Männedorf

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Männedorf
Blick vom Zürichsee auf Männedorf (2009).jpg
Coat of arms of Männedorf
Coat of arms
Männedorf is located in Switzerland
Männedorf
Männedorf
Coordinates: 47°15′N 8°41′E / 47.250°N 8.683°E / 47.250; 8.683Coordinates: 47°15′N 8°41′E / 47.250°N 8.683°E / 47.250; 8.683
Country Switzerland
Canton Zurich
District Meilen
Area[1]
 • Total 4.77 km2 (1.84 sq mi)
Elevation 419 m (1,375 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 10,473
 • Density 2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
Postal code 8708
SFOS number 0155
Surrounded by Oetwil am See, Richterswil, Stäfa, Uetikon am See, Wädenswil
Website www.maennedorf.ch
SFSO statistics

Männedorf is a municipality in the district of Meilen in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Like in all other village along the lake of Zürich, archeological findings indicate settlements in the stone ages. The original settlement in the 7th or 8th century was called village of Manno (Dorf des Manno). The coats of arms is that of reeve Ottikon: an upright otter on a golden background. Männedorf is first mentioned in 933 as Mannidorf.[3]

The village originally housed fishermen, farmers and winegrowers. Männedorf was once owned by the monastery of Pfäfers. It later developed to become the home of the bailiwick of Zürich from 1405 until 1798. After the opening of the Lake Zurich right bank railway from Zürich to Rapperswil in 1894 the village blossomed. Many businesses of handicraft, trade and industry were established. Most notably probably a tannery, organ-building and precision mechanics. There was also a mill, a smithy, a public bath and a growing number of guesthouses.

By today Männedorf has become part of the Zürich agglomeration like all the villages in the region.

Geography[edit]

Regional hospital

Männedorf has an area of 4.8 square kilometers (1.9 sq mi). Of this area, 34.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 24.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 40.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4] In 1996 housing and buildings made up 28.5% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (12.3%).[5] Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 0% of the area. As of 2007 47% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.[5]

It is located on the north bank of the Lake Zürich in the Pfannenstiel region.[6] In the local dialect it is called Männidorf.

Demographics[edit]

Männedorf has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 10,473.[2] As of 2007, 17.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 48.3% male and 51.7% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 26.7%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (88.0%), with Italian being second most common ( 2.6%) and English being third ( 1.5%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 29.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (17.5%), the FDP (15.1%) and the CVP (13%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 19.9% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 62.4% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 17.8%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Männedorf about 82.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). There are 3806 households in Männedorf.[5]

Männedorf has an unemployment rate of 1.94%. As of 2005, there were 94 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 20 businesses involved in this sector. 1119 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 63 businesses in this sector. 2404 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 308 businesses in this sector.[4] As of 2007 27.7% of the working population were employed full-time, and 72.3% were employed part-time.[5]

As of 2008 there were 2606 Catholics and 4284 Protestants in Männedorf. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census, 50.2% were some type of Protestant, with 46.6% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 3.6% belonging to other Protestant churches. 25.6% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 0% were Muslim, 4.9% belonged to another religion (not listed), 3.5% did not give a religion, and 14.9% were atheist or agnostic.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1799 2,166
1850 2,382
1900 2,902
1950 4,396
2000 8,348

Transportation[edit]

The landing stage at Männedorf, seen from an approaching ZSG ship

Männedorf railway station is served by line S7 of the S-Bahn Zürich, which provides two trains per hour to both Zürich and Rapperswil. The journey time to Zürich is about 25 minutes, and somewhat less to Rapperswil.[7]

In summer, Männedorf is served by regular ship services between Zurich and Rapperswil, run by the Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft (ZSG) and calling at various lake side towns. A passenger ferry, operated on an hourly basis throughout the year by the same company, links Männedorf with Wädenswil on the opposite shore of the lake. The railway station and landing stage are some 5 minutes walk apart.[8][9]

Local bus services are operated by the Verkehrsbetriebe Zürichsee und Oberland (VZO) bus company.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Canton of Zurich Statistical Office (German) accessed 11 March 2014
  3. ^ a b Männedorf in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 10-Aug-2009
  5. ^ a b c d e Statistics Zurich (German) accessed 4 August 2009
  6. ^ Kanton Zürich, Statistisches Amt: Region Pfannenstiel (German)
  7. ^ "Winterthur–Kloten–Zürich HB–Meilen–Rapperswil". Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2014-05-15. 
  8. ^ "Zürich–Rapperswil–Schmerikon (Zürichsee/ZVV)". Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2014-05-15. 
  9. ^ "Männedorf–Stäfa–Richterswil–Wädenswil (Querfahrten/ZVV)". Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2014-05-15. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Männedorf at Wikimedia Commons