Ohio General Assembly

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For the current General Assembly, see 130th Ohio General Assembly.
Ohio General Assembly
130th Ohio General Assembly
Type
Type
Houses Senate
House of Representatives
Leadership
President of the Senate
Keith Faber (R)
since January 7, 2013
President Pro Tempore (Senate)
Chris Widener (R)
since January 7, 2013
William G. Batchelder (R)
since January 3, 2011
Speaker Pro Tempore (House)
Matt Huffman
since January 7, 2013
Structure
Seats 132 voting members:
33 senators
99 representatives
Composition of the Ohio Senate
Senate political groups
Composition of the Ohio House of Representatives
House political groups
Authority Article II
Ohio Constitution
Elections
Senate last election
November 6, 2012
(17 seats)
House last election
November 6, 2012
(99 seats)
Meeting place
Ohio Statehouse columbus.jpg
Ohio Statehouse
Columbus, Ohio, United States
Website
General Assembly
Senate
House of Representatives

The Ohio General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Ohio. It consists of the 99-member Ohio House of Representatives and the 33-member Ohio Senate. Both houses of the General Assembly meet at the Ohio Statehouse in Columbus.

Legislative agencies[edit]

The Legislative Service Commission is one of several legislative agencies. It serves as a source for legal expertise and staffing and drafts proposed legislation.

History[edit]

The General Assembly first convened in Chillicothe, then the Ohio capital, on March 1, 1803.[1]

The second constitution of Ohio, effective in 1851, took away the power of the General Assembly to only choose the state's executive officers, granting that right to the voters. A complicated formula apportioned legislators to Ohio counties and the number of seats in the legislative houses varied from year-to-year.

The Ohio Politics Almanac by Michael F. Curtin (Kent State University Press) described apportionment thus:

"The new [1851] constitution ... contained a complicated formula for apportionment, the so-called "major fraction rule." Under it, the state's population was divided by 100, with the resulting quotient being the ratio of representation in the House of Representatives. Any county with a population equal to at least half the ratio was entitled to one representative; a county with a population of less than half the ratio was grouped with an adjacent county for districting; a county containing a population of at least one and three-fourths the ratio was entitled to two representatives; a county with a population equal to three times the ratio was entitled to three representatives. To determine Senate districts, a similar procedure was followed; the starting point, however was figured by dividing the state's population by 35. The ratios for the House and Senate and the resulting apportionment was determined by a board consisting of the governor, auditor, and secretary of state."

In 1923, the apportionment system was modified by the Hanna amendment, which also gave the governor veto power over the assembly's acts, which could be overridden by a two-thirds vote of the assembly's houses. The last state constitutional convention, held in 1912, gave the governor a line-item veto, but reduced the supermajority required for overriding the veto to three-fifths. In 1956, a referendum increased the terms of state senators from two to four years.

The Hanna amendment (which guaranteed each county at least one representative and all members elected at large) guaranteed that rural areas of Ohio would dominate the legislature by giving them disproportionate representation. Several decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court in the 1960s, however, mandated apportionment proportional to population. Reapportionment was ordered in 1964. Starting with the 1966 election, the number of seats in the two chambers were fixed at their present numbers of 33 and 99.

Republican activists, led by Fred A. Lennon, began pursuing term limits in the 1980s, in 1992, a referendum set term limits of eight consecutive years—four consecutive terms in the house and two consecutive terms in the senate. Terms are considered consecutive if they are separated by less than four years. Once serving the limit former members are re-eligible for election to the legislature after four years.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blue, Frederick J. (Autumn 2002). "The Date of Ohio Statehood". Ohio Academy of History Newsletter. Archived from the original on September 11, 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°57′42″N 82°59′55″W / 39.9616°N 82.9987°W / 39.9616; -82.9987