Stone Mountain, Georgia

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This article is about the city in the U.S. state of Georgia. For the mountain of the same name, see Stone Mountain.
Stone Mountain, Georgia
City
Main Street in Stone Mountain Village
Main Street in Stone Mountain Village
Official seal of Stone Mountain, Georgia
Seal
Motto: "A City of Vision"[1]
Location in DeKalb County and the state of Georgia
Location in DeKalb County and the state of Georgia
Stone Mountain is located in Metro Atlanta
Stone Mountain
Stone Mountain
Location of Stone Mountain in Metro Atlanta
Coordinates: 33°48′19″N 84°10′17″W / 33.80528°N 84.17139°W / 33.80528; -84.17139Coordinates: 33°48′19″N 84°10′17″W / 33.80528°N 84.17139°W / 33.80528; -84.17139
Country United States
State Georgia
County DeKalb
Government
 • Mayor Patricia Wheeler[2]
Area
 • Total 1.64 sq mi (4.2 km2)
 • Land 1.64 sq mi (4.2 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,043 ft (318 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,802
 • Density 3,500/sq mi (1,400/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 770
FIPS code 13-73816[3]
GNIS feature ID 0326087[4]
Website City of Stone Mountain Georgia

Stone Mountain is a city in DeKalb County, Georgia, in the United States. The population was 5,802 at the 2010 census.[5] Stone Mountain is located in the eastern part of Dekalb County and is a suburb of the Atlanta Metropolitan Area. It was host to some 1996 Olympic Games events and is home to Stone Mountain.

History[edit]

former City Hall and the police station

In 1822, the area that now makes up the city of Stone Mountain was made a part of the newly formed DeKalb County. A post office was created in 1834 on the old Augusta Road, and Andrew Johnson built a hotel along the road in 1836. At around the same time, Aaron Cloud built an observation tower at the summit of the mountain. Visitors to the mountain would travel to the area by rail and road, and then hike up the 1.1-mile (1.8 km) mountaintop trail to the top, where Cloud also had a restaurant and club.

By 1839, a general store was added, and a village was established under the name New Gibraltar. The name was officially changed to Stone Mountain by the Georgia legislature in 1847. The town is named for nearby Stone Mountain. During the Civil War, Stone Mountain village was destroyed by men under the command of General James B. McPherson on July 19, 1864.

Post-Civil War history[edit]

The Ku Klux Klan was revived in Stone Mountain in 1915, and Martin Luther King, Jr.'s I Have a Dream speech consequently includes the line "let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia."

Geography[edit]

Stone Mountain is located at 33°48′19″N 84°10′17″W / 33.80528°N 84.17139°W / 33.80528; -84.17139 (33.805255, -84.171413).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which 0.62% is water.

While the city of Stone Mountain itself is in DeKalb County, some of the town's mailing addresses are in Gwinnett County.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 1,408
1950 1,899 34.9%
1960 1,976 4.1%
1970 1,899 −3.9%
1980 4,867 156.3%
1990 6,494 33.4%
2000 7,145 10.0%
2010 5,802 −18.8%

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 7,145 people, 2,499 households, and 1,759 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,423.4 people per square mile (1,702.9/km²). There were 2,638 housing units at an average density of 1,633.2 per square mile (628.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 24.49% White, 69.21% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.96% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.54% from other races, and 2.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.09% of the population.

There were 2,499 households out of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 25.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.2% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 35.6% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 5.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,603, and the median income for a family was $40,888. Males had a median income of $28,302 versus $28,854 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,130. About 9.3% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The mountain has contributed to the city's economy both through its continuing status as a tourist attraction and its former use as a granite quarry.

Arts and culture[edit]

Stone Mountain is the site of a famous giant carving commemorating the military leaders of the Confederacy, as well as a state park and museum, including a tourist railroad. The City of Stone Mountain is also home to the ART Station Contemporary Arts Center and Theatre Company as well as the Stone Mountain Arts Incubator Program.

The 1996 Summer Olympic Games tennis, archery and track cycling tournaments were held in Stone Mountain Park.

Wade-Walker Park is located at the intersection of Rockbridge Road and Stone Mountain Lithonia Road.

Education[edit]

The schools serving the City of Stone Mountain and nearby areas in DeKalb County are operated by the DeKalb County Public Schools. Nearby areas in Gwinnett County are served by the Gwinnett County Public Schools.

The Administrative and Instructional Complex of the DeKalb County School District is located in an unincorporated area near Stone Mountain. The DeKalb County Public Schools East DeKalb Campus, a district facility, is also located in an unincorporated area near Stone Mountain.[7]

DeKalb County Public Library operates the Stone Mountain-Sue Kellogg Library.[8]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Stone Mountain Georgia". http://www.stonemountaincity.org/. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Official Site of the City of Stone Mountain". Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Stone Mountain city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Schools and Centers." DeKalb County School District. Retrieved on September 18, 2012. "Admin. and Instructional Complex 1701 Mountain Industrial Boulevard Stone Mountain, GA 30083" and "5839 Memorial Drive Stone Mountain, GA 30083"
  8. ^ "Library Locations & Hours." DeKalb County Public Library. Retrieved on February 24, 2010.
  9. ^ http://www.basketball-reference.com/players/b/brookma01.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "NOUREEN DEWULF VIDEO". Online Video Guide. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Donald Glover". IMDb.com. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Jim Goad". Contributors. Taki's Magazine. 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  13. ^ Staff. "New Orleans Seminary awards degrees to nine graduates with Georgia ties". The Christian Index. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 

External links[edit]