List of neutrino experiments

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This is a non-exhaustive list of neutrino experiments, neutrino detectors, and neutrino telescopes.

Abbreviation Full name Sensitivity[a] Type Induced reaction Type of reaction[b] Detector Type of detector Threshold energy Location Operation Home page
ANTARES Astronomy with a Neutrino Telescope and Abyss Environmental RESearch ATM, CR, AGN, PUL ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
Mediterranean Sea, France 2006– [1]
ARIANNA Antarctic Ross Ice-Shelf ANtenna Neutrino Array S, CR, AGN, ? ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica "future" [2]
BDUNT (NT-200+) Baikal Deep Underwater Neutrino Telescope S, ATM, LS, AGN, PUL ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
CC, NC Water (H2O) Cherenkov ~10 GeV Lake Baikal, Russia 1993– [3]
BOREXINO BORon EXperiment LS ν
e
νx + eνx + e ES LOS shielded by water Scintillation 250–665 keV Gran Sasso, Italy May 2007– [4] [5]
CLEAN Cryogenic Low-Energy Astrophysics with Neon LS, SN, WIMP ν
e
νx + eνx + e

ν
e
+ 20Neν
e
+ 20Ne

ES
ES
Liquid Ne (10 t) Scintillation future [6]
COBRA Cadmium zinc telluride 0-neutrino double-Beta Research Apparatus 64Zn + e64Ni + e+
70Zn70Ge + e + e
106Cd106Pd + e+ + e+
108Cd + e + e108Pd
114Cd114Sn + e + e
116Cd116Sn + e + e
120Te + e120Sn + e+
128Te128Xe + e + e
130Te130Xe + e + e
BB Cadmium zinc telluride Gran Sasso, Italy 2007– [7]
Daya Bay Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment R ν
e
ν
e
+ pe+ + n
CC Gd-doped LAB (LOS) Scintillation 1.8 MeV Daya Bay, China 2011– [8]
Double Chooz Double Chooz Reactor Neutrino Experiment R ν
e
ν
e
+ pe+ + n
CC Gd-doped LOS Scintillation 1.8 MeV Chooz, France 2011– [9]
EXO-200 Enriched Xenon Observatory 134Xe134Ba + e + e
136Xe136Ba + e + e
BB Liquid Xenon WIPP, New Mexico 2009– [10]
GALLEX GALLium EXperiment LS ν
e
ν
e
+ 71Ga71Ge + e
CC GaCl3 (30 t) Radiochemical 233.2 keV Gran Sasso, Italy 1991–1997 [11]
GNO Gallium Neutrino Observatory LS ν
e
ν
e
+ 71Ga71Ge + e
CC GaCl3 (30 t) Radiochemical 233.2 keV Gran Sasso, Italy May 1998–Jan 2002 [12]
HALO Helium And Lead Observatory SN ν
e
, νx
ν
e
+ 208Pbe + 209Bi*

ν + 208Pbν + 208Pb*
CC, NC Lead (79 t) and 3He High-Z ~10 MeV Creighton Mine, Ontario 2012– [13]
HERON Helium Roton Observation of Neutrinos LS ν
e
(mainly)
ν
e
+ eν
e
+ e
NC Superfluid He Rotational excitation 1 MeV future [14]
HOMESTAKE–CHLORINE Homestake chlorine experiment S ν
e
37Cl + ν
e
37Ar* + e

37Ar* → 37Cl + e+ + ν
e
CC C2Cl4 (615 t) Radiochemical 814 keV Homestake Mine, South Dakota 1967–1998 [15]
HOMESTAKE–IODINE Homestake iodine experiment S ν
e
ν + eν + e
ν
e
+ 127I127Xe + e
ES
CC
NaI in water Radiochemical 789 keV Homestake Mine, South Dakota future [16]
ICARUS Imaging Cosmic And Rare Underground Signal S, ATM, GSN ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
ν + eν + e ES Liquid Ar Cherenkov 5.9 MeV Gran Sasso, Italy [17]
IceCube IceCube Neutrino Detector ATM, CR, AGN, ? ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
ν + N → ν + Cascade , ν + N → Charged lepton + Cascade CC, NC Water ice (1 km3) Cherenkov ~10 GeV South Pole, Antarctica 2006– [18]
India-based Neutrino Observatory Iron Calorimeter Detector @ India-based Neutrino Observatory ATM ν
μ
ν
μ
+Fe→μ+X
CC (dominant), NC Magnetised iron (50 kton) RPC active detector elements ~0.6 GeV Theni, Tamil Nadu, India 2012– (lab construction); 2018– (detector operation) [19]
JUNO Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory R ν
e
ν
e
+ pe+ + n
CC LAB (LOS) + PPO + Bis-MSB Scintillation Kaiping, China 2014– (construction) [20]
Kamiokande Kamioka Nucleon Decay Experiment S, ATM ν
e
ν + eν + e ES Water (H2O) Cherenkov 7.5 MeV Kamioka, Japan 1986–1995 [21]
KamLAND Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino Detector R ν
e
ν
e
+ pe+ + n
CC LOS Scintillation 1.8 MeV Kamioka, Japan 2002– [22]
KM3NeT KM3 Neutrino Telescope S, ATM, CR, SN, AGN, PUL ν
μ
,ν
e
,ν
τ
Sea water (~5 km3) Cherenkov Mediterranean Sea [23]
LAGUNA Large Apparatus studying Grand Unification and Neutrino Astrophysics future [24]
LBNE Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment Homestake Mine (South Dakota) future [25]
LENS Low Energy Neutrino Spectroscopy LS ν
e
ν
e
+ 115In115Sn + ν
e
+ 2γ
CC In-doped LOS Scintillation 120 keV [26] [27]
Majorana Demonstrator The Majorana Demonstrator BB ν
e
76Ga76As + e + e BB HPGe Semiconductor 2039 keV Homestake Mine, South Dakota construction start 2012 [28]
MicroBooNE AC, SN ν
e
, ν
μ
ES, NC, CC Liquid Argon TPC few MeV Illinois, USA 2014 [29]
MINERvA Main Injector ExpeRiment for v-A AC ν
μ
many CC, NC Solid scintillator, targets of Liquid helium, Carbon, Water, Iron, Lead Scintillation ~0.5 GeV Illinois, USA 2009– [30]
MiniBooNE Mini Booster Neutrino Experiment AC ν
e
, ν
μ
ν
e
+ 12Ce + X
CC Mineral oil (1000 t) Cherenkov ~100 keV Illinois, USA 2002– [31]
MINOS Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search AC, ATM ν
e
, ν
μ
ν
μ
+nucleus→μ+X
CC, NC Solid scintillator Scintillation ~0.5 GeV Illinois and Minnesota, United States 2005–2012 [32]
MINOS+ Upgraded electronics for MINOS AC, ATM ν
e
, ν
μ
,
ν
μ
+nucleus→μ+X
CC, NC Solid scintillator Scintillation ~0.5 GeV Illinois and Minnesota, United States 2013– [33]
NEMO Experiment Neutrino Ettore Majorana Observatory Fréjus Road Tunnel, Italy/France 2003– [34]
MOON Molybdenum Observatory Of Neutrinos LS, LSN ν
e
ν
e
+ 100Mo100Tc + e
CC 100Mo (kt) + MoF6 (gas) Scintillation 168 keV Washington, USA [35]
NEMO Telescope NEutrino Mediterranean Observatory Mediterranean Sea, Italy 2007– [36]
NEVOD Cherenkov water detector NEVOD ATM, CR ν
μ
ν
μ
+ nμ + p

ν
μ
+ pμ+ + n
CC Water (H2O) Cherenkov ~2 GeV Moscow, Russia 1993– [37]
NOνA NuMI Off-Axis νe Appearance AC ν
e
, ν
μ
ν
e
+nucleus→e+X
CC Liquid scintillator Scintillation ~0.1 GeV Illinois and Minnesota, United States 2011– [38]
OPERA Oscillation Project with Emulsion-tRacking Apparatus AC ν
τ
ν
τ
+nucleus→τ+X
CC Lead/Emulsion Nuclear Emulsion ~1.0 GeV LNGS (Italy) and CERN 2008– [39]
RENO Reactor Experiment for Neutrino Oscillation R ν
e
ν
e
+ pe+ + n
CC Gd-doped LOS Scintillation 1.8 MeV South Korea 2011–
SAGE Soviet–American Gallium Experiment LS ν
e
ν
e
+ 71Ga71Ge + e
CC GaCl3 Radiochemical 233.2 keV Baksan Valley, Russia 1990–2006 [40]
SciBooNE SciBar (Scintillator Bar) Booster Neutrino Experiment AC ν
μ
ν
μ
+ 12Cμ + X
CC, NC Plastic (CH,10 ton) Scintillation ~100 keV Illinois, USA 2007–2008 [41]
SNO Sudbury Neutrino Observatory S, ATM, GSN ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
ν
e
+ 2D → 2p + e

νx + 2Dνx + n + p
ν
e
+ eν
e
+ e
CC
NC
ES
Heavy water (kt D2O) Cherenkov 3.5 MeV Creighton Mine, Ontario 1999–2006 [42]
SNO+ SNO with liquid scintillator S,LS,R,T,

SN,LSN

ν
e
νx + eνx + e

ν
e
+ pe+ + n

ES, BB linear alkylbenzene (LAB) + PPO Scintillation ≈≤1MeV Creighton Mine, Ontario 2014– [43]
Super-K Super-Kamiokande S, ATM, GSN ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
ν
e
+ eν
e
+ e

ν
e
+ ne + p

ν
e
+ pe+ + n
ES
CC
CC
Water (H2O) Cherenkov Kamioka, Japan 1996– [44] [45]
UNO Underground Nucleon decay and neutrino Observatory S, ATM, GSN, RSN ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
ν
e
+ eν
e
+ e
ES Water (440 kt H2O) Cherenkov Henderson Mine, Colorado future [46]

^[a] Accelerator neutrino (AC), Active galactic nuclei neutrino (AGN), Atmospheric neutrino (ATM), Cosmic ray neutrino (CR), Low-energy solar neutrino (LS), Low-energy supernova neutrino (LSN), Pulsar neutrino (PUL), Reactor neutrino (R), Solar neutrino (S), Supernova neutrino (SN), Terrestrial neutrino (T)
^[b] Double beta decay (BB), Charged current (CC), Elastic scattering (ES), Neutral current (NC)

See also[edit]