||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (August 2013)|
A view of West Main Street in Lucas in 2007
Location of Lucas, Ohio
|• Mayor||Todd R. Hall|
|• Total||0.69 sq mi (1.79 km2)|
|• Land||0.69 sq mi (1.79 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,093 ft (333 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||606|
|• Density||891.3/sq mi (344.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1048396|
David Tucker, a New Hampshire resident, moved to Richland County in 1819, where he set in a proposal to buy land in the rural country of the county. He was granted this proposal in 1824, allowing him to buy land from the state at $1.25 per acre. After purchasing a mass quantity of land from the state, David hired Mr. Steward to survey the land for auctioning out. David's brother, John, was placed in charge as the head attorney authored to sell land to incoming settlers and pioneers in 1829. The auction was advertised in the local handbill "The Mansfield Shield and Banner", in which the land was described as "as good as a wheat growing country as the state can have." In response by this statement, the land for three major wheat mills were bought that year and were build in the following months. The town officially built and commissioned a postal office later that year. In 1830, the Chicago Railroad Company paid for tracks to be laid down on the south side of town of the town as well as a depot. By 1834, the Lucas area was full of houses and shops, becoming a major rural center for Richland County, mostly due to being the first town in the county to receive federal aid in its building. This is due to the land where Lucas presided being a campsite of General John Brooks (governor) as he marched north from Mansfield during the War of 1812, thus qualifying it as a historical site at the time. Currently three theories exist on how the Village of Lucas acquired its name. 1) The town was named after the current at the time and 12th Governor of Ohio, Robert Lucas (governor). 2) The town was named in honor of Governor Lucas's brother, a major land owner for the town. 3) The town was named in honor of the Tucker Brother's mother's maiden name, Lucas. However the name came to be, the town of Lucas was officially established according to Ohio standards at the time in 1836.
In 1945, Lucas was made famous as the location of Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall's wedding. They were married on May 21 at Malabar Farm, the country home of Pulitzer Prize-winning author Louis Bromfield, who was a close friend of Bogart's. The wedding was held in the Big House.
In 1994, numerous sequences for the movie The Shawshank Redemption were filmed at Malabar Farm in Lucas. They included the scene at the beginning of the movie where Andy is parked outside his home contemplating murdering his wife (filmed outside of Pugh Cabin), and the oak tree and rock wall scene where Red finds the box from Andy under the black rock. The oak tree is clearly visible from Bromfield Road, and the adjacent rock wall is still standing to this day.
In 2014, an episode of Ghost Hunters was filmed in Lucas. The episode, entitled Family Plot, aired on the SyFy channel. The Ghost Hunter's crew investigates claims of paranormal activities stemming from the 1896 Ceely Rose triple murder near Malabar Farm. On this same episode, they also spend time inside Louis Bromfield's "Big House" at Malabar Farm, again trying to document reported paranormal activity.
Lucas is located at  It lies southeast of Mansfield, a few miles from Interstate 71 on State Route 39. Lucas is surrounded by the Rocky Fork and Black Fork rivers, and the Charles Mill Lake to the east, and the Pleasant Hill Lake to the south. Lucas has many hills and forests and is part of the Mohican Valley area, along with Loudonville, Perrysville, Butler and Bellville. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.69 square miles (1.79 km2), all land.(40.703773, -82.420024).
As of the census of 2010, there were 615 people, 237 households, and 176 families residing in the village. The population density was 891.3 inhabitants per square mile (344.1/km2). There were 269 housing units at an average density of 389.9 per square mile (150.5/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 98.0% White, 0.3% African American, and 1.6% from two or more races.
There were 237 households of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.7% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 2.97.
The median age in the village was 34.9 years. 29.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.8% were from 25 to 44; 21.9% were from 45 to 64; and 11.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 620 people, 246 households, and 172 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,037.1 people per square mile (399.0/km²). There were 268 housing units at an average density of 448.3 per square mile (172.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.42% White, 0.81% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.16% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.16% of the population.
There were 246 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the village the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females 8=)there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $37,813, and the median income for a family was $42,917. Males had a median income of $36,094 versus $20,625 for females. The per capita income for the village was $17,653. About 2.7% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
Education and athletics
Lucas is in the Lucas Local School District. The district enrolls 584 students and administers 3 public schools including Lucas Elementary School, Lucas Heritage Middle School, and Lucas High School.
The Lucas "Cubs" are a member of the Mid-Buckeye Conference, participating in sports such as baseball, football, basketball, track, cross country, girls volleyball and girls softball. With class sizes around 40 students, Lucas is one of the smallest schools in the state of Ohio with an athletic program.
In 2005, Angela Foss won the school's only individual state championship. She took first place at the state meet in the Pole Vault.
In 1991, The baseball team reached the final four (state semi-finals), and lost 1-0 (on an unearned run) to the eventual state champions, Parkway High School. Still, to this day, this is the only time in which a team from Lucas made the State Semi-finals.
- Johnny Appleseed, born John Chapman, was an American pioneer nurseryman who introduced the apple to large parts of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. He became an American legend while still alive, largely because of his kind and generous ways, his leadership in conservation, and also because of the symbolic importance of apples. His traveling ways led him many times through the area of Lucas, and an outdoor amphitheatre outside of Lucas bears his name today.
- Louis Bromfield, Pulitzer Prize–winning author and world-famous conservationist
- Tim Seder, who coached and taught at Lucas High School is a former National Football League placekicker for the Dallas Cowboys and Jacksonville Jaguars from 2000 to 2002.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Baughman, Abraham J. (1908). History of Richland County, Ohio, from 1808 to 1908. S. J. Clarke. pp. 428–443.
- Lucas,OH: The Pleasant Valley of Homes. retrieved: September 28, 2104
- Spirit of Lucas. retrieved: September 28, 2014
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- Data in historical populations table from US Census, 1890; US Census, 1920; US Census, 1950; US Census, 1970; US Census, 2000; "American Factfinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- greatschools. "Lucas Local School District Profile". Retrieved 2013-12-04.