (1993) appropriateness of considering race in redistricting
Reno v. Flores 507 U.S. 292 (1993) procedures for detaining juvenile aliens awaiting deportation
Saudi Arabia v. Nelson 507 U.S. 349 (1993) jurisdiction in an action based upon a "commercial activity" under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act
Cincinnati v. Discovery Network, Inc. 507 U.S. 410 (1993) First Amendment protections against restrictions on distributing handbills
United States Department of Justice v. Landano 508 U.S. 165 (1993) Freedom of Information Act and confidentiality
Mertens v. Hewitt Associates 508 U.S. 248 (1993) Preemption, non-fiduciary liability under ERISA
Wisconsin v. Mitchell 508 U.S. 476 (1993) enhanced sentencing for hate crimes and the First Amendment
Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah 508 U.S. 520 (1993) animal cruelty, freedom of religion
Minnesota v. Dickerson 508 U.S. 366 (1993) seizure of contraband during stop & frisk
Lamb's Chapel v. Center Moriches Union Free School District 508 U.S. 384 (1993) access by religious groups to public school facilities
South Dakota v. Bourland 508 U.S. 679 (1993) an Indian tribes hunting and fishing rights were terminated on land the Federal government acquired for a reservoir
Sale v. Haitian Centers Council 509 U.S. 155 (1993) illegal immigration
Godinez v. Moran 509 U.S. 389 (1993) competency standard for pleading guilty or waiving the right to counsel

is the same as the competency standard for standing trial

Alexander v. United States 509 U.S. 544 (1993) RICO's forfeiture provision does not violate the First Amendment
Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals 509 U.S. 579 (1993) federal judges as gatekeepers for allowing expert witnesses to testify in trials; see also Daubert Standard
Hartford Fire Insurance Co. v. California 509 U.S. 764 (1993) application of Sherman Antitrust Act to foreign companies
Fogerty v. Fantasy 510 U.S. 517 (1994) attorney's fees in copyright litigation
Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. 510 U.S. 569 (1994) copyright, commercial fair use is possible, parody
Oregon Waste Systems, Inc. v. Department of Environmental Quality of Ore. 511 U.S. 93 (1994) Commerce Clause
J.E.B. v. Alabama ex rel. T.B. 511 U.S. 127 (1994) peremptory jury challenges based on sex violate equal protection clause
Central Bank of Denver v. First Interstate Bank of Denver 511 U.S. 164 (1994) private plaintiffs may not maintain an aiding and abetting lawsuit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Landgraf v. USI Film Products 511 U.S. 244 (1994) retroactive application of statutory amendments effective while cases are pending in court
C&A Carbone, Inc v. Town of Clarkstown 511 U.S. 383 (1994) Dormant Commerce Clause
Waters v. Churchill 511 U.S. 661 (1994) Due process rights of public employees in workplace when alleging violations of First Amendment rights
Farmer v. Brennan 511 U.S. 825 (1994) civil liability under the Eighth Amendment for rape of a transgender prison inmate
Dolan v. City of Tigard 512 U.S. 374 (1994) Fifth Amendment takings clause
Turner Broadcasting v. Federal Communications Commission 512 U.S. 622 (1994) upholding must-carry rules against cable television provider's First Amendment challenge
Board of Education of Kiryas Joel Village School District v. Grumet 512 U.S. 687 (1994) school district coinciding with religious community
Madsen v. Women's Health Center, Inc. 512 U.S. 753 (1994) first amendment, restrictions on abortion protests
United Mine Workers of America v. Bagwell 512 U.S. 821 (1994) constitutional limitations on the contempt powers of courts
United States v. Shabani 513 U.S. 10 (1994) elements of criminal conspiracy (i.e., requirement for an overt act)
United States v. X-Citement Video, Inc. 513 U.S. 64 (1994) conviction under federal child pornography laws requires proof that the defendant knew the subjects were minors

1995–1999

Case name Citation Summary
Schlup v. Delo 513 U.S. 298 (1995) Standard of proof required for a habeas corpus petition to reopen a case in light of new evidence of innocence
Arizona v. Evans 514 U.S. 1 (1995) Exclusionary rule does not require suppressing evidence obtained through good-faith reliance on a search warrant that contains a clerical error
Qualitex Co. v. Jacobson Products Co., Inc. 514 U.S. 159 (1995) color trademarks are appropriate subject matter under the Lanham Act
Plaut v. Spendthrift Farm, Inc. 514 U.S. 211 (1995) separation of powers and finality of judgments
McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission 514 U.S. 334 (1995) anonymous campaign literature under the First Amendment
United States v. Lopez 514 U.S. 549 (1995) interstate commerce, gun-free school zones
U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton 514 U.S. 779 (1995) preventing states from enacting term limits to the US House and Senate
First Options v. Kaplan 514 U.S. 938 (1995) independent judicial review of arbitration clause
Adarand Constructors v. Peña 515 U.S. 200 (1995) constitutionality of race-based set-asides (strict scrutiny test)
Witte v. United States 515 U.S. 389 (1995) using "relevant conduct", as defined by the Federal Sentencing Guidelines, at sentencing does not violate double jeopardy principles
Hurley v. Irish-American Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Group of Boston 515 U.S. 557 (1995) First Amendment freedom of association as applied to a private parade organizer seeking to exclude a group inconsistent with its stated message
Florida Bar v. Went For It, Inc. 515 U.S. 618 (1995) under the commercial speech doctrine of the First Amendment, states may forbid lawyers from directly soliciting personal injury cases for short periods of time after an accident or a disaster
Vernonia School District 47J v. Acton 515 U.S. 646 (1995) constitutionality of public school drug testing; Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments
Capitol Square Review and Advisory Board v. Pinnette 515 U.S. 753 (1995) display of religious symbols on government property
Rosenberger v. University of Virginia 515 U.S. 819 (1995) discrimination by state universities against student religious organizations
Miller v. Johnson 515 U.S. 900 (1995) racial gerrymandering
Bailey v. United States 516 U.S. 137 (1995) meaning of "use" in federal statute imposing a five-year prison sentence on anyone who "uses" a firearm during or in relation to a drug crime or a crime of violence
Lotus Dev. Corp. v. Borland Int'l, Inc. 516 U.S. 233 (1995) scope of software copyrights
Behrens v. Pelletier 516 U.S. 299 (1996) appeal over ruling on qualified immunity
Hercules, Inc. v. United States 516 U.S. 417 (1996) liability for producing Agent Orange
Bennis v. Michigan 516 U.S. 442 (1996) held that innocent owner defense is not constitutionally mandated by Fourteenth Amendment Due Process in cases of civil forfeiture
Seminole Tribe v. Florida 517 U.S. 44 (1996) Article I and the 11th Amendment
Markman v. Westview Instruments, Inc. 517 U.S. 370 (1996) claim construction of patents
44 Liquormart, Inc. v. State of Rhode Island 517 U.S. 484 (1996) restrictions on commercial speech
BMW of North America, Inc. v. Gore 517 U.S. 559 (1996) whether punitive damages are limited by substantive due process; 14th Amendment
Smiley v. Citibank 517 U.S. 735 (1996) Credit card late fees can be considered interest and thus not subject to regulation by states other than those of bank's location when charged by national banks.
Romer v. Evans 517 U.S. 620 (1996) equal protection limitation on forbidding elimination of discrimination on the basis of homosexuality
Jaffee v. Redmond 518 U.S. 1 (1996) federal evidentiary privilege for medical confidentiality
Gasperini v. Center For Humanities, Inc. 518 U.S. 415 (1996) 7th Amendment, modern interpretation of the Erie doctrine
United States v. Virginia 518 U.S. 515 (1996) separate but equal gender discrimination
Ohio v. Robinette 519 U.S. 33 (1996) informing motorists that a traffic stop has ended and the motorist is "free to go" is not required under the Fourth Amendment
Caterpillar, Inc. v. Lewis 519 U.S. 61 (1996) diversity of citizenship must exist at the time of entry of judgment
M.L.B. v. S.L.J. 519 U.S. 102 (1996) states must provide transcripts to poor litigants wishing to appeal adverse parental termination decisions
Old Chief v. United States 519 U.S. 172 (1996) admitting evidence of prior convictions and the danger of "unfair prejudice" under Rule 403 of the Federal Rules of Evidence
Schenck v. Pro-Choice Network of Western New York 519 U.S. 357 (1997) protesters at abortion clinics
Auer v. Robbins 519 U.S. 452 (1997) FLSA and overtime pay of police officers
Warner-Jenkinson Company, Inc. v. Hilton Davis Chemical Co. 520 U.S. 17 (1997) patent law, doctrine of equivalents
Clinton v. Jones 520 U.S. 681 (1997) Executive privilege and immunity
Agostini v. Felton 521 U.S. 203 (1997) reexamination of Establishment Clause jurisprudence as it applies schools
Kansas v. Hendricks 521 U.S. 346 (1997) procedures for involuntary indefinite civil commitment of dangerous persons
City of Boerne v. Flores 521 U.S. 507 (1997) scope of Congressional enforcement power under § 5 of the 14th Amendment
Washington v. Glucksberg 521 U.S. 702 (1997) constitutionality of state law forbidding assisted suicide
Vacco v. Quill 521 U.S. 793 (1997) right to die and assisted suicide
Raines v. Byrd 521 U.S. 811 (1997) line item veto, legal standing; redirects to Clinton v. City of New York
Printz, Sheriff/Coroner, Ravalli County, Montana v. United States 521 U.S. 898 (1997) background checks before purchasing handguns
Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union 521 U.S. 844 (1997) free speech, obscenity, CDA
State Oil Co. v. Khan 522 U.S. 3 (1997) rule of reason applied to vertical maximum price fixing, overturned Albrecht v. Herald Co.
Alaska v. Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government 522 U.S. 520 (1998) native rights over tribal lands
NCUA v. First National Bank & Trust 522 U.S. 479 (1998) intent of Congress w.r.t. the Federal Credit Union Act of 1934
Lexecon Inc. v. Milberg Weiss Bershad Hynes & Lerach 523 U.S. 26 (1998) pretrial procedures in multi-district litigation
Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services 523 U.S. 75 (1998) applicability of sexual harassment laws to same sex harassment
Quality King Distributors Inc., v. L'anza Research International Inc. 523 U.S. 135 (1998) application of first-sale doctrine of U.S. copyright law to reimported goods
Almendarez-Torres v. United States 523 U.S. 224 (1998) prior convictions used to enhance a sentence need not be proved to a jury beyond a reasonable doubt
Feltner v. Columbia Pictures Television, Inc. 523 U.S. 340 (1998) Seventh Amendment right to jury trial in a copyright infringement case
Breard v. Greene 523 U.S. 371 (1998) criminal defendant could not raise a defense under the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations on federal habeas corpus review
Miller v. Albright 523 U.S. 420 (1998) citizenship of a child born outside the United States to a citizen father and an alien mother
Stewart v. Martinez-Villareal 523 U.S. 637 (1998) proper timing of a claim under Ford v. Wainwright, regarding competency to be executed, in federal habeas proceedings
Kiowa Tribe of Okla. v. Manufacturing Technologies, Inc. 523 U.S. 751 (1998) an Indian tribe is entitled to sovereign immunity to contract lawsuits, whether made on or off the reservation
County of Sacramento v. Lewis 523 U.S. 833 (1998) liability of police under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for causing death during high-speed chases
Federal Election Commission v. Akins 524 U.S. 11 (1998) standing conferred by statute
United States v. Bajakajian 524 U.S. 321 (1998) excessive fines
Swidler & Berlin v. United States 524 U.S. 399 (1998) death of an attorney's client does not terminate the attorney–client privilege
Clinton v. City of New York 524 U.S. 417 (1998) constitutionality of the Line Item Veto
Eastern Enterprises v. Apfel 524 U.S. 498 (1998) Substantive Due Process, Economic Liberties
National Endowment for the Arts v. Finley 524 U.S. 569 (1998) 1st amendment, government funding
Bragdon v. Abbott 524 U.S. 624 (1998) application of the Americans with Disabilities Act to an asymptomatic HIV patient
Marquez v. Screen Actors Guild Inc. 525 U.S. 33 (1998) union shop contracts
Pfaff v. Wells Electronics, Inc. 525 U.S. 55 (1998) on-sale bar of United States patent law
Knowles v. Iowa 525 U.S. 113 (1998) search subsequent to a traffic citation without consent
Department of Commerce et al. v. United States House of Representatives et al. 525 U.S. 316 (1999) Census figures adjusted for undercount based on sampling may not be used for Congressional apportionment
Holloway v. United States 526 U.S. 1 (1999) federal carjacking statute applies to carjacking crimes committed by defendants with the "conditional intent" of harming drivers who resist the highjacker.
Federal Republic of Germany v. United States 526 U.S. 111 (1999) application of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations to death penalty cases
Kumho Tire Co. v. Carmichael 526 U.S. 137 (1999) non-scientists as expert witnesses in federal trials
Minnesota v. Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians 526 U.S. 172 (1999) usufructuary rights of Native Americans on certain lands
Jones v. United States 526 U.S. 227 (1999) subsections of federal carjacking statute define separate crimes subject to Sixth Amendment jury trial requirement
Wyoming v. Houghton 526 U.S. 295 (1999) warrantless search of a passenger's container capable of holding the object of a search for which there is probable cause is not justified under the automobile exception to the Fourth Amendment
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Aguirre-Aguirre 526 U.S. 415 (1999) application of Chevron deference standard to Board of Immigration Appeals actions
Saenz v. Roe 526 U.S. 489 (1999) welfare benefits to new state citizens and the right to travel
Hunt v. Cromartie 526 U.S. 541 (1999) gerrymandering
Chicago v. Morales 527 U.S. 41 (1999) loitering as gang activity
Olmstead v. L.C. 527 U.S. 581 (1999) undue institutionalization of mental patients violates Americans With Disabilities Act
Florida Prepaid Postsecondary Education Expense Board v. College Savings Bank 527 U.S. 627 (1999) sovereign immunity of the States
College Savings Bank v. Florida Prepaid Postsecondary Education Expense Board 527 U.S. 666 (1999) sovereign immunity of the States
Alden v. Maine 527 U.S. 706 (1999) sovereign immunity of the States

2000–2004

Case name Citation Summary
Kimel v. Florida Board of Regents 528 U.S. 62 (2000) Congress's enforcement powers under the Fourteenth Amendment do not extend to the abrogation of state sovereign immunity under the Eleventh Amendment where the discrimination is rationally based on age
Illinois v. Wardlow 528 U.S. 119 (2000) reasonable suspicion for a Terry stop
Reno v. Condon 528 U.S. 141 (2000) upholding the Driver's Privacy Protection Act of 1994 against a Tenth Amendment challenge
Friends of the Earth, Inc. v. Laidlaw Environmental Services, Inc. 528 U.S. 167 (2000) standing, mootness, "voluntary cessation"
Nixon v. Shrink Missouri Government PAC 528 U.S. 377 (2000) campaign contributions to state political parties
Rice v. Cayetano 528 U.S. 495 (2000) race-based voting restrictions for state government offices
FDA v. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. 529 U.S. 120 (2000) administrative agency power over an area heavily regulated by Congress
Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System v. Southworth 529 U.S. 217 (2000) compulsory student fees to support political campus groups; 1st Amendment
Christensen v. Harris County 529 U.S. 576 (2000) county's policy of requiring that employees schedule time off so that they do not accrue time off was not prohibited by the Fair Labor Standards Act
United States v. Morrison 529 U.S. 598 (2000) limits of Congress's power under the commerce clause
United States v. Playboy Entertainment Group 529 U.S. 803 (2000) scrambling of adult material on cable channels; 1st Amendment
United States v. Hubbell 530 U.S. 27 (2000) criminal charges based on subpeonaed documents
Troxel v. Granville 530 U.S. 57 (2000) fundamental rights of parents to raise their children, third-party visitation rights
Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe 530 U.S. 290 (2000) prayer in public schools
Crosby v. National Foreign Trade Council 530 U.S. 363 (2000) federal preemption of state foreign trade regulation
Dickerson v. United States 530 U.S. 428 (2000) legislative abrogation of Miranda right
Apprendi v. New Jersey 530 U.S. 466 (2000) Juries must decide all elements of a crime beyond reasonable doubt
California Democratic Party v. Jones 530 U.S. 567 (2000) freedom of association and political primary elections
Boy Scouts of America v. Dale 530 U.S. 640 (2000) right of free association, homosexuality
Stenberg v. Carhart 530 U.S. 914 (2000) "late term" or "partial birth" abortions
City of Indianapolis v. Edmond 531 U.S. 32 (2000) use of dogs at random traffic stops
Eastern Associated Coal Corp. v. Mine Workers 531 U.S. 57 (2000) public policy considerations do not require courts to refuse to enforce an arbitration award ordering an employer to reinstate an employee truck driver who twice tested positive for marijuana
Bush v. Gore 531 U.S. 98 (2000) vote recounts in presidential election, the only court decision to determine the winner of a presidential election
Brentwood Academy v. Tennessee Secondary School Athletic Ass’n 531 U.S. 288 (2001) expansion of state action to include "public entwinement"
Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett 531 U.S. 356 (2001) Eleventh Amendment sovereign immunity and Equal Protection in a disability case
Whitman v. American Trucking Associations, Inc. 531 U.S. 457 (2001) determining the scope of the EPA's power to set air quality standards
Semtek International Inc. v. Lockheed Martin Corp. 531 U.S. 497 (2001) res judicata effect of federal judgments in state court
TrafFix Devices, Inc. v. Marketing Displays, Inc. 532 U.S. 23 (2001) trademark protection for patented designs
Ferguson v. City of Charleston 532 U.S. 67 (2001) private hospitals that test pregnant women for drugs without their consent and then turn the results over to the police violate the Fourth Amendment
Egelhoff v. Egelhoff 532 U.S. 141 (2001) preemption of state law by ERISA
Texas v. Cobb 532 U.S. 162 (2001) Sixth Amendment right to counsel is "offense specific," it does not necessarily extend to offenses that are "factually related" to those that have actually been charged
Easley v. Cromartie 532 U.S. 234 (2001) racial discrimination, gerrymandering
Alexander v. Sandoval 532 U.S. 275 (2001) no private right of action for disparate impact under Title VI of Civil Rights Act of 1964
Atwater v. City of Lago Vista 532 U.S. 318 (2001) -
C & L Enterprises, Inc. v. Citizen Band Potawatomi Tribe of Okla. 532 U.S. 411 (2001) Tribal sovereign immunity, waiver by contract to arbitration
Cooper Industries v. Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. 532 U.S. 424 (2001) The correct standard of review to use on appeals for excessive punitive damages
Rogers v. Tennessee 532 U.S. 451 (2001) due process, "year and a day rule" in murder cases
United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative 532 U.S. 483 (2001) necessity defense under the Controlled Substances Act for medical use of marijuana
Bartnicki v. Vopper 532 U.S. 514 (2001) First Amendment and the Electronic Communications Privacy Act
PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin 532 U.S. 661 (2001) the Americans with Disabilities Act allows reasonable accommodations of handicaps in professional golf
Kyllo v. United States 533 U.S. 27 (2001) defining 'search' under the 4th Amendment with respect to heat sensors
Good News Club v. Milford Central School 533 U.S. 98 (2001) free speech, establishment clause
Saucier v. Katz 533 U.S. 194 (2001) qualified immunity of a police officer to a civil rights case brought through a Bivens action
United States v. Mead Corp. 533 U.S. 218 (2001) Court declines to extend Chevron doctrine to U.S. Customs Service decisions
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. St. Cyr 533 U.S. 289 (2001) The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act and the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act, and their effect on habeas corpus petitions
New York Times Co. v. Tasini 533 U.S. 483 (2001) copyright in databases
Palazzolo v. Rhode Island 533 U.S. 606 (2001) Fifth Amendment takings clause
Correctional Services Corp. v. Malesko 534 U.S. 61 (2001) civil rights lawsuits against privately run prisons
Chickasaw Nation v. United States 534 U.S. 84 (2001) Indian tribes are liable for Federal taxes on gambling revenue
United States v. Knights 534 U.S. 112 (2001) warrantless searches of probationers
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc. v. Williams 534 U.S. 184 (2002) meaning of the phrase "substantially impairs" under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Kansas v. Crane 534 U.S. 407 (2002) as-applied challenge to Kansas' involuntary indefinite civil commitment of dangerous persons, different result from Kansas v. Hendricks
Owasso Independent School District v. Falvo 534 U.S. 426 (2001) peer grading does not violate the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition 535 U.S. 234 (2002) First Amendment protection for simulated child pornography
Tahoe-Sierra Preservation Council, Inc. v. Tahoe Regional Planning Agency 535 U.S. 302 (2002) substantive due process, takings clause
City of Los Angeles v. Alameda Books 535 U.S. 425 (2002) zoning of adult bookstores
Festo Corp. v. Shoketsu Kinzoku Kogyo Kabushiki Co. 535 U.S. 722 (2002) prosecution history estoppel
McKune v. Lile 536 U.S. 24 (2002) mandatory treatment for imprisoned sex offenders does not violate the Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination
Watchtower Society v. Village of Stratton 536 U.S. 150 (2002) door-to-door religious advocacy and the First Amendment
Gonzaga University v. Doe 536 U.S. 273 (2002) Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act does not create a right which is enforceable under 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Atkins v. Virginia 536 U.S. 304 (2002) imposing the death penalty on the mentally retarded; overruling Penry v. Lynaugh
Rush Prudential HMO, Inc. v. Moran 536 U.S. 355 (2002) no preemption of Illinois insurance statute under ERISA
Utah v. Evans 536 U.S. 452 (2002) use of statistical sampling in the decennial census
Harris v. United States 536 U.S. 545 (2002) Sixth Amendment does not require a jury determination of facts necessary to support the minimum punishment for using or carrying a firearm during or in relation to a drug crime or a crime of violence under 18 U.S.C. § 924
Ring v. Arizona 536 U.S. 584 (2002) Sixth Amendment requires that aggravating factors necessary for eligibility for a death sentence must be found by a jury beyond a reasonable doubt; overruling Walton v. Arizona in part
Zelman v. Simmons-Harris 536 U.S. 639 (2002) constitutionality of school voucher program
Hope v. Pelzer 536 U.S. 730 (2002) use of the hitching post in prisons is prohibited by the Eighth Amendment
Republican Party of Minnesota v. White 536 U.S. 765 (2002) election of state judges, freedom of speech
Board of Education of Independent School District No. 92 of Pottawatomie County v. Earls 536 U.S. 822 (2002) constitutionality of drug testing of high school students who participate in competitive interscholastic activities
Sattazahn v. Pennsylvania 537 U.S. 101 (2003) the Double Jeopardy Clause does not forbid seeking the death penalty after an acquittal on first-degree murder charges
Barnhart v. Peabody Coal Co. 537 U.S. 149 (2003) Social Security benefit assignment for coal industry workers
Eldred v. Ashcroft 537 U.S. 186 (2003) extending the duration of the term of copyright under U.S. law
Scheidler v. National Organization for Women 537 U.S. 393 (2003) applying RICO to activities of abortion clinic protesters
Moseley v. V Secret Catalogue, Inc. 537 U.S. 418 (2003) claims of trademark dilution require proof of actual dilution
United States v. White Mountain Apache Tribe 537 U.S. 465 (2003) the Federal government has a duty to maintain land held in trust for an Indian tribe
United States v. Navajo Nation 537 U.S. 488 (2003) compensation for modification a lease of mining rights to land on an Indian reservation
Connecticut Dept. of Public Safety v. Doe 538 U.S. 1 (2003) holding that Connecticut's sex offender registration statute did not violate due process clause
Ewing v. California 538 U.S. 11 (2003) California's Three strikes law is not cruel and unusual punishment
Lockyer v. Andrade 538 U.S. 63 (2003) California's Three strikes law is not cruel and unusual punishment
Smith v. Doe 538 U.S. 84 (2003) retroactive application of sex offender registration program is not an ex post facto law
Virginia v. Black 538 U.S. 343 (2003) constitutionality of laws forbidding cross burning for purposes of intimidation
State Farm v. Campbell 538 U.S. 408 (2003) due process limits on punitive damages
Nevada Department of Human Resources v. Hibbs 538 U.S. 721 (2003) Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 validly abrogated state sovereign immunity
Dastar Corp. v. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp. 539 U.S. 23 (2003) "reverse passing off" and rights to public domain works
Entergy Louisiana, Inc. v. Louisiana Public Service Commission 539 U.S. 39 (2003) federal preemption of FERC-approved tariff over state agency order
Sell v. United States 539 U.S. 166 (2003) Forced psychiatric medication by lower federal courts is permissible under some circumstances
United States v. American Library Association 539 U.S. 194 (2003) Congressional requirement that libraries install web-filtering software held not to violate First Amendment
Gratz v. Bollinger 539 U.S. 244 (2003) racial discrimination, affirmative action, equal protection
Grutter v. Bollinger 539 U.S. 306 (2003) racial discrimination, affirmative action, equal protection
American Insurance Association v. Garamendi 539 U.S. 396 (2003) California state insurance statute struck down for interfering with Presidential foreign policy
Wiggins v. Smith 539 U.S. 510 (2003) ineffective assistance of counsel at sentencing
Lawrence v. Texas 539 U.S. 558 (2003) finding laws restricting sodomy between consenting adults unconstitutional; overruling Bowers v. Hardwick
McConnell v. FEC 540 U.S. 93 (2003) First Amendment; political speech
Verizon Communications v. Law Offices of Curtis V. Trinko, LLP 540 U.S. 398 (2004) the Sherman Antitrust Act and requirements of telecommunications companies under the Telecommunications Act of 1996
Illinois v. Lidster 540 U.S. 419 (2004) accident investigation checkpoints do not violate the Fourth Amendment
Fellers v. United States 540 U.S. 519 (2004) once judicial proceedings have been initiated against a defendant, police officers cannot elicit information from the defendant without the defendant's counsel present
Doe v. Chao 540 U.S. 614 (2004) governmental violation of privacy rights
Locke v. Davey 540 U.S. 712 (2004) a religion clauses case upholding a Washington state scholarship program which excluded funding devotional studies.
Crawford v. Washington 541 U.S. 36 (2004) prior testimony exception to hearsay in criminal trials, Sixth Amendment right to confront witnesses; abrogating Ohio v. Roberts
National Archives and Records Administration v. Favish 541 U.S. 157 (2004) availability of death-scene images under the Freedom of Information Act over the objection of family members; investigation into the suicide of Vince Foster
United States v. Flores-Montano 541 U.S. 149 (2004) reasonableness of removing a gas tank from a vehicle crossing the border under the Fourth Amendment
Vieth v. Jubelirer 541 U.S. 267 (2004) justiciability of suit to enjoin gerrymandering
Tennessee v. Lane 541 U.S. 509 (2004) Congress's power under the 14th amendment, section 5; Americans With Disabilities Act
Nelson v. Campbell 541 U.S. 637 (2004) challenging lethal injection protocols under 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Republic of Austria v. Altmann 541 U.S. 677 (2004) retroactive application of the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act
Central Laborers' Pension Fund v. Heinz 541 U.S. 739 (2004) an ambiguity in the Employee Retirement Income Security Act
Department of Transportation v. Public Citizen 541 U.S. 752 (2004) Presidential foreign affairs and foreign trade actions
Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow 542 U.S. 1 (2004) validity of “under God” in Pledge of Allegiance; standing to bring suit on another’s behalf
United States v. Dominguez Benitez 542 U.S. 74 (2004) appellate review standard for violations of Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure governing the taking of guilty pleas
Hiibel v. Sixth Judicial District Court of Nevada 542 U.S. 177 (2004) constitutionality of state law requiring citizens to identify themselves to police
Aetna Health Inc. v. Davila 542 U.S. 200 (2004) ERISA's effect on federal jurisdiction of cases involving utilization review
Intel Corp. v. Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. 542 U.S. 241 (2004) foreign tribunals
Blakely v. Washington 542 U.S. 296 (2004) jury must find all elements of a criminal sentence beyond a reasonable doubt
Schriro v. Summerlin 542 U.S. 348 (2004) retroactively applying the rule set in Ring v. Arizona that a jury must find the aggravating factors in a capital murder case
Rumsfeld v. Padilla 542 U.S. 426 (2004) detention of American citizens
Rasul v. Bush 542 U.S. 466 (2004) jurisdiction over foreign nationals detained in Guantanamo Bay
Hamdi v. Rumsfeld 542 U.S. 507 (2004) detention of American citizens
Missouri v. Seibert 542 U.S. 600 (2004) Missouri's practice of interrogating suspects without reading them a Miranda warning, then reading them the warning and asking them to repeat their confession is unconstitutional
Leocal v. Ashcroft 543 U.S. 1 (2004) DUI is not a "crime of violence" requiring deportation of an alien
Koons Buick, Inc. v. Nigh 543 U.S. 50 (2004) Truth in Lending Act imposes a $1000 limit on statutory damages for violations of the Act involving personal-property loans.
KP Permanent Make-Up, Inc. v. Lasting Impression I, Inc. 543 U.S. 111 (2004) fair use defense to a trademark infringement action does not require proof that there is no likelihood of confusing the marks

2005–2013

Case name Citation Summary
United States v. Booker 543 U.S. 220 (2005) applying Blakely v. Washington to the Federal Sentencing Guidelines
Clark v. Martinez 543 U.S. 371 (2005) detention of aliens awaiting deportation
Illinois v. Caballes 543 U.S. 405 (2005) 4th Amendment search and seizure
Commissioner v. Banks 543 U.S. 426 (2005) Whether or not the portion of a money judgment or settlement paid to a taxpayer's attorney under a contingent-fee agreement is income to the taxpayer for federal income tax purposes.
Johnson v. California 543 U.S. 499 (2005) proper standard for reviewing constitutional race-discrimination claim in sorting prison inmates
Roper v. Simmons 543 U.S. 551 (2005) imposing the death penalty on juvenile murderers; overruling Stanford v. Kentucky
Cherokee Nation of Okla. v. Leavitt 543 U.S. 631 (2005) a Federal contract with an Indian tribe is binding, even if Congress did not appropriate funds
Tenet v. Doe 544 U.S. 1 (2005) enforceability of contracts between the government and spies (undercover CIA agents)
Shepard v. United States 544 U.S. 13 (2005) proving prior convictions obtained through guilty pleas under Taylor v. United States
City of Sherrill v. Oneida Indian Nation of N. Y. 544 U.S. 197 (2005) the repurchase of tribal land by an Indian tribe does not restore tribal sovereignty to the land
Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Saudi Basic Industries Corp. 544 U.S. 280 (2005) state court decisions and the application of the Rooker-Feldman doctrine
Dura Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Broudo 544 U.S. 336 (2005) standard for pleading loss causation in a securities fraud claim
Small v. United States 544 U.S. 385 (2005) resolution of split appeals court decisions on inclusion of foreign courts in the term "any court"
Granholm v. Heald 544 U.S. 460 (2005) interstate shipment of wine under the Dormant Commerce Clause
Deck v. Missouri 544 U.S. 622 (2005) shackling a defendant during the penalty phase of a capital murder trial
Arthur Andersen LLP v. United States 544 U.S. 696 (2005) legality of document destruction in the face of likely government investigation
Cutter v. Wilkinson 544 U.S. 709 (2005) religious freedom for prison inmates
Tory v. Cochran 544 U.S. 734 (2005) defamation, enjoinment of speech; continuity of injunction after death
Gonzales v. Raich 545 U.S. 1 (2005) legitimacy of using marijuana as a medicine, and power of the federal government to regulate intrastate activities
Spector v. Norwegian Cruise Line Ltd. 545 U.S. 119 (2005) applicability of the Americans with Disabilities Act to foreign-held companies
Merck KGaA v. Integra Lifesciences I, Ltd. 545 U.S. 193 (2005) applicability of patents in preclinical studies
Wilkinson v. Austin 545 U.S. 209 (2005) due process requirements for placing prisoners in Supermax prisons
Miller-El v. Dretke 545 U.S. 231 (2005) clarification of Batson v. Kentucky standard for peremptory challenges
Kelo v. City of New London 545 U.S. 469 (2005) eminent domain; takings of private property for private development
Van Orden v. Perry 545 U.S. 677 (2005) legality of a Ten Commandments display
Town of Castle Rock v. Gonzales 545 U.S. 748 (2005) liability of police departments under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for failing to respond to domestic violence calls
McCreary County v. ACLU of Kentucky 545 U.S. 844 (2005) constitutionality of a Ten Commandments display; potential reformulation of the Lemon test
MGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd. 545 U.S. 913 (2005) Copyright infringement in P2P file-sharing; re-examination of Sony Corp. v. Universal City Studios
National Cable and Telecomm. Assn v. Brand X Internet Services 545 U.S. 967 (2005) allowing small internet service providers to lease bandwidth from privately owned coaxial cable lines
Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice John Roberts, September 29, 2005
Gonzales v. Oregon 546 U.S. 243 (2006) Attorney General did not permissibly construe Controlled Substances Act to prohibit the distribution of drugs for physician-assisted suicide
Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England 546 U.S. 320 (2006) Invalidating statute and lower courts rendering narrower declaratory and injunctive relief
Rice v. Collins 546 U.S. 333 (2006) Habeas corpus relief may not be granted on the basis of debatable inferences used to overturn the trial court's finding vis-á-vis peremptory challenges
Central Virginia Community College v. Katz 546 U.S. 356 (2006) state sovereign immunity under the 11th Amendment and the Bankruptcy Clause
Gonzales v. O Centro Espirita Beneficente Uniao do Vegetal 546 U.S. 418 (2006) Federal government could not bar religious use of hallucinogenic tea
Buckeye Check Cashing, Inc. v. Cardegna 546 U.S. 440 (2006) Arbitrator must decide legality of contract unless arbitration clause is itself being challenged
Domino's Pizza, Inc. v. McDonald 546 U.S. 470 (2006) agent of a party to a contract cannot state a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1981 because he himself does not have rights to make or enforce under the contract
Dolan v. United States Postal Service 546 U.S. 481 (2006) scope of immunity of the United States Postal Service under the Federal Tort Claims Act
Arbaugh v. Y & H Corporation 546 U.S. 500 (2006) "Employee-numerosity" requirement of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is substantive, rather than jurisdictional in nature
Oregon v. Guzek 546 U.S. 517 (2006) States may constitutionally limit the evidence of innocence a defendant convicted of a capital offense may present at his sentencing hearing to the evidence already presented at his trial.
Texaco, Inc. v. Dagher 547 U.S. 1 (2006) joint venture was not a price-fixing scheme under antitrust law
Scheidler v. National Organization for Women 547 U.S. 9 (2006) physical violence unrelated to robbery or extortion falls outside the scope of the Hobbs Act
Illinois Tool Works, Inc. v. Independent Ink, Inc. 547 U.S. 28 (2006) patented products involved in product tying arrangements are not presumed to have market power under antitrust law
Rumsfeld v. Forum for Academic and Institutional Rights 547 U.S. 47 (2006) law schools receiving federal funds may not ban military recruiters
United States v. Grubbs 547 U.S. 90 (2006) anticipatory search warrant did not violate the particularity clause of the 4th Amendment
Georgia v. Randolph 547 U.S. 103 (2006) police cannot conduct a warrantless search in a home where one occupant consents and the other objects
Day v. McDonough 547 U.S. 198 (2006) A State's unintentional failure to object to the filing of a habeas corpus petition after the statute of limitations has expired does not prevent a district court from dismissing the petition on its own initiative
Northern Ins. Co. of N.Y. v. Chatham County 547 U.S. 268 (2006) sovereign immunity does not apply to admiralty suit against county
Jones v. Flowers 547 U.S. 220 (2006) sufficiency of notice for tax sale
Hartman v. Moore 547 U.S. 250 (2006) A plaintiff in a retaliatory-prosecution action against federal officials must plead and show the absence of probable cause for pressing the underlying criminal charges.
Ark. Dep't of Human Servs. v. Ahlborn 547 U.S. 268 (2006) state liens on personal injury settlements
Marshall v. Marshall 547 U.S. 293 (2006) federal bankruptcy court binding state court on inheritance question
Holmes v. South Carolina 547 U.S. 319 (2006) limitations on exclusion of evidence in murder case, 6th Amendment
DaimlerChrysler Corp. v. Cuno 547 U.S. 332 (2006) taxpayer standing in a Dormant Commerce Clause case
Sereboff v. Mid Atlantic Medical Services, Inc. 547 U.S. 356 (2006) fiduciary's recovery of personal injury settlement under ERISA
eBay Inc. v. MercExchange, L.L.C. 547 U.S. 388 (2006) nature of patent injunctions - revisiting Continental Paper Bag Co. v. Eastern Paper Bag Co.
S. D. Warren Co. v. Maine Bd. of Env. Protection 547 U.S. 370 (2006) interpreting scope of activities covered by the Clean Water Act
Brigham City v. Stuart 547 U.S. 398 (2006) reasonableness of officers' warrantless entry into a home to stop a fight under the "emergency aid exception"
Garcetti v. Ceballos 547 U.S. 410 (2006) extent of public employees' First Amendment right to free speech in the workplace
Anza v. Ideal Steel Supply Corp. 547 U.S. 451 (2006) activities subject to RICO
Zedner v. United States 547 U.S. 489 (2006) a criminal defendant may not prospectively waive his rights under the Speedy Trial Act
House v. Bell 547 U.S. 518 (2006) Post-conviction DNA forensic evidence can be considered in death penalty appeals
Hill v. McDonough 547 U.S. 573 (2006) a challenge to lethal injection as violating the Eighth Amendment properly raised a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, and is not barred by previous habeas corpus petition
Hudson v. Michigan 547 U.S. 586 (2006) evidence obtained with a search warrant is admissible even when police violate 'knock-and-announce' rule
Rapanos v. United States 547 U.S. 715 (2006) whether wetlands are part of the "navigable waters of the United States" and thus regulated by the Clean Water Act
Davis v. Washington 547 U.S. 813 (2006) whether a 911 call is "testimonial" under Crawford v. Washington
Samson v. California 547 U.S. 843 (2006) evidence obtained in a suspicionless search of parolees is admissible, and not prohibited under the Fourth Amendment
Dixon v. United States 548 U.S. 1 (2006) burden of proof for duress as a defense to Federal firearms law violations
Burlington Northern & Santa Fe Railway Co. v. White 548 U.S. 53 (2006) a job reassignment which is dirtier and more strenuous may constitute retaliatory discrimination under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as may a month of suspension without pay even when the employee receives back pay
Woodford v. Ngo 548 U.S. 81 (2006) the Prison Litigation Reform Act requires proper exhaustion of administrative remedies before an inmate can file a lawsuit
United States v. Gonzalez-Lopez 548 U.S. 140 (2006) trial court's erroneous deprivation of a criminal defendant's choice of counsel entitles him to reversal of his conviction
Kansas v. Marsh 548 U.S. 163 (2006) statute allowing the death penalty in cases where the aggravating and mitigating evidence are equal does not violate the Eighth Amendment
Randall v. Sorrell 548 U.S. 230 (2006) campaign finance laws which limit expenditures violate the First Amendment, and the anticorruption benefits of contribution limits must be weighed against their First Amendment costs
Arlington Central School Dist. Bd. of Ed. v. Murphy 548 U.S. 291 (2006) The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act does not authorize the award of experts' fees to prevailing plaintiffs
Sanchez-Llamas v. Oregon 548 U.S. 331 (2006) informing a suspect of his rights under the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
League of United Latin American Citizens v. Perry 548 U.S. 399 (2006) Texas's 2003 redistricting of District 23 constituted a violation of Latinos' rights under the Voting Rights Act of 1965, however mid-decade redistricting is constitutional as long as it is not solely motivated by partisan gain
Hamdan v. Rumsfeld 548 U.S. 557 (2006) Guantanamo Bay detainees may not be tried by a military commission under the Detainee Treatment Act of 2005, and said military commission violates the Uniform Code of Military Justice and the Geneva Conventions, both of which apply to the detainees, in that accused and their counsels may be excluded from their trial and knowing what evidence has been put against them
Clark v. Arizona 548 U.S. 735 (2006) constitutionality of Arizona's insanity defense statute

2006 term

Case name Citation Summary

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Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice John Roberts, September 29, 2005
Lopez v. Gonzales 549 U.S. 47 (2006) misdemeanor drug crimes as aggravated felonies
Carey v. Musladin 549 U.S. 70 (2006) spectator publicity and the right to a fair trial; "clearly established" law under the AEDPA
BP America Production Co. v. Burton 549 U.S. 84 (2007) Statute of limitations on contract actions by the Federal Government under 28 U.S.C. § 2415 is not applicable to administrative proceedings
Medimmune, Inc. v. Genentech, Inc. 549 U.S. 118 (2007) enforceability of patents before infringement
Cunningham v. California 549 U.S. 270 (2007) applicability of Blakely v. Washington to California's determinate sentencing law
Philip Morris USA v. Williams 549 U.S. 346 (2007) constitutional limitations on punitive damages
Marrama v. Citizens Bank of Massachusetts 549 U.S. 365 (2007) bad-faith exception to the right to convert Chapter 7 bankruptcy case to a Chapter 13 case
Sinochem International Co., Ltd. v. Malaysia International Shipping Corporation 549 U.S. 422 (2007) District Court may respond immediately to defendant's forum non conveniens motion before resolving jurisdictional or other threshold concerns
Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency 549 U.S. 497 (2007) power to regulate carbon dioxide emissions
Davenport v. Washington Education Association 550 U.S. 117 (2007) A state may require that its public-sector unions receive authorization from nonmembers before spending their agency fees for election-related purposes
Gonzales v. Carhart 550 U.S. 124 (2007) Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act
James v. United States 550 U.S. 192 (2007) attempted burglary as a predicate crime under the Armed Career Criminal Act
Scott v. Harris 550 U.S. 372 (2007) Fourth Amendment seizure in a high speed chase, qualified immunity
KSR v. Teleflex 550 U.S. 398 (2007) Patent law, nonobviousness
Microsoft v. AT&T 550 U.S. 437 (2007) copying software in a foreign country cannot violate U.S. patent law
Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 550 U.S. 618 (2007) statute of limitations on employment discrimination claims
Permanent Mission of India v. City of New York 551 U.S. 193 (2007) whether a municipality can sue other countries to collect unpaid taxes
Bowles v. Russell 551 U.S. 205 (2007) Federal Courts of Appeals lack jurisdiction to hear habeas appeals that are filed late, even if the district court said the petitioner had additional time to file
Brendlin v. California 551 U.S. 249 (2007) whether a passenger in an automobile is "detained" so that he may assert a Fourth Amendment violation stemming from the traffic stop itself
Credit Suisse v. Billing 551 U.S. 264 (2007) Whether Congress's creation of the SEC implicitly exempted regulated industries from antitrust lawsuits
Rita v. United States 551 U.S. 338 (2007) "reasonableness" of a federal prison sentence under United States v. Booker; continuing application of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines
Tellabs, Inc. v. Makor Issues & Rights, Ltd. 551 U.S. 308 (2007) The proper standard for determining whether a plaintiff has alleged a "strong inference" of scienter under the PSLRA
Morse v. Frederick 551 U.S. 393 (2007) free speech rights of high school students ("Bong Hits 4 Jesus")
CBOCS West v. Humphries 551 U.S. 442 (2008) race retaliation claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1981
Federal Election Commission v. Wisconsin Right to Life, Inc. 551 U.S. 449 (2007) Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act's restriction on issue ads in election campaigns
Hein v. Freedom From Religion Foundation 551 U.S. 587 (2007) taxpayer standing to pursue an Establishment Clause claim against President Bush's faith-based initiative
Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1

Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of Education (companion case)

551 U.S. 701 (2007) affirmative action; using race as a tie-breaker in assigning students to public schools
Leegin Creative Leather Products, Inc. v. PSKS, Inc. 551 U.S. 877 (2007) applying rule of reason under Section 1 of the Sherman Act
Panetti v. Quarterman 551 U.S. 930 (2007) executing the mentally ill

2007 term

Case name Citation Summary

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Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice John Roberts, September 29, 2005
Watson v. United States 552 U.S. 74 (2007) whether trading drugs for a gun constitutes use of a firearm under 18 U.S.C. § 924 and Bailey v. United States
Kimbrough v. United States 552 U.S. 85 (2007) whether the 100:1 ratio between powder and crack cocaine imposed by the United States Sentencing Commission yields "reasonable" sentences
Gall v. United States 552 U.S. 38 (2007) "reasonableness" of a federal prison sentence under United States v. Booker; continuing application of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines
Stoneridge Investment Partners v. Scientific-Atlanta 552 U.S. 147 (2008) third parties, such as investment banks, accounting firms and suppliers, can be shielded from liability if they engage in business with companies that are involved in securities fraud.
Ali v. Federal Bureau of Prisons 552 U.S. 214 (2008) Case upholding the United States's sovereign immunity against tort claims brought when "any law enforcement officer" loses a person's property.
Riegel v. Medtronic, Inc. 552 U.S. 312 (2008) Medical Device Amendment’s preemption clause bars common-law claims challenging the safety or effectiveness of a medical device marketed in a form that received premarket approval from the FDA.
Preston v. Ferrer 552 U.S. 346 (2008) the Federal Arbitration Act preempts state laws declaring that certain disputes must be resolved by a state administrative agency
Snyder v. Louisiana 552 U.S. 472 (2008) racial discrimination in jury selection; playing the "O.J. card"
Medellín v. Texas 552 U.S. 491 (2008) whether the president may direct state courts to obey an order of the World Court ruling regarding the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
New Jersey v. Delaware 552 U.S. 597 (2008) boundary dispute between New Jersey and Delaware involving the Twelve-Mile Circle
MeadWestvaco Corp. v. Illinois Dept. of Revenue 553 U.S. 16 (2008) determination of state tax liability for corporation operating in multiple states according to the "unitary business rule"
Baze v. Rees 553 U.S. 35 (2008) constitutionality of lethal injection protocols under the Eighth Amendment
Virginia v. Moore 553 U.S. 164 (2008) whether the Fourth Amendment requires suppression of evidence discovered in a search conducted in violation of state law
Crawford v. Marion County Election Board 553 U.S. 181 (2008) constitutionality of requiring voters to show ID before voting
Department of Revenue of Kentucky v. Davis 553 U.S. 328 (2008) Kentucky statute providing a preferential tax break to Kentucky residents who invest in bonds issued by the state and its municipalities does not discriminate against interstate commerce
United States v. Williams 553 U.S. 285 (2008) constitutionality of the PROTECT Act, a 2003 law intended to bolster federal restriction against child pornography, in the wake of Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition
Gomez-Perez v. Potter 553 U.S. 474 (2008) Federal employees who face retaliation after filing an age discrimination claim are authorized to sue under the federal-sector provision of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967.
Quanta v. LG Electronics 553 U.S. 617 (2008) patent exhaustion and its applicability to certain types of method patents
Boumediene v. Bush 553 U.S. 723 (2008) whether the Military Detainee Treatment Act of 2006 unconstitutionally suspends the writ of habeas corpus
Allison Engine Co. v. United States ex rel. Sanders 553 U.S. 662 (2008) Plaintiffs under the False Claims Act must demonstrate that the defendants intended to deceive the government, not simply that government money was used to pay the claim.
Munaf v. Geren 553 U.S. 674 (2008) habeas corpus statute extends to American citizens held overseas by American forces operating subject to an American chain of command
Indiana v. Edwards 554 U.S. 164 (2008) may a criminal defendant be competent to stand trial yet simultaneously not competent to represent himself at that trial?
Greenlaw v. United States 554 U.S. 237 (2008) may a federal appeals court sua sponte increase a defendant's sentence on appeal, without a formal appeal by the government?
Rothgery v. Gillespie County 554 U.S. 191 (2008) does a criminal defendant have a right to counsel at an ex parte arraignment?
Exxon Shipping Co. v. Baker 554 U.S. 471 (2008) legality of punitive damages award under federal maritime law for the Exxon Valdez oil spill
Kennedy v. Louisiana 554 U.S. 407 (2008) does the Eighth Amendment forbid the death penalty for rape of a child?
Giles v. California 554 U.S. 353 (2008) the forfeiture by wrongdoing exception to out of court statements by a witness only applies where the defendant caused the witness's absence in order to eliminate their testimony at trial
District of Columbia v. Heller 554 U.S. 570 (2008) does the Second Amendment allows a state or local government to outlaw the private possession of handguns?
Davis v. Federal Election Commission 554 U.S. 724 (2008) "Millionaire's amendment" to the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 violates the First Amendment

2008 term

Case name Citation Summary

</noinclude>|-

Beginning of active duty of Chief Justice John Roberts, September 29, 2005
Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council 555 U.S. 7 (2008) military preparedness outweighs environmental concerns, as Navy needs to train its crews to detect modern, silent submarines
Altria Group, Inc. v. Good 555 U.S. 70 (2008) federal law does not preempt the states' prerogative to regulate the advertisement of tar and nicotine rates in cigarettes
Herring v. United States 555 U.S. 135 (2009) evidence obtained during a search the police conducted as a result of an isolated act of negligence not related to the search is not subject to the exclusionary rule
Oregon v. Ice 555 U.S. 160 (2009) the facts necessary for imposing consecutive prison terms need not be submitted to a jury in accordance with Apprendi v. New Jersey
Waddington v. Sarausad 555 U.S. 179 (2009) on federal habeas review, courts must accept state court determinations that jury instructions fully and correctly set out state law with regard to accomplice liability
Pearson v. Callahan 555 U.S. 223 (2009) Saucier v. Katz is overruled; courts need not determine whether a civil-rights plaintiff's constitutional rights were violated if they determine that the right was not clearly established at the time of the injury

Decided, but not yet reported

The cases listed in this section may be up to a year and a half old; however, they are not yet included in the U.S. Reports. They are listed in order of the date on which they were decided, and a link is included to the Supreme Court's opinion.

2008 term

Case name Opinion Decided Summary
Crawford v. Nashville 06-1595 1/26/09 Employees who cooperate with an internal investigation of alleged sexual harassment are protected against retaliation under Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
Van de Kamp v. Goldstein 07-854 1/26/09 Prosecutors are immune from suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for improperly supervising the disclosures made by line prosecutors pursuant to Brady v. Maryland.
United States v. Hayes 07-608 2/24/09 Under 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(9), people who have been convicted of misdemeanor domestic violence crimes may not possess firearms as long as the government proves that the underlying offense involved a domestic relationship.
Pleasant Grove City v. Summum 07-665 2/25/09 A municipality that allows a privately donated Ten Commandments monument to be displayed on public property need not permit the religion of Summum to put up its own statue of similar size.
Negusie v. Mukasey 07-499 3/3/09 Under Chevron v. Natural Resources Defense Council, the Board of Immigration Appeals (rather than a federal court) has the power to decide whether the so-called "persecutor bar" applies to asylum applicants applies to those who were forced to persecute others in their home country.
Wyeth v. Levine 06-1249 3/4/09 Federal drug labeling requirements do not preempt state drug labeling requirements enacted to ensure that the public knew certain drugs are safe.
Fitzgerald v. Barnstable School Committee 07-1125 3/4/09 The petitioner parents had the right to sue a school committee under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for failing to stop the sexual harassment their daughter endured. This decision reversed the Second Circuit's holding that Title IX provided the sole remedy the parents could seek.
14 Penn Plaza LLC v. Pyett 07-581 4/1/09 An employer and a union can agree, through a collective bargaining agreement, that the unionized employees must resolve discrimination claims in arbitration instead of court.
Harbison v. Bell 07-8521 4/1/09 Under 18 U.S.C. § 3599, the federal government must provide lawyers to death row inmates seeking clemency in state proceedings.
Entergy v. Riverkeeper 07-588 4/1/09 The Clean Water Act does not prevent the EPA from engaging in a cost-benefit analysis when setting standards for power plants that use large quantities of water for cooling.
Arizona v. Gant 07-542 4/21/09 Police power to search an arrested person's vehicle is limited to safety concerns and evidence related to the actual arrest.
FCC v. Fox Television Stations 07-582 4/28/09 The FCC may ban "fleeting expletives" on television broadcasts.
Cone v. Bell 07-1114 4/28/09 The petitioner death row inmate had not forfeited the opportunity to argue that prosecutors withheld evidence important to his defense.
Dean v. United States 08-5274 4/29/09 Upheld sentence for discharging a firearm during a violent crime, Congress intended a defendant to be held strictly liable for such an offense.
Flores-Figueroa v. United States 08-108 5/4/09 whether the law enhancing the sentence for identity theft requires proof that an individual knew that the identity card or number he had used belonged to another, actual person
AT&T Corp. v. Hulteen 07-543 5/18/09 The 1978 Pregnancy Discrimination Act is not retroactive, so maternity leave taken before it passed cannot be considered in calculating employee pension benefits.
Ashcroft v. Iqbal 07-1015 5/18/09 whether top government officials can be held personally liable for allegedly knowing or condoning of racial and religious mistreatment of suspected terrorists
Caperton v. A. T. Massey Coal Co. 08-22 6/8/09 Due process requirements for judges' recusal
United States ex rel. Eisenstein v. City of New York 08-660 6/8/09 Where the Government has not intervened or actively participated, private plaintiffs under the False Claims Act must filed an appeal within 30 days of the judgment or order being appealed, according to the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure.
District Attorney's Office v. Osborne 08-6 6/18/09 Found no due process, postconviction right to access to the state's evidence for DNA testing.
Northwest Austin Municipal Utility District Number One v. Mukasey 08-322 6/22/09 whether Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which gives the U.S. government authority to oversee state electoral-law changes, is no longer needed and is unconstitutional
Safford Unified School District v. Redding 08-479 6/25/09 Strip search of a middle schooler violated the Fourth Amendment where the school lacked reasons to suspect either that the drugs presented a danger or that they were concealed in her underwear.
Melendez-Diaz v. Massachusetts 07-591 6/25/09 Under the Confrontation Clause of the Sixth Amendment, the prosecution (if it plans to present a lab report as evidence in a criminal trial) must make the analyst who prepared it available for on-demand cross-examination by defense counsel.
Ricci v. DeStefano 07-1428 6/29/09 White firefighters in New Haven suffered unfair discrimination because of their race when the city scrapped the results of a promotional exam.

2009 term

Case name Opinion Decided Summary
Citizens United v. FEC 08-205 1/21/10 whether federal campaign finance laws apply to a critical film about Senator Hillary Clinton intended to be shown in theaters and on-demand to cable subscribers
Padilla v. Kentucky 08-651 3/31/10 must a criminal defendant's lawyer advise him of the immigration-related consequences of a criminal conviction?
Salazar v. Buono 08-472 4/28/10 First Amendment restrictions on displaying a cross on public property
Reed Elsevier, Inc. v. Muchnick 08-103 3/2/10 settlement of copyright infringement claims relating to an electronic database
Graham v. Florida 08-7412
5/17/10 whether Roper v. Simmons should also apply to sentences of life without the possibility of parole
Ontario v. Quon 08-1332 6/17/10 Privacy rights of public employees over text messages on employer-issued pagers.
McDonald v. Chicago 08-1521 6/28/10 whether the Second Amendment should also apply against state and local governments

2010 term

Case name Opinion Decided Summary
Abbott v. United States 09-479 11/15/10 Mandatory minimum sentences under federal sentencing law
Los Angeles County v. Humphries 09-350 11/30/10 Section 1983 actions are limited to those caused by a municipality's "policy or custom" regardless of whether the plaintiff seeks monetary or prospective relief.
Premo, Superintendent, Oregon State Penitentiary v. Moore 09-658 01/19/11 Habeas relief may not be granted with respect to any claim a state-court has found on the merits unless the state-court decision denying relief involves an "unreasonable application" of "clearly established federal law, as determined by" the Court.
Swarthout v. Cooke 10-333 01/24/11 State prisoners have no constitutional right to parole.
Snyder v. Phelps 09-751 03/02/11 The First Amendment protects from tort liability a person who speaks about a public issue on a public sidewalk, even if that speech is "outrageous."
Brown v. Plata 09-1233 05/23/11 A three-judge panel of the District Court properly ordered the California prison system to release prisoners to resolve overcrowding.
Connick v. Thompson 09-571 3/29/11 A prosecutor's office cannot be held liable for a single Brady violation by one of its members on the theory that the office provided inadequate training.
Williamson v. Mazda 08-1314 2/23/11 A car accident victim can sue the manufacturer for failing to install a shoulder/lap seatbelt even where federal law permits it to install only a lap belt.
Arizona Christian School Tuition Org. v. Winn 09-987 4/4/11 Taxpayers lack standing to challenge a tax credit program that provides dollar-for-dollar incentives to donations to school tuition groups, including those awarding tuition scholarships only to religious schools.
Chamber of Commerce v. Whiting 09-115 5/26/11 An Arizona law that sanctions employers who hire illegal immigrants is not preempted by federal immigration law.
Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association 08-1448 6/27/11 The Constitution prevents the state of California from banning the sale of violent video games to minors.
Bullcoming v. New Mexico 09-10876[dead link] 6/23/11 A defendant's Confrontation Clause rights cover a non-testifying laboratory analyst whose supervisor testifies as to test results that the analyst transcribed from a machine.

2011 term

Case name Opinion Decided Summary
Cavazos v. Smith 10-1115 10/31/11 A jury found that a grandmother was guilty of assaulting her 7-week-old grandchild, which the jury found had died of shaken baby syndrome. The Supreme Court held that the Ninth Circuit exceeded its authority under 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d) in reversing the verdict for insufficient evidence.
KPMG LLP v. Cocchi 10-1521 11/7/11 Citing Dean Witter Reynolds Inc. v. Byrd, the Supreme Court remanded this case to a Florida appellate court for consideration of whether arbitration was required for some of the claims alleged.
Bobby v. Dixon 10-1540 11/7/11 Under the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (28 U.S.C. § 2254) and Harrington v. Richter, the Sixth Circuit had erred in granting a state prisoner's petition for writ of habeas corpus. It was not clear the state court had erred at all, a prerequisite for granting a habeas petition.
Golan v. Holder 1/18/12 Congress can restore copyright protection to works that were formerly in the public domain.
Southern Union Co. v. United States 11-94[dead link] 6/21/12 The rule of Apprendi v. New Jersey applies to the imposition of criminal fines.

2012 term

Case name Opinion Decided Summary
Lefemine v. Wideman 12-168 11/5/12 Under 42 U.S.C. § 1988, a plaintiff who obtained only a permanent injunction against government officials (but no money damages) was a "prevailing party," so the government must pay his attorney fees.
United States v. Bormes 11-192 11/13/12 The Little Tucker Act does not waive the government’s sovereign immunity with respect to Fair Credit Reporting Act damages actions.
Nitro-Lift Technologies, LLC v. Howard 11-1377 11/26/12 The Oklahoma Supreme Court was wrong in preventing arbitration of a dispute over the scope of noncompete agreements in employment contracts.
Arkansas Game and Fish Commission v. United States 11-597 12/04/12 Repeated, temporary flooding caused by the government is not automatically exempt from the Takings Clause, so the case was remanded for the lower court to decide if the government has to pay owners for using their land.
Kloeckner v. Solis 11-184 12/10/12 A federal employee who claims that an agency action appealable to the Merit Systems Protection Board violates an antidiscrimination statute listed in 5 U.S.C. § 7702(a)(1) should seek judicial review in district court, not the Federal Circuit, regardless whether the MSPB decided her case on procedural grounds or on the merits.
Ryan v. Valencia Gonzales

Tibbals v. Carter (companion case)

10-930 1/8/13 The federal law at issue, 18 U.S.C. § 3599, does not provide a state prisoner with the right to suspend his federal habeas proceedings when he is adjudged incompetent.
Los Angeles County Flood Control Dist. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. 11-460 1/8/13 The flow of water from an improved portion of a navigable waterway into an unimproved portion of the same waterway does not qualify as a “discharge of a pollutant” under the Clean Water Act.
Already, LLC v. Nike, Inc. 11-982 1/9/13 Nike's irrevocable promise not to enforce its trademark against its competitor mooted the competitor's lawsuit to invalidate the trademark.
Smith v. United States (2013) 11-8976 1/9/13 A defendant bears the burden of proving a defense of withdrawal from conspiracy.
Lozman v. City of Riviera Beach, Florida 11-626 1/15/13 Petitioner's floating home was not a "vessel" for purposes of 1 U.S.C. § 3, and therefore federal maritime jurisdiction was not triggered, because -- except for the fact that it floats -- nothing about it suggested that it was intended to transport people or things over water.
Sebelius v. Auburn Regional Medical Center 11-1231 1/22/13 The 180-day statutory time limit for a hospital to appeal a final Medicare reimbursement is not "jurisdictional," but it is also not subject to equitable tolling.
Chafin v. Chafin 11-1347 2/19/13 The return of a child to a foreign country pursuant to an order under the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction does not render an appeal of that order moot; that is, the losing party can still appeal.
Bailey v. United States (2013) 11-770 2/19/13 In Michigan v. Summers, the Supreme Court held that police officers executing a search warrant were allowed to detain people on the premises while they conducted the search. This case limits that to the "immediate vicinity" of the place being searched, so police searching a basement apartment couldn't search a man leaving from near the apartment in a car.
FTC v. Phoebe Putney Health System, Inc. 11-1160 2/19/13 The state of Georgia was not immune from an antitrust lawsuit challenging the competition-reducing acquisitions of a state-owned hospital.
Florida v. Harris 11-817 2/19/13 Because the police provided evidence showing the dog did well at training, a dog sniff provided probable cause for a search of a vehicle.
Gunn v. Minton 11-1118 2/20/13 The federal law giving federal courts exclusive jurisdiction over patent cases, 28 U.S.C. § 1338(a), does not deprive state courts of the authority to hear a state law claim alleging legal malpractice in an underlying patent case.
Henderson v. United States 11-9307 2/20/13 Regardless whether a legal question was settled or unsettled at the time of trial, an error is “plain” within the meaning of Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 52(b) so long as the error was plain at the time of appellate review.
Johnson v. Williams 11-465 2/20/13 Under 28 U.S.C. § 2254, a federal court hearing a habeas petition from a state prisoner must presume that the state court decided the prisoner's federal claim on the merits, even if the state court did not expressly address that federal claim.
Evans v. Michigan 11-1327 2/20/13 The Double Jeopardy Clause bars retrial following a court-directed acquittal, even if the acquittal was erroneous.
Chaidez v. United States 11-820 2/20/13 The Court’s decision in Padilla v. Kentucky, holding that the Sixth Amendment requires defense attorneys to inform criminal defendants of the deportation risks of guilty pleas, does not apply retroactively to cases already final on direct review (that is, non-habeas appeals).
Marx v. General Revenue Corp. 11-1175 2/26/13 Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 54(d)(1), a prevailing defendant in a Fair Debt Collection Practices Act suit may be awarded costs even where the lawsuit was not brought in bad faith and for the purpose of harassment.
Clapper v. Amnesty International USA 11-1025 2/26/13 Petitioners, a group of journalists and lawyers, did not have standing to challenge a federal law expanding the government's ability to engage in secret wiretapping because they could not prove they had been, or were about to be, wiretapped.
Gabelli v. SEC 11-1274 2/27/13 The five-year statute of limitations for the SEC to bring a civil suit seeking penalties for securities fraud against investment advisers begins to tick when the fraud occurs, not when it is discovered.
Amgen Inc. v. Connecticut Retirement Plans and Trust Funds 11-1085 2/27/13 In a private securities fraud class action, under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and an SEC rule, plaintiff class members do not need to prove that the fraud was "material" to their purchase of the securities.
Levin v. United States 11-1351 3/4/13 The Gonzalez Act, 10 U.S.C. § 1089(e), waives some of the government's immunity, and so allowed a plaintiff to sue the United States for alleged medical battery inflicted by a Navy doctor during a cataracts surgery.
Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 11-697 3/19/13 The first-sale doctrine applies to copyrighted works made lawfully overseas.
Standard Fire Ins. Co. v. Knowles 11-1450 3/19/13 Class representative of plaintiff class cannot defeat federal jurisdiction under the Class Action Fairness Act by stipulating that he will seek less than $5 million in damages. His stipulation does not bind the rest of the class.
Decker v. Northwest Environmental Defense Center 11-338 3/20/13 The Clean Water Act does not require a permit before channeled stormwater runoff from logging roads can be discharged into rivers and other bodies of water. Reversing the Ninth Circuit, the Court held that the lawsuit was not barred, but that the EPA's interpretation of its own regulation (not requiring permits) was entitled to deference.
Wos v. E.M.A. 12-98 3/20/13 A part of the federal Medicaid statute known as the "anti-lien provision" preempted a North Carolina law. That state law had required Medicaid beneficiaries who received money from a tort judgment or settlement to give one-third of that money to the state to reimburse it for the free medical care it had provided to the person.
Florida v. Jardines 11-564 3/26/13 A dog sniff at the front door of a house constitutes a "search" for purposes of the Fourth Amendment.
Comcast Corp. v. Behrend 11-864 3/27/13 The Third Circuit improperly certified a class action against cable company Comcast under Rule 23(b). The damages model the class proposed was not adequate.
Millbrook v. United States 11-10362 3/27/13 The petitioner, a prisoner, was raped by federal prison guards. The so-called "law enforcement proviso" of the Federal Tort Claims Act allowed the petitioner to sue the federal government for the guards' conduct.
Marshall v. Rodgers 12-382 4/1/13 The petitioner, convicted in state court of gun-related crimes, claimed the courts had violated his Sixth Amendment right to counsel by declining to appoint him a lawyer to assist him in filing a motion for a new trial, though he had waived this right three times already. The Ninth Circuit agreed with the petitioner, but the Supreme Court reversed and remanded.
Genesis Healthcare Corp. v. Symczyk 11-1059 4/16/13 A nurse brought a collective action against her former employer for violating the Fair Labor Standards Act. The employer offered the nurse a settlement under Rule 68 for her own damages, but not those of other potential class members. The Supreme Court held that the offer mooted her claim.
US Airways, Inc. v. McCutchen 11-1285 4/16/13 The terms of an ERISA plan governed when an ERISA claim was brought under the statutory provision authorizing "appropriate equitable relief . . . to enforce . . . the terms of the” plan. But when there are gaps in the plan, equitable doctrines may be used to construe it.
Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum Co. 10-1491 4/17/13 The Court unanimously agreed (albeit for different reasons) that the Alien Tort Statute did not allow a foreign citizen to sue a foreign corporation in an American court for aiding and abetting the commission of human rights abuses on foreign soil.
Missouri v. McNeely 11-1425 4/17/13 In drunk-driving investigations, the natural dissipation of alcohol in the bloodstream does not constitute an exigency in every case sufficient to justify conducting a blood test without a warrant.
Moncrieffe v. Holder 11-702 4/23/13 If a noncitizen’s conviction for a marijuana distribution offense fails to establish that the offense involved either payment or more than a small amount of marijuana, it is not an aggravated felony under the Immigration and Nationality Act.
McBurney v. Young 12-17 4/29/13 Virginia’s Freedom of Information Act, which grants Virginia citizens access to all public records, but grants no such right to non-Virginians, violates neither the Privileges and Immunities Clause nor the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution.
Boyer v. Louisiana 11-9953 4/29/13 A majority of the Supreme Court dismissed this writ of certiorari as "improvidently granted." The question presented had been: Under the Sixth Amendment's speedy trial guarantee, if delay in a criminal defendant’s trial is caused by inadequate state funding for indigent defense counsel, should that delay be counted against the State? Because this case was dismissed, the answer (from Vermont v. Brillion) remains "yes, but not much."
Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics 12-398 6/13/2013 The Court held in favor of Petitioners, that naturally occurring sequences of DNA cannot be patented, however artificially created "cDNA" is patent eligible.
Fisher v. University of Texas 11-345 6/24/2013 The Fifth Circuit failed to apply strict scrutiny when it affirmed the University of Texas's affirmative action policy. The decision is vacated and the case is remanded for further consideration.
United States v. Windsor 12-307 6/26/2013 Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act is unconstitutional, as it violates due process and equal protection.
Hollingsworth v. Perry 12-144 6/26/2013 The Court held that the Petitioners did not have standing in the matter under Article III, § 2 of the Constitution. The decision of the circuit court is vacated and the case is remanded to the Ninth Circuit under instructions that the appeal be dismissed.

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