Lachen, Switzerland

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Lachen
Lachen vilagheniro (venante de Altendorf) 196.JPG
Coat of arms of Lachen
Coat of arms
Lachen is located in Switzerland
Lachen
Lachen
Coordinates: 47°11′N 8°51′E / 47.183°N 8.850°E / 47.183; 8.850Coordinates: 47°11′N 8°51′E / 47.183°N 8.850°E / 47.183; 8.850
Country Switzerland
Canton Schwyz
District March
Area[1]
 • Total 2.42 km2 (0.93 sq mi)
Elevation 408 m (1,339 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 8,126
 • Density 3,400/km2 (8,700/sq mi)
Postal code 8853
SFOS number 1344
Surrounded by Altendorf, Galgenen, Jona (SG), Wangen
Twin towns Schramberg (Germany)
Website www.lachen.ch
SFSO statistics

Lachen is a municipality in March District in the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Lachen is first mentioned around 1217–22 as de Lachun.[3]

Geography[edit]

Lachen as seen from Rapperswil
Jona, Obersee (upper Lake Zürich) and probably Wägital as seen from Kempraten-Lenggis

Lachen has an area of 2.4 km2 (0.93 sq mi), as of 2006. Of this area, 26.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 5.8% is forested. Of the remaining land, 62.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (5.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located on a delta of the Wägi river in the upper section of Lake Zurich. It is the smallest municipality in the Canton of Schwyz.

Demographics[edit]

Lachen has a population of 8,126.[2] As of 2007, 27.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 14.1%. The majority of the population speaks German (84.9%), followed by Italian (5.1%) and Albanian (2.4%).[4]

As of 2000 the gender distribution of the population was 49.1% male and 50.9% female. 1293 people or 20.6% of the population is under 19. 1950 people or 31.1% are 20 to 39, and 2,055 people or 32.8% are 40 to 64. 489 people or 7.8% are 65 to 74. There are 347 people or 5.5% who are 70 to 79 and 138 people or 2.20% of the population who are over 80. There is one person in Lachen who is over 100 years old.[5]

As of 2000 there are 2,817 households, of which 1,039 households (or about 36.9%) contain only one person. 115 or about 4.1% are large households, with at least five occupants.[5]

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 43.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (19.4%), the SPS (19.1%) and the CVP (13.9%).[4]

In Lachen about 69.2% of the adult population (between 25 and 64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Lachen has an unemployment rate of 1.98%. As of 2005, there were 61 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 7 businesses involved in this sector. 859 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 84 businesses in this sector. 2,686 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 370 businesses in this sector.[4]

According to the 2000 census, 4,141 or 66.0% of the populati are Roman Catholic, while 984 or 15.7% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 179 individuals (or about 2.85% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are less than 5 individuals who belong to another Christian church. There are less than 5 individuals who are Jewish, and 413 (or about 6.58% of the population) who are Muslim. There are 38 individuals (or about 0.61% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 336 (or about 5.36% of the population) are agnostic or atheist, and 178 individuals (or about 2.84% of the population) did not answer the question.[5]

The historic population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1850 1,506
1900 1,971
1950 3,458
1970 4,914
1980 5,456
1990 5,995
2000 6,317
2005 6,765
2007 6,977

Weather[edit]

Lachen has an average of 149.1 days of rain per year and receives on average 1,428 mm (56.2 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Lachen receives an average of 186 mm (7.3 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 14.2 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is May, with an average of 14.7, but with only 139 mm (5.5 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year is January with an average of 80 mm (3.1 in) of precipitation over 14.2 days.[6]

Transportation[edit]

The municipality is located on the A3 motorway.

Lachen railway station is a stop on the Zürich S-Bahn services S2, which runs every half-hour between Zürich and Ziegelbrücke, and S25, which runs hourly between Zürich and Linthal. The journey time to Zürich is between 30 and 40 minutes.[7][8]

Famous citizens[edit]

Joseph Joachim Raff (May 27, 1822 - June 24 or June 25, 1882) was born in Lachen.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Lachen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 02-Sep-2009
  5. ^ a b c d Canton Schwyz Statistics (German) accessed 27 August 2009
  6. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961–1990" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 426 meters above sea level.
  7. ^ "S-Bahn trains, buses and boats". ZVV. Retrieved 2014-08-06. 
  8. ^ "Zürich–Thalwil–Ziegelbrücke". Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2014-08-07. 

External links[edit]