|• Type||Dekalb County|
|• Mayor||Tonya Peterson|
|• Dekalb County CEO||Burrell Ellis|
|• Total||0.8 sq mi (2 km2)|
|• Land||0.8 sq mi (2 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||925 ft (282 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||30038, 30058|
|GNIS feature ID||0325978|
Lithonia is a city in eastern DeKalb County, Georgia, United States, as well as a collection of unincorporated communities in which it shares its name. Lithonia's city population was 1,924 at the 2010 census and a community population of about 15,000. Lithonia is in the Atlanta metropolitan area.
"Lithonia" means "city/town of stone". Lithonia is in the heart of the Georgian granite-quarrying and viewing region, hence the name of the town, from the Greek λίθος lithos, for stone. The huge nearby granite dome, Stone Mountain, is composed largely of a rock called Lithonia gneiss, a form of granite. The area has a history of rock quarries. The mines were served by the Georgia Railroad and Atlanta, Stone Mountain & Lithonia Railway. Some of the rock quarries have been converted to parkland and the railines to rail-trail.
Lithonia is located at (33.712658, -84.105897).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all land.
Lithonia is the birthplace of the Lithonia Lighting company, one of North America's largest manufacturers of commercial, institutional, industrial and residential light fixtures, which was founded in the city in 1946 but moved to nearby Conyers, Ga. in the 1950s.
Lithonia's city population was 1,924 at the 2010 census, over 799 households, and 560 families residing in the city. The population density is about 1,924 inhabitants per square mile (1,068.9/km²). There were 892 housing units at an average density of 1,129.9 per square mile (436.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 8.5% White, 84.3% Black, 0.05% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 1.42% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.8% of the population.
There were 799 households out of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.3% were married couples living together, 22.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.25.
In the city the population was spread out with 34.4% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 76.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over there were 63.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,397, and the median income for a family was $54,792. Males had a median income of $29,500 versus $24,788 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,605. About 12.6% of families and 18.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.8% of those under the age of 18 and 25.7% of those 65 and older.
The unincorporated communities located outside the city limits make up almost 75% of the population estimated at over 15,000 inhabitants. Neighborhoods are broken into two area codes: 30058 which includes the City proper, and communities directly outside the city limit, and 30038 located south of interstate i-20 which includes some of the most affluent neighborhoods in Dekalb County.
The Mall at Stonecrest (also known as Stonecrest Mall) is located outside of Lithonia. Much of the mall's available property has yet to be developed.
The three main health facilities in Lithonia are:
- Hillandale Dekalb Medical Center is the newest addition to the Dekalb Medical family of hospitals.
- Kaiser Permanente runs two community health clinics in Lithonia: Panola Road Clinic, and the Stonecrest Clinic.
- East Dekalb Health Center
- Edward L. Bouie Sr. Elementary
- Marbut Elementary
- Shadow Rock Elementary
- Rock Chapel Elementary
- Princeton Elementary
- Redan Elementary
- Flat Rock Elementary
- Fairington Elementary
- Stoneview Elementary
- Panola Way Elementary
- Murphy Candler Elementary
- Brownsmill Elemenetary
- Wynbrooke Traditional Theme School
- Lithonia Middle School
- Redan Middle School
- Salem Middle School
- Lithonia High School (Primary Zoned High School)
- Martin Luther King, Jr. High School (Secondary Zoned High School)
- Miller Grove High School (Relief High School)
- Arabia Mountain High School (Magnet High School)
DeKalb County Public Library operates the Lithonia-Davidson Library the main library source in Lithonia, which was once privately owned until being incorporated into the Dekalb County Public Library system in 1947.
Other libraries in the Lithonia community include:
- Salem- Panola Branch
- Redan- Trotti Branch
- Stonecrest- Klondike Branch
- Browns Mill/Recreation Center
- Bruce Street Park
- Davidson-Arabia Mountain/Preserve
- Fairington Park
- Lithonia Park
- Mystery Valley Golf Course
- Redan Park
- Southeast Athletic Complex
- Rock Chapel Park
- Salem Park
Lithonia's main post office is located on Stone Mountain Street in the heart of Lithonia. Many drop boxes and postal services storefronts are located throughout the communities of Lithonia.
Redan post office located directly outside the city limits of Lithonia provides an alternative to postal drop off and pickup service.
MARTA (Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority) provides connecting bus service to and from Lithonia, and GRTA Xpress (Georgia Rapid Transit Authority) provides commuter bus service to downtown Atlanta from a community park and ride lot.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Lithonia city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.