North Druid Hills, Georgia

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North Druid Hills, Georgia
Community and Census-designated place (CDP)
Executive Park tower, a local landmark
Executive Park tower, a local landmark
Location in DeKalb County and the state of Georgia
Location in DeKalb County and the state of Georgia
North Druid Hills is located in Atlanta
North Druid Hills
North Druid Hills
location within central Metro Atlanta
Coordinates: 33°49′11″N 84°19′41″W / 33.81972°N 84.32806°W / 33.81972; -84.32806Coordinates: 33°49′11″N 84°19′41″W / 33.81972°N 84.32806°W / 33.81972; -84.32806
Country United States
State Georgia
County DeKalb
Area
 • Total 5 sq mi (12.9 km2)
 • Land 5 sq mi (12.9 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,014 ft (309 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 18,947
 • Density 3,800/sq mi (1,500/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 13-56168[1]
GNIS feature ID 1805271[2]

North Druid Hills is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (North Druid Hills CDP) in DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. The population was 18,947 at the 2010 census.[3] The center of the area is the intersection of Briarcliff and North Druid Hills roads.

Geography[edit]

North Druid Hills is located at 33°49′11″N 84°19′41″W / 33.819654°N 84.328061°W / 33.819654; -84.328061.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.0 square miles (13 km2), of which 0.20% is water. The CDP boundaries are:

North Druid Hills neighborhoods

Neighborhoods[edit]

  • Biltmore Acres. South of LaVista Rd., west of Houston Mill Rd. & north of the South Branch of Peachtree Creek.
  • Briarcliff Heights. NW of Mount Brian Woods.
  • Green Hills. North of Briarcliff Rd. & south of I-85.
  • LaVista Park. East of DeKalb/Fulton line and west of Briarcliff Road.
  • Merry Hills. Between LaVista Rd. & North Druid Hills Rd.
  • Mount Brian Woods. North of North Druid Hills Rd., NW of LaVista Rd. & west of Clairmont Rd.
  • Sheridan Court. In CDP NW corner, around Sheridan Drive.
  • Woodland Hills. South of LaVista Road between Briarcliff Road & DeKalb County boundary.
  • Mason Mill. South of North Druid Hills Road & LaVista Road, between Clairmont Road & Houston Mill.
  • Vistavia Hills. On Vistavia Circle between Clairmont Road & Mason Woods Drive.
  • Executive Park. Developed in the early 1970s as one of Atlanta’s first mixed-use developments; located at I-85 and North Druid Hills Road.[5]

Toco Hills[edit]

Toco Hills is a large commercial and residential neighborhood in the western portion of the North Druid Hills CDP. The commercial component consists of two major shopping centers that are located at the intersection of LaVista and North Druid Hills roads that were developed in the 1950s. While it is generally accepted that the name "Toco Hills" is derived from the Toco Hill shopping center, the origin of that name is disputed. Some sources claim that the developer chose the name Toco because it was the Brazilian Indian word for "good luck."[6] Other sources claim Toco is an informal abbreviation of "top of the County."[7][8] In any case, the shopping center was developed on what was a hill, and the name gradually changed to "Toco Hills." The area is home to a large Orthodox Jewish population, and marked by wooded subdivisions featuring mostly ranch homes surrounding the commercial area.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 12,438
1990 14,170 13.9%
2000 18,852 33.0%
2010 18,947 0.5%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 18,852 people, 9,760 households, and 3,074 families residing in the CDP. Population density was 3,790.0 people per square mile (1,464.5/km²). There were 10,240 housing units at an average density of 2,058.7/sq mi (795.5/km²). CDP ethnic makeup was 82.50% White, 7.30% African American, 0.15% Native American, 4.32% Hispanic or Latino (any race), 6.73% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 1.85% from two or more races.

There were 9,760 households, of which 10.0% had children under age 18 living with them, 24.9% are married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 68.5% were non-families. 45.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Average household size was 1.84 and average family size was 2.67.

CDP population had 9.9% under age 18, 16.6% from 18 to 24, 40.8% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were age 65 or over. Median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 or over, there were 92.3 males.

CDP household median income was $48,530, and family median income was $67,956 (these figures rose to $53,028 and $84,248 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[9]). Males had a median income of $45,313 versus $37,327 for females. CDP per capita income was $33,288. About 4.9% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

One of the earliest European settlers in north Dekalb County was Chapman Powell, whose "Medicine House" cabin was built near the intersection of Clairmont and North Decatur roads (later relocated to Stone Mountain Park, where it still stands). Dr. Powell (1798–1870) owned most of the land in the Candler Lake and South Fork Peachtree Creek area during his lifetime. His land was later purchased by Walter Candler.[10]

Major Washington Jackson Houston owned land on the north side of the South Fork of Peachtree Creek, in what is now Briarcliff. Visitors used to visit Major Houston to buy ground cornmeal produced by his 1876 gristmill or to attend social gatherings held on his property. Major Houston converted the mill into an early hydroelectric plant circa 1900.[10] Atlanta contractor Harry J. Carr bought Houston's land in the 1920s and constructed the fieldstone and wrought iron home now known as the Houston Mill House. Emory University purchased the home in the 1960s and renovated it. Houston Mill House, located at 849 Houston Mill Road, is now open for dining and special events.[11]

After World War II and continuing into the 1950s, many Jews moved out of the southside (primarily around the area that as of 2013 consisted of Turner Field, the surrounding parking lots and the Downtown Connector) and the Old Fourth Ward and into North Druid Hills and the adjacent Morningside/Lenox Park neighborhood of Atlanta.[12] Beth Jacob moved to LaVista Road in 1962, and the neighborhood has since become the hub of Orthodox Judaism for the Atlanta area.

The North Druid Hills CDP remained rural until 1965, when Executive Park was constructed on a former dairy farm as the first suburban office park in metropolitan Atlanta.[13] At the southeast corner of I-85 and North Druid Hills Road, the former Executive Park Hotel tower still stands as a modernist landmark.[14] In January 2013, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta bought the building for $9.6 million.[15] Following the completion of Executive Park, the area boomed with suburban development.[13]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Druid Hills Post Office at 1799 Briarcliff Road NE in the CDP.[16][17]

Incorporation movement[edit]

Following the incorporation of Brookhaven in 2012, the idea of incorporating a city of Briarcliff was proposed by a civic group known as the North Druid Hills Study Group.[18] Supporters cited more local control as reasons in favor of cityhood, while those against cityhood cited the lack of an identity, center, and boundaries as reasons against.[19][20] The city of Briarcliff boundaries would be:[21]

In March 2014 after failure of the first initiative the City of Briarcliff Initiative, Inc. announced plans for a second attempt at cityhood, which it dubbed "Briarcliff 2.0".[22]

Diplomatic missions[edit]

The Consulate-General of Mexico in Atlanta is in the North Druid Hills CDP.[17][23]

Education[edit]

DeKalb County Schools serves the CDP. Briar Vista Elementary School, the zoned school of North Druid Hills, is in the CDP.[17][24] Residents zoned to Briar Vista are also zoned to Druid Hills Middle School (in North Decatur CDP[25]) and Druid Hills High School (in Druid Hills CDP[26]).[27] The Margaret Harris Comprehensive School, an alternative K-12 county school for disabled children, is in North Druid Hills.[28]

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Atlanta operates the Immaculate Heart of Mary School, a parochial school, at 2855 Briarcliff Road in the CDP.[17][29]

Private schools:

  • Annunciation Day School (ADS), at the Greek Orthodox Cathedral, 2500 Clairmont Road, NE. Private Greek Orthodox Christian pre-school. Private Greek Orthodox Christian elementary school (K-8).
  • Atlanta Montessori International School, 1970 Cliff Valley Way. Private pre-school - middle school.
  • Cliff Valley School, 2426 Clairmont Rd. Private elementary school.
  • Intown Community School, 2059 LaVista Rd. Private PCA-affiliated school.
  • Torah Day School of Atlanta, 1985 Lavista Road NE. Private K-8 Orthodox Jewish day school
  • Yeshiva Ohr Yisrael, 1458 Holly Lane. Private Orthodox Jewish boys high school.
  • Temima High School, 1985-B Lavista Road. Private Orthodox Jewish girls high school

Culture[edit]

The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America Metropolis of Atlanta is headquartered in North Druid Hills.[30]

Parks[edit]

WD Thompson Park Trail Map
  • Kittredge Park, 1520 Kittredge Park Rd., 2-acre (8,100 m2) park with baseball field, pool and multi-use court.
  • LaVista Park, 1319 Brookforest Dr., 4-acre (16,000 m2) DeKalb County park with playground and picnic area.
  • W.D. Thomson Park, [often misspelled "Thompson"] 1760 Mason Mill Rd. (off Mason Woods Drive), 29-acre (120,000 m2) DeKalb County park with courts, playground, picnic area and trails.

Transportation[edit]

  • Briarcliff Rd. Major road unifing the CDP.
  • Interstate 85. CDP northern boundary.
  • LaVista Rd. Primary E-W road.
  • North Druid Hills Rd. Primary access from Interstate 85.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), North Druid Hills CDP, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ http://www.taylormathis.com/atlanta-office-properties/executive-park.html
  6. ^ a b http://neighborhoods.ajchomefinder.com/DeKalb/Toco%20Hills/30329?id=1
  7. ^ http://www.city-data.com/neighborhood/Briarcliff-Atlanta-GA.html
  8. ^ http://www.atlantatimemachine.com/commercialbldgs/toco.htm
  9. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/11_5YR/DP03/1600000US1356168
  10. ^ a b Glen Creek Watershed History: "Points of Interest in the Watershed"
  11. ^ http://www.houstonmillhouse.com/history.php
  12. ^ Hertzberg, Steven (1978). Strangers within the Gate City. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America. p. 220. 
  13. ^ a b Pastoral Capitalism: A History of Suburban Corporate Landscapes, Louise A. Mozing, p. 179
  14. ^ "BellSouth training center", Flickr
  15. ^ "Children's Healthcare buys former 19-story hotel", Douglas Sams, Atlanta Business Chronicle, January 3, 2013
  16. ^ "Post Office Location - DRUID HILLS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.
  17. ^ a b c d "North Druid Hills CDP, GA." United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.
  18. ^ http://northdruidhills.patch.com/articles/ajc-sagamore-hills-north-briarcliff-considering-cityhood
  19. ^ http://northdruidhills.patch.com/articles/levitas-avoids-press-question-regarding-cityhood-position
  20. ^ http://northdruidhills.patch.com/blog_posts/cityhood-on-tap-for-the-briarpatch-take-your-time-please
  21. ^ Map, City of Briarcliff Initiative, Inc. website, retrieved 2014-04-16
  22. ^ City of Briarcliff Initiative, Inc. website, retrieved 2014-04-16
  23. ^ Home Page." Consulate-General of Mexico in Atlanta. Accessed October 26, 2008.
  24. ^ Home page. Briar Vista Elementary School. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.
  25. ^ "North Decatur CDP, GA." United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.
  26. ^ "Druid Hills CDP, GA." United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.
  27. ^ "Schools / Grade Configurations for 2008–2009." DeKalb County School System. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.
  28. ^ Home. Margaret Harris Comprehensive School. Retrieved on September 18, 2012. "1634 Knob Hill Dr. Atlanta, GA 30329 "
  29. ^ "Welcome to IHM!." Immaculate Heart of Mary School. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.
  30. ^ "Metropolises" (Archive). Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. Retrieved on February 9, 2014. "Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Atlanta 2480 Clairmont Road, N.E., Atlanta, GA 30329 "

External links[edit]