Magdalena Maleeva

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Magdalena Maleeva
Магдалена Малеева
Magdalena Maleeva RG 2005.jpg
Country  Bulgaria
Residence Sofia, Bulgaria
Born (1975-04-01) 1 April 1975 (age 39)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Height 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)
Turned pro April 1989
Retired October 2005
Plays Right-handed (two-handed backhand)
Prize money $4,398,582
Singles
Career record 439–290
Career titles 10 WTA, 1 ITF
Highest ranking No. 4 (29 January 1996)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open 4R (1991, 1993, 1994, 2002)
French Open 4R (1993, 1996, 2003, 2004)
Wimbledon 4R (2001, 2002, 2004, 2005)
US Open QF (1992)
Doubles
Career record 121–133
Career titles 5 WTA, 1 ITF
Highest ranking No. 13 (2 February 2004)

Magdalena Maleeva (Bulgarian: Магдалена Малеева) (born 1 April 1975) is a Bulgarian former tennis player. She played on the WTA tour competing in singles and doubles, from April 1989 to October 2005. Her best position in the WTA Tour was no. 4 between 29 January to 4 February 1996.

Biography[edit]

Born in Sofia, Maleeva was the youngest of the three children of Yuliya Berberyan and Georgi Maleev. Yulia, who came from a prominent Armenian family which found refuge in Bulgaria after the 1896 Armenian massacres in the Ottoman Empire, was one of the best Bulgarian tennis players in the 1960s.[1] After she retired from professional tennis in the 1970s, Berberyan started on a coaching career. She trained all of her three daughters, Magdalena, Katerina and Manuela, each of whom eventually became WTA top six players.

In 1988 Maleeva became the youngest ever national tennis champion of Bulgaria, at the age of 13 years and four months. She turned professional in 1989, reaching the final of her first professional tournament at ITF/Bari-ITA. In her Grand Slam debut at the French Open in 1990, she passed the qualifications and reached the third round. In 1992 Maleeva snatched her first Tour event victory in San Marino. The following year she reached the fourth round at the Australian, the French and the US Open, as well as the third round of Wimbledon. That same year, she was the opponent of Monica Seles at a tournament in Hamburg, Germany when a deranged fan stabbed Seles in the back on the court. In 1995 Maleeva won a total of three tournaments, in Moscow, Chicago, Oakland, which allowed her to reach a career-high no. 4 in the WTA rankings in January 1996.

In June 1998, Maleeva underwent shoulder surgery, which forced her off the tour for the next eleven months. She started competing again in May 1999 and reached top 20 again in 2001. In 2002 she won the prestigious Kremlin Cup in Moscow, defeating three top 10 players on her way (Venus Williams, Amélie Mauresmo, and Lindsay Davenport). In 2004, she married her long-standing boyfriend, Lubomir Nokov.

Maleeva won a career total of ten WTA Tour titles in singles and five in doubles. She is the recipient of the 1993 WTA Tour Most Improved Player Award and was nominated for the 1990 WTA Tour Most Impressive Newcomer Award. She participated at the Olympic Games in Barcelona, Atlanta, and Athens.

Life after tennis[edit]

In October 2005, Maleeva retired from professional tennis after 16 seasons (years), and became the last of the Maleeva sisters to retire. She now lives in Sofia, Bulgaria. On 27 June 2007, Maleeva gave birth to her first child: a girl named Yuliya and on 13 December 2008 she gave birth to a second child – Marko and on 20 August 2012 to their third child – Nina. She has been very active with the environmental organization 'Gorichka.bg', which works to create public awareness about urgent environmental problems. Maleeva also has created 'Harmonica'Harmonica, a brand for organic foods, has a couple of organic food stores in Sofia under the brand 'Biomag' and is a partner at the Maleeva tennis club.

In October 2010 Maleeva won the Bulgarian national outdoor championship, becoming the youngest and the oldest player to have won it, within 22 years.

In 2011, she made a brief tennis comeback, playing and winning three doubles matches for Bulgaria at the Fed Cup.[2]

In March 2011, Maleeva was voted 8th in the "100 most influential women in Bulgaria" by Pari newspaper.

WTA Career Finals[edit]

Singles: 21 (10–11)[edit]

Winner — Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
WTA Tour Championships (0–0)
Tier I (2–3)
Tier II (2–4)
Tier III (3–3)
Tier IV (1–0)
Tier V (2–1)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 1. 28 April 1991 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Bol, Yugoslavia Clay Italy Sandra Cecchini 4–6, 6–3, 5–7
Winner 2. 27 July 1992 San Marino San Marino, San Marino Clay Italy Federica Bonsignori 7–6(7–3), 6–4
Runner-up 3. 10 January 1993 Australia Brisbane, Australia Hard Spain Conchita Martínez 3–6, 4–6
Winner 4. 25 September 1994 Russia Moscow, Russia Carpet (I) Italy Sandra Cecchini 7–5, 6–1
Winner 5. 9 October 1994 Switzerland Zurich, Switzerland Carpet (I) Belarus Natasha Zvereva 7–5, 3–6, 6–4
Winner 6. 12 February 1995 United States Chicago, USA Carpet (I) United States Lisa Raymond 7–5, 7–6(7–2)
Runner-up 7. 5 April 1995 United States Hilton Head, USA Clay Spain Conchita Martínez 1–6, 1–6
Runner-up 8. 21 May 1995 Germany Berlin, Germany Clay Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 4–6, 1–6
Winner 9. 24 September 1995 Russia Moscow, Russia Carpet (I) Russia Elena Makarova 6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 10. 1 October 1995 Germany Leipzig, Germany Carpet (I) Germany Anke Huber W/O
Winner 11. 5 November 1995 United States Oakland, USA Carpet (I) Japan Ai Sugiyama 6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 12. 26 May 1996 Spain Madrid, Spain Clay Czech Republic Jana Novotná 6–4, 4–6, 3–6
Winner 13. 21 November 1999 Thailand Pattaya City, Thailand Hard Luxembourg Anne Kremer 4–6, 6–1, 6–2
Runner-up 14. 1 October 2000 Luxembourg Luxembourg City, Luxembourg Carpet (I) United States Jennifer Capriati 6–4, 1–6, 4–6
Runner-up 15. 18 February 2001 France Nice, France Carpet (I) France Amélie Mauresmo 2–6, 0–6
Winner 16. 22 April 2001 Hungary Budapest, Hungary Clay Luxembourg Anne Kremer 3–6, 6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 17. 30 September 2001 Germany Leipzig, Germany Carpet (I) Belgium Kim Clijsters 1–6, 1–6
Winner 18. 6 October 2002 Russia Moscow, Russia Carpet (I) United States Lindsay Davenport 5–7, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
Runner-up 19. 27 October 2002 Luxembourg Luxembourg City, Luxembourg Hard (I) Belgium Kim Clijsters 1–6, 2–6
Winner 20. 15 June 2003 United Kingdom Birmingham, United Kingdom Grass Japan Shinobu Asagoe 6–1, 6–4
Runner-up 21. 8 February 2004 Japan Tokyo, Japan Carpet (I) United States Lindsay Davenport 4–6, 1–6

Doubles: 10 (5–5)[edit]

Winner — Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
WTA Tour Championships (0–0)
Tier I (1–1)
Tier II (2–1)
Tier III (1–3)
Tier IV (0–0)
Tier V (1–0)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
Winners 1. 28 April 1991 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Bol, Yugoslavia Clay Italy Laura Golarsa Italy Sandra Cecchini
Italy Laura Garrone
W/O
Runners-up 2. 14 February 1993 Japan Osaka, Japan Carpet (I) Switzerland Manuela Maleeva Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Latvia Larisa Neiland
1–6, 3–6
Runners-up 3. 25 April 1993 Spain Barcelona, Spain Clay Switzerland Manuela Maleeva Spain Conchita Martínez
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
6–4, 1–6, 0–6
Winners 4. 17 February 2002 Belgium Antwerp, Belgium Carpet (I) Switzerland Patty Schnyder France Nathalie Dechy
United States Meilen Tu
6–3, 6–7(3–7), 6–3
Runners-up 5. 23 June 2002 Netherlands 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands Grass Germany Bianka Lamade Australia Catherine Barclay
Germany Martina Müller
4–6, 5–7
Winners 6. 30 March 2003 United States Miami, USA Hard South Africa Liezel Huber Japan Shinobu Asagoe
Japan Nana Miyagi
6–4, 3–6, 7–5
Winners 7. 4 May 2003 Poland Warsaw, Poland Clay South Africa Liezel Huber Greece Eleni Daniilidou
Italy Francesca Schiavone
3–6, 6–4, 6–2
Runners-up 8. 10 January 2004 Australia Gold Coast, Australia Hard South Africa Liezel Huber Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova
Russia Elena Likhovtseva
3–6, 4–6
Runners-up 9. 8 February 2004 Japan Tokyo, Japan Carpet (I) Russia Elena Likhovtseva Zimbabwe Cara Black
Australia Rennae Stubbs
0–6, 1–6
Winners 10. 8 January 2005 Australia Gold Coast, Australia Hard Russia Elena Likhovtseva Italy Maria Elena Camerin
Italy Silvia Farina Elia
6–3, 5–7, 6–1
  • W/O = Walk Over

ITF Singles Circuit finals: 3 (2–1)[edit]

Singles: 2 (1–1)[edit]

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$15,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 1. 9 April 1989 Italy Bari, Italy Clay Germany Eva Maria Schuerhof 6–2, 1–6, 6–7(5–7)
Winner 2. 5 December 1999 France Cergy-Pontoise, France Hard (I) Netherlands Seda Noorlander 6–1, 6–4

Doubles: 1 (1–0)[edit]

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$15,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
Winners 1. 25 March 1990 France Moulins, France Carpet (I) Czechoslovakia Andrea Strnadová France Valerie Ledroff
France Pascale Paradis
3–6, 6–1, 6–1

Fed Cup[edit]

Magdalena Maleeva debuted for the Bulgaria Fed Cup team in 1991. Since then she has an 18–8 singles record and a 9–9 doubles record (27–17 overall).

Singles (18–8)[edit]

Edition Round Date Against Surface Opponent W/L Result
1991 World Group I R1 22 July 1991  Hungary Hard Hungary Petra Schmitt W 6–1, 6–2
R2 24 July 1991  United States United States Jennifer Capriati L 5–7, 2–6
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992  Australia Clay Australia Rachel McQuillan W 7–6(7–4), 6–2
RPO 16 July 1992  Romania Romania Ruxandra Dragomir W 6–0, 6–1
1993 World Group I R1 19 July 1993  South Korea Clay South Korea Park Sung-hee W 6–0, 6–4
R2 21 July 1993  Argentina Argentina Florencia Labat W 6–4, 5–7, 6–3
1994 World Group I R1 19 July 1994  Croatia Clay Croatia Iva Majoli L 6–3, 4–6, 4–6
R2 21 July 1994  Indonesia Indonesia Yayuk Basuki W 6–3, 6–3
QF 22 July 1994  France France Mary Pierce W 6–7(6–8), 6–4, 6–4
1995 World Group I QF 22 April 1995  Spain Carpet (I) Spain Conchita Martínez L 2–6, 4–6
23 April 1995 Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario W 6–3, 6–3
1998 Europe/Africa Group I RR 14 April 1998  Romania Clay Romania Raluca Sandu L 1–6, 3–6
15 April 1998  South Africa South Africa Mariaan de Swardt L 1–6, 5–7
16 April 1998  Latvia Latvia Elena Krutko L 6–7(2–7), 6–1, 1–6
2002 Europe/Africa Group I RR 24 April 2002  Portugal Clay Portugal Angela Cardoso W 6–0, 6–0
25 April 2002  Georgia Georgia (country) Salome Devidze W 6–1, 6–3
26 April 2002  Estonia Estonia Kaia Kanepi W 6–4, 6–2
PPO 27 April 2002  Ukraine Ukraine Yuliya Beygelzimer L 3–6, 4–6
2003 Europe/Africa Group I RR 21 April 2003  Georgia Clay Georgia (country) Margalita Chakhnashvili W 6–3, 6–1
23 April 2003  Yugoslavia Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Jelena Janković W 6–2, 3–6, 6–2
24 April 2003  Israel Israel Anna Smashnova W 7–5, 6–4
2005 Europe/Africa Group I RR 20 April 2005  South Africa Clay South Africa Natalie Grandin W 6–4, 6–3
21 April 2005  Hungary Hungary Zsófia Gubacsi W 7–6(7–4), 6–2
PPO 23 April 2005  Netherlands Netherlands Michaëlla Krajicek W 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
2005 World Group II Play-offs PO 9 July 2005  Japan Hard (I) Japan Aiko Nakamura W 3–6, 6–4, 6–3
10 July 2005 Japan Akiko Morigami L 6–7(3–7), 3–6

Doubles (9–9)[edit]

Edition Round Date Partner Against Surface Opponents W/L Result
1991 World Group I R1 22 July 1991 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  Hungary Hard Hungary Virág Csurgó
Hungary Ágnes Gee
W 6–1, 6–2
R2 24 July 1991 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  United States United States Gigi Fernández
United States Zina Garrison-Jackson
L 2–6, 1–6
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  Australia Hard Australia Nicole Bradtke
Australia Rennae Stubbs
L 2–6, 1–6
RPO 16 July 1992 Bulgaria Elena Pampoulova  Romania Romania Ruxandra Dragomir
Romania Irina Spîrlea
L 6–7(5–7), 2–6
1993 World Group I R2 21 July 1993 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  Argentina Clay Argentina Inés Gorrochategui
Argentina Patricia Tarabini
L 7–5, 4–6, 2–6
1994 World Group I R1 19 July 1994 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  Croatia Clay Croatia Iva Majoli
Croatia Maja Murić
W 6–2, 6–3
QF 22 July 1994 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  France France Julie Halard
France Nathalie Tauziat
L 2–6, 6–3, 2–6
1995 World Group I QF 23 April 1995 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  Spain Carpet (I) Spain Neus Ávila Bonastre
Spain Virginia Ruano Pascual
W 6–0, 6–1
2002 Europe/Africa Group I RR 24 April 2002 Bulgaria Desislava Topalova  Portugal Clay Portugal Angela Cardoso
Portugal Ana-Catarina Nogueira
W 6–2, 7–5
PPO 27 April 2002 Bulgaria Desislava Topalova  Ukraine Ukraine Yuliya Beygelzimer
Ukraine Alona Bondarenko
L 4–6, 0–6
2003 Europe/Africa Group I RR 21 April 2003 Bulgaria Desislava Topalova  Georgia Clay Georgia (country) Margalita Chakhnashvili
Georgia (country) Tinatin Kavlashvili
W 6–1, 6–2
23 April 2003 Bulgaria Desislava Topalova  Yugoslavia Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Katarina Mišić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dragana Zarić
L 3–6, 6–3, 0–6
24 April 2003 Bulgaria Desislava Topalova  Israel Israel Tzipora Obziler
Israel Anna Smashnova
L 7–6(7–3), 3–6, 3–6
2005 Europe/Africa Group I RR 20 April 2005 Bulgaria Sesil Karatantcheva  South Africa Clay South Africa Lizaan Du Plessis
South Africa Alicia Pillay
W 6–3, 6–2
21 April 2005 Bulgaria Sesil Karatantcheva  Hungary Hungary Virág Németh
Hungary Ágnes Szávay
L 6–4, 3–6, 1–6
2011 Europe/Africa Group I RR 2 February 2011 Bulgaria Tsvetana Pironkova  Poland Hard Poland Klaudia Jans-Ignacik
Poland Alicja Rosolska
W 6–1, 6–3
3 February 2011 Bulgaria Tsvetana Pironkova  Luxembourg Luxembourg Anne Kremer
Luxembourg Claudine Schaul
W 6–2, 7–5
4 February 2011 Bulgaria Dia Evtimova  Israel Israel Valeria Patiuk
Israel Keren Shlomo
W 6–3, 6–4
  • RR = Round Robin
  • PPO = Promotion Play-off
  • RPO = Relegation Play-off

Grand Slam singles performance timeline[edit]

Tournament 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Career SR Career Win-Loss
Australian Open A Q2 4R 1R 4R 4R 1R A A 1R A 1R 1R 4R 3R 2R 3R 0 / 12 17–12
French Open Q1 3R 1R 3R 4R 1R 2R 4R 1R A 1R 3R 1R 1R 4R 4R 2R 0 / 15 20–15
Wimbledon A 2R 1R 1R 3R 2R A 2R 3R A A 2R 4R 4R 2R 4R 4R 0 / 13 21–13
US Open Q1 1R 2R QF 4R 4R 2R 1R 3R A A 2R 2R 3R 1R 2R 2R 0 / 14 20–14
SR 0 / 0 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 54 78–54
Year End Ranking 216 73 38 20 16 11 6 19 36 115 89 22 16 14 30 25 52
  • A = did not participate in the tournament.
  • SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

Record against other top players[edit]

As of 11 November 2010 Maleeva's win-loss record against certain players who have been ranked World No. 10 or higher is as follows:[3] Players who have been ranked World No. 1 are in boldface.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]