Location of Lowell, Ohio
|• Mayor||David Pitzer |
|• Total||0.24 sq mi (0.62 km2)|
|• Land||0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||617 ft (188 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||553|
|• Density||2,387.0/sq mi (921.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1065718|
The first European settlers to the land that would become Lowell arrived in the late 18th century after the 1787 Northwest Ordinance opened the territory for settlement. Soon after the Ordinance took effect, the Ohio Company of Associates purchased 1,500,000 acres (6,100 km2) of land along the Muskingum River and proceeded to survey the area. The first settlement in what would become the state of Ohio was Marietta, founded in 1788 near the mouth of the Muskingum about 14 miles (23 km) downstream from the site that would become Lowell. By 1789, settlement had spread north to the area where the Cats Creek enters the Muskingum River.
By the 1830s the Muskingum Valley had long been settled, and local leaders created a plan to improve the Muskingum River for use as a source of power. In 1836 the State Legislature approved a bill that appropriated $400,000 to create a series of locks and dams along the river as far north as Dresden. Between 1837 and 1841, eleven dams and twelve locks were built at a cost that had ballooned to over $1.6 million. The third lock was built within a one mile (1.6 km) long canal constructed near the mouth of the Cats Creek to bypass a series of rapids in the Muskingum. Two competing companies bought land near the canal with the intentions of building a town. The first settlement was laid out on November 8, 1837 and was named Lowell with the idea that it would grow into a large manufacturing city similar to Lowell, Massachusetts. It was located along the upper end of the canal on the west side of the Cats Creek. The second settlement, called Buell's Lowell, was laid out on March 22, 1838. The second settlement quickly grew to dominate to the point that the first settlement became known as Upper Lowell. In 1850, Buell's Lowell was incorporated as a village and in 1889 officially changed its name to Lowell.
During the second half the 19th century several mills, tanneries, and factories were built along the canal. In 1888 the Zanesville and Ohio River Railroad was constructed across the river from Lowell giving the small village rail access to Zanesville in the north and Marietta in the south. By the turn of the 20th century, Lowell's fortunes began to decline as river trade was replaced by the railroads and later automobiles. Industry in the city declined and much of the land along the canal has since been replaced by parkland. Today many Lowell residents rely on Parkersburg and Marietta for jobs and shopping.
On November 8, 2011, Dave Pitzer was elected mayor by a 114-57 margin over Douglas Seese.
As of the census of 2010, there were 549 people, 248 households, and 157 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,387.0 inhabitants per square mile (921.6/km2). There were 289 housing units at an average density of 1,256.5 per square mile (485.1/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 98.7% White, 0.4% African American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.4% of the population.
There were 248 households of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.7% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.75.
The median age in the village was 45.2 years. 22.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.5% were from 25 to 44; 27.5% were from 45 to 64; and 22.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 45.9% male and 54.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 628 people, 258 households, and 182 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,476.3 people per square mile (969.9/km2). There were 297 housing units at an average density of 1,171.1 per square mile (458.7/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 99.68% White, and 0.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.48% of the population.
There were 258 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the village the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $30,865, and the median income for a family was $37,500. Males had a median income of $26,029 versus $18,864 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,611. About 11.9% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.6% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.
Lowell is the location of Lock #3 on the Muskingum River. It forms an island, Buell Island, named for native son Don Carlos Buell. Some residents of Lowell live on Buell island, but the island is mostly used for recreation at Buell Park.
Buell Island is also home to the historic Strait Run one room school house. Although the school has been moved from its original location, its structure and furnishings are otherwise intact.
- Don Carlos Buell - Major General who fought in the Seminole War, the Mexican-American War, and the American Civil War.
- Lee Fohl, baseball player and manager.
- "Washington County Public Officials". Retrieved 2008-03-18.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Schools of Washington County". Retrieved 2008-03-19.
- "Muskingum River Park Map". Retrieved 2009-04-21.
- "Strait Run School"
- "Biography". Retrieved 2008-03-18.
- Schneider, Norris F. History of Lowell and Adams Township, Midwest Book Company, Lowell, Ohio, 1946.
- Williams History of Washington County, Ohio 1788-1881, H. Z. Williams & Brother Publishers, Cleveland, Ohio, 1881.