|Motto: "The Constitution Town"|
|• Total||5.49 sq mi (14.22 km2)|
|• Land||5.49 sq mi (14.22 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,142 ft (348 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||9,152|
|• Density||1,673.2/sq mi (646.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1061447|
Louisville is also known as the "Constitution Town".
The City of Louisville is now within Constitution Township and surrounded by Nimishillen Township, one of the original townships of Stark County. The City of Louisville originated from Harrisburg, platted in 1872, the oldest settled community in Nimishillen Township.
Immigrants were first attracted to the area because of its abundant timber, especially chestnut and poplar trees. Harrisburg quickly became a flourishing village serving as a stagecoach stop, situated at the junction of roads between Canton, Alliance, Cleveland and Pittsburgh. In 1835, the development of the railroad changed the history of the village, drawing business to the area.
Hauling wheat by barge was a marketing disadvantage for Harrisburg, but the prosperity of Louisville was assured with the coming of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne, and Chicago Railroads in 1852. During this year alone, 129 new lots were added to the city in four additions, and several industries began operation, using the railroad to expand their marketing area.
On October 8, 1834, Louisville was formally settled by Henry Lautzenheiser, from Germany, and Henry Fainot, a French Huguenot. The city was named after Lautzenheiser's son, Lewis, and called Lewisville, Ohio. When the post office was established in 1837, it was discovered Ohio already had a Lewisville, so the spelling was changed to Louisville.
The plat contained 33 lots; 18 owned by Lautzenheiser and 15 by Fainot. The lots measured 60 x 180 feet and extended back to 20-foot-wide alleys. The two original streets were Main and Chapel. In 1872, the 800 residents of Louisville decided to incorporate.
These residents farmed and worked at the industries who began operating in Louisville. Some of the 19th century industries included a plow manufacturing company, a woolen mill, a brewery which produced 2,000 barrels annually, a basket factory, flour mills, tanneries, and a brick yard. The Commercial and Washington Hotels served the merchants and other travelers passing through the area.
By the turn of the century, the flourishing Louisville was in need of adequate public services. In 1894, $18,000 in revenue bonds funded a public water system, and the first sewage system was installed in 1910. Main Street was the first to be paved in 1913 and 1914. The various residences, businesses and community facilities exist today on the original foundations that were built during the 1800s and early 1900s.
In 1952,Louisville resident Olga T. Weber petitioned municipal officials to establish Constitution Day, in honor of the ratification of the US Constitution in 1789. Presiding Mayor Gerald A. Romary proclaimed September 17, 1952, as Constitution Day in the city. The following April, Weber requested that the Ohio General Assembly proclaim September 17 as state-wide Constitution Day. Her request was signed into law by Governor Frank .
Weber didn't stop there. In August 1953, she urged the United States Senate to pass a resolution designating September 17–23 as Constitution Week. The Senate and House approved her request and it was signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. On April 15, 1957, the City Council of Louisville declared the city Constitution Town. The Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society later donated four historical markers, located at the four main entrances to the city, explaining Louisville's role as originator of Constitution Day.
As of the census of 2010, there were 9,186 people, 3,727 households, and 2,498 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,673.2 inhabitants per square mile (646.0 /km2). There were 3,995 housing units at an average density of 727.7 per square mile (281.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.3% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.
There were 3,727 households of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.0% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.
The median age in the city was 39.4 years. 25.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 18% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.5% male and 53.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,904 people, 3,444 households, and 2,465 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,726.6 people per square mile (666.3/km²). There were 3,544 housing units at an average density of 687.2 per square mile (265.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.53% White, 0.31% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.
There were 3,444 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $41,490, and the median income for a family was $49,844. Males had a median income of $37,625 versus $22,398 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,783. About 3.1% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
Louisville, as well as the majority of the surrounding Nimishillen Township, is served by the Louisville City School District, composed of Louisville High School (Ohio), Louisville Middle School, Louisville Elementary School and North Nimishillen Elementary School.
St. Thomas Aquinas High School (Louisville, Ohio) and St. Louis Elementary School are located within the city of Louisville.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- The City of Louisville, Ohio - History of Constitution Town
- Goodman, Rebecca (2005). "This Day in Ohio History". Emmis Books. p. 121. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
- "History of Louisville, Ohio". Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
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- "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties". Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
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- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- City of Louisville official website
- City of Louisville school district
- Louisville Area Chamber of Commerce